Thomas K. Finletter
Thomas Knight Finletter, was an American lawyer and statesman. Finletter was born in Philadelphia, the son of Thomas Dickson Finletter and Helen Grill Finletter, he was the grandson of Thomas K. Finletter, for whom the Thomas K. Finletter School in Philadelphia is named after, he took his early education at The Episcopal Academy in Philadelphia and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with both Bachelor of Arts degree in 1915 and bachelor of laws in 1920. He served as editor-in-chief of the University of Pennsylvania Law Review. In World War I, he served with the 312th Field Artillery advancing to the rank of captain, he was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1920 and the New York Bar in 1921. Finletter practiced law in New York until he began his government service in 1941, as a special assistant to Secretary of State Cordell Hull on international economic affairs. In 1943, he was appointed executive director and deputy director of the Office of Foreign Economic Coordinator. In this post, he was in charge of planning economic activities related to liberated areas and was in control of matters of foreign exchange and matters relating to the operations of the Alien Property Custodian.
Finletter resigned his post in 1944, when the functions of OFEC were absorbed by the newly created Foreign Economic Administration. In 1945, Finletter acted as consultant at the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco. In the same year he was a cosigner of the "Declaration of the Dublin, N. H. Conference", a declaration on world peace issued by the Dublin Conference on World Peace; the declaration stated that the United Nations was inadequate to maintain world peace, advocated a world federal government. He returned to public service July 18, 1947, when President Harry S. Truman established a temporary, five-man commission that inquired into all phases of aviation and drafted the national air policy report; this commission was sometimes known as "The Finletter Commission". Finletter served as chairman of the Air Policy Commission which, on January 1, 1948, sent to the president the report entitled "Survival in the Air Age." Finletter was chief of the Economic Cooperation Administration's mission to the United Kingdom with headquarters in London, to which he had been appointed early in 1949.
President Truman appointed Finletter as the second Secretary of the Air Force succeeding Stuart Symington on April 24, 1950, in which office he served until January 20, 1953. In 1958, Finletter was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U. S. Senate from New York, he won the support of some liberal reformers, prominently including Eleanor Roosevelt, was chosen as the Liberal Party's candidate, but the Democratic Convention preferred Frank Hogan. Finletter withdrew from the Liberal ticket, endorsing Hogan. President John F. Kennedy appointed Finletter to be the Ambassador to NATO to succeed William Henry Draper Jr. in 1961. He served in that office until 1965. In 1965, following his term as Ambassador to NATO, he retired from government service and returned to his law practice with the firm of Coudert Brothers, in New York City, where he died on April 24, 1980. Interim Report on the U. S. Search for a Substitute for Isolation, W. W. Norton & Co. Inc. New York: 1968 Americans for Democratic Action Council on Foreign Relations United World Federalists Delta Phi Pace-Finletter MOU 1952 U.
S. Air Force official biography at the Wayback Machine The Truman Library The Political Graveyard U. S. Air Force, The Air and Space Power Journal Declaration of the Dublin, N. H. Conference Television News Archive, Vanderbilt University Newspaper clippings about Thomas K. Finletter in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
Henry H. Arnold
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps, Commanding General of the U. S. Army Air Forces, the only U. S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank, the only officer to hold a five-star rank in two different U. S. military services. Arnold was the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the world's largest non-profit global policy think tanks, the RAND Corporation, one of the founders of Pan American World Airways. Instructed in flying by the Wright Brothers, Arnold was one of the first military pilots worldwide, one of the first three rated pilots in the history of the United States Air Force, he overcame a fear of flying that resulted from his experiences with early flight, supervised the expansion of the Air Service during World War I, became a protégé of General Billy Mitchell. Arnold rose to command the Army Air Forces prior to the American entry into World War II and directed its hundred-fold expansion from an organization of little more than 20,000 men and 800 first-line combat aircraft into the largest and most powerful air force in the world.
