Christopher Edward Nolan, is a British-American filmmaker known for making personal, distinctive films within the Hollywood mainstream. His ten films have grossed over US$4.7 billion worldwide and garnered a total of 34 Oscar nominations and ten wins. Born and raised in London, Nolan developed an interest in filmmaking from a young age. After studying English literature at University College London, he made his feature debut with Following. Nolan gained international recognition with his second film, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, he transitioned from independent to studio filmmaking with Insomnia, found further critical and commercial success with The Dark Knight Trilogy, The Prestige, Inception, which received eight Oscar nominations, including for Best Picture and Best Original Screenplay. This was followed by the science fiction film Interstellar and the war film Dunkirk, the latter of which earned him Academy Award nominations for Best Picture and Best Director.
Nolan's films are rooted in epistemological and metaphysical themes, exploring human morality, the construction of time, the malleable nature of memory and personal identity. His work is permeated by unconventional narrative structures, practical special effects, experimental soundscapes, large-format film photography, materialistic perspectives, he has co-written several of his films with his brother Jonathan, runs the production company Syncopy Inc. with his wife Emma Thomas. Nolan has received many honours. Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2015, in 2019, he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his services to film. In addition to his filmmaking, Nolan is an advocate for the analog medium. Nolan was born in Westminster and grew up in Highgate, his father, Brendan James Nolan, was a British advertising executive who worked as a creative director. His mother, was an American flight attendant who would work as an English teacher.
Nolan's childhood was split between London and Evanston, he has both British and US citizenship. He has an older brother, Matthew Francis Nolan, a convicted criminal, a younger brother, Jonathan. Growing up, Nolan was influenced by the work of Ridley Scott, the science fiction films 2001: A Space Odyssey and Star Wars, he began making films at age seven, borrowing his father's Super 8 camera and shooting short films with his action figures. These films included a stop motion animation homage to Star Wars called Space Wars, he cast his brother Jonathan and built sets from "clay, egg boxes and toilet rolls." His uncle, who worked at NASA building guidance systems for the Apollo rockets, sent him some launch footage: "I re-filmed them off the screen and cut them in, thinking no-one would notice," Nolan remarked. From the age of eleven, he aspired to be a professional filmmaker. In his teenage years, Nolan started making films with Roko Belic. Nolan and Roko co–directed the surreal 8 mm Tarantella, shown on Image Union, an independent film and video showcase on the Public Broadcasting Service.
Nolan was educated at Haileybury and Imperial Service College, an independent school in Hertford Heath and read English literature at University College London. Opting out of a traditional film education, he pursued "a degree in something unrelated... because it gives a different take on things." He chose UCL for its filmmaking facilities, which comprised a Steenbeck editing suite and 16 mm film cameras. Nolan was president of the Union's Film Society, with Emma Thomas he screened 35 mm feature films during the school year and used the money earned to produce 16 mm films over the summers. After earning his bachelor's degree in English literature in 1993, Nolan worked as a script reader, camera operator, director of corporate videos and industrial films. In 1995, he began work on the short film Larceny, filmed over a weekend in black and white with limited equipment and a small cast and crew. Funded by Nolan and shot with the society's equipment, it appeared at the Cambridge Film Festival in 1996 and is considered one of UCL's best shorts.
He filmed a third short, about a man chasing an insect around a flat with a shoe, only to discover when killing it that it is a miniature of himself. Nolan had written the script while a student at UCL. During this period in his career, Nolan had little or no success getting his projects off the ground. To be honest, it's a clubby kind of place... Never had any support whatsoever from the British film industry." In 1998, Nolan released his first feature. He wrote, directed and edited the film, which depicts an unemployed young writer who trails strangers through London, hoping they will provide material for his first novel, but is drawn into a criminal underworld when he fails to keep his distance; the film was inspired by Nolan's experience of living in London and having his apartment burgled: "There is an interesting connection between a stranger going through your possessions and the concept of following people at random through a crowd – both take you beyond the boundaries of ordinary social relations".
For the colonial governor, see William Beeston William Beeston was a 17th-century actor and theatre manager, the son and successor to the more famous Christopher Beeston. William was brought up in the theatrical world of his father. Upon his father's death in 1638, William Beeston inherited their theatrical enterprise — though he managed it with much less success than his father had. On 5 May 1640 he was thrown into the Marshalsea Prison for a Beeston's Boys' play, acted the day before, that gave offence to Sir Henry Herbert, the Master of the Revels; the play was most The Court Beggar by Richard Brome, which satirized several members of Queen Henrietta Maria's circle of favourites, including Sir John Suckling and Sir William Davenant. Control of Beeston's theatres and actors was given to Davenant. Davenant, was busy with other matters — politics and the coming revolution; because of such difficulties, or his responses to them, William Beeston gained a reputation for unscrupulousness and shady dealing.
