click links in text for more info

Chicago American

The Chicago American was an afternoon newspaper published in Chicago, under various names until 1974. The paper's first edition came out on July 1900, as Hearst's Chicago American, it became the Morning American in 1902 with the appearance of an afternoon edition. The morning and Sunday papers were renamed as the Examiner in 1904. James Keeley bought the Chicago Record-Herald and Chicago Inter-Ocean in 1914, merging them into a single newspaper known as the Herald. William Randolph Hearst purchased the paper from Keeley in 1918. Distribution of the Herald Examiner after 1918 was controlled by gangsters. Dion O'Banion, Vincent Drucci, Hymie Weiss and Bugs Moran first sold the Tribune, they were recruited by Moses Annenberg, who offered more money to sell the Examiner the Herald-Examiner. This "selling" consisted of pressuring stores and news dealers. In 1939, Annenberg was died behind bars; the newspaper joined the Associated Press on October 31, 1932. Under pressure from his lenders, Hearst consolidated the American and the Herald-Examiner in 1939.

It continued as the Chicago Herald-American until 1953. The American was bought by the Chicago Tribune in 1956, was renamed as Chicago's American in 1959; as with many other afternoon dailies, the paper suffered in postwar years from declining circulation figures caused in part by television news and in part by population shifts from city to suburbs. The paper continued as an afternoon broadsheet until 1969 when the Tribune converted the paper to the tabloid-format Chicago Today. Measures to bolster the paper were unsuccessful, Chicago Today published its final issue on September 13, 1974; the Chicago Tribune became a 24-hour operation. The American was the product of the merger or acquisition of 14 predecessor newspapers and inherited the tradition and the files of all of them; as an afternoon paper, the American was dependent on street sales rather than subscriptions, it was breaking news that brought street sales. The American was noted for its aggressive reporting, its editors and photographers went hard after every story.

It was not uncommon for them to pretend to be police officers or public officials to get a story, although many of them could talk their way into any place. These techniques were used legitimately. Reporters demanded information as if they had a right to it, would get it. With its connections to news sources and its bravado, the small staff of the American scooped its larger, more respectable afternoon competition, the Chicago Daily News; when Frank Lloyd Wright announced plans to build a mile-high building in Chicago, the American stole the drawings and printed them. The tradition was exemplified by the longtime night city editor of the American, Harry Romanoff, "Romy," who could create news stories at will with only a telephone, he ran the city room at night with the help of two rewrite men, one night photo editor, a sports desk editor and one night copy boy who "cut and pasted AP and UPI wires for Harry's review). Since the afternoon paper was put together the previous evening, the night city editor was the key news editor.

Moreover, "Romy" a stout, cigar-chomping, order-barking commander of the city desk, enjoyed the fearful but absolute regard of pressmen, the composing room and the entire night staff of the Tribune Tower, which owned and housed the Chicago's American operations in its final decades. One night floods threatened Southern Illinois, the American did not have a big story for the front page. Romanoff called fire departments and police stations throughout the region, posing as "Captain Parmenter of the state police", urging them to take action. One fire department, bemused by the call, asked. "Ring those fire bells! Call out the people!" Romanoff turned to his rewrite man to dictate the lead story: Fire bells rang over southern Illinois as police and fire departments called out the people to warn them of impending floods. It never did flood; these headlines were necessary for sales of the early editions. In the day, breaking news would replace them or reduce their importance. Of course, many stories developed in this way were genuine scoops that would be expanded in editions.

The American gave the same attention to smaller stories as to large ones. It was first with police news. One notable headline: Mother of 14 kids kills father of 9 in police stationHeadquarters for the paper was the Hearst Building, located at 326 West Madison Street in Chicago. In 1961, the offices of Chicago's American were moved adjacent to the Tribune Tower at 435 North Michigan Avenue, where they would remain until the ultimate demise of Chicago Today in 1974. In addition to Romanoff, notable American staff members included: Frank R. Adams, reporter for Herald-Examiner, author and screenwriter Ann Barzel, dance critic, 1951-1974 Seymour Berkson, reporter for Herald-Examiner general manager of the International News Service and publisher for the New York Journal-American Claude Binyon, reporter for the Examiner, became a Hollywood screenwriter and director Arthur Brisbane, named editor of the Herald-Examiner in 1918.

