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Chlodomer

Chlodomer spelled Clodomir or Clodomer was the second of the four sons of Clovis I, King of the Franks. On the death of his father, in 511, he divided the kingdom of the Franks with his three brothers: Theuderic I, Childebert I, Clotaire I. Although Theuderic, the eldest, had a better claim, Chlodomer divided half of the kingdom with his two other brothers; this was the kingdom of Orléans, taken from the former kingdom of Syagrius. This kingdom included, most notably, the bishoprics of Tours and Orléans. Chlodomer married Guntheuc, with whom he had three sons: Theodebald and Clodoald. In 523–24 at the instigation of his mother Clotilde, eager to avenge her nephew, assassinated by Sigismund of Burgundy, Chlodomer joined with his brothers in an expedition against the Burgundians. After capturing Sigismund, Chlodomer returned to Orléans. However, Sigismund's brother Gondomar returned triumphantly to Burgundy at the head of the troops sent by his ally, the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great. There, he massacred the garrison.

Although victorious, Chlodomer had Sigismund and his sons Gisald and Gondebaud assassinated on 1 May 524. He led a second expedition against the Burgundians, he was killed on this expedition, in the spring or summer of the same year, at the Battle of Vézeronce. His three sons were entrusted to his mother until his widow married Clotaire I. Clotaire, had Chlodomer's children killed, although Clodoald managed to escape. Better known as Saint Cloud, he became abbot of Nogent, having given up his hair, the symbol of the Frankish royalty, rather than giving up his life. Bachrach, Bernard S.. Merovingian Military Organization, 481–751. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, ISBN 0-8166-0621-8. Geary, Patrick J.. Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-504458-4. James, Edward; the Franks. London: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-14872-8. Oman, Charles; the Dark Ages, 476–918. London: Rivingtons. Wallace-Hadrill, J. M.. The Long-Haired Kings, Other Studies in Frankish History.

London: Methuen. Wood, Ian N.. The Merovingian Kingdoms, 450–751. London: Longman, ISBN 0-582-21878-0

Grupo Aeroportuario Centro Norte

Grupo Aeroportuario Centro Norte, S. A. B. de C. V. known as OMA, is a Mexican airport operator headquartered in San Pedro, near Mexico. It operates 13 airports in the central and northern states of Mexico, including that of Monterrey, one of Mexico's largest cities, it is the fourth largest airport services company by passenger traffic in Mexico. It serves 15 million passengers annually. OMA is listed on the Mexican Stock Exchange and in the NASDAQ through ADRs since 2006. In June 2015, OMA announced it had engaged UBS as market maker to promote the liquidity and trading volume for the shares listed in the Mexican Stock Exchange. Number of passengers at each airport by 2018: Annual sum of passengers from OMA airports. Official Website

1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone

The 1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that hit Andhra Pradesh in November 1977, killing at least 10,000 people. The origins of the 1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone can be traced to a weak tropical disturbance, first noted on satellite imagery on the morning of 14 November while located 520 km southwest of the Nicobar Islands. Traveling due west at 25 km/h along the southern periphery of the mid-tropospheric subtropical ridge, the disturbance organized, with increased banding noted on satellite imagery; this increase in organization prompted the India Meteorological Department to report that the disturbance had intensified into a deep depression that morning, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center to issue a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert for the system at 1310 UTC that afternoon. At 0800 UTC on 15 November, the JTWC issued its first advisory on the system as satellite data indicated that the storm had continued to strengthen, with estimated one-minute sustained wind speeds of 75 km/h.

While the system was developing, an upper tropospheric trough had formed over northern and central India and produced a break in the subtropical ridge. As the storm traveled towards this break in the ridge on 15 November, the mid-tropospheric anticyclone over the system weakened, reducing the storm's steering flow and causing the system to slow to a 7 km/h northwestwards movement. In addition, the divergent southwesterly flow produced by the trough resulted in the system beginning a period of rapid intensification. Early on 16 November, the system intensified into a Category 1-equivalent tropical cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. For the next two days, the tropical cyclone continued to strengthen while traveling towards the north-northwest. During this time period, increased organization, such as tighter banding features and a progressively more distinct eye, were observed on satellite imagery. At 1030 UTC on 17 November, the ship Jagatswami reported winds of 190 km/h and a minimum barometric pressure of 941 hPa off the Indian coast.

The next evening, the JTWC estimated that the system had attained its peak intensity as a Category 3-equivalent tropical cyclone, with one-minute sustained winds of 200 km/h, while located 140 km off the coast of Andhra Pradesh. Around this time, the IMD estimated that the system had three-minute sustained winds of 250 km/h —which would classify the system as a modern-day super cyclonic storm—and a minimum barometric pressure of 919 hPa; this barometric pressure made the cyclone the most intense recorded in the North Indian Ocean at the time. As the cyclone approached the Indian coast, it accelerated to 17 km/h while weakening from its peak intensity; the storm made landfall near Chirala, in the Prakasam district of central Andhra Pradesh, around 1100 UTC on 19 November with one-minute sustained winds of 195 km/h. Moving northwards over flat agricultural lands, the storm weakened, with the JTWC issuing its final warning at 2000 UTC that evening; the IMD continued tracking the system, reporting that it weakened into an area of low pressure on the evening of 20 November before dissipating over southeastern Madhya Pradesh and Odisha the next evening.

The worst affected areas were in the Krishna River delta region. The island of Diviseema, hit by a six-metre-high storm surge, experienced a loss of life running into the thousands. Hundreds of bodies were floating in the waters and bodies bloated beyond recognition were consigned to mass pyres. Landslides ripped off the railway lines in the Waltair-Kirandal route. About 100 people who had left their homes to seek shelter in a church in Bapatla town were killed when the building collapsed. Fields of paddy and cash crops were submerged by the tidal waves. Thirteen sailing vessels, including some foreign ones, went missing in the storm. About 100 villages were marooned or washed away by the cyclonic storms and the ensuing floods and a total of 10,841 killed or missing, 34 lakh rendered homeless. According to the Janata party, at least 50,000 people were believed to have been killed by the storm higher than reported by the government; the large loss of life prompted the establishment of early warning meteorological stations on the coast of Andhra Pradesh.

Cyclone shelters and other measures for disaster management were taken. A memorial, at the point of furthest advance of the tidal wave, near the town of Avanigadda, was built in memory of the people who died in the storm; the next cyclone that occurred in Andhra Pradesh, showed that there was a large improvement in disaster management, effective warnings ahead of time, better meteorological equipment which reduced the death rate. In the wake of the disaster, officials in India were accused of covering up the scale of damage and loss of life. Members of the Janata party, an opposing political group to the state government in place at the time, claimed that the cover up was to hide criminal negligence which resulted in tens of thousands of fatalities. Following these accusations, five high-ranking government officials resigned from their positions. Typhoon Gay 1996 Andhra Pradesh cyclone