His use of the alias "Hutchinson" is verified by several sources. The records of St. Giles in the Fields, the London parish where the Cockpit was located, record Beeston's marriages, one under the "Hutchinson" name. Beeston married Margaret Howson on 28 October 1633; the parish records note the christenings and burials of eight Beeston infants from 1637 to 1647. During the Interregnum, Beeston tried to re-establish the Beeston's Boys troupe, despite the official prohibition on theatrical activity. In 1650 he paid £200 for repairs to the Cockpit Theatre and gathered a group of "prentices and covenant servants to instruct them in the quality of acting and fitting for the stage," as he would testify in a lawsuit a year later, his attempt was not successful due to the continued opposition to professional theatre by the Puritan authorities. Beeston was persistent, however. William Beeston was able to re-form Beeston's Boys for a time, it did not last and many of its members were absorbed into George Jolly's new company.
Thereafter, Beeston himself resumed acting. Francis Kirkman dedicated his translation of The Loves and Adventures of Clerio and Lozia to Beeston in 1652. In the dedication, Kirkman praises Beeston's "instruction and fancy" and calls him "the happiest interpreter & judge of our English stage plays...." Of course, just starting his career, wanted things from Beeston — he nominates Beeston "for my patron & protector" — and so his praise may be suspect. Beeston was able to organise a new version of Beeston's Boys at the start of the Restoration era; as for William Beeston's legacy: he may have been the first manager in the public theatre of his era to use scenery. He was a source of information for the antiquarian and biographer John Aubrey. William Beeston was Aubrey's source on Shakespeare, so helped to pass on traditions about the poet that were current in the theatrical world of his generation — i.e. that Shakespeare "understood Latin pretty well: for he had been in his younger years a schoolmaster in the country", etc.
Bentley, Gerald Eades. "Players in the Parish of St. Giles in the Fields." Review of English Studies Vol. 6 No. 22, pp. 149–66. Comensoli and Anne Russell, eds. Enacting Gender on the English Renaissance Stage. Champaigne, University of Illinois Press, 1998. Gurr, Andrew; the Shakespearean Stage 1574–1642. Third edition, Cambridge University Press, 1992. Halliday, F. E. A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964. Baltimore, Penguin, 1964. Milling and Peter Thomson, eds; the Cambridge History of British Theatre. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004
Samiksha Bhatnagar is an Indian actress, seen in various Hindi Serials on Star Plus and Zee TV until 2014 in both supporting as well as lead roles. She did a cameo in Madhur Bhandarkar's Calendar Girls, released in the year 2015, marking her Bollywood debut and in 2017 she acted in the Shreyas Talpade-directed movie Poster Boys, opposite Bobby Deol, her first lead role opposite a popular actor. Samiksha Bhatnagar hails from Uttarakhand, she learnt classical Kathak dance and classical music since childhood. With passion for the same, she shifted to Delhi to explore opportunities in Dancing; this she considers as the learning stage of her life and calls it the golden period owing to the experiences she had. She set up a Dance Academy as the Chief Choreographer in 2008 and it was functional until 2010. After exploring opportunities in Delhi on Classical Dancing, Samiksha came to Mumbai to explore opportunities in acting, she considers to have had a dream of becoming an actor while pursuing dancing.
The first break she got in acting was in some of the Hindi soap operas that were featured in Star Plus and Zee TV. Her biggest break was. Followed by this, she played pivotal roles in famous soap operas like Uttaran,'Devon Ke Dev… Mahadev, Baal Veer, Kum Kum Bhagya and a few other well-known serials, her interest in acting took her to the world of Bollywood. She got the opportunity to play a cameo role in Madhur Bhandarkar's Calendar Girls in 2015, her portrayal of a business woman in the movie was well received. Followed by this, Samiksha Bhatnagar finished shooting for the Shreyas Talpade directed Poster Boys, which features Sunny Deol and Bobby Deol as well as Shreyas Talpade himself in the lead role. In the movie, she plays the character of Surajmukhi opposite Bobby Deol; the movie is releasing on 8 September 2017. Added to movies, Samiksha Bhatnagar featured in Ranga Theatre's Rashomon Blues as a Journalist. On 20th and 21 August 2017, media houses reported news, which claimed Samiksha to have slapped Bobby Deol while shooting for the movie Poster Boys.
It became viral and Samiksha Bhatnagar clarified in her social media handles calling it a false statement. Theatre Official website Samiksha Bhatnagar on IMDb