Chess piece

A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different types of movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess. Each player begins with a total of sixteen pieces; the pieces that belong to each player are distinguished by color. The lighter colored pieces are referred to as "white," and the player that owns them, "White"; the darker colored pieces are referred to as "black", the player that owns them, "Black". The word "piece" has three meanings, depending on the context. Context should make the intended meaning clear, it may mean any including the pawns. When used this way, "piece" is synonymous with "chessman" or "man". In play, the term is used to exclude pawns, referring only to a queen, bishop, knight, or king. In this context, the pieces can be broken down into three groups: major pieces, minor pieces, the king. In phrases such as "winning a piece", "losing a piece" or "sacrificing a piece", it refers only to a bishop or knight; the queen and pawn are specified by name in these cases, for example, "winning a queen", "losing a rook", or "sacrificing a pawn".

In the first context, each of the two players begins with the following sixteen pieces in a standard game: 1 king 1 queen 2 rooks 2 bishops 2 knights 8 pawns The rules of chess prescribe the types of move a player can make with each type of chess piece. Each piece type moves in a different way. During play, the players take; the rook moves any number of vacant squares forwards, left, or right in a straight line. It takes part, along with the king, in a special move called castling; the bishop moves any number of vacant squares diagonally in a straight line. A bishop stays on squares of the same color throughout a game; the two bishops each player starts with move on squares of opposite colors. The queen moves any number of vacant squares in any direction: forwards, left, right, or diagonally, in a straight line; the king moves one vacant square in any direction: forwards, left, right, or diagonally. It has a special move called castling, in which the king moves two squares towards one of its own rooks and in the same move, the rook jumps over the king to land on the square on the king's other side.

Castling may only be performed if the king and rook involved have never been moved in the game, if the king is not in check, if the king would not travel through or into check, if there are no pieces between the rook and the king. The knight moves on an extended diagonal from one corner of any 2×3 rectangle of squares to the furthest opposite corner; the knight alternates its square color each time it moves. Other than the castling move described above where the rook jumps over the king, the knight is the only piece permitted to jump over any intervening piece when moving; the pawn moves forward one square, or optionally, two squares when on its starting square, toward the opponent's side of the board. When there is an enemy piece one square diagonally ahead of a pawn, either left or right the pawn may capture that piece. A pawn can perform a special type of capture of an enemy pawn called en passant. If the pawn reaches a square on the back rank of the opponent, it promotes to the player's choice of a queen, bishop, or knight.

Pieces other than pawns capture in the same way. A capturing piece replaces the opponent piece on its square, except for an en passant capture. Captured pieces are removed from the game. A square may hold only one piece at any given time. Except for castling and the knight's move, no piece may jump over another piece; the variety of designs available is broad, from small cosmetic changes to abstract representations, to themed designs such as those that emulate the drawings from the works of Lewis Carroll, or modern treatments such as Star Trek or The Simpsons. Themed designs are intended for display purposes rather than actual play; some works of art are designs of chess sets, such as the modernist chess set by chess enthusiast and dadaist Man Ray, on display in the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Chess pieces used for play are figurines that are taller than they are wide. For example, a set of pieces designed for a chessboard with 2.25 inches squares have a king around 3.75 inches tall.

Chess sets are available in a variety of designs, with the most well-known Staunton design, named after Howard Staunton, a 19th-century English chess player, designed by Nathaniel Cooke. The first Staunton style sets were made in 1849 by Jaques of London. Wooden White chess pieces are made of a light wood, boxwood, or sometimes maple. Black wooden pieces are made of a dark wood such as rosewood, red sandalwood, African Padauk wood or walnut. Sometimes they are made of brown, or red. Plastic white pieces are made of white or off-white plastic, plastic black pieces are made of black or red plastic. Sometimes other materials are used, such as ivory, or a composite material. For actual play, pieces of t