An advocate of technological research and development, his tenure saw the development of the intercontinental bomber, the jet fighter, the extensive use of radar, global airlift and atomic warfare as mainstays of modern air power. Arnold's most used nickname, "Hap," was short for "Happy," attributed variously to work associates when he moonlighted as a silent film stunt pilot in October 1911, or to his wife, who began using the nickname in her correspondence in 1931 following the death of Arnold's mother, he was called Harley by his family during his youth, "Sunny" by both his mother and wife. Arnold was known to his West Point classmates as "Pewt" or "Benny". By his immediate subordinates and headquarters staff he was referred to as "The Chief." Born June 25, 1886, in Gladwyne, Arnold was the son of Dr. Herbert Alonzo Arnold, a strong-willed physician and a member of the prominent political and military Arnold Family, his mother was Anna Louise Harley, from a "Dunker" farm family and the first female in her family to attend high school.
Arnold had strong Mennonite ties through both families. However, unlike her husband, "Gangy" Arnold was "fun-loving and prone to laughter," and not rigid in her beliefs; when Arnold was eleven, his father responded to the Spanish–American War by serving as a surgeon in the Pennsylvania National Guard, of which he remained a member for the next 24 years. Arnold attended Lower Merion High School in Ardmore, graduating in 1903; the athletic fields at Lower Merion are named after him. Arnold had no intention of attending West Point but took the entrance examination after his older brother Thomas defied their father and refused to do so. Arnold placed second on the list and received a delayed appointment when the nominated cadet confessed to being married, prohibited by academy regulations. Arnold entered the United States Military Academy at West Point as a "Juliette", having just turned 17, his cadet career was spent as a "clean sleeve". At the academy he helped found the "Black Hand", a group of cadet pranksters, led it during his first class year.
He played second-team running back for the varsity football team, was a shot putter on the track and field team, excelled at polo. Arnold's academic standing varied between the middle and the lower end of his class, with his better scores in mathematics and science, he wanted assignment to the Cavalry but an inconsistent demerit record and a cumulative general merit class standing of 66th out of 111 cadets resulted in his being commissioned on June 14, 1907, as a second lieutenant, Infantry. He protested the assignment, but was persuaded to accept a commission in the 29th Infantry, at the time stationed in the Philippines. Arnold arrived in Manila on December 7, 1907. Arnold disliked infantry troop duties and volunteered to assist Captain Arthur S. Cowan of the 20th Infantry, on temporary assignment in the Philippines mapping the island of Luzon. Cowan returned to the United States following completion of the cartography detail, transferred to the Signal Corps, was assigned to recruit two lieutenants to become pilots.
Cowan contacted Arnold, who cabled his interest in transferring to the Signal Corps but heard nothing in reply for two years. In June 1909, the 29th Infantry relocated to Fort Jay, New York, en route to his new duty station by way of Paris, Arnold saw his first airplane in flight, piloted by Louis Blériot. In 1911, Arnold applied for transfer to the Ordnance Department because it offered an immediate promotion to first lieutenant. While awaiting the results of the required competitive examination, he learned that his interest in aeronautics had not been forgotten. Arnold sent a letter requesting a transfer to the Signal Corps and on April 21, 1911, received Special Order 95, detailing him and 2nd Lt. Thomas DeWitt Milling of the 15th Cavalry, to Dayton, for a course in flight instruction at the Wright brothers' aviation school at Simms Station, Ohio. While individually instructed, they were part of the school's May 1911 class that included three civilians and Lt. John Rodgers of the United States Navy.
Beginning instruction on May 3 with Arthur L. Welsh, Arnold made his first solo flight May 13 after three hours and forty-eight minutes of flight in 28 lessons. On May 14, he and
President of the United States
The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. In contemporary times, the president is looked upon as one of the world's most powerful political figures as the leader of the only remaining global superpower; the role includes responsibility for the world's most expensive military, which has the second largest nuclear arsenal. The president leads the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP; the president possesses international hard and soft power. Article II of the Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, it vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The power includes the execution and enforcement of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic and judicial officers, concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances. The president directs the foreign and domestic policies of the United States, takes an active role in promoting his policy priorities to members of Congress. In addition, as part of the system of checks and balances, Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution gives the president the power to sign or veto federal legislation; the power of the presidency has grown since its formation, as has the power of the federal government as a whole. Through the Electoral College, registered voters indirectly elect the president and vice president to a four-year term; this is the only federal election in the United States, not decided by popular vote. Nine vice presidents became president by virtue of a president's intra-term resignation. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 sets three qualifications for holding the presidency: natural-born U. S. citizenship.
