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Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts

Chestnut Hill is an village located six miles west of downtown Boston, United States. Like all Massachusetts villages, Chestnut Hill is not an incorporated municipal entity, it is located in Brookline in Norfolk County. Chestnut Hill's borders are defined by the 02467 ZIP Code; the name refers to several small hills that overlook the 135-acre Chestnut Hill Reservoir rather than one particular hill. Chestnut Hill is best known as the home of Boston College, part of the Boston Marathon route, as well as the Collegiate Gothic canvas of landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. While most of Chestnut Hill remained farmland well into the early 20th century, the area around the reservoir was developed, in 1870, by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of Central Park in New York City and of the Emerald Necklace in Boston and Brookline; because of the significance of its landscape and architecture, the National Register of Historic Places, in 1986, designated parts of Chestnut Hill as historic districts.

Examples of Colonial, Shingle, Tudor Revival, Victorian architectural styles are evident in the village's country estates and mansions. The Boston College campus is itself an early example of Collegiate Gothic architecture. Hammond Pond Reservation, an extensive forest preserve and protected wetlands, goes through Chestnut Hill and Newton; the Kennard Park and Conservation Area is a post-agricultural forest grown up on 19th century farmland. The mixed and conifer woodlands reveal colonial stone walls, a red maple swamp with century-old trees, a sensitive fern marsh; the Shops at Chestnut Hill The Street at Chestnut Hill Chestnut Hill Square Chestnut Hill is served by three branches of the Green Line of the MBTA, Boston's light rail system. Stations include: B Line: Chestnut Hill Avenue, South Street, Boston College C Line: Cleveland Circle D Line: Reservoir, Chestnut HillThe area is served by various MBTA buses. Boston College Main Campus Historic District—140 Commonwealth Ave. Chestnut Hill Historic District—roughly bounded by Middlesex Rd. Reservoir Ln.

Denny Rd. Boylston St. and Dunster Rd. Chestnut Hill Reservoir Historic District—within Boston city limits Old Chestnut Hill Historic District—along Hammond St. and Chestnut Hill Rd. bounded by Beacon St. and Essex Rd. and Suffolk Rd. within Newton city limits The village is served by the Public School District of Brookline and the Newton Public Schools. There are a number of private schools including Mount Alvernia Academy and May School and The Chestnut Hill School. Children may opt to attend school in Boston. Chestnut Hill is home to Pine Manor College. Robert Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots Tom Brady, quarterback of the New England Patriots Mary Baker Eddy, founder of The First Church of Christ and The Christian Science Monitor newspaper, 1908–1910 Reginald Fessenden, called the father of broadcast radio, the Reginald A. Fessenden House in Chestnut Hill is a US National Landmark as well as a US Historic Place. Theo Epstein, general manager of the Chicago Cubs Terry Francona, former manager of the Boston Red Sox John W. Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox and Liverpool F.

C. Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, the first wife of Theodore Roosevelt, mother of Alice Roosevelt Longworth Leverett Saltonstall, Governor of Massachusetts and United States Senator Thomas G. Stemberg, founder of Staples Inc. Alan Trefler, founder and CEO of Pegasystems John A. Wilson, sculptor Seth Klarman, Founder and CEO of the Baupost Group Paul Fireman, purchased American distribution rights to Reebok, Chairman of Fireman Capital Partners, Inc. Jarome Iginla, retired NHL player List of Registered Historic Places in Brookline, Massachusetts List of Registered Historic Places in Newton, Massachusetts List of Registered Historic Places in Suffolk County, Massachusetts

Guillaume d'Angleterre

Guillaume d'Angleterre is a 12th-century epic poem in Old French, consisting of 3310 lines. The author identifies himself as Crestiiens on the first line of the poem, which has caused a great deal of debate in the romance philological community as to whether the author is Chrétien de Troyes. King Guillaume and his wife Gratiiene are good Christians. After years of waiting, Gratiiene gets pregnant. While she is pregnant, Guillaume has a vision telling him to go into exile. While in exile, they take shelter in Gratiiene gives birth to twins; the next day, Guillaume comes across a group of merchants. Instead of helping them, they take Gratiiene and the two children with them, leaving Guillaume behind. Guillaume witnesses one of the twins being taken by a wolf; the merchants pursue the wolf, the child is found miraculously unharmed. Guillaume, thinks the child is dead. Guillaume becomes a servant to another merchant. Meanwhile, traveling with the merchants, meets a valiant knight called Gleolais. Gleolais's wife has died and he has no heir, so he asks Gratiiene to marry him.

