Christian Goldbach was a German mathematician who studied law. He is remembered today for Goldbach's conjecture. Born in the Duchy of Prussia's capital Königsberg, part of Brandenburg-Prussia, Goldbach was the son of a pastor, he studied at the Royal Albertus University. After finishing his studies he went on long educational voyages from 1710 to 1724 through Europe, visiting other German states, Holland and France, meeting with many famous mathematicians, such as Gottfried Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, Nicholas I Bernoulli. Back in Königsberg he got acquainted with Georg Bernhard Jakob Hermann, he went on to work at the newly opened St Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1725, as a professor of mathematics and historian of the academy. In 1728, when Peter II became Tsar of Russia, Goldbach became his tutor. In 1742 he entered the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Christian Goldbach was multilingual – he wrote a diary in German and Latin, his letters were written in German, Latin and Italian and for official documents he used Russian and Latin.
He died on November 20, 1764 in Moscow. Goldbach is most noted for his correspondence with Leibniz and Bernoulli in his 1742 letter to Euler stating his Goldbach's conjecture, he studied and proved some theorems on perfect powers, such as the Goldbach–Euler theorem, made several notable contributions to analysis. He proved a result concerning Fermat numbers, called Goldbach's theorem. De transformatione serierum De terminis generalibus serierum O'Connor, John J.. Electronic copies of Euler's correspondence with Goldbach Neuester Himmels-Atlas, 1799 - Full digital facsimile, Linda Hall Library
The 5th Tank Battalion "M. O. Chiamenti" was a tank battalion of the Italian Army based in Tauriano in Friuli Venezia Giulia; the battalion, like all Italian tank units, was part of the infantry, but since 1 June 1999 it is part of the cavalry. Operationally the battalion was last assigned to the Armored Brigade "Ariete"; the battalion was formed during the 1975 army reform: on 30 September 1975 the 32nd Tank Regiment was disbanded and the next day its XXIII Bersaglieri Battalion became the 23rd Bersaglieri Battalion "Castel di Borgo", while its III Tank Battalion became the 3rd Tank Battalion "M. O. Galas" and the V Tank Battalion became the 5th Tank Battalion "M. O. Chiamenti"; as the war flag and traditions of the 32nd Tank Regiment were assigned to the 3rd Galas the 5th Chiamenti was granted a new war flag on 12 November 1976 by decree 846 of the President of the Italian Republic Giovanni Leone. The battalion received the traditions of the V Tank Battalion "M", formed by the 32nd Tank Infantry Regiment on 11 November 1940 and fought in the early stages of the Western Desert Campaign and was destroyed by the British XIII Corps in the Battle of Beda Fomm on 7-8 February 1941.
For its service and sacrifice the V Tank Battalion "M" was awarded a Silver Medal of Military Valour, transferred from the flag of the 32nd Tank Regiment to the newly created flag of the 5th Tank Battalion "M. O. Chiamenti". For its conduct and work after the 1976 Friuli earthquake the battalion was awarded a Silver Medal of Army Valour, affixed to the battalion's war flag and added to the battalion's coat of arms. Tank and armored battalions created during the 1975 army reform were all named for officers and partisans, who were posthumously awarded Italy's highest military honor the Gold Medal of Military Valour for heroism during World War II; the 5th Tank Battalion's name commemorated 32nd Tank Infantry Regiment Maresciallo Carlo Chiamenti, who had served in the IV Tank Battalion "M" and was killed in action on 15 April 1941 during the Axis Invasion of Yugoslavia. Equipped with M60A1 Patton main battle tanks the battalion joined the Armored Brigade "Mameli", whose headquarters had been formed from the 32nd Tank Regiment's headquarters.