Nabil Ben Yadir

Nabil Ben Yadir is a Belgian actor, film director, screenwriter. Ben Yadir made his feature-length directorial debut in 2009 with The Barons, which he co-wrote with Laurent Brandenbourger and Sébastien Fernandez; the film was nominated including Best Director and Best Screenplay. His second feature, The Marchers, was screened in Official Competition at Cannes. Filming for a political thriller, Dode Hoek, set against Belgium's Flemish-French divide, is scheduled to commence in the Spring of 2014. Before becoming a filmmaker, Ben Yadir worked on an assembly line for Volkswagen, he spent "months on end doing the same thing". This influenced his choice to select a different genre for each of his films: "now I make sure that I always take new challenges and adopt new approaches". Ben Yadir has a film production company called L'Antelope Joyeuse. Nabil Ben Yadir on IMDb Bouras, Dimitra. "Interview: Nabil Ben Yadir • Director". Cinergie. Retrieved 15 April 2014

Daallo Airlines Flight 159

Daallo Airlines Flight 159 was a scheduled international passenger flight operated by Somali-owned Daallo Airlines. On 2 February 2016, an explosion occurred on board the aircraft 20 minutes after it took off from Mogadishu; the aircraft was able to return to the airport safely, with one fatality reported. A subsequent investigation indicated that the explosion was caused by a bomb, detonated in a suicide attack; the Islamist militant group Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the bombing. A total of ten people were convicted in relation to the plot; the aircraft involved was a 19-year-old Airbus A321-111, SX-BHS, owned by Hermes Airlines, operated by Daallo Airlines at the time of the incident. The aircraft was delivered to Daallo Airlines on 5 January 2015; the aircraft had been operated by Hermes Airlines, Air Méditerranée, Myanmar Airways International and Swissair. The aircraft's manufacturer serial number is 642 and it first flew on 6 January 1997; the aircraft was delivered to Swissair on 21 January 1997.

It is equipped with two CFM International CFM56 engines and has a 220-seat economy-only configuration. In March 2013, it experienced a runway excursion after landing at Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport. On 2 February 2016, 20 minutes after taking off from Mogadishu, Somalia, at 11:00 local time, en route to Djibouti City, at an altitude of about 14,000 ft, an explosion occurred aboard the aircraft, opening a hole in the fuselage behind the R2 door, it was reported that day that the explosion was most close to seats 15/16F, abeam the forward wing root and the fuel tanks. There were 7 crew on board at the time of the incident. Reacting to the explosion, flight attendants moved passengers to the rear of the aircraft; the pilots alerted Mogadishu tower, reporting a pressurisation problem, but did not declare an emergency. The aircraft performed an emergency landing. Two injuries were reported, the burnt body of the suicide bomber fell from the aircraft, landing in the town of Dhiiqaaley near Balad, Somalia.

The flight had been delayed before departure, so at the time of the explosion the aircraft was not yet at cruising altitude and the cabin was not yet pressurized. It was thought. According to Mohamed Ibrahim Yassin Olad, the CEO of Daallo Airlines, the suicide bomber and 69 of the 73 other passengers on board were meant to board a Turkish Airlines flight, cancelled on the morning of 2 February due to poor weather conditions; this resulted in Daallo Airlines rerouting the passengers to Djibouti, where they would be transferred to a Turkish Airlines flight. The cancellation of the Turkish Airlines flight was confirmed by Yahya Ustun, a spokesman for the company. Somalia's Air Accident Investigation Authority stated on 3 February that one person was missing from the aircraft once it had returned to Mogadishu and confirmed that the missing person's body was found near Balad. An investigation into the bombing was carried out by the National Intelligence and Security Agency, with the cooperation of airport authorities and local police.