The story now passes to the two children, called Lovel and Marin, who have been raised by two of the merchants, unaware that they're brothers. They leave. On their travels, they encounter a king. Guillaume travels to England; when he attempts to leave, his boat is caught in a storm. Guillaume and his helmsman end up at an unknown port; the queen comes down from the castle to inspect their vessel and, upon seeing a ring he's wearing, realizes that he's her husband. Guillaume accidentally crosses into an enemy kingdom. Two knights threaten to kill him. In order to stop them, he tells them his story. Upon hearing it, they realize that they are in fact brothers. They're reunited with their mother. F. J. Tanquerey said in 1931 that "the question of whether the Chrétien in Guillaume d’Angleterre is Chrétien de Troyes has caused a lot of ink to be used". Tanquerey was writing in reply to Wilmotte's article, published 11 years earlier, in which he concluded that the Chrétien mentioned was Chrétien de Troyes.

Tanquerey concluded however. David Staines includes it in his The Complete Romances of Chrétien de Troyes, while Wendelin Förster includes it in his Christian von Troyes, Sämtliche erhaltene Werke; the recently released Christine Ferlampin-Acher edition uses the title Chrétien de Troyes Guillaume d’Angleterre. The Dictionnaire Étymologique de l’Ancien Français considers it to be'wrongly attributed' to Chrétien de Troyes. Cambridge, St. John's College Library, B. 9, f. 55r-75v. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, français, 375, f. 240v-247v. By two scribes, finished February 2, 1288. "Chrétien" on Archives de littérature du moyen âge. Laurent Brun, Patrizia Serra et Maria Slautina. Last updated April 29, 2018; the entire manuscript 375 français of the BnF is available online via Gallica. Guillaume d'Angleterre starts on folio 240 verso; the Förster edition of the Cambridge manuscript is available on Internet Archive. Published 1899 in Christian von Troyes: Sämtliche Werken, p. 253-360. 3366 lines. Most other editions use the Paris manuscript

Isotopic resonance hypothesis

The isotopic resonance hypothesis postulates that certain isotopic compositions of chemical elements affect kinetics of chemical reactions involving molecules built of these elements. The isotopic compositions for which this effect is predicted are called resonance isotopic compositions. Fundamentally, the IsoRes hypothesis relies on a postulate that less complex systems exhibit faster kinetics than equivalent but more complex systems. Furthermore, system’s complexity is affected by its symmetry, symmetry of reactants may be affected by their isotopic composition; the term “resonance” relates to the use of this term in nuclear physics, where peaks in the dependence of a reaction cross section upon energy are called “resonances”. A sharp increase in the reaction kinetics as a function of the average isotopic mass of a certain element is called here a resonance; the concept of isotopes developed from radioactivity. The pioneering work on radioactivity by Henri Becquerel, Marie Curie and Pierre Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903.

Frederick Soddy would take radioactivity from physics to chemistry and shed light on the nature of isotopes, something with rendered him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1921. The question of stable, non-radioactive isotopes was more difficult and required the development by Francis Aston of a high-resolution mass spectrograph, which allowed the separation of different stable isotopes of one and the same element. Francis Aston was awarded the 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this achievement. With his enunciation of the whole-number rule, Aston solved a problem that had riddled chemistry for a hundred years; the understanding was. It was discovered in the 1930s by Harold Urey in 1932, it was early on found that the deuterium content had a profound effect on chemistry and biochemistry. In the linear approximation, the effect of isotopic substitution is proportional to the mass ratio of the heavy and light isotope, thus chemical and biological effects of heavier isotopes of the “biological” atoms C, N and O are expected to be much smaller since the mass ratios for the normal to heavier isotopes are much closer to unity than the factor two for hydrogen to deuterium.

