Charles Elwood Yeager is a former United States Air Force officer, flying ace, record setting test pilot. In 1947, he became the first pilot in history confirmed to have exceeded the speed of sound in level flight. Yeager's career began in World War II as a private in the United States Army Air Forces. After serving as an aircraft mechanic, in September 1942 he entered enlisted pilot training and upon graduation was promoted to the rank of flight officer achieving most of his aerial victories as a P-51 fighter pilot. After the war, Yeager became a test pilot of many types of aircraft, including experimental rocket-powered aircraft; as the first human to break the sound barrier, on October 14, 1947, he flew the experimental Bell X-1 at Mach 1 and an altitude of 45,000 feet, for which he won both the Collier and Mackay trophies in 1948. He went on to break several other speed and altitude records. Yeager commanded fighter squadrons and wings in Germany, as well as in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.
In recognition of the outstanding performance ratings of those units, he was promoted to brigadier general in 1969. Yeager's three war active duty flying career spans more than 30 years and has taken him to many parts of the world, including the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War. Yeager was born February 13, 1923, to farming parents Susie Mae and Albert Hal Yeager in Myra, West Virginia, graduated from high school in Hamlin, West Virginia, in June 1941, he had two brothers and Hal Jr. and two sisters, Doris Ann and Pansy Lee. His first experience with the military was as a teen at the Citizens Military Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana, during the summers of 1939 and 1940. On February 26, 1945, Yeager married Glennis Dickhouse, the couple had four children. Glennis died in 1990; the name "Yeager" is an Anglicized form of Jaeger. He is the cousin of former baseball catcher Steve Yeager. Yeager enlisted as a private in the U. S. Army Air Forces on September 12, 1941, became an aircraft mechanic at George Air Force Base, California.
At enlistment, Yeager was not eligible for flight training because of his age and educational background, but the entry of the U. S. into World War II less than three months prompted the USAAF to alter its recruiting standards. Having unusually sharp vision, which once enabled him to shoot a deer at 600 yards, Yeager displayed natural talent as a pilot and was accepted for flight training. Yeager received his wings and a promotion to flight officer at Luke Field, where he graduated from class 43C on March 10, 1943. Assigned to the 357th Fighter Group at Tonopah, Nevada, he trained as a fighter pilot, flying Bell P-39 Airacobras, shipped overseas with the group on November 23, 1943. Stationed in the United Kingdom at RAF Leiston, Yeager flew P-51 Mustangs in combat with the 363d Fighter Squadron, he named his aircraft Glamorous Glen after his girlfriend, Glennis Faye Dickhouse, who became his wife in February 1945. Yeager had gained one victory before he was shot down over France in his first aircraft on March 5, 1944 during his eighth mission.
He escaped to Spain on March 30 with the help of the Maquis and returned to England on May 15, 1944. During his stay with the Maquis, Yeager assisted the guerrillas in duties that did not involve direct combat, he was awarded the Bronze Star for helping a B-24 navigator, "Pat" Patterson, shot in the knee during the escape attempt, to cross the Pyrenees. Yeager cut off the tendon by which Patterson's leg was hanging below the knee tied off the leg with a spare shirt made of parachute silk. Despite a regulation prohibiting "evaders" from flying over enemy territory again, the purpose of, to prevent a second capture from compromising resistance groups, Yeager was reinstated to flying combat, he had joined another evader, fellow P-51 pilot 1st Lt Fred Glover, in speaking directly to the Supreme Allied Commander, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, on June 12, 1944. With Glover pleading their case, they argued that because the Allies had invaded France and the Maquis were by openly fighting the Nazis alongside Allied troops, if Yeager or Glover were shot down again, there was little about those who had helped them evade capture that could be revealed to the enemy.
Eisenhower, after gaining permission from the War Department to decide the requests, concurred with Yeager and Glover. Yeager credited his postwar success in the Air Force to this decision, saying that his test pilot career followed from his having been a decorated combat pilot, along with having been an aircraft mechanic before attending pilot school. In part, because of his maintenance background, he frequently served as a maintenance officer in his flying units. Yeager demonstrated combat leadership. On October 12, 1944, he became the first pilot in his group to make "ace in a day," downing five enemy aircraft in a single mission. Two of these kills were scored without firing a single shot: when he flew into firing position against a Messerschmitt Bf 109, the pilot of the aircraft panicked, breaking to starboard and colliding with his wingman. Yeager said, he finished the war with 11.5 official victories, including one of the first air-to-
Stoke railway station was a single-platform provincial railway station serving the town of Stoke, south of Nelson in New Zealand’s South Island. It was one of 25 stations on the Nelson Section, existed from 1876 to 1955. Facilities at the station included a small wooden station building, a thirty-one wagon loop, a loading bank and stockyards; the first section of the Nelson Section to be built was from Stoke to Foxhill, as the route for this part of the line was the first to be confirmed while the route out of Nelson was still being debated. This included the construction of the Stoke railway station, opened along with the first completed section from Nelson to Foxhill on 29 January 1876; the first "turning-of-the-first-sod" ceremony on the Nelson Section was held at Saxton’s Field, just south of Stoke, this location, along with the Stoke racecourse, would become some of the first destinations for excursion trains. In years, the station became popular with racecourse patrons and students commuting to secondary school in Nelson.