Daallo Airlines, in a statement, said that a technical team of Hermes Airlines, the owner of the aircraft, as well as the aircraft's manufacturer, played a role in the active investigation. The FBI contributed its efforts to the investigation. Initial tests of the damage on Flight 159 confirmed traces of explosive residue, it is thought that a bomb hidden within a laptop, was carried onto the aircraft by a person in a wheelchair. The passenger was believed to have been transferred into a regular seat after being brought onto the plane. Two passengers on the plane, including one, sitting in the next seat, were arrested on suspicion of being accomplices. On 6 February, Transport Minister Ali Ahmed Jama confirmed that the explosion was caused by a bomb that "was meant to kill all onboard". Somali authorities identified the deceased passenger as Abdullahi Abdisalam Borleh, a 55-year-old male from Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland region of Somalia, but did not confirm that he was suspected of being the suicide bomber.

Borleh was a teacher at an Islamic school, said he was going abroad for health reasons, according to Sheikh Mohamed Abdullahi, a mosque imam in Hargeisa. A Somali federal official stated that Borleh had been monitored by security agents, "but we had never considered him to be dangerous". A senior Somalia immigration official said that Borleh had obtained a Turkish visa to work in Turkey as an adviser for the foreign ministry. A letter was sent from the Somali Embassy in Ankara to the Turkish Embassy in Mogadishu, asking the Turkish Embassy to facilitate a visa for Borleh to be "an adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Investment Promotions"; the Somali Embassy in Ankara denied sending any such letter. A security camera recording from the airport shows two men airport workers, giving a laptop to Borleh. US officials have said that investigators believe the bomber had some type of connection to airline or airport personnel. At least 20 people, including government officials and the two airline employees, were arrested on suspicion of being linked to the attack.

A Serbian pilot, Vlatko Vodopivec, criticised the lack of security around the aircraft at the airport, describing the facility as "chaotic". In an interview with the Associated Press, Vodopivec explained; when we park there, some 20 to 30 people come to the tarmac... No one has those yellow vests, they enter and leave the aircraft, no one knows, who... They can put anything inside when passengers leave the aircraft."Mohame

2014 Oakland riots

The 2014 Oakland riots were a series of riots and civil disturbances that took place in Oakland and surrounding areas in November and December 2014. On November 24, 2014, following the decision of a Grand Jury in St. Louis to not charge Darren Wilson in the shooting death of black teenager Michael Brown and rioting broke out in Oakland and spread to other Bay Area cities. For more than two weeks, the Bay Area was the site of civil unrest as protesters clashed with police and damaged public and private property. November 24: In Ferguson, Missouri, a Grand Jury decided not to charge officer Darren Wilson in the fatal shooting of Michael Brown, an unarmed young African-American man; the decision sparked outrage in Ferguson, rioting rocked the city throughout the night as stores were looted, cars and buildings were set on fire. In Oakland, hundreds of protesters gathered in downtown to march for Michael Brown; the protesters blocked Interstate 580. The crowd marched back downtown, as the night wore on became violent.

Several stores, a police car were vandalized, burning barricades were erected on city streets. That night, some stores were looted including a Smart and Finals grocery store. November 25: Protesters returned to the streets of Oakland the following night, blocking various roads, looting businesses and setting up burning barricades again. 92 individuals were arrested that night. November 28: Protesters numbering over 1000 gathered in Union Square in San Francisco on Black Friday to continue protesting the Ferguson decision. While peaceful, the protests turned ugly as demonstrators hurled objects at police, smashed windows, attempted to set a news van on fire in downtown. More than 50 people were arrested and two officers suffered injuries from flying objects. Due to violence, BART shut down transportation between the 16th street and 24th street stations, protests continued until around 10:00 PM. December 3: A Grand Jury in New York declined to indict officers in the death of Eric Garner. In San Francisco, demonstrators closed off streets in downtown.