The Twenty-second Amendment precludes any person from being elected president to a third term. In all, 44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms, so he is counted twice, as both the 22nd and 24th president. Donald Trump of New York is the current president of the United States, he assumed office on January 20, 2017. In July 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, the Thirteen Colonies, acting jointly through the Second Continental Congress, declared themselves to be 13 independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. Recognizing the necessity of coordinating their efforts against the British, the Continental Congress began the process of drafting a constitution that would bind the states together. There were long debates on a number of issues, including representation and voting, the exact powers to be given the central government. Congress finished work on the Articles of Confederation to establish a perpetual union between the states in November 1777 and sent it to the states for ratification.
Under the Articles, which took effect on March 1, 1781, the Congress of the Confederation was a central political authority without any legislative power. It could make its own resolutions and regulations, but not any laws, could not impose any taxes or enforce local commercial regulations upon its citizens; this institutional design reflected how Americans believed the deposed British system of Crown and Parliament ought to have functioned with respect to the royal dominion: a superintending body for matters that concerned the entire empire. The states were out from under any monarchy and assigned some royal prerogatives to Congress; the members of Congress elected a President of the United States in Congress Assembled to preside over its deliberation as a neutral discussion moderator. Unrelated to and quite dissimilar from the office of President of the United States, it was a ceremonial position without much influence. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies.
With peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. By 1786, Americans found their continental borders besieged and weak and their respective economies in crises as neighboring states agitated trade rivalries with one another, they witnessed their hard currency pouring into foreign markets to pay for imports, their Mediterranean commerce preyed upon by North African pirates, their foreign-financed Revolutionary War debts unpaid and accruing interest. Civil and political unrest loomed. Following the successful resolution of commercial and fishing disputes between Virginia and Maryland at the Mount Vernon Conference in 1785, Virginia called for a trade conference between all the states, set for September 1786 in Annapolis, with an aim toward resolving further-reaching interstate commercial antagonisms; when the convention failed for lack of attendance due to suspicions among most of the other states, Alexander Hamilton led the Annapolis delegates in a call for a convention to offer revisions to the Articles, to be held the next spring in Philadelphia.
Prospects for the next convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washington's attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. When the Constitutional Convention convened in May 1787, the 12 state delegations in attendance (Rh
United States Army Air Forces
The United States Army Air Forces, informally known as the Air Force,or United States Army Air Force, was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army during and after World War II, successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which in 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply, the Army Air Forces; each of these forces had a commanding general. The AAF administered all parts of military aviation distributed among the Air Corps, General Headquarters Air Force, the ground forces' corps area commanders, thus became the first air organization of the U. S. Army to control its own installations and support personnel; the peak size of the AAF during the Second World War was over 2.4 million men and women in service and nearly 80,000 aircraft by 1944, 783 domestic bases in December 1943.
By "V-E Day", the Army Air Forces had 1.25 million men stationed overseas and operated from more than 1,600 airfields worldwide. The Army Air Forces was created in June 1941 to provide the air arm a greater autonomy in which to expand more efficiently, to provide a structure for the additional command echelons required by a vastly increased force, to end an divisive administrative battle within the Army over control of aviation doctrine and organization, ongoing since the creation of an aviation section within the U. S. Army Signal Corps in 1914; the AAF succeeded both the Air Corps, the statutory military aviation branch since 1926, the GHQ Air Force, activated in 1935 to quiet the demands of airmen for an independent Air Force similar to the Royal Air Force, established in the United Kingdom / Great Britain. Although other nations had separate air forces independent of their army or navy, the AAF remained a part of the Army until a defense reorganization in the post-war period resulted in the passage by the United States Congress of the National Security Act of 1947 with the creation of an independent United States Air Force in September 1947.
In its expansion and conduct of the war, the AAF became more than just an arm of the greater organization. By the end of World War II, the Army Air Forces had become an independent service. By regulation and executive order, it was a subordinate agency of the United States Department of War tasked only with organizing and equipping combat units, limited in responsibility to the continental United States. In reality, Headquarters AAF controlled the conduct of all aspects of the air war in every part of the world, determining air policy and issuing orders without transmitting them through the Army Chief of Staff; this "contrast between theory and fact is...fundamental to an understanding of the AAF." The roots of the Army Air Forces arose in the formulation of theories of strategic bombing at the Air Corps Tactical School that gave new impetus to arguments for an independent air force, beginning with those espoused by Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell that led to his court-martial. Despite a perception of resistance and obstruction by the bureaucracy in the War Department General Staff, much of, attributable to lack of funds, the Air Corps made great strides in the 1930s, both organizationally and in doctrine.