One notable feature of Stoke is the fact that it was the only location on the Nelson Section where the mainline rail was heavier than the standard 53 pounds per yard, at 70 pounds per yard. This station was closed for three days in June 1954 until the Nelson Section was granted a reprieve, closed permanently on 3 September 1955; when work started on the Nelson section in the 19th century, Stoke was a small township south of Nelson where one of the main commercial activities was fruit husbandry. In the decades that followed the closure of the railway, the orchards were supplanted by suburban growth from Nelson, Stoke is now no longer a separate entity. Whereas Stoke railway station was once surrounded by empty paddocks, the site is now in the midst of houses. List of Nelson railway stations O’Donnell, Barry; when Nelson Had A Railway: The Life And Death Of New Zealand’s Last Isolated Railway 1876–1955. Wellington: Schematics Limited. ISBN 0-476-01119-1
Green Building Initiative is a 501 nonprofit organization that owns and administers the Green Globes green building assessment and certification in the United States and Canada. It is headquartered in Portland, Oregon; the organization works to accelerate the adoption of building practices that result in resource-efficient and environmentally sustainable buildings. It educates through the Green Globes certification program and Guiding Principles Compliance for federal building sustainability requirements, which provide independent verification for green building and operational practices. GBI focuses on energy conservation, reduced water consumption, responsible use of materials, ecological stewardship and healthy indoor environments for occupants. GBI acquired the U. S. rights to the Green Globes building assessment and certification program in 2004 and adapted it for the U. S. market as an alternative to the commercial building rating system. The Green Globes certification program was launched in the U.
S. in 2005 as an online building design management tool for architects and builders of sustainable commercial buildings. Green Globes originated from a system started in 1990 in the United Kingdom called BREEAM. In an effort to make the tool more user-friendly, the standard was turned into a questionnaire-based rating tool, it was converted to a web-based format, renamed Green Globes and marketed throughout the U. S. by GBI. Green Globes came to include modules for New Construction, Existing Buildings, Existing Healthcare Buildings and Sustainable Interiors. GBI offers these programs to builders and building managers. In 2005, GBI was accredited as a standards developer through the American National Standards Institute, it developed the ANSI/GBI 01-2010: Green Building Assessment Protocol for Commercial Buildings to guide the development of Green Globes products. The organization began updating the ANSI Standard in 2016, completed in 2018 and titled Green Globes Assessment Protocol for Commercial Buildings.
The nonprofit provides training and certification for professionals who use their programs. In 2011, GBI developed the Guiding Principles Compliance program to measure compliance with the Federal Guiding Principles for Sustainable Buildings as required by Executive Order 13514 signed in 2009. In January 2018, GBI acquired the global rights to Green Globes from JLL, which allowed GBI to support existing Green Globes users in Canada in addition to the United States, to expand the rating system globally. Green Globes is a science-based building rating system for building owners and operators to select sustainability features, it uses a third-party certification for building owners to demonstrate sustainable features, operational efficiencies and measures to protect occupant health. Projects that have achieved over 35 percent of the 1,000 available points through third-party verification can earn a rating of 1 to 4 Green Globes; the Green Globes for New Construction certification includes two stages for assessment and certification.
The preliminary assessment occurs after concept design. The final assessment occurs. Users can evaluate their systems based on the number of applicable points in seven categories; the evaluation walks through a sequence of criteria questions in an online portal. Once the questionnaire is completed, the user is introduced to their third-party Green Globes Assessor, an expertise in green building design, engineering and facility operations; the Green Globes Assessor prepares a report that provides a list of achievements along with recommendations for sustainable building strategies. The Assessor performs an onsite assessment of the project to verify that the self-reported claims made in the online evaluation and to suggest recommendations for improvement. Green Globes for New Construction is a system to evaluate and improve the sustainability of new building projects. There are 1,000 available points across seven environmental assessment areas; the Green Globes for Existing Buildings program is used by building owners and property managers to evaluate the building's current operating performance, create a baseline for performance, plan for improvements and monitor ongoing performance.