In nearby Oakland, a peaceful march was held against the New York decision. December 6: Protests continued in Oakland, now reignited by the decision in the Eric Garner case. A march in Berkeley turned violent as masked protesters clashed with police and shattered windows. Police issued numerous warnings to disperse before using tear gas and rubber bullets on the demonstrators, clashes continued until 3:00 in the morningDecember 7: Protesters gathered in Berkeley again, marched toward North Oakland, were confronted by police in riot gear. Tear gas and rubber bullets were once again used and the protesters returned to downtown Berkeley, the site of rioting and looting. Numerous buildings including Berkeley City Hall, a McDonald's, a Walgreens suffered damage to windows, numerous fires were set in the street. December 8: Demonstrators blocked Interstate 80 in Berkeley for hours clashing with police, throwing rocks and bottles before being pushed out. December 9: Protesters marched again through Berkeley, clashed with police in riot gear, while setting fires and looting a Pak and Save Grocery store, CVS and 7-Eleven.

December 10: Two undercover CHP officers were discovered in a protest in Oakland and assaulted, with the one officer sustaining a blow to the head. His partner was forced to pull his service pistol while the injured officer arrested his assailant. December 15: Peaceful protesters blockaded Oakland Police Department headquarters for more than four hours, representing the four hours Michael Brown lay dead in the street, but unlike previous protests there was no property destruction or clashes. Reactions to the protests were mixed; some in the public supported the protests while still condemning the violence. However, others were more angry over the destruction. Storeowner Edwin Cabrillo scuffled with protesters using a broom as he tried to protect his wine store from being vandalized. "I put my whole life into this shop," he said. "This is what makes Oakland worse."

Blowin' Country

Blowin' Country is an album by saxophonists Bud Shank and Bob Cooper released on the World Pacific label. The bulk of the album was recorded in 1958, with one track from 1956 on the original album, the CD reissue added five bonus tracks from the two sessions; the Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states: "Shank and Cooper display distinctive but complementary styles, their tripling on woodwinds gives plenty of variety to the date. Cooper's oboe playing, which preceded Yusef Lateef's, in particular is a joy. Recommended". On All About Jazz Jack Bowers observed "these two masters offer a comprehensive clinic in good old–fashioned swinging... Multi–instrumentalists Shank and Cooper let it all hang out, skipping comfortably through a colorful program that consists of standards... Shank and Cooper know how to make every note count, their solos, while briefer than one might wish, are always inspiring." "Dinah" - 3:18 "Mutual Admiration Society" - 3:45 "Steve Allen Theme" - 4:08 "I've Grown Accustomed to Her Face" - 2:42 "Blowin' Country" - 6:15 "Love Nest" - 3:13 "As Long as There's Music" - 3:41 "Just in Time" - 3:42 "Two Lost Souls" - 3:44 "Thanks for the Memory" - 4:30 bonus track on CD reissue "A Romantic Guy, I" - 3:34 bonus track on CD reissue "Sweet Georgia Brown" - 3:41 "The Gypsy in My Soul" - 3:23 bonus track on CD reissue "I Want to Be Happy" - 2:31 bonus track on CD reissue "What'll I Do?"

- 2:45 bonus track on CD reissueRecorded at Capitol Studios in Hollywood, CA on November 29, 1956 and February 18, 1958 Bud Shank - alto saxophone, flute Bob Cooper - tenor saxophone, oboe Howard Roberts - guitar Claude Williamson - piano Don Prell - bass Chuck Flores - drums

Mirror (1975 film)

Mirror is a 1975 Russian art film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. It is loosely autobiographical, unconventionally structured, incorporates poems composed and read by the director's father, Arseny Tarkovsky; the film features Margarita Terekhova, Ignat Daniltsev, Alla Demidova, Anatoly Solonitsyn, Tarkovsky's wife Larisa Tarkovskaya and his mother Maria Vishnyakova. Innokenty Smoktunovsky provides voiceover and Eduard Artemyev the incidental music and sound effects. Mirror is structured in the form of a nonlinear narrative, with its main concept dating back to 1964 and undergoing multiple scripted versions by Tarkovsky and Aleksandr Misharin, it unfolds around memories recalled by a dying poet of key moments in his life and in Soviet culture. The film combines contemporary scenes with childhood memories and newsreel footage, its cinematography slips between color, black-and-white, sepia. The film's loose flow of visually oneiric images has been compared with the stream of consciousness technique in modernist literature.