A strategy stressing precision bombing of industrial targets by armed, long-range bombers emerged, formulated by the men who would become its leaders. A major step toward a separate air force came in March 1935, when command of all combat air units within the Continental United States was centralized under a single organization called the "General Headquarters Air Force". Since 1920, control of aviation units had resided with commanders of the corps areas, following the model established by commanding General John J. Pershing during World War I. In 1924, the General Staff planned for a wartime activation of an Army general headquarters, similar to the American Expeditionary Forces model of World War I, with a GHQ Air Force as a subordinate component. Both were created in 1933 when a small conflict with Cuba seemed possible following a coup d'état, but were not activated. Activation of GHQ Air Force represented a compromise between strategic airpower advocates and ground force commanders who demanded that the Air Corps mission remain tied to that of the land forces.
Airpower advocates achieved a centralized control of air units under an air commander, while the WDGS divided authority within the air arm and assured a continuing policy of support of ground operations as its primary role. GHQ Air Force organized combat groups administratively into a strike force of three wings deployed to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts but was small in comparison to European air forces. Lines of authority were difficult, at best, since GHQ Air Force controlled only operations of its combat units while the Air Corps was still responsible for doctrine, acquisition of aircraft, training. Corps area commanders continued to exercise control over airfields and administration of personnel, in the overseas departments, operational control of units as well. Between March 1935 and September 1938, the commanders of GHQ Air Force and the Air Corps, Major Generals Frank M. Andrews and Oscar Westover clash
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is, by U. S. law, the highest-ranking and senior-most military officer in the United States Armed Forces and is the principal military advisor to the President, the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense. While the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff outranks all other commissioned officers, they are prohibited by law from having operational command authority over the armed forces; the Chairman convenes the meetings and coordinates the efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, an advisory body within the Department of Defense comprising the Chairman, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. The post of a statutory and permanent Joint Chiefs of Staff chair was created by the 1949 amendments to the National Security Act of 1947; the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act elevated the Chairman from the first among equals to becoming the "principal military advisor" to the President and the Secretary of Defense.
The Joint Staff, managed by the Director of the Joint Staff and consisting of military personnel from all the services, assists the Chairman in fulfilling his duties to the President and Secretary of Defense, functions as a conduit and collector of information between the Chairman and the combatant commanders. The National Military Command Center is part of the Joint Staff operations directorate. Although the office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is considered important and prestigious, neither the Chairman, the Vice Chairman, nor the Joint Chiefs of Staff as a body has any command authority over combatant forces; the Goldwater-Nichols Act places the chain of command from the President to the Secretary of Defense directly to the commanders of the Unified Combatant Commands. However the services chiefs do have authority over personnel assignments and oversight over resources and personnel allocated to the combatant commands within their respective services; the Chairman may transmit communications to the combatant commanders from the President and Secretary of Defense as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary.
The Chairman performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U. S. C. § 153 or allocates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in the joint staff under his or her name. The principal deputy to the Chairman is the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, another four-star general or admiral, who among many duties chairs the Joint Requirements Oversight Council; the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is assisted by the Joint Staff, led by the Director of the Joint Staff, a three-star general or admiral. The Joint Staff is an organization composed of equal numbers of officers contributed by the Army, Marine Corps and Air Force, who have been assigned to assist the Chairman with the unified strategic direction and integration of the combatant land and air forces; the National Military Command Center is part of the Joint Staff operations directorate. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is advised on enlisted personnel matters by the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman, who serves as a communication conduit between the Chairman and the senior enlisted advisors of the combatant commands.
Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, served as the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief from 20 July 1942 to 21 March 1949, he presided over meetings of what was called the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Leahy's office was the precursor to the post of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, created in 1942. The Chairman is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate; the Chairman and Vice Chairman may not be members of the same armed force service branch. However, the President may waive that restriction for a limited period of time in order to provide for the orderly transition of officers appointed to serve in those positions; the Chairman serves a two-year term of office at the pleasure of the President, but can be reappointed to serve two additional terms for a total of six years, as long as the Chairman has not served a term as Vice Chairman, in which case the Chairman would be limited to serving up to two terms. However, in a time of war or national emergency, there is no limit to how many times an officer can be reappointed to serve as Chairman.