After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army began to draw down its forces and the "Mameli" was the first brigade disband. On 1 April 1991 the brigade was deactivated along with some of its subordinate units, while the 3rd and 5th tank battalions, 23rd Bersaglieri Battalion joined the 132nd Armored Brigade "Ariete". On 25 August 1992 the 5th Tank Battalion "M. O. Chiamenti" disbanded and its personnel entered the "Galas" battalion, which entered the reformed 32nd Tank Regiment the next day. 132nd Armored Brigade "Ariete"
Daniel Taub is an Israeli diplomat, international lawyer and writer of British origin who served as Israel's Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 2011 to 2015. He is director of planning at the Yad Hanadiv Foundation in Jerusalem. Daniel Taub was raised in the United Kingdom, he attended secondary school at the Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in Elstree and thereafter studied at University College, University College and Harvard University. Taub moved to Israel in 1989, he served as a combat medic in the Israel Defense Forces, subsequently as a reserve officer in the IDF's international law division. Soon after arriving in Israel, Taub worked as speechwriter for President Chaim Herzog, he joined the Israeli Foreign Ministry in 1991. Taub has held many diplomatic and political posts in the Israeli Foreign Ministry, he is an expert in international law, with the laws of war. As Principal Deputy Legal Advisor of Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Taub served as legal adviser to Israel's missions to the United Nations in New York and Geneva, represented Israel in many multilateral fora.
Taub was a negotiator in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, a member of Israel's negotiation team in the Israel-Syrian negotiations. He headed Israel's observer delegation to the International Court of Justice hearings on Israel's security barrier, represented Israel before the UN investigative committee on the Gaza flotilla incident, negotiated the entry of Israel's Red Cross society, Magen David Adom, into the International Red Cross Movement, after 70 years of exclusion. In 2011, Taub was appointed Ambassador to the Court of St James's Placing a strong emphasis on trade and technology links, Taub introduced the Bizcamp start-up competition in conjunction with Google and was nominated for the Grassroot Diplomat Initiative Award for developing business and trade. Between the years 2011 and 2013, UK-Israel bilateral trade increased to $8 billion. Taub is a lecturer and public speaker, He has been interviewed on television including on Hardtalk, CNN, Sky News, the BBC Radio 4's Today programme, was the first Israeli Ambassador to be interviewed on the BBC Persian service.
In addition to serving as Ambassador to the UK, in March 2013 Taub became Israel's first Ambassador to the International Maritime Organization, based in London. Taub's appointment as Ambassador ended in 2015, he returned to Israel, it was reported that during his tenure British security officials had complained to the embassy about "security breaches" at his home which meant that they were no longer able to offer him effective security. The Israeli Foreign Ministry conducted an internal enquiry into the reports, concluded that "there had been a breach of security protocol" but there had been no "criminal or disciplinary wrongdoing." Taub writes on Israel and the Middle East, including articles appearing in The Times, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, the Huffington Post. Taub wrote a book of diplomatic insights on biblical texts, he was the creator and chief scriptwriter of an Israeli drama series, set in an ultra-orthodox Hasidic sect. Daniel Taub Official Website Daniel Taub Official Israeli Website
Belford Cabell "Sinky" Hendricks was an American composer, arranger and record producer. He used a variety of names, including Belford Hendricks, Belford Cabell Hendricks, Belford Clifford Hendricks, Sinky Hendricks, Bill Henry. Hendricks is remembered as the co-composer of numerous soft-R&B songs of the 1950s, many in collaboration with Clyde Otis and Brook Benton, as an accomplished arranger, his versatility allowed him to write in various styles, from big band swing for Count Basie, through blues ballads for Dinah Washington and Sarah Vaughan, R&B-influenced pop for Benton and country and western numbers for Nat King Cole and Al Martino, to early soul for Aretha Franklin. Hendricks was born in Evansville, United States, to Frank Hendricks, a lifelong learner with an eighth-grade education, Melissa Belle Hendricks, a graduate of Evansville's Clark High School, he had Paul Lawrence and Dorothy Medesta. His love for music began when his father brought home a piano learning how to play additional instruments.
In high school, he participated in band. In 1924, Hendricks graduated from the town's then-segregated Douglass High School rebuilt and renamed Lincoln High School. After taking several years off, working at local establishments, he enrolled at the Indiana State Teachers' College, now known as Indiana State University, in Terre Haute. Diverted from his education for semesters at a time by a need to earn money and a desire to practice his musical craft, Hendricks road to graduation was a decade long; as well as taking jobs in local restaurants and hotels, Hendricks was able to play piano with bands in the area. In 1935, he joined the elite one percent of Black Americans with a college degree, having majored in science and music. Hendricks married Mae Etta Bean of North Vernon, Indiana, a classmate studying to become an elementary school teacher. After spending a year in Maryland, Bean returned to Indiana, they divorced in the 1940s. Bean died in the early 1960s. Though these were considered plum jobs reserved for white people, with the help of relative William Fauntleroy, was one of three African Americans able to secure a job as a postal carrier by 1939.
On postal records, however, he is recorded as being white. At the height of the Great Depression, Hendricks earned nearly triple the national average income. In 1938 or 1939, Duke Ellington and his orchestra recorded, "I'll Come Back for More", which appears to be the first recorded song co-written by Hendricks, it was written with Ellington, Brick Fleagle, Oramay Riamond, Rex Stewart, Bee Walker. In 1942, Hendricks was drafted into the United States Army, he was stationed in New York and Hawaii. Hendricks contributed a song, "Marching Through Berlin", sung by Ethel Merman in the 1943 wartime movie, Stage Door Canteen. Jet magazine of the 1980s shows him accompanying popular songstress Lena Horne. After the war, Hendricks returned to Indiana to care for his aging parents. During this period, he co-hosted Toast and Coffee, one of the first interracial radio programs in the US, though most listeners were unaware he was black. During this period, he became acquainted with Emma Clinton, a native of Texas, who worked for Jane Blaffer Owen, heir to the Humble Oil fortune.
The Owens family helped resettle the community of New Harmony, Indiana north of Evansville, which fell into disrepair. Although he was middle-aged, Hendricks decided to move to New York to pursue a full-time musical career, he continued his musical education, studying organ at New York University. He knew a member of the Count Basie Orchestra and being able to play most instruments, he was able to substitute for musicians when they were ill or went on vacation. During his early years in New York, Hendricks studied the math-based Schillinger Method of composition and arranging under Rudolph Schramm; the Schillinger Method, developed in the 1940s, is the foundation of composition education at the Berklee School of Music. By the mid-1950s, he met Clyde Otis. In 1957, Otis accepted a job as the first black A&R man at Mercury Records and asked Hendricks to become his right hand man. Soon after arriving in New York City, he met Dinah Washington, they enjoyed several chart hits, the most enduring being "What a Difference a Day Makes", which reached number 4 in the US Billboard R&B chart and number 8 in the US pop charts in 1959.
"Unforgettable" and "This Bitter Earth" are notable hits. Hendricks arranged and conducted nearly 100 songs for Washington from February 1959 to January 1961, but today most of them are considered to be mediocre and boring, compared to Washington's jazz/blues-oriented recordings until 1958. More successful were the light-hearted duets which Hendricks arranged for Washington and Brook Benton in 1960. "Baby" made number 1 in the United States R&B chart and number 5 in the pop charts, earning over $1 million, whilst "A Rockin' Good Way" made number 1 in the R&B chart and number 7 in the pop chart. Hendricks had a closer musical relationship with Benton than the one he enjoyed with Washington, for, in addition to arranging many of the popular baritone's recordings, he co-wrote numerous songs with him together with Otis; the Hendricks-Otis-Benton composition "It's Just a Matter of Time", arranged by Hendricks and performed by Benton, went to number 3 in the pop chart in 1959 and became a country music standard, with new interpretations reaching number 1 in the United States country charts twice: first in 1970, sung by Sonny James, again in 1989, courtesy of Randy Travis.