There are 1,000 available points across ]six environmental assessment areas. The Green Globes Professional program is a network of individuals that guide clients through the Green Globes certification process. All applicants must demonstrate 5+ years of industry experience directly pertaining to commercial buildings; the curriculum covers green building concepts, Green Globes assessment protocols, Green Globes rating and certification and case studies. It is approved by the American Institute of Architects for 5 LU/HSW continuing education credits, is web-based and self-paced. In 2011, GBI developed the Guiding Principles Compliance Assessment program for use by federal agencies in assessing compliance with the Federal Interagency Sustainability Working Group's Guiding Principles for sustainable existing buildings as required by Executive Order 13514; the principles are a set of established criteria that are required to achieve federal sustainability goals. The two major elements of the GPC are a third-party on-site assessment.
The GPC survey is broken down into six topic areas: Employ Integrated Design Principles Optimize Energy Performance Protect and Conserve Water Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality Reduce the Environmental Impact of Materials Assess and Consider Climate Change RisksAgencies may choose to pur
Ludwig Thoma was a German author and editor, who gained popularity through his exaggerated description of everyday Bavarian life. After graduation from the Imperial Latin School in Landstuhl, he first studied Forestry in Aschaffenburg Law until 1893 in Munich and Erlangen. Subsequently, he settled down as a lawyer, at first in Dachau in Munich. After 1899, he worked for the magazine Simplicissimus and published humorous narrations, comedies and stories. Thoma satirized Bavarian small-town life, his serious peasant novels Andreas Vöst, Der Wittiber, Der Ruepp, as well as his humorous collections Assessor Karlchen, Lausbubengeschichten, Tante Frieda, are characterized by authenticity of regional language and life. Thoma's dramas, including Die Medaille, Das Säuglingsheim, Moral, reflect elements of folk theater. In 1907 he married 25-year-old Marietta di Rigardo, born in the Philippines; the marriage, did not last. In the years of his life, he wrote nationalistic propaganda agitating against left-wing politicians.
During World War I he served as a paramedic. In July 1917 he joined the German Fatherland Party, his best-known works are Ein Münchner im Himmel, the Lausbubengeschichten and Jozef Filsers Briefwexel. Lausbubengeschichten was made into a movie in 1964 released in English under the title Tales of a Young Scamp. Die Lokalbahn Lausbubengeschichten Tante Frieda Moral Ein Münchner im Himmel Jozef Filsers Briefwexel Altaich Münchnerinnen Der Jagerloisl Works by Ludwig Thoma at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Ludwig Thoma at Internet Archive Works by Ludwig Thoma at LibriVox https://web.archive.org/web/20050831020847/http://www.uni-regensburg.de/Fakultaeten/phil_Fak_IV/Germanistik/gajek/thoma.htm Ludwig Thoma on IMDb
The Historical Museum of Crete was founded by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies in 1953 and is housed in a neoclassical building of significant architectural merit in the city of Heraklion on Crete, an island of Greece. The museum was expanded following the addition of a new floor; the museum’s permanent collections highlight the art and history of Crete from the 4th century AD up to and including the Second World War. The collections are ordered chronologically and by subject matter, are combined with visual material and multimedia, they include ceramics, coins, wall paintings, portable icons, ritual objects, heirlooms, the reconstructed interior of a Cretan rural home and much more. The museum’s finest exhibits are two paintings by Doménikos Theotokópoulos, born in Crete: The Baptism of Christ and View of Mount Sinai, the only works by the artist now on Crete. Another outstanding exhibit is a 4×4 metre mock-up of mid-17th century Chandax, at the time when the city reached its peak under Venetian rule.
Of particular interest is the Nikos Kazantzakis Collection, featuring the study and library from the author’s home in Antibes, personal effects, manuscripts of his works, first editions of books in various languages, etc. The temporary exhibition rooms at the Historical Museum of Crete host exhibitions on a wide range of themes; the museum library, featuring rare editions and much archive and photographic material, caters for the needs of both researchers and the general public. Museum of El Greco Official website Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism Municipality of Herakleion www.greeka.com
The Kerr Community Center called Kerr Hall, is a community center located in Bastrop, United States. The hall was a gathering spot for the African-American community of Bastrop during the time of racial segregation in the United States; the structure was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on December 22, 1978. Kerr Community Center is a two-story wood frame structure built in 1914 by Beverly and Lula Kerr on a lot directly behind their own home; the center hosted social events and artistic performances by black artists such as master blues pianist Roosevelt Williams, known to his fans as "Grey Ghost." During World War II, the structure served as a USO post for the black soldiers assigned to Camp Swift. Beverly Kerr died in 1941 and Lula Kerr died in 1944. In 1946, some local citizens formed the Kerr Center Association and purchased the building from the Kerr estate; the center had an official dedication in 1952. The building received major renovations that were completed in 2007 including a small park and playground.