SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Chryseis

In Greek mythology, Chryseis is a Trojan woman, the daughter of Chryses. Chryseis, her apparent name in the Iliad, means "Chryses' daughter"; the poet Tzetzes describes her to be "very thin, with milky skin. As the "golden one" she is the title-giving character of the Baroque alchemical epic Chryseidos Libri IIII. Astynome was sent by her father for protection, or, according to others, to attend the celebration of a festival of Artemis in Hypoplacian Thebe or in Lyrnessus where she was taken as prisoner by Achilles. According to some, she was the wife of Eetion, king of Lyrnessus, killed by the son of Peleus during his campaigns against the allies of Troy. In the first book of the Iliad, during the distribution of the booty brought by Achilles, she was given to Agamemnon by unanimous decision in view of his kingly office; as a war prize, Agamemnon who admitted that she was finer than his own wife Clytemnestra, enslaved Chryseis and refused to allow her father to ransom her though the priest of Apollo offered the Mycenaean king gifts of gold and silver.

Apollo sent a plague sweeping through the Greek armies and Agamemnon was forced to give Chryseis back in order to end it. He sent Odysseus to return the maiden to Chryses. Agamemnon compensated himself for this loss by taking Briseis from Achilles, an act that offended Achilles who refused to take further part in the Trojan War. After the attack on Rhesus and his Thracian armies, Chryses came to the Greeks to thank them for returning his daughter, Astynome; because of this kindness, because he knew that his daughter had been properly treated, he brought her back for Agamemnon to have. A Greek legend, preserved in Hyginus' Fabulae, states that she had a son named after her father by Agamemnon. In the city of Thebes in Asia Minor, Chryseis gave birth to Chryses and declared him to be a son of Apollo; this took place when she was allowed to return to her hometown. A few years when the children of Agamemnon and Iphigenia took refuge in the Island of Sminthos, now the home of Chryseis and her family, she proposed surrendering the fugitives to King Thoas.

Her son Chryses, helped them to kill the Taurian king. In medieval literature, Chryseis is developed into the character Cressida. I Modi, a work of art which depicts her

Li Siyuan

Li Siyuan known by his temple name Mingzong, was the second emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Tang during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 926 until his death. He was an ethnic Shatuo named, in the Shatuo language, Miaojilie. Adopted by the Shatuo leader Li Keyong of the Jin territory, Li Siyuan became a trusted general under both Li Keyong and Li Keyong's successor Li Cunxu, the 1st Later Tang emperor. In 926 he seized power by a coup d'état when a mutiny killed Li Cunxu, ruled with both discipline and compassion for the next seven years. Despite an abundance of natural disasters, his reign was markedly more peaceful than the half-century preceding it. Li Siyuan was born with the Shatuo name of Miaojilie in 867 in Yingzhou, without a surname like his nomadic Turkic ancestors, his father, referred in Chinese historiography books by his Chinese name Li Ni, was a military general under Li Guochang, the Shatuo leader in the region who received the imperial surname Li for contributions to the Tang Dynasty court.

He was Li Ni's oldest son. His mother was a Lady Liu, honored with the title of Lady of Song. In 878, however, Li Guochang and his son Li Keyong rebelled against the Tang. In 880, they were defeated by the joint forces of military governor Li Zhuo and Tuyuhun chieftain Helian Duo, the Shatuo army fled northward to the Yin Mountains where they sought refuge with a Mohe tribe; some time after Li Ni's death in 879, Li Guochang took Miaojilie as a bodyguard, having been impressed by the son's mounted archery skills reminiscent of the father. It was said. Around that time the Tang court had great trouble with the large anti-government force of Huang Chao, who declared himself emperor of a new state of Qi, therefore pardoned the Shatuos, allowing them to return to their home land on the condition that they join the military campaign against Huang's Qi state. In 883, Li Keyong was made the military governor of Hedong Circuit after a major victory against Qi. Miaojilie had been serving Li Keyong, finding the quiet youngster earnest and dedicated, adopted him as a son and bestowed him the Chinese name Li Siyuan.

