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Cigar

A cigar is a rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaves made to be smoked. They are produced in a wide variety of shapes. Since the 20th century all cigars are made up of three distinct components: the filler, the binder leaf which holds the filler together, a wrapper leaf, the best leaf used. There will be a cigar band printed with the cigar manufacturer's logo. Modern cigars come with 2 bands Cuban Cigar bands, showing Limited Edition bands displaying the year of production. Cigar tobacco is grown in significant quantities in Central America and the islands of the Caribbean, including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Ecuador, Guatemala and Puerto Rico; the origins of cigar smoking are unknown. A Mayan ceramic pot from Guatemala dating back to the 10th century depicts people smoking tobacco leaves tied with a string. Regular cigar smoking is known to carry serious health risks including increased risk of developing various types of cancer and cardiovascular illnesses; the word cigar derives from the Mayan sikar.

The Spanish word, "cigarro" spans the gap between the Mayan and modern use. The English word came into general use in 1730. Tobacco was diffused among all of the indigenous people of the islands of the Caribbean. Italian explorer Christopher Columbus is credited with the introduction of tobacco to Europe. During his 1492 journey, three of his crewmen Rodrigo de Jerez, Hector Fuentes and Luis de Torres, are said to have encountered tobacco for the first time on the island of Hispaniola, when natives presented them with dry leaves that spread a peculiar fragrance, his sailors reported that the Taínos on the island of Cuba smoked a primitive form of cigar, with twisted, dried tobacco leaves rolled in other leaves such as palm or plantain. In time and other European sailors adopted the practice of smoking rolls of leaves, as did the Conquistadors. Smoking primitive cigars spread to Spain and Portugal and France, most through Jean Nicot, the French ambassador to Portugal, who gave his name to nicotine.

Tobacco use spread to Italy and, after Sir Walter Raleigh's voyages to the Americas, to Britain. Smoking became familiar throughout Europe—in pipes in Britain—by the mid-16th century. Spanish cultivation of tobacco began in earnest in 1531 on the island of Santo Domingo. In 1542, tobacco started to be grown commercially in North America, when Spaniards established the first cigar factory in Cuba. Tobacco was thought to have medicinal qualities, but some considered it evil, it was denounced by James I of England. Around 1592, the Spanish galleon San Clemente brought 50 kilograms of tobacco seed to the Philippines over the Acapulco-Manila trade route, it was distributed among Roman Catholic missionaries, who found excellent climates and soils for growing high-quality tobacco there. The use of the cigar did not become popular until the mid 18th century, although there are few drawings from this era, there are some reports. In Seven Years' War it is believed Israel Putnam brought back a cache of Havana cigars, making cigar smoking popular in the US after the American Revolution.

He brought Cuban tobacco seeds, which he planted in the Hartford area of New England. This resulted in the development of the renowned Connecticut Wrapper. Towards the end of the 18th century and in the 19th century, cigar smoking was common, while cigarettes were comparatively rare. In the early 20th century, Rudyard Kipling wrote his famous smoking poem, "The Betrothed." The cigar business was an important industry and factories employed many people before mechanized manufacturing of cigars became practical. Cigar workers in both Cuba and the US were active in labor strikes and disputes from early in the 19th century, the rise of modern labor unions can be traced to the CMIU and other cigar worker unions. In 1869, Spanish cigar manufacturer Vicente Martinez Ybor moved his Principe de Gales operations from the cigar manufacturing center of Havana, Cuba to Key West, Florida to escape the turmoil of the Ten Years' War. Other manufacturers followed, Key West became an important cigar manufacturing center.

In 1885, Ybor moved again, buying land near the small city of Tampa and building the largest cigar factory in the world at the time in the new company town of Ybor City. Friendly rival and Flor de Sánchez y Haya owner Ignacio Haya built his factory nearby the same year, many other cigar manufacturers followed after an 1886 fire that gutted much of Key West. Thousands of Cuban and Spanish tabaqueros came to the area from Key West and New York to produce hundreds of millions of cigars annually. Local output peaked in 1929, when workers in Ybor City and West Tampa rolled over 500,000,000 "clear Havana" cigars, earning the town the nickname "Cigar Capital of the World". At its peak, there were 150 cigar factories in Ybor city, but by early in the next decade, the factories had closed. In New York, cigars were made by rollers working in their homes, it was reported that as of 1883, cigars were being manufactured in 127 apartment houses in New York, employing 1,962 families and 7,924 individuals. A state statute banning the practice, passed late that year at the urging of trade unions on the basis that the practice suppressed wages, was ruled unconstitutional less than four months later.