Other successful arrangements by Hendricks
Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory is a 2017 American animated direct-to-video musical fantasy comedy film starring the cat-and-mouse duo Tom and Jerry. Produced by Warner Bros. Animation and Turner Entertainment Co. it is the first Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film to be distributed by Warner Bros. Home Entertainment internationally and is the final Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film to be involved with Warner Bros. Animation's founder Hal Geer, who died on January 26, 2017; the film is an animated adaptation of the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory with the addition of Tom and Jerry as characters and seen through their point of view. This Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film is dedicated to the late actor Gene Wilder, who died on August 29, 2016; the film was released via digital media on June 27, 2017, released on home media on July 11, 2017. Tom and Jerry chase each other all over town while searching for food until Jerry disappears with a group of children who go to Bill's Candy Shop.
The shop owner gives the children free candy while Jerry continue their antics in the shop. Charlie Bucket, a poor paperboy, stops Tom from eating Jerry and befriends them by offering them a loaf of bread. While Charlie rushes home to his widowed mother and bedridden grandparents and Jerry steal a box of Wonka Bars from the shop. Grandpa Joe reveals to Charlie that Willy Wonka locked his famous chocolate factory because other candy makers, including rival Arthur Slugworth, sent in spies to steal his recipes. Wonka for three years resumed selling candy. Tom and Jerry arrive at Charlie's home with the box of Wonka Bars, but Charlie convinces the two that stealing is wrong and they should return the box; the next day, Wonka announces. Finders of the tickets will receive a lifetime supply of chocolate. Four of the tickets are found by a gluttonous boy; as each winner is announced on television, a man whispers to them. Charlie opens one Wonka Bar, but loses hope; the newspapers announce the fifth ticket was found by a millionaire in Paraguay named Alberto Minoleta.
Tom and Jerry earn a dollar coin by recycling milk bottles, but lose it in a gutter after fighting over it. Charlie uses it to buy a Wonka Bar for Grandpa Joe; the television news reveals. While rushing home, he is confronted by the same man seen whispering to the other winners, who introduces himself as Slugworth and offers to pay for a sample of Wonka's latest creation, the Everlasting Gobstopper. Charlie chooses Grandpa Joe as his chaperone; the next day and Jerry rush to the factory with the Golden Ticket that Grandpa Joe forgot. Once the children enter the factory, the movie plays in the same order of the source material with the occasional interjection of Tom and Jerry interacting with the factory. Once only Charlie and Grandpa Joe remain, Wonka dismisses them without the promised chocolate. A small Oompa-Loompa named Tuffy warns Charlie that Slugworth and Spike have stolen a Gobstopper and are on their way out of the factory. Following a fight in the Wonkavision Room, Charlie stops Slugworth.
After this and Grandpa Joe confront Wonka on the end of the tour. Wonka coldly explains that they violated the contract by stealing Fizzy Lifting Drinks and allowing Tom and Jerry into the factory and therefore will receive nothing. Infuriated at this, Grandpa Joe attempts to protest but Wonka angrily demands them all to leave at once. Grandpa Joe suggests to Charlie that he should give Slugworth the Gobstopper, but Charlie returns the candy to Wonka; because of this, Wonka declares Charlie the winner. He reveals that Slugworth is "Mr. Wilkinson", an employee of his, the offer to buy the Gobstopper was a morality test which only Charlie passed; the trio and Tuffy enter the "Wonkavator", a multi-directional glass elevator that flies out of the factory. Tom and Jerry shrink Wilkinson and Spike for the troubles they put them through the film and use Fizzy Lifting Drinks to catch up with the others. Soaring over the city, Wonka reveals. Spike Brandt as Tom Cat, Jerry Mouse and Spike JP Karliak as Willy Wonka Jess Harnell as Grandpa Joe, Bill the Candy Shop owner and Mr. Beauregarde Lincoln Melcher as Charlie Bucket Mick Wingert as Mr. Slugworth / Mr. Wilkinson Lori Alan as Mrs. Teevee Jeff Bergman as Droopy, American Reporter Rachel Butera as Augustus Gloop, Winkelmann Kate Higgins as Mrs. Bucket Dallas Lovato as Violet Beauregarde Emily O'Brien as Veruca Salt Sean Schemmel as Henry Salt, Mr. Turkentine Kath Soucie as Tuffy Jim Ward as Anchorman, German Reporter Audrey Wasilewski as Mrs. Gloop Lauren Weisman as Mike Teevee The film was met with overwhelmingly negative reviews, with some critics questioning its existence.
Ryan Scott of Movieweb described it as "just the latest in a long line of these uncalled for mashups." Beth Elderkin of Gizmodo wrote: "Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory is not just stupid, it's insulting. It's a cheap mockbuster with a cat and mouse artlessly, needlessly inserted." Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory on IMDb
The PZL-Mielec M-20 Mewa is a licence-built version of the Piper PA-34 Seneca II manufactured in Poland by WSK PZL Mielec in a limited series from the 1980s. A licence to build the PA-34-200T was purchased in 1978, when WSK-Mielec started to co-operate with Western manufacturers; the Polish aircraft were to be fitted with 164 kW PZL-Franklin F6A-350 engines. The first Mewa, assembled from US-delivered parts, flew on 25 July 1979. However, the Polish communist authorities were reluctant to produce civil aircraft of this class as there was no civil aircraft free market in Poland at that time; as a result, the second prototype, built in Poland, was not flown until 1982 and the third M-20 02, being the basis for serial production, on10 October 10, 1985. In 1988, an air ambulance version M-20 03 was developed, with Teledyne Continental TSIO/LTSIO-360-KB engines. After 1990 production of the Mewa commenced for the civilian market. Despite the fact that it won the Teraz Polska award in 1993, interest was limited and only 33 had been built by the end of 1998.
In April 2015, Aero AT Aviation Industrial bought the intellectual property for the M-20 Mewa from U. S.-based Sikorsky Aircraft's subsidiary PZL Mielec in Poland. Poland-based Aero AT Ltd. Jiangsu Aero AT Aviation Technologies and Changzhou National Hi-Tech District entered into an investment agreement on 30 October 2015; the plan being for Jiangsu Aero to assemble the M-20 Mewa in China at the Changzhou Konggang Industrial Park. The first Chinese produced M-20 Mewa was expected to roll off the production line at the facility in 2017, followed by 50 aircraft annually starting in 2018. Four M-20s were used by the Polish Air Ambulance Service; as of 2006, there were still 14 M-20s on the Polish civilian registry. One is used by the Polish Border Guard. Poland Lotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe operated 4 aircraft till 2009, they were replaced by two Piaggio P.180 Avanti. Polish Border Guard received 1 aircraft. Data from General characteristics Crew: 1 or 2 Capacity: 4 or 5 pax + optional seventh seat Length: 8.72 m Wingspan: 11.86 m Height: 3.02 m Wing area: 19.18 m2 Airfoil: NACA 652-415 Empty weight: 1,290 kg Gross weight: 1,810 kg Max takeoff weight: 2,070 kg Fuel capacity: 371 l in four wing leading edge tanks + optional 113.5 l in two auxiliary wing leading edge tanks Powerplant: 1 × PZL-F 6A-350C1L 6-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 153 kW LH rotationPowerplant: 1 × PZL-F 6A-350C1R 6-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 153 kW RH rotationPropellers: 3-bladed Warszawa-Okecie US 134, 1.93 m diameter constant-speed propeller with spinner and optional electric de-icingPerformance Maximum speed: 275 km/h at 1,500 m Cruise speed: 260 km/h at 1,500 m Stall speed: 108 km/h flaps down Never exceed speed: 360 km/h Range: 550 km with 45 minutes reserve Ferry range: 1,360 km with auxiliary fuel, 45 minutes reserve Service ceiling: 4,000 m Rate of climb: 6.4 m/s Wing loading: 107.9 kg/m2 Power/mass: 0.146 kW/kg Take-off run to 15 m: 460 m Landing run from 15 m: 655 m Related development Piper PA-34 Seneca PZL M-26 Iskierka Lambert, Mark.
Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsden, UK: Jane's Data Division. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1. Poser page Photo gallery at Lotnictwo.net