Mirror polarized critics and audiences, with many considering its narrative to be incomprehensible. The work has grown in reputation since its release, ranked nineteenth in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the best films made, ninth in the directors' poll, it has found favor with many Russians for whom it remains their most beloved of Tarkovsky's works. Mirror depicts the thoughts and memories of Alexei, or Alyosha, the world around him as a child and forty-year-old; the adult Alexei is only glimpsed, but is present as a voice-over in some scenes including substantial dialogue. The structure of the film is discontinuous and nonchronological, without a conventional plot, combines incidents and memories along with some news-reel footage; the film switches among three different time-frames: prewar, war-time, postwar. Mirror draws on Tarkovsky's own childhood. Memories such as the evacuation from Moscow to the countryside during the war, a withdrawn father and his own mother, who worked as a proof-reader at a printing press, featured prominently.

The film opens with Alexei's adolescent son Ignat switching on a television and watching the examination of a stammerer by a physician. After the opening titles roll, a scene is set in the countryside during prewar times in which Alexei's mother Maria — called Masha and Marusya — talks with a doctor who chances to be passing by; the exterior and interior of Alexei's grandfather's country house are seen. The young Alexei, his mother and sister watch. In a dream sequence Maria is washing her hair. Now in the postwar time-frame, Alexei is heard talking with his mother Maria on the phone while rooms of an apartment are seen. Switching back to the prewar time-frame, Maria is seen rushing frantically to her work-place as a proof-reader at a printing press, she is worrying about a mistake she may have overlooked, but is comforted by her colleague Liza, who abruptly reduces her to tears with withering criticism. Back in postwar time, Alexei quarrels with his wife, who has divorced him and is living with their son Ignat.

This is followed by news-reel scenes from the Spanish Civil War and of a balloon ascent in the U. S. S. R. In the next scene, set in Alexei's apartment, Ignat meets with a strange woman sitting at a table. At her request, Ignat reads a passage from a letter by Pushkin and receives a telephone call from his father Alexei; the strange woman vanishes mysteriously. Switching to war-time, the adolescent Alexei is seen undergoing rifle training with a dour instructor, intercut with news-reel footage of World War II and the Sino-Soviet border conflict; the reunion of Alexei and his sister with their father at war's end is shown. The film returns to the quarrel between Alexei and his wife Natalia in the postwar sequence. Switching again to prewar time, vistas of the country house and surrounding countryside are followed by a dreamlike sequence showing a levitating Maria; the film moves to the postwar time, showing Alexei on his death-bed with a mysterious malady. The final scene plays in the prewar time-frame, showing a pregnant mother, intercut with scenes showing Maria young and old.

N. B. Several of the characters are played by the same actors. Filipp Yankovsky as the child Alexei Ignat Daniltsev as the adolescent Alexei and Ignat, Alexei's son Innokenty Smoktunovsky as the adult Alexei Margarita Terekhova as the young Maria/Masha/Maroussia, Alexei's mother, Natalia, Alexei's wife Maria Vishnyakova as the elderly Maria Oleg Yankovsky, Alexei's father Alla Demidova as Liza, Maria's friend at printing house Anatoly Solonitsyn as Forensic doctor & pedestrian Tamara Ogorodnikova as Nanny and Strange woman at the tea table Larisa Tarkovskaya as Nadezhda, Alexei's neighbor Arseny Tarkovsky as Narrator/Poet Olga Kizilova as the redhead girl The concept of Mirror dates as far back as 1964, when Tarkovsky wrote down his idea for a film about the dreams and memories of a man, though without the man appearing on screen as he would in a conventional film; the first episodes of Mirror were written. These episodes were published as a short story under the title A White Day in 1970; the title was taken from a 1942 poem by Arseny Tarkovsky.

In 1968, after having finished Andrei Rublev, Tarkovsky went to the cinematog