Choctaw County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,859; the county seat is Butler. The county was named for the Choctaw tribe of American Indians. Most of the early pioneers of Choctaw County were farmers from South Carolina. In 1912 the Alabama and Northern Railroad was completed through the county from north to south, connecting the area to the Port of Mobile and northern Alabama, it induced a population shift from areas near the Tombigbee River to the central part of the county. The county's population reached its peak in the 1920s, due in part from jobs created by a sawmill boom with companies as the E. E. Jackson Lumber Company and Choctaw Lumber Company; the sawmill industry collapsed during the Great Depression. The first successful oil well in Alabama was drilled at Gilbertown in 1944, with oil and gas becoming the county's most important industry; this industry waned by the 1970s. An African-American family, the Thorntons of Mobile, was featured in the September 24, 1956, issue of Life Magazine.
The article included an interview with the Thorntons' daughter, Allie Lee Causey, of Shady Grove in Choctaw County. In the article, Mrs. Causey, a schoolteacher, spoke about her family's life, stating that "integration is the only way in which Negroes will receive justice. We cannot get it as a separate people. If we can get justice on our jobs, equal pay we'll be able to afford better homes and good education." When the magazine was seen in Choctaw County, the Causeys were subjected to brutal economic retaliation by white residents, who tried to coerce Mrs. Causey into recanting her remarks, their loans were called in, local stores refused to sell them food and gasoline, Willie Causey was cut off from his employment as a woodcutter, Mrs. Causey was fired from her job as a teacher; the Causeys left Shady Grove and Alabama for good in October 1956. Apparel factories opened during the 1950s–60s in Silas and Butler, although the plants had closed by the 21st century; the 1950s saw the building a paper mill at Naheola, now owned and operated by Georgia-Pacific.
The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979, due to damage from Hurricane Frederic. The 1980s saw the tracks removed. Choctaw County has one site listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Mount Sterling Methodist Church. Additionally, five sites are listed on the Alabama Register of Heritage. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 921 square miles, of which 914 square miles is land and 7.4 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 84 State Route 10 State Route 17 State Route 114 State Route 156 Sumter County Marengo County Clarke County Washington County Wayne County, Mississippi Clarke County, Mississippi Lauderdale County, Mississippi Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,859 people living in the county. 55.8% were White, 43.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 0.4% of two or more races. 0.5 % were Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,922 people, 6,363 households, 4,574 families living in the county.
The population density was 17 people per square mile. There were 7,839 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 55.14% White, 44.13% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.42% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,363 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 16.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,749, the median income for a family was $31,870. Males had a median income of $32,316 versus $18,760 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,635. About 20.70% of families and 24.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.80% of those under age 18 and 26.10% of those age 65 or over. Butler Gilbertown Lisman Needham Pennington Silas Toxey Cullomburg National Register of Historic Places listings in Choctaw County, Alabama Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Choctaw County, Alabama The Choctaw Sun-Advocate Coastal Gateway Regional Economic Development Alliance Choctaw County map of roads/towns. Choctaw County Tourism and Business Directory
St. John's Lutheran Church is a historic former Lutheran church located in Harrison Township, Elkhart County, Indiana, it was built in 1852–1853 by Albert Galentine on land owned by John Rarick, Sr. who deeded the land to the "Evangelical Lutheran Church" in 1855. Services at the church ended in 1894 after John Rarick, Jr. the congregation's largest financial supporter, moved to the Elkhart area. A one-story, Greek Revival style frame meeting house, the building measures 31 feet wide by 35 feet deep, it has separate entrances for men and women. The property includes the contributing church cemetery; the cemetery and building are owned by the St. John's Cemetery Association; the church and its cemetery were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. On July 1, 2014, a storm with straight-line winds tore the eastern half of the roof off the church, dumping the debris onto the lawn and an adjacent corn field. Several tombstones were toppled or broken off. Volunteers placed a tarp over the structure.
Repairs were delayed because the St. John's Cemetery Association had been dissolved in 2009. Papers were signed on October 1, 2014 to give Harrison Township ownership; the township planned to obtain donations and grants to effect the repairs
This is a list of steak dishes. Steak is a cut of beef sliced perpendicular to the muscle fibers, or of fish cut perpendicular to the spine. Meat steaks are grilled, pan-fried, or broiled, while fish steaks may be baked. Meat cooked in sauce, such as steak and kidney pie, or minced meat formed into a steak shape, such as Salisbury steak and hamburger steak may be referred to as steak. Beefsteak is a flat cut of beef cut perpendicular to the muscle fibers. Beefsteaks are grilled, pan-fried, or broiled; the more tender cuts from the loin and rib are cooked using dry heat, served whole. Less tender cuts from the chuck or round are mechanically tenderized. Asado – some asado dishes use beef steak Beef Manhattan Beef Wellington Boiled beef Bulgogi Carpetbag steak Carne asada Chateaubriand Cheesesteak Chicken fried steak Bollito misto Delmonico steak Fajita – term referred to the cut of beef used in the dish, known as skirt steak. Filet mignon Finger steaks Hamburg steak London broil Mongolian beef Pepper steak Pittsburgh rare Pot roast Prawn cocktail and Black Forest gateau Roast beef Italian beef Salisbury steak Sha cha beef Shooter's sandwich Standing rib roast Steak and eggs Steak and kidney pie Steak and kidney pudding Steak and oyster pie Steak au poivre Steak burger Steak de Burgo Steak Diane Steak frites Steak sandwich Steak tartare Suadero Surf and turf Swiss steak Fish steak is a cut of fish, cut perpendicular to the spine and includes the bones.
