Chiricahua is a one of seven socio-culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Lipan, Salinero and Western Apache. Native Americans, based in the Southern Plains and Southwest United States. Culturally related to other Apache peoples, Chiricahua shared a common area, language and intertwined family relations. At the time of European contact, they had a territory of 15 million acres in Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona in the United States and in Northern Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico. Today Chiricahua are enrolled in two federally recognized tribes in the United States: the Fort Sill Apache Tribe, located near Apache, Oklahoma with a small reservation outside Deming, New Mexico, the Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation near Ruidoso, New Mexico; the San Carlos Apache Tribe, Arizona does have Chiricahua Apache people there also. The Chiricahua Apache written as Chiricagui, Apaches de Chiricahui, Chilicague and Chiricagua, were given that name by the Spanish.
The White Mountain Coyotero Apache, including the Cibecue and Bylas groups of the Western Apache, referred to the Chiricahua by the name Ha'i’ą́há, while the San Carlos Apache called them Hák'ą́yé which means ″Eastern Sunrise″, or ″People in the East″. Navajo refer to the Chiricahua as Chíshí; the Chiricahua autonym, or name by which they refer to themselves, is Nde, Ne, Néndé, Héndé or Hen-de – "The People, Men". The Chiricahua referred to outsiders, such as Americans, Mexicans or other Indians, as Enee, ⁿdáa or Indah / N'daa; this word has two possible meanings, the first being "strange people, non-Apache people" or "enemy", but another being "eye". Sometimes it is said that all Apaches referred to the Americans and European settlers as Bi'ndah-Li'ghi' / Bi'nda-li'ghi'o'yi, but this seems a name from Mescalero and Lipan Apache bands, as the Chiricahua bands called them Daadatlijende, meaning "Blue/green eye people" or Indaaɫigáí / Indaaɫigánde meaning "White skinned or pale colored people" or "Strange, non-Apache people, which are white-skinned").
Łigáí means "it is white" or it can be translate as "it is pale colored". The í on the end translates as "the one that is", but in the context of human beings, can mean "the group who are". Several loosely affiliated bands of Apache came improperly to be known as the Chiricahuas; these included the Chihenne, the Nednai and Bedonkohe. Today, all are referred to as Chiricahua, but they were not a single band nor the same Apache division, being more identified, all together, as "Central Apaches". Many other bands and groups of Apachean language-speakers ranged over eastern Arizona and the American Southwest; the bands that are grouped under the Chiricahua term today had much history together: they intermarried and lived alongside each other, they occasionally fought with each other. They formed short-term as well as longer alliances that have caused scholars to classify them as one people; the Apachean groups and the Navajo peoples were part of the Athabaskan migration into the North American continent from Asia, across the Bering Strait from Siberia.
As the people moved south and east into North America, groups splintered off and became differentiated by language and culture over time. Some anthropologists believe that the Apache and the Navajo were pushed south and west into what is now New Mexico and Arizona by pressure from other Great Plains Indians, such as the Comanche and Kiowa. Among the last of such splits were those that resulted in the formation of the different Apachean bands whom the Europeans encountered: the southwestern Apache groups and the Navajo. Although both speaking forms of Southern Athabaskan, the Navajo and Apache have become culturally distinct; the Tsokanende Apache division was once led, from the beginning of the 18th century, by chiefs such as Pisago Cabezón, Posito Moraga, Tapilá, Teboca, Vívora, Miguel Narbona and Cochise and, after his death, his sons Tahzay and Naiche, under the guardianship of Cochise's war chief and brother-in-law Nahilzay, the independent chiefs Chihuahua, Ulzana and Pionsenay. After Victorio's death, Gerónimo and youngest Cochise's son Naiche were the last leaders of the Central Apaches, their mixed Apache group was the last to continue to resist U.
S. government control of the American Southwest. From the beginning of EuropeanAmerican/Apache relations, there was conflict between them, as they competed for land and other resources, had different cultures, their encounters were preceded by more than 100 years of Spanish colonial and Mexican incursions and settlement on the Apache lands. The United States settlers were newcomers to the competition for land and resources in the Southwest, but they inherited its complex history, brought their own attitudes with them about American In
Olivier Ledroit is a French comic book artist best known for his work on the Black Moon Chronicles series. He has worked on art designs in the Might and Magic franchise, he has provided the art for Requiem Chevalier Vampire and Sha, both written by Pat Mills. Black Moon Chronicles: "Le signe des Ténèbres" "Le Vent des Dragons" "La marque des démons" "Quand sifflent les Serpents" "La danse écarlate" Black Moon's Arcanas: "Ghorghor Bey" Sha: "The Shadow One" "Soul Wound" "Soul Vengeance" Xoco "Papillon Obsidienne" "Notre Seigneur l'Ecorche" Requiem Chevalier Vampire "Resurrection" "Danse Macabre" "Dracula" "Le Bal des Vampires" "Dragon Blitz" "Hellfire Club" "Le Couvent des soeurs de sang" 2007: Won the "Favourite European Comics" Eagle Award, for Requiem Chevalier Vampire with Pat Mills
Welcome Back is the debut studio album by South Korean male group iKON. The full album was planned to be released on November 2, 2015. However, on October 27, 2015, YG Entertainment announced that the release of the full album would be delayed; the album was released on December 24, 2015, along with additional music videos than planned. Additionally, two digital singles along with accompanying music videos were released on November 16. IKON topped the Gaon Album chart with their Debut Half Album - Welcome Back from October 4, 2015 to October 10, 2015, their first single, My Type was released on September 15 and became a huge success, selling about 1.6 million copies in Korea and becoming one of the best selling singles of 2015. On September 15, 2015, iKON's debut single. On October 1, 2015, iKON released the first half of Welcome Back, along with two music videos for their promotional singles "Airplane" and "Rhythm Ta." Two additional singles, "Apology" and "Anthem" were released on November 16, 2015, as part of the rescheduling of the release of the full album.
IKON's first studio full album was released on December 24, 2015, with the title tracks "What's Wrong?" and "Dumb & Dumber". IKON's leader B. I was involved in the song composition for the majority of the tracks in the full album. IKON's vocalist Ju-ne composed "Rhythm Ta" while iKON's rappers Bobby and B. I wrote the lyrics to all the tracks in the full album. Welcome Back Half Album charted at number one on the Gaon Album Chart selling 82,208 copies in its first month and 3,463 in the second month; the full album charted at number one, with a total of 52,312 copies sold in the first month of release. In the year-end chart, the album sold a total of 117,483 copies. On the Oricon Chart, the half album charted at 26 and the full album charted at 22. On January 13, 2016, the Japanese version of the album was released and 53,207 copies were sold in the first day, topping the Oricon daily chart. With a total of 61,508 copies sold in its first week of release, the Japanese album charted third on the Oricon chart.
In October 2016, sales of the album had passed the 150,000 copies mark, its Japanese version had passed the 90,000 copies mark. "My Type" was released along with a music video on 15 September 2015. Within 24 hours of its release, the music video surpassed 1.7 million views on YouTube. The group took their first music show win with the single on 26 September 2015 on MBC's Music Core though they had yet to make their first official live appearance. On 24 September, "My Type" achieved a'triple crown' on the Gaon chart, having taken the number one spot on the digital and streaming charts for the 39th week of 2015. On 18 September, the single became number one on the music video chart of Chinese music streaming sites QQ Music and Youku. IKon trended on Weibo, where they were searched 1.3 billion times. "My Type" was the 34th best selling song of 2015 by Gaon Music chart