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Christian Rakovsky

Christian Georgievich Rakovsky was a Bulgarian socialist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and Soviet diplomat. Rakovsky's political career took him into France and Imperial Russia. A lifelong collaborator of Leon Trotsky, he was a prominent activist of the Second International, involved in politics with the Bulgarian Workers' Social Democratic Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Rakovsky was expelled at different times from various countries as a result of his activities, during World War I, became a founding member of the Revolutionary Balkan Social Democratic Labor Federation while helping to organize the Zimmerwald Conference. Imprisoned by Romanian authorities, he made his way to Russia, where he joined the Bolshevik Party after the October Revolution, and, as head of the Rumcherod, unsuccessfully attempted to generate a communist revolution in the Kingdom of Romania. Subsequently, he was a founding member of the Comintern, served as head of government in the Ukrainian SSR, took part in negotiations at the Genoa Conference.

He came to oppose Joseph Stalin and rallied with the Left Opposition, being marginalized inside the government and sent as Soviet ambassador to London and Paris, where he was involved in renegotiating financial settlements. He was recalled from France in autumn 1927, after signing his name to a controversial Trotskyist platform which endorsed world revolution. Credited with having developed the Trotskyist critique of Stalinism as "bureaucratic centrism", Rakovsky was subject to internal exile. Submitting to Stalin's leadership in 1934 and being reinstated, he was nonetheless implicated in the Trial of the Twenty One and executed by the NKVD during World War II, he was rehabilitated during the Soviet Glasnost period. Rakovsky's original Bulgarian name was Krastyo Georgiev Stanchev, which he himself changed to Krastyo Rakovski; the usual form his first name took in Romanian was Cristian, while his last name was spelled Racovski, Racovschi, or Rakovski. His given name was rendered as Ristache, an antiquated hypocoristic—he was known as such to his acquaintance, the writer Ion Luca Caragiale.

In Russian, his full name, including patronymic, was Khristian Georgievich Rakovsky. Christian is an approximate rendition of Krastyo. In Ukrainian, Rakovsky's name is rendered as Християн Георгійович Раковський, transliterated as Khrystyyan Georgiiovych Rakovsky. During his lifetime, he was known under the pseudonyms H. Insarov and Grigoriev, which he used in signing several articles for the Russian-language press. Christian Rakovsky was born to a wealthy Bulgarian family in Gradets—near Kotel—at the time still part of Ottoman-ruled Rumelia, he was, on his mother's side, the nephew of Georgi Sava Rakovski, a revolutionary hero of the Bulgarian National Revival. Rakovsky's father was a merchant, he stated that, as early as his childhood years, he had felt a special admiration towards Russia, that he had been impressed by witnessing, at age 5, the Russo-Turkish War and Russian presence. Although his parents moved to the Kingdom of Romania in 1880, settling in Gherengic, he completed his education in newly emancipated Bulgaria.

Rakovsky was expelled from the gymnasium in Gabrovo for his political activities. It was around that time that he became a Marxist, began collaborating with the socialist journalist Evtim Dabev, whom he aided in printing works by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Since, after having been banned from attending any public school in the country, he could not complete his education in Bulgaria, in September 1890 Rakovsky went to Geneva to begin his studies and become a physician. While in Switzerland, he joined the Socialist Student Circle at the University of Geneva, composed of non-Swiss youth. A polyglot, Rakovsky became close to Georgy Plekhanov, the founder of Russian Marxism, his circle writing a number of articles and a book in Russian, he briefly worked with Rosa Luxemburg, Pavel Axelrod and Vera Zasulich. Unable to attend the First International Congress of Socialist Students in Brussels, he became involved in organizing the Second Congress, held in Geneva during the fall of 1893, he was a founding editor of the Geneva-based Bulgarian-language magazine Sotsial-Demokrat and a major contributor to the Bulgarian Marxist publications Den', Drugar.

At the time and Balabanov, with Plekhanov's encouragement, stressed the importance for moderation in socialist policies—Sotsial-Demokrat rallied with the Bulgarian Social Democratic Union and rejected the more radical Bulgarian Socialdemocratic Party. He soon became involved in distributing socialist propaganda inside Bulgaria, at a time when Stefan Stambolov organized a crackdown on political opposition. In 1893, Rakovsky enrolled in a medical school in Berlin, contributing articles for Vorwärts and becoming close t

Leyenda de Plata (2005)