Fish steaks can be contrasted with fish fillets, which are cut parallel to either side of the spine and do not include the larger bones. Fish steaks can be pan-fried, broiled or baked. Kabkabou – fish and tomato stew traditionally prepared in Tunisia with fish steak capers and lemon Pork steak is cut from the shoulder of the pig, but can be cut from the loin or leg of the pig. Shoulder steaks are cut from the same primal cut of meat most used for pulled pork, can be quite tough without long cooking times due to the high amount of collagen in the meat, pork shoulder steaks are cooked slower than a typical beef steak, are stewed or simmered in barbecue sauce during cooking. Kotellet Pork chop Pork chop bun Pork tenderloin sandwich Twice cooked pork – well-known Sichuan-style Chinese dish prepared by simmering pork belly steaks in water with spices refrigerating and slicing it, lastly shallow frying in oil in a wok. Banana steak Watermelon steak Portobello mushroom steak Steak sauce is a dark brown sauce served as a condiment for beef in the United States.
The original sauce which'steak sauce' is derived from is known in Britain as "brown sauce". Derived from "brown sauce" in Japan tonkatsu sauce has a slight variation in ingredients. A1 Steak Sauce Béarnaise sauce Café de Paris sauce Compound butter Demi-glace Gravy Heinz 57 Worcestershire sauce List of beef dishes List of fish dishes List of pork dishes List of foods Restructured steak
Abel Collin was a benefactor in Nottingham. He established Abel Collin's Charity, he was the son of Laurence Collin. His sister, Fortune Collin, married founder of Smith's Bank in Nottingham. By his Will, published in 1704, twenty four alms; the initial purchase of land was made by Thomas Smith in 1708 for the purpose of building some little houses and endowing same for some poor men or women to dwell in. As time went on, further land and property was purchased. In 1709 a new building was erected on Friar Lane. In 1831 the Almshouses on Carrington Street were rebuilt. Early in 1909 the 80 years leases of the Nottingham property fell in, the income from that source increasing sevenfold. £17,000, was received from the Nottingham Corporation for land acquired for street widening and taken out of the ground of the almshouses. The site occupied by twenty almshouses in Carrington Street was sold and new houses were erected on Derby Road, Beeston. In 1954, the remainder of the Almshouses on Carrington Street were demolished.
In 1956, the Almshouses on Friar Lane were demolished to create room for Maid Marian Way. Pevsner thought; the Charity The United Charities of Abel Collin still exists over 300 years from its founding. It is the oldest charity in Nottingham, it now has 63 bungalows in Beeston, Nottingham. Four bungalows were completed in 2010 - designed by the Nottingham firm Marsh Grochowski for the tercentenary year; the charity is run by a board of Trustees, the current Chairman is Peter Matthews. Almshouses website
The 2015 Swiss Open Gstaad presented by Visilab was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 48th edition of the Swiss Open, part of the ATP World Tour 250 Series of the 2015 ATP World Tour, it took place at the Roy Emerson Arena in Gstaad, from 27 July through 2 August 2015. 1 Rankings are as of July 20, 2015 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Marco Chiudinelli Henri Laaksonen Andrey RublevThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Calvin Hemery Julian Reister Maxime Teixeira Horacio Zeballos Before the tournament Stan Wawrinka →replaced by Kimmer Coppejans Blaž Kavčič Rankings are as of July 20, 2015 The following pairs received wildcards into the doubles main draw: Adrien Bossel / Marco Chiudinelli Henri Laaksonen / Luca Margaroli Dominic Thiem def. David Goffin, 7-5, 6–2 Aliaksandr Bury / Denis Istomin def. Oliver Marach / Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi, 3–6, 6–2, Official website
The American Osteopathic Board of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine is an organization that provides board certification to qualified Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine in the medical specialty of neuromusculoskeletal medicine. The AOBNMM is one of 18 medical specialty certifying boards of the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists approved by the American Osteopathic Association; as of December 2011, 482 osteopathic physicians hold active certification with the AOBNMM. The AOBNMM offers a Certificate of Added Qualification in Sports Medicine. Certification is available to osteopathic physicians who have completed an AOA-approved residency in neuromusculoskeletal medicine/osteopathic manipulative medicine and hold an unlimited license to practice. Successful completion of written and practical examinations are required for certification. Board certification in neuromusculoskeletal medicine/osteopathic medicine is required of physicians in order to chair an osteopathic manipulative medicine department at a medical school, or to serve as a director for a NMM/OMM residency program.
Since 1995, diplomates of the American Osteopathic Board of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine must renew their certification every ten years to avoid expiration of their board certification status. AOA Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists AOBNMM homepage American Osteopathic Association