On 11 June 884, Li Keyong unsuspectingly entered Bian Prefecture to attend a grand feast hosted by fellow military governor and Bianzhou's prefect Zhu Wen, whom he had just saved from Huang Chao's siege. At night, a drunk Li Keyong was ambushed in his lodging by Zhu's assassins who had placed felled trees and wagons to block the exits. Amidst the chaos, 16-year-old Li Siyuan helped his master climb over a low wall. Upon their return to Hedong, Li Siyuan was given the command of Li Keyong's bodyguard cavalry. In 890, Li Keyong's old enemy Helian Duo attacked northern Hedong with his Xianbei tribesmen, reinforced by Tibetan and Yenisei Kirghiz troops. Li Cunxin -- an older adopted son of Li Keyong's -- was defeated. Li Keyong sent Li Siyuan to assist him, soon the Hedong force expelled the enemy capturing Helian's son-in-law. A couple of years Li Siyuan demonstrated his military leadership again by leading a force to quell a rebellion, capturing its leader Wang Bian. Once at a gathering, generals started bragging about their accomplishments, when Li Siyuan interrupted and spoke slowly: "You sirs, use your mouths to attack enemies.

I use my hands to attack enemies." Everybody fell silent. In 896, Li Cunxin was allocated 30,000 men to reinforce the warlord cousins Zhu Xuan and Zhu Jin against the hated enemy Zhu Wen. Instead, Li Cunxin sent Li Siyuan to the front line with only 300 cavalrymen. Li Siyuan dispersed Zhu Wen's army and relieved Zhu Jin; when warlord Luo Hongxin surprised and defeated Li Cunxin afterwards, Li Siyuan fended off the attackers before returning home with Li Cunxin's main force. Praised by Li Keyong, he shared the rewards among his soldiers as usual. In 898, Li Keyong's general Li Sizhao was soundly defeated by Zhu Wen's general Ge Congzhou, just as Li Siyuan arrived to reinforce him. Noticing the frightened soldiers, Li Siyuan told Li Sizhao, "If we return empty-handed, important things will be lost. Sir, I'd like to fight for you and die if I'm unsuccessful, it's better than imprisonment." He dismounted from his horse, sharpened his weapons, ascended to an elevated position where he directed his soldiers in the rehearsed formation.

When Ge's troops arrived, he shouted at them: "My prince ordered me to get Lord Ge. Nobody else needs to die with him!" In no time he led his soldiers into battle, with the help of Li Sizhao, expelled the enemy. Only was it discovered that Li Siyuan was soaked in his own blood; as Li Keyong the Prince of Jin by title removed the clothing and medicated the wounds with alcohol, he remarked with pride: "My son is such an extraordinary man!" Li Siyuan's fame started to spread. Another anecdote illustrated his frugal life style: once, seeing that Li Siyuan's residence had no material goods other than weapons, Li Keyong took him home and told his adopted son he could take anything he wanted. Li Siyuan left with a piece of a few strings. In 902, Li Keying's archenemy Zhu Quanzhong, after his Xuanwu army, comma

Carsten Diercks

Carsten Diercks was a German documentary filmmaker. Diercks started his career after World War II at the radio station of the Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk. 1952 he became cinematographer with NWDR TV station. In 1953, he participated in the first tests of pilot tone. During his long occupation for the network, he made some 500 documentaries as cinematographer, director or executive producer, he was the driving representative of the so-called Hamburgian school, which aimed to comply the documentary genre with new requirements of television broadcasting. In 1959, he worked as a consultant for Minister of Information and Broadcasting Indira Gandhi to build up a national TV network in India He was decorated with the Bundesverdienstkreuz. 1955: Netz über Bord - Heringsfang auf der Nordsee Short biography of Carsten Diercks at Filmmuseum Hamburg Die Welt kommt in die Stube, DJV-Info, Issue 1/2001, S. 8