The Leyenda de Plata was professional wrestling tournament produced by the Mexican wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre that ran from October 28, 2005, over the course of three of CMLL's Friday night shows in Arena México with the finals on November 11, 2005. The annual Leyenda de Plata tournament is held in honor of lucha libre legend El Santo and is one of CMLL's most important annual tournaments; the 2005 Leyenda de Plata is the only tournament to not feature the previous year's champion defending the trophy intentionally, playing off Aguayo's breaking of the trophy the previous year. The lack of defending champion forced CMLL to change the format of the Leyenda de Plata as they held two eight-man torneo cibernetico elimination matches instead of one 16-man, with the winner of each cibernetico facing each other the following week; the two cibernetico format has been the standard tournament format for the Leyenda de Plata since 2005. The first cibernetico took place on October 28, 2005 and featured El Hijo del Santo, Hombre Sin Nombre, La Máscara, Volador Jr. Misterioso Jr. Jado and Negro Casas.

The match came down to Hijo del Santo and Casas and ended in a double pin. After the match was restarted El Hijo del Santo won by submission; the second cibernetico took place on November 4 and saw Atlantis outlast a field that included Místico, Último Dragón, Máxmio, El Sagrado, Hijo de Pierroth and Gedo. On November 11, 2005, Atlantis defeated El Hijo del Santo with help from his corner-man Último Guerrero to win the seventh Leyenda de Plata; the Leyenda de Plata is an annual lucha libre tournament scripted and promoted by the Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. The first Leyenda de Plata was held in 1998 and was in honor of El Santo, nicknamed Enmáscarado de Plata from which the tournament got its name; the trophy given to the winner is a plaque with a metal replica of the mask that El Santo wore in both wrestling and lucha films. The Leyenda de Plata was held annually until 2003, at which point El Santo's son, El Hijo del Santo left CMLL on bad terms; the tournament returned in 2004 and has been held on an annual basis since then.

The original format of the tournament was the Torneo cibernetico elimination match to qualify for a semi-final. The winner of the semi-final would face the winner of the previous year's tournament in the final. Since 2005 CMLL has held two cibernetico matches and the winner of each meet in the semi-final. In 2011, the tournament was modified to eliminate the final stage as the previous winner, Místico, did not work for CMLL at that point in time The 2005 edition of La Leyenda de Plata was the seventh overall tournament held by CMLL; the events featured a total of number of professional wrestling matches with different wrestlers involved in pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either heels or faces as they followed a series of tension-building events, which culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. C

Stephen G. Roszel

Reverend Stephen George Roszel was a Methodist preacher and leading member of the Baltimore Conference. Stephen George Roszel was born on April 8, 1770 in Loudoun County, the oldest son in a large family, his mother, was a leader in the first Methodist society of Baltimore County, Maryland. His father was named Stephen. Around the age of 16, Roszel became interested in Christian teachings and the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1789, he was admitted into the Williamsburg Circuit as a traveling preacher on a trial basis, under the guidance of Francis Asbury. Roszel gained influence within the church by exhibiting "flaming zeal and strong talents". In 1794, he was selected as host for the first Annual Conference held in Virginia; that year, he applied for and was granted a local station so that he could better earn a living to support his siblings. At the 1804 Annual Conference in Baltimore, Roszel was re-admitted to the traveling circuit. However, the decision was reconsidered at the Conference and it was decided he should stay in his local station because of his family situation.

He remained in contact with the Baltimore Circuit, in 1807 rejoined the Conference as an itinerant minister. Shortly thereafter, he married Mary "Polly" Calvert on April 12, 1808. Roszel was "a large, portly man" who "paid little regard for the graces", instead speaking in a straightforward fashion, he was a physically strong man, not afraid to argue vigorously with opponents of Methodist doctrine. He had a reputation as a good preacher and preached at revivals where he was reported to have gained many converts; when Roszel preached in a church setting, he took his time and his sermons were not shorter than an hour and a half, sometimes exceeded two hours. Roszel moved around during his long career as a preacher, serving in Alexandria County, District of Columbia, he was considered an excellent debater and had "wide and powerful influence" within the Methodist Church as a result. He was a leading speaker at the church's Annual Conference and represented the Baltimore Conference at the 1808 General Conference.

Roszel was a leading figure in the movement to establish rules by which regular, delegated General Conferences would be held going forward. He made several motions on the issue, including the one that gave the General Conference the power to make the rules and regulations of the church, he was subsequently an elected delegate at every delegated General Conference from the first one in 1812 until his death, representing either the Philadelphia Conference or the Baltimore one. At the 1836 General Conference, Roszel was part of a strong push back against abolitionists within the Church, he authored a paper indicting abolitionism. An attached resolution stating that the General Conference was "decidedly opposed to modern abolitionism, wholly disclaim any right, wish or intention to interfere in the civil and political relation between master and slave" passed by a 122 to 11 vote. Roszel moved for a Pastoral Address against abolition; the motion was adopted and the Address was distributed, temporarily quelling the angst that would cause the Methodist Episcopal Church, South to split from the northern church in 1844.