However, it has been reported in 1930s, again in 1970s and 1990s, as well as that small changes in the content of the heavy isotope of hydrogen, has profound effects on biological systems. These strong nonlinear effects could not be rationalized based on the known concepts of the isotopic effects; these and other observations make it possible that isotopes have a much more profound importance than could have been imagined by the pioneers. In 2011 Roman Zubarev formulated the isotope resonance hypothesis, it originated in the unexpected observation. Define ΔMm = Mmono - Mnom, where Mmono is the monoisotopic mass and Mnom is the nominal mass, i.e. the number of nucleons. ΔMm is a constant in the whole Universe. Define ΔMis = Mav - Mmono, where Mav is the average isotopic mass. ΔMis depends on the precise isotopic composition for a given molecule. Define NMD = 1000ΔMm/Mnom and NIS = 1000ΔMis/Mnom, where NMD and NIS are the normalized isotopic defect and shift, respectively. If NIS is plotted as a function of NMD for a large number of terrestrial peptides, one would anticipate a homogenous distribution of data points.

This is not what was found by Zubarev’s team, instead they found band gap in the distribution with a narrow line in the middle. This serendipitous discovery led Zubarev to formulate the isotope resonance hypothesis; as an example of isotopic symmetry affecting the kinetics of physic-chemical processes, see mass independent isotope fractionation in ozone O3. According to the IsoRes hypothesis, there are certain resonance isotopic compositions at which terrestrial organisms thrive best. Curiously, average terrestrial isotopic compositions are close to a resonance affecting a large class of amino acids and polypeptides, the molecules of outmost importance for life. Thus, the IsoRes hypothesis suggests that early life on Earth was aided critically, by the proximity to an IsoRes. In contrast, there is no strong resonance for atmosphere of Mars, which led to a prediction that life could not have originated on Mars and that the planet is sterile. One would expect that enrichment of heavy isotopes leads to progressively slower reactions, but the IsoRes hypothesis suggests that there exist certain resonance compositions for which kinetics increases for higher abundances of heavy stable isotopes.

For example, at 9.5% 13C, 10.9% 15N and 6.6% 18O and normal deuterium composition, a strong resonance is predicted. Yet another nontrivial prediction of the IsoRes hypothesis is that at ≈250-350 ppm deuterium content, the terrestrial resonance becomes “perfect”, the rates of biochemical reactions and growth of terrestrial organisms further increase; this prediction seems to be matched by at least some experimental observations. The IsoRes hypothesis has been tested experimentally by means of growth of E. coli and found to be supported by strong statistics. Particular strong evidence of faster growth was found for the “super-resonance”. Fig. 1. 2D plot of molecular masses of 3000 E. coli tryptic p

Janet Adelman

Janet Ann Adelman was a Shakespearean scholar, a literary critic, professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley. Adelman’s most prominent works include book-length critiques of William Shakespeare’s plays presenting new psychoanalytic and feminist readings of Antony and Cleopatra and The Merchant of Venice in "The Common Liar: An Essay on'Antony & Cleopatra'" and Blood Relations: Christian and Jew in'The Merchant of Venice', respectively. Adelman authored another book, Suffocating Mothers: Fantasies of Maternal Origins in Shakespeare’s Plays, Hamlet to the Tempest, that discusses maternal characters over many of Shakespeare’s works. Adelman was born in Mt. Kisco, New York, on January 28, 1941, she earned a B. A. degree in English and graduated summa cum laude from Smith College in 1962. She attended St Hugh's College, Oxford in England the following year supported by a Fulbright Fellowship, she received a master's degree in English from Yale University in 1966 and a Ph. D. in English from Yale three years in 1969."Her husband of 33 years, Robert Osserman, said Adelman loved the theater, bird watching and taking walks in nearby Tilden Regional Park."