Bernardo Neustadt

Bernardo Neustadt was an Argentinian journalist born in Romania. For 30 years he was the TV host of the famous New Time news program. Neustadt was the first to make political opinion journalism on television in Argentina. During the military dictatorship and democratic governments of Raul Alfonsin and Carlos Menem, he was one of the most influential political journalists in Argentina, he was born on January 9, 1925 in Romania, where his father worked at the Argentine Embassy in Bucharest. Six months the family settled in Argentina, his was raised as a "ward" in Catholic boarding schools. At 14 years old, he joined the Editorial Haynes, owner of the newspaper El Mundo, he directed Racing magazine. For 30 years he was the host of the "Tiempo Nuevo news program, his ratings reached 30 points, the highest news program on Argentinian TV. In years he split with Mariano Grondona and changed the program's name to Al Estilo de Bernardo Neustadt. Notable interviewees include: "Bernardo Neustadt: los secretos, la furia y la caída de un personaje "maldito"".

Infobae. 3 November 2018. Archived from the original on 27 June 2019

Hugo, Colorado

Hugo is a Statutory Town, the county seat of Lincoln County, United States. The town population was 730 at the U. S. Census 2010. In about 1859 the town was developed as a cattle ranching community to supply miners with provisions; the town was used as a local stage coach stop. There are two stories as to. One version says the town was named by the Kansas Pacific Railroad builders after pioneer stage agent, Hugo Richards. Richards moved to Prescott, Arizona where he became town banker and businessman. Another story says the town was named for Richard Hugo, a local settler; the town was founded in 1870, incorporated in 1909. In July 2016, the water supply for the town of Hugo was purportedly contaminated by THC, the main psychoactive component in cannabis. Subsequent testing found no THC in the water supply, authorities believe the initial tests were false positives. Hugo is located at 39°8′1″N 103°28′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of, land.

Hugo's elevation is 5,039 ft. At of the census of 2000, there were 885 people, 353 households, 230 families residing in the town; the population density was 917.3 people per square mile. There were 440 housing units at an average density of 456.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.38% White, 0.79% African American, 1.24% Native American, 0.45% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.84% of the population. There were 353 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,259, the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $29,583 versus $20,536 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,669. About 10.4% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over. Hugo is served by the Genoa-Hugo School District No. C-113 and includes Genoa-Hugo Elementary School, Genoa-Hugo Middle School and Genoa-Hugo High School. Hugo has a town public library with about 8,000 volumes, 180 video materials and 100 audio materials; the library is located in the Hugo municipal building. Hugo has the Eastern Trails Museum and Cultural Arts Center, the historic Hugo Kansas-Pacific/Union Pacific Roundhouse, the Union Pacific Train Depot Town Museum, the historic Hedlund Museum House, the vintage swimming pool of which are all located in Hugo.

Hugo's municipal public park features a vintage swimming pool, constructed as a Works Project Administration facility in the 1930s and is designated as a historic site by the National Register of Historic Places. There is a picnic area, playgrounds, a volleyball court as well as a basketball court; the municipal building has a racquetball court on its grounds. The Coulson Nature Trail is a 2.5-mile nature hiking trail on the outskirts of town. Kinney Lake State Wildlife Area is 14 miles south of Hugo, features a 10-acre lake for fishing and recreation as well as camping and hunting of deer, rabbit, waterfowl during the licensed season; the Eastern Colorado Plainsman is the weekly newspaper serving the surrounding communities. It has a weekly circulation of 1,200. There is an FM radio station licensed for Hugo, as well as an AM radio station in Limon —, about 10 miles northwest of Hugo, there is a television repeater station and tower in Flagler, about 12 miles northeast of Hugo. "Bev" Bledsoe - Colorado's longest serving Speaker of the Colorado State House of Representatives was a rancher from Hugo.

Bledsoe, a Republican, was first elected to the state legislature in 1972 and served as Speaker from 1981 to 1991. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado municipalities Colorado counties Lincoln County, Colorado Town of Hugo website CDOT map of the Town of Hugo