The Chairman has served two terms. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general or admiral while holding office and assumes office on October 1 of odd-numbered years. Although the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Omar Bradley, was awarded a fifth star, the CJCS does not receive one by right, Bradley's award was so that his subordinate, General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, would not outrank him. In the 1990s, there were proposals in Department of Defense academic circles to bestow on the office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff a five-star rank. According to the 2017 Military Pay Table, basic pay for flag officers is limited by Level II of the Executive Schedule, $15,583.20 per month. This includes officers serving as Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chief of Staff of the Army, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Commandant of the Marine Corps, C
Unified combatant command
A unified combatant command is a United States Department of Defense command, composed of forces from at least two Military Departments and has a broad and continuing mission. These commands are established to provide effective command and control of U. S. military forces, regardless of branch of service, in peace and war. They are organized either on a geographical basis or on a functional basis, such as special operations, power projection, or transport. UCCs are "joint" commands with specific badges denoting their affiliation; the creation and organization of the unified combatant commands is mandated in Title 10, U. S. Code Sections 161–168; the Unified Command Plan establishes the missions, command responsibilities, geographic areas of responsibility of the unified combatant commands. As of May 2018, there are ten unified combatant commands. Six have regional responsibilities, four have functional responsibilities; each time the Unified Command Plan is updated, the organization of the combatant commands is reviewed for military efficiency and efficacy, as well as alignment with national policy.
Each unified command is led by a combatant commander, a four-star general or admiral. CCDRs exercise combatant command, a specific type of nontransferable command authority over assigned forces, regardless of branch of service, vested only in the CCDRs by federal law in 10 U. S. C. § 164. The chain of command for operational purposes goes from the President through the Secretary of Defense to the combatant commanders. Three geographic combatant commands have their headquarters located outside their geographic area of responsibility; the current system of unified commands in the U. S. military emerged during World War II with the establishment of geographic theaters of operation composed of forces from multiple service branches that reported to a single commander, supported by a joint staff. A unified command structure existed to coordinate British and U. S. military forces operating under the Combined Chiefs of Staff, composed of the British Chiefs of Staff Committee and the U. S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.
In the European Theater, Allied military forces fell under the command of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. After SHAEF was dissolved at the end of the war, the American forces were unified under a single command, the US Forces, European Theater, commanded by General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower. Unified commands in the Pacific Theater proved more difficult to organize as neither General of the Army Douglas MacArthur nor Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz was willing to become subordinate to the other; the Joint Chiefs of Staff continued to advocate in favor of establishing permanent unified commands, President Harry S. Truman approved the first plan on 14 December 1946. Known as the "Outline Command Plan," it would become the first in a series of Unified Command Plans; the original "Outline Command Plan" of 1946 established seven unified commands: Far East Command, Pacific Command, Alaskan Command, Northeast Command, the U. S. Atlantic Fleet, Caribbean Command, European Command.
However, on 5 August 1947, the CNO recommended instead that CINCLANTFLT be established as a unified commander under the broader title of Commander in Chief, Atlantic. The Army and Air Force objected, CINCLANTFLT was activated as a unified command on 1 November 1947. A few days the CNO renewed his suggestion for the establishment of a unified Atlantic Command; this time his colleagues withdrew their objections, on 1 December 1947, the U. S. Atlantic Command was created under the Commander in Atlantic. Under the original plan, each of the unified commands operated with one of the service chiefs serving as an executive agent representing the Joint Chiefs of Staff; this arrangement was formalized on 21 April 1948 as part of a policy paper titled the "Function of the Armed Forces and the Joint Chiefs of Staff". The responsibilities of the unified commands were further expanded on 7 September 1948 when the commanders' authority was extended to include the coordination of the administrative and logistical functions in addition to their combat responsibilities.
Far East Command and U. S. Northeast Command were disestablished under the Unified Command Plan of 1956–57. A 1958 "reorganization in National Command Authority relations with the joint commands" with a "direct channel" to unified commands such as Continental Air Defense Command was effected after President Dwight Eisenhower expressed concern about nuclear command and control. CONAD itself was disestablished in 1975. Although not part of the original plan, the Joint Chiefs of Staff created specified commands that had broad and continuing missions but were composed of forces from only one service. Examples include the U. S. Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean and the U. S. Air Force's Strategic Air Command. Like the unified commands, the specified commands reported directly to the JCS instead of their respective service chiefs; these commands have not existed since the Strategic Air Command was disestablished in 1992. The relevant section of federal law, remains unchanged, the President retains the power to establish a new specified command.