Her two sons, Brian Osserman and Stephen Osserman live in Woodland, CA and Portland, OR, respectively. Janet's brother Howard Adelman lives in Bethel, CN. Adelman joined the University of California, Berkeley's English department as an acting assistant professor in 1968, earned tenure in 1972, became a full professor in 1981, she served as the department's chair from 1999 to 2002 and retired in 2007. In the early 1970s, Adelman taught a popular "Shakespeare for non-majors" undergraduate course at U. C. Berkeley, her professional statement, though no longer posted on the UC Berkeley English Department's faculty contact page, can still be found online: "My dominant interests are in psychoanalysis and race practiced somewhere in proximity to Shakespeare, although I have been planning a long essay on Toni Morrison for some time. At the moment I am writing a book about issues of conversion, race and blood as they inflect the anxiety-fraught relation of Christian to Jew in'The Merchant of Venice' and elsewhere in the culture."

And her areas of interest were listed as: "English Renaissance Literature 1500-1660. Gender & Sexuality Studies. Drama.""Adelman belonged to the Modern Language Association and Shakespeare Association of America. She was an interdisciplinary member of the San Francisco Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. Adelman was associated with the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations and the Anna Freud Centre, both in London."In Berkeley, "Adelman loved the theater and participated in the Center for Theater Arts, on whose advisory board she served from 1996 to 1997. After her appointment to a University committee to revamp the theater and performance studies program, she worked to design a suitable Ph. D. program. She served on both the graduate admissions and faculty appointments committees of what became the Department of Theater and Performance Studies, she became the dissertation director for four Ph. D. students. She served the University in numerous other capacities, among them as a member of the Reading and Composition Task Force from 2006-2007, a participant in the search for a dean of humanities in 2005."Adelman's other passions included Italian culture.

She spent the summers of 1973 in Perugia studying Italian language and literature. She received a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship to the Bellagio Study Center in 1998, a Bogliasco Foundation fellowship to the Liguria Study Center in 2003. For a number of years and her husband spent several months annually in an apartment they rented in Rome, she became fluent in Italian, watched Italian movies, shopped at their local outdoor market. An active member of Kehilla Community Synagogue in Piedmont, CA, Adelman chaired several committees there, she studied biblical Hebrew at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley and was preparing to teach a course at Kehilla on traditional liturgy before she died. In "The Common Liar: An Essay on'Antony and Cleopatra,'" Adelman provides critical analysis on Shakespeare's tragedy from the roles and persona of the characters to the psychological and mystical matters; the play’s historical accuracy in terms of timeline and relationship between characters creates confusion for readers of Shakespeare’s plays, critics find that Adelman’s book “is a courageous and stimulating attempt to come to grips with the play’s complexities."Adelman’s book addresses three sections of "Antony and Cleopatra": the uncertainty caused by the unreliability of historical information found in the text, the differences of background and tradition – “a tradition which emanates chiefly from Renaissance understanding of Dido and Aeneas, of Mars and Venus myths” – and the use of poetry and language Shakespeare uses in the play.

Her book connects the history of Antony and Cleopatra with the events depicted in Shakespeare’s play, investigates how Shakespeare portrays the story, in terms of his use of language and character development. With her dominant interests in psychoanalysis and race, Adelman writes Suffocating Mothers, exploring the depiction of females in Shakespeare’s works and the dominating effects of the maternal identity over the masculine characters. In short, the focus is on “the nightmare of femaleness that can weaken and contaminate masculinity." In Shakespeare’s plays, it is seen that the maternal body has been seen to contaminate both the father and the son. Adelman’s book focuses on a handful of Shakespeare’s works: Hamlet and Cressida