The industry, which had relocated to Br

Chris Bradwell

Christopher D. Bradwell is a former professional American football defensive tackle, he was signed by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers as an undrafted free agent in 2008. He played college football at Troy. Bradwell was a member of the St. Louis Rams, Georgia Force, Columbus Lions, Toronto Argonauts, Knoxville NightHawks and Colorado Ice. Bradwell attended Chattahoochee High School in Georgia and recorded 95 tackles and 11 sacks as a senior, he Also caught eight passes for 150 yards, 7 touchdowns while playing tight end, defensive end, defensive tackle. As a junior, he caught 11 passes for 177 yards and one touchdown while logging 173 tackles and six quarterback sacks. Bradwell appeared in 12 games with nine starts for Troy in 2007 and was named Sun Belt Conference Newcomer of the Year, he finished the season with 36 total tackles, including eight tackles for loss, as well as four sacks, one forced fumble, two fumble recoveries and one pass defensed. He sat out the 2006 season due to a violation of team rules.

He played for Northeast Mississippi Community College in 2005 and was named junior college All-American and Defensive Player of the Year in Mississippi in 2005 after recording Recorded 70 tackles, including 10 for loss. He recorded one tackle, he redshirted in 2003. Bradwell entered the league as an undrafted free agent with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on May 6, 2008, he was released by Tampa Bay on August 30 and signed to the practice squad on December 3. He was released by Tampa Bay on December 17, he was re-signed by the Buccaneers on January 8, 2009. Bradwell was signed to the St. Louis Rams' practice squad on October 12, 2009. On January 20, 2010, Bradwell signed a reserve future contract. Bradwell signed with the Georgia Force of the Arena Football League on February 26, 2011, he was released by the team on March 7, 2011. On March 12, 2011, Bradwell signed with the Columbus Lions of the Southern Indoor Football League. On May 27, 2011, Bradwell signed with the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League.

He was released by the Argonauts on August 12, 2011. Tampa Bay Buccaneers bio Troy Trojans bio

Jimmy Reed Plays 12 String Guitar Blues

Jimmy Reed Plays 12 String Guitar Blues is an album by blues musician Jimmy Reed recorded in Chicago in 1963 and released by the Vee-Jay label. AllMusic reviewer Bruce Eder stated: "Jimmy Reed -- not a celebrated 12-string guitar player like Leadbelly or any of the other renowned instrumentalists who came up in Leadbelly's wake -- cut this acoustic 12-string instrumental album, which has become an enduring classic of the genre. Reed was as skilled at presenting his guitar work as he was as a singer... Consisting of recognizable Reed originals and a couple of other blues standards thrown in, the music comes off well, mixing electric guitar with acoustic 12-string and Reed's harmonica substituting for the vocal parts... The result is yet another classic album by Reed, one of the more straightfoward and accessible bodies of blues played on 12-string that one can find". All compositions by Jimmy Reed except where noted "Bright Lights, Big City" – 2:29 "St. Louis Blues" – 2:27 "Blue Carnegie" – 2:08 "New Chicago Blues" – 2:19 "Big Boss Man" – 2:50 "Hush Hush" – 2:27 "Blues for Twelve Strings" – 1:40 "Baby, What You Want Me to Do" – 2:27 "Boogie in the Dark" – 2:37 "Take Out Some Insurance" – 2:24 "Aw Shucks, Hush Your Mouth" – 2:23 "Close Together" – 2:24 Jimmy Reed – 12 string guitar, harmonica Lefty Bates, Eddie Taylor – guitar Marcus "Benjy" Johnson – bass Earl Phillips, Morris Wilkerson – drums Mary Lee Reed – vocals Drums