Earlier, at the 1808 General Conference, Roszel had moved to retain the acceptance of slavery in the Book of Discipline and allow each Annual Conference to frame its own regulations on slave trade. Roszel's final assignment was to the Hillborough Circuit in February 1841, he died on May 1841, in Leesburg, Virginia after a brief illness. After his death, Nathan Bangs said "The qualities of mind and heart were strong and practical, rather than speculative, beautiful or graceful... He possessed the most indomitable perseverance... and there were few men of his day who had an eye and hand more or on the great interest of the Church than Mr. Roszel." The 1841 Baltimore Conference Minutes commemorated him as "a man possessing singular courage, fortitude and benevolence," adding that he was "blessed with a strong mind, a ready elocution, great physical power."When Roszel joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, it had 149 traveling preachers in the United States and 42,000 members. Through the work of Roszel and his contemporaries, membership had grown to 850,000 with 3,800 traveling preachers by the time of his death.

Two of Roszel's sons, Stephen Asbury and Stephen Samuel, became influential Methodist preachers in their own right. Several of Roszel's personal letters have survived to modern times, providing an intimate look inside the life of revival preachers. Kenneth Cain Kinghorn The Heritage of American Methodism Abingdon Press, 1999 Stephen George Roszel The Substance of a Sermon Delivered in White Marsh Meeting House Joseph Robinson, 1826

Freeverse Inc.

Freeverse Inc. was a developer of computer and video game and desktop software based in New York City, acquired by Ngmoco in 2010. Ngmoco was itself acquired that year, shut down in 2016. Freeverse was founded as a shareware company in 1994 by Ian Lynch Smith. Freeverse's first product, a version of Hearts Deluxe for the Mac, used Game artificial intelligence based on Ian's studies in Cognitive Science. On February 22, 2010, it was announced. On October 12, 2010, Japanese-based DeNA announced its acquisition of ngmoco for $400,000,000. Ngmoco LLC became the regional headquarters for all Western subsidiaries of DeNA, including studios in Vancouver, Santiago de Chile and Amsterdam. However, on October 18, 2016, DeNA announced the closure of all Western subsidiaries including ngmoco. 3D Bridge Deluxe 3D Hearts Deluxe 3D Pitch Deluxe 3D Euchre Deluxe 3D Spades Deluxe 3D Crazy Eights Active Lancer Airburst Airburst Extreme Arcane Arena Atlas: The Gift Of Aramai Big Bang Board Games Big Bang Brain Games Burning Monkey Burning Monkey Casino Burning Monkey Puzzle Lab Burning Monkey Solitaire Burning Monkey Mahjong Classic Cribbage Deathground Enigma Hoyle Casino 2009 Hoyle Puzzle And Board 2009 Hoyle Cards 2009 Kill Monty Neon Tango Solace ToySight WingNuts Wingnuts 2|Wingnuts 2:Raina's Revenge Heroes of Might and Magic V Legion Arena Jeopardy!

Deluxe Wheel of Fortune Deluxe! Marathon 2: Durandal for Xbox LIVE Arcade 8th Wonder Of The World Hordes Of Orcs KnightShift Massive Assault Northland Payback Project Nomads Robin Hood: The Legend Of Sherwood Spartan X2: The Threat Currently, Freeverse is developing a version of Airburst for the Xbox 360 video game console from Microsoft. Freeverse has delivered TotemBall, a Xbox Live Arcade musical action game with Strange Flavour and published by Microsoft Game Studios, it takes advantage of the Xbox Live Vision camera with the camera tracking the players hand movements. It was released on October 4, 2006. On August 1, 2007 Marathon: Durandal and Spyglass Board Games were released to the Xbox Live Arcade. Airburst Marathon: Durandal Spyglass Board Games TotemBall Big Bang Sudoku MotoChaser Warpgate Jared Smith SimStapler Big Bang Board Games Tranquility Application|Tranquility Burning Monkey Puzzle Lab Flick Bowling Plank Game|Plank Flick Fishing Burning Monkey Casino SlotZ Racer Days of Thunder!

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Carl Junction, Missouri

Carl Junction is a city in Jasper County, United States. The population was 7,445 at the 2010 census. Carl Junction was laid out near a railroad junction by Charles Carl, who gave the town his last name. A post office called Carl Junction has been in operation since 1878. Carl Junction has a recent history of violent tornadoes; the city was struck by an F3 tornado on May 4, 2003. On May 22, 2019, the city was hit with an EF3 tornado. Carl Junction is located at 37°10′18″N 94°33′9″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.61 square miles, of which 5.48 square miles is land and 0.13 square miles is water. Carl Junction is eight miles from Joplin. Carl Junction is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 7,445 people, 2,616 households, 2,061 families living in the city. The population density was 1,358.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,769 housing units at an average density of 505.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 1.0% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 2,616 households of which 45.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 21.2% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 31.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,294 people, 1,871 households, 1,534 families living in the city; the population density was 1,084.6 people per square mile. There were 2,006 housing units at an average density of 411.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.11% White, 0.43% African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.1% Dutch, 0.2% Other from other races, 1.49% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population. There were 1,871 households out of which 45.5% had individuals under the age of 18, 70.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.0% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.12. In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,575, the median income for a family was $47,723. Males had a median income of $32,583 versus $23,176 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,291. About 3.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, of those individuals below the poverty line, 41.8% were under 18 years of age and 10.4% were over 65 years of age.

Each year in September, Carl Junction hosts the Bluegrass Festival. Bluegrass bands from all over the country come to play. There is a car show, petting zoo and many craft booths; the festival is held at Center Creek Park located just east of the Carl Junction swimming pool. Https:// Carl Junction R-1 School District Carl Junction Home Page

Alphonsus de Guimaraens

Afonso Henrique da Costa Guimarães, known as Alphonsus de Guimaraens. The poetry of Alphonsus de Guimaraes is mystical and involved with Catholicism, his sonnets display a classical structure, are profoundly religious. They become sensitive as he explores the meaning of death, of the impossible love, of solitude and of his inadequacy regarding the world. However, the mystical tone marks in his works a feeling of acceptance and of resignation towards life and pain. Another characteristic aspect of his work ids the use of spirituality in relation to the feminine figure, considered to be an angel, or a celestial being; as a result of that, Guimaraes shows himself not one as a Symbolist but a follower of Neo-romanticism. His works, predominantly poetic, made him one of the main Symbolist authors in Brazil. In reference to the city he spent most of his life in, he is called the "loner of Mariana", his "ivory tower of Symbolism". Afonso Henriques da Costa Guimarães was born on July 24, 1870, in the city of Ouro Preto in Minas Gerais.

He was son of a Portuguese trader, Albino da Costa Guimarães and Francisca de Paula Guimarães Alvim, niece of the Romantic writer Bernardo Guimarães. He enrolled in 1887 in the engineering course of his city. During his early life he suffered the premature loss of his cousin and fiancée, Constança, a fact that affected him and physically. Sick, he moved to São Paulo in 1891 to study Law in the University Largo do Francisco. There he collaborated with the local newspapers Diário Mercantil, Comércio de São Paulo, Correio Paulistano, O Estado de S. Paulo and A Gazeta and attended Vila Kyrial, where the young Symbolists gathered. After three years, he returned to Ouro Preto, graduating in Law in 1894. In 1895, in the city Rio de Janeiro, Guimaraes met João da Cruz e Sousa, a poet whom he admired, became a close friend of him. In 1897, he marries Zenaide de Oliveira. In the year of 1899, he premiered in literature with two volumes of verses: Septenário das Dores de Nossa Senhora e Câmara Ardente and Dona Mística.

In 1902 he published Kiriale, under the pseudonym of Alphonsus de Guimaraens. He had been working as substitute judge in Conceição do Serro, but in 1903 he lost his position, which led him to grave financial difficulties. After refusing a prominent position in the newspaper A Gazeta, Alphonsus de Guimaraens was appointed to direct the political newspaper of Conceição do Serro, where he would collaborate with his brother Archangelus de Guimaraens, Cruz e Souza and José Severino de Resende. In 1906, he became judge of a job he would exercise for the rest of his life, he lived his last years with his wife Zenaide de Oliveira. He was visited by a few friends and admirers, until his death on July 15, 1921, in Mariana. Septenário das Dores de Nossa Senhora e Câmara Ardente Dona Mística Kiriale Pauvre Lyre Pastoral aos crentes do amor e da morte Escada de Jacó Pulvis Salmos da noite Poesias. Jesus eu sei que ela morreu, Viceja... Teste "Guimaraens, Alphonsus de". Enciclopédia Literatura Brasileira. 2007-07-18.

Retrieved 2007-10-17. Works by or about Alphonsus de Guimaraens at Internet Archive Works by Alphonsus de Guimaraens at LibriVox