K-4 cart

The K-4 cart is a 2-wheel constructed signal cart similar to artillery caissons, but equipped for carrying signal equipment. The image from Electrical instruments and telephones of the US Signal Corps 1911 2) is accompanied by the following text: "In the latest model the front element of the vehicle carries the reel and wire and is known as the reel cart; the rear element, known as the signal cart, is a chest of compartments suitable for carrying the buzzers, flags, field glasses and other equipment used by field companies of the Signal Corps. The rear signal cart may be detached from the reel cart and the former used alone in laying and recovering wire; the pintle type wagon is drawn by four horses. The signal cart chest can be moved forward and backward to adjust weight on the horses' necks". List of Signal Corps Vehicles K-1 cart K-2 Lance wagon K-3 cart K-5 truck K-8 cart

Benjamin Heidersberger

Benjamin Heidersberger is a German media artist, journalist and culture manager. He works in Berlin and Wolfsburg. Heidersberger studied physics and computer science at the Technical University of Braunschweig in 1978. From 1978 to 1984, he was part of the interdisciplinary artist group Head Resonance in Wolfsburg. Along with vocalist and percussionist Peter Elsner, they conducted research on how ideas become reality in architecture, music and installation. In 1984, he moved to Hamburg to work for a PC-dealer. From 1988 onward, he was an editor of the Computer-Magazine, MACup, about hardware and software, about art and society. In 1989, he co-founded the Ponton-Lab as an artist group and realised interactive media and TV-projects on Documenta- 8 and Documenta- IX, in Japan 1993 as well as on Ars Electronica 1986, 89, 90 and 96 under the brand Van Gogh TV. In 1992, the international project Piazza virtuale was realised, transmitting during the 100 days of Documenta daily 90 minutes of live-TV from 12 studios across Europe.

The same year he curated the exhibition "Creative Software – On Men and Milestones" at Ars Electronica. In 1993 and 1994, Heidersberger taught Design of Electronic Media at Merz-Academy in Stuttgart. Ponton-Lab was formed into a full-service internet agency with up to 20 employees and realised the websites for the Lower Saxony State Government and for the Federal Press Office and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1998 he launched Kulturserver, an online community for art and culture consisting of online-services for 20.000 artists similar to social media. The project was invited to present at the international conference “Cultura y Desarrollo” in Havana. In 2002, he founded the Heidersberger Institute in Wolfsburg Castle to archive and publish the work of his father, photographer Heinrich Heidersberger; the Institute collaborates with contemporary artists to contextualise that work. In the same year he was curator for netart on the 4th Werkleitz Binnale. Beginning in 2011 Heidersberger gave lectures at the Department of Media Studies and Musicology in Humboldt-University.

In 2012, he curated and produced the concert of the Japanese composer Shinji Kanki, for the Alvar Aalto Festival in Wolfsburg. He realized the algorithmic piano composition Pentatonic Permutations in a series of concerts and sound installations, among others at Ars Electronica 2016. In 2017, he began curating the production-arts festival Drehmoment for the KulturRegion Stuttgart. 1991 Smithsonian Award, Washington – Nominee 1993 Siemens International Media Art award, by ZKM Karlsruhe 1993 Prix Ars Electronica 1994 Interactive Media Festival, Los Angeles – Nominee 2000 Best of Business-to-Business Award, as CEO, category Multimedia 2002 eMIL- Award, category User Interface 2003 eMIL- Award, category Internet 2004 WebFish award of the Evangelical Church in Germany, category Innovation 2008 WebFish of the EKD, category Internet Heinrich Heidersberger: Wolfsburg – Bilder einer jungen Stadt. Herausgeber, with Bernd Rodrian, ISBN 3-89479-826-2. Johannes Ehrhardt: Netzwerk-Dimensionen. Kulturelle Konfigurationen und Managementperspektiven, Die virtuelle Piazza.

1992, ISBN 3-89238-045-7. Manfred Waffender: Cyberspace: Ausflüge in virtuelle Wirklichkeiten, Die digitale Droge. 1993, ISBN 3-49918-185-1