The Goldwater–Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 clarified and codified responsibilities that commanders-in-chief undertook, which were first given legal status in 1947. After that act, CINCs reported directly to the United States Secretary of Defense, through him to the President of the United St
David L. Goldfein
David Lee “Fingers” Goldfein is a four-star general in the United States Air Force who serves as the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. He served as Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force and prior to that, he served as the Director of the Joint Staff, a position within the Joint Chiefs of Staff who assists the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. On April 26, 2016, it was announced that Goldfein was nominated to succeed General Mark Welsh as the 21st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, his confirmation hearing took place on June 16, he succeeded Welsh on July 1, two days after his confirmation. Goldfein received his commission from the U. S. Air Force Academy in 1983, he is a Command Pilot with more than 4,200 flying hours with the T-37, T-38, F-16C/D, F-117A, MC-12W, MQ-9. He has commanded U. S. Air Forces Central, Shaw AFB, SC and Al Udeid AB, Qatar. Goldfein is a graduate of the U. S. Air Force Weapons School at Nellis AFB, NV. Goldfein flew combat missions during the Gulf War, deployed to the Vicenza Combined Air Operations Center for Operation Deliberate Force.
As commander of the 555th Fighter Squadron, he led his squadron flying an F-16 fighter in Operation Allied Force. During that operation, on 2 May 1999, Goldfein's F-16 was shot down over western Serbia by a S-125 surface-to-air missile fired by the 3rd Battery of the 250th Air Defense Missile Brigade of the Yugoslav Air Force. Goldfein ejected, was subsequently rescued by NATO helicopters. October 1983 – October 1984, undergraduate pilot training, Sheppard AFB, Texas October 1984 – February 1988, T-38 instructor pilot, 90th Flying Training Squadron, Sheppard AFB, Texas February 1988 – January 1992, F-16 instructor pilot and flight commander, 17th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Shaw AFB, S. C. January 1992 – June 1992, student, USAF Fighter Weapons Instructor Course, Nellis AFB, Nev. June 1992 – July 1994, squadron weapons officer and Chief, Wing Weapons and Tactics, 366th Composite Wing, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho July 1994 – June 1995, Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Ala. June 1995 – May 1996, special assistant to the Commander, Allied Air Forces Southern Europe and 16th Air Force, Italy May 1996 – August 1997, executive officer to the Commander, U.
S. Air Forces in Europe, Ramstein Air Base, Germany August 1997 – June 1998, operations officer, 555th Fighter Squadron, Aviano AB, Italy June 1998 – July 2000, Commander, 555th Fighter Squadron, Aviano AB, Italy July 2000 – June 2001, National Defense Fellow, State Department Senior Seminar, Arlington, Va. July 2001 – July 2002, Deputy Division Chief, Combat Forces, Headquarters U. S. Air Force, Washington, D. C. August 2002 – July 2004, Commander, 366th Operations Group, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho July 2004 – June 2006, Commander, 52nd Fighter Wing, Spangdahlem AB, Germany June 2006 – January 2008, Commander, 49th Fighter Wing, Holloman AFB, N. M. January 2008 – August 2009, Deputy Director of Programs, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Plans and Programs, Headquarters U. S. Air Force, Washington D. C. August 2009 – August 2011, Director of Operations, Air Combat Command, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va. August 2011 – July 2013, Commander, U. S. Air Forces Central Command, Southwest Asia August 2013 – August 2015, Joint Staff, the Pentagon, Washington, D.
C. August 2015 – July 2016, Vice Chief of Staff of the U. S. Air Force, Washington, D. C. July 2016 – present, Chief of Staff of the U. S. Air Force, Washington, D. C. June 1995 – May 1996, special assistant to the Commander, Allied Air Forces Southern Europe and 16th Air Force, Italy, as a major May 1996 – August 1997, executive officer to the Commander, Allied Air Forces Europe, Ramstein Air Base, Germany, as a major August 2013 – August 2015, Joint Staff, the Pentagon, Washington, D. C. as a lieutenant general