The clap skate is a type of ice skate used in speed skating. Unlike in traditional skates where the blade is rigidly fixed to the boot, clap skates have the blade attached to the boot by a hinge at the front; this allows the blade to remain in contact with the ice longer, as the ankle can now be extended toward the end of the stroke, as well as for more natural movement, thereby distributing the energy of the leg more and efficiently. Clap skates were developed at the Faculty of Human Movement Sciences of the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam, led by Gerrit Jan van Ingen Schenau, although the idea of a clap skate is much older; the clap skate was used first in the 1984/1985 skating season. It was, not until the late 1990s that the idea was taken seriously. In the 1996/1997 season, the Dutch women's team started using the skates with great success; the rest of the skating world soon followed suit, causing a torrent of world records to be broken in the following seasons, including the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
The idea of a hinging skate was described and patented in 1894 by Karl Hannes, from Raitenhaslach, Burghausen. It was re-invented by Gerrit Jan van Ingen Schenau, who started work on a hinged speed skate in 1979, created his first prototype in 1980 and finished his PhD thesis on the subject in 1981 on the premise that a skater would benefit from the extended movement with the skate on the ice, allowing the calf muscles to longer partake in the skate movement; the construction of the hinge was refined further in collaboration with Viking. In 1985 Ron Ket was the first to ride the clap skates in an timed setting, a 500-meter sprint on the Jaap Eden baan, clocking in on a promising 40.65. In February 1986 Henk Gemser, coaching the Dutch national speedskating squad at that time expressed his intention to start training with the clap skate, though no subsequent trials were run on the new skate. In the 1986–1987 season a small number of marathon skaters intended to use the clap skate competitively, but its use was prohibited by match officials due to increased risk of physical harm to the skaters in case of a fall.
The current Dutch speed skating top professionals Ids Postma, Bart Veldkamp and Rintje Ritsma were unimpressed by the skate. For the 1994-1995 season, 11 skaters from the South Holland 14–18 age category started using the clap skate competitively; those 11 showed an average improvement of 6.25% on their times, compared to 2.5% of the other skaters using regular speed skates. Ten of them placed for the national championship. In the 1996–1997 season, the use of the clap skate caught on the highest level, in 1997 Tonny de Jong was the first European all round champion using the clap skate, leaving Gunda Niemann, the defending world champion, in second place. Niemann remarked that the skate was illegal, should be outlawed. In the following years the clap skate started to dominate the long track speedskating landscape; the design was banned from use in short track speed skating. Research completed in 2001 showed that the speed gain from using the clap skate does not originate in using the calf muscle to stretch the ankle, as was assumed in the creation of the clap skate, but in the fact that the point of rotation is moved from the tip of the skate to the hinge, facilitating the transfer of power to the ice
The Midland Park School District is a comprehensive community public school district serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Midland Park, in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,033 students and 97.7 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 10.6:1. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "GH", the third-highest of eight groupings. District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J. For the 2000-01 school year, Highland-Godwin Elementary School was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve. Schools in the district are: Godwin School Danielle Bache, Principal Highland School Peter Galasso, Principal Midland Park High School Nicholas Capuano, Principal Core members of the district's administration are: Dr. Marie Cirasella, Superintendent Stacy C.
Garvey, Business Administrator / Board Secretary The district is overseen by a nine-member board of education, who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held after each election, the board selects a president and a vice president from among its membership. Members of the district's board of education are President Richard Formicola Sandra Criscenzo Brian McCourt Pres. James Canellas MaryAlice Thomas Vice President Peter Triolo Patricia Fantulin Christine Dellaglio Nabil Eliya Midland Park School District Midland Park School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education School Data for the Midland Park School District, National Center for Education Statistics
Annmarie Sairrino Bailey is an American film producer and president of Akatsuki Entertainment USA, a division of Japanese mobile game developer Akatsuki Inc. She is known for developing and producing film projects based on existing Japanese intellectual properties. Sairrino began her career in the entertainment industry working with film producer and consultant Sandy Climan at his firm Entertainment Media Ventures in 2003. In 2012, she joined All Nippon Entertainment Works as vice president of development and became senior vice president of development and production, serving there for 5 years. In 2017, with her colleague Moeko Suzuki, she established Akatsuki Entertainment and has since led the company in Los Angeles. In November 2018, she announced her first produced project, the videogame adaptation Root Letter, which entered production in September 2019 and was completed in 2020. Sairrino was raised in the town of Highland, she is a graduate of State University of New York at New Paltz. After moving to Los Angeles in the early 2000s, Sairrino joined the entertainment industry as an assistant to Golden Globe-winning producer Sandy Climan.
After working with Climan's company Entertainment Media Ventures and its associated firms, including 3ality Digital, she served from 2012-17 as the senior vice president of creative affairs for All Nippon Entertainment Works, a firm which sought to develop Hollywood film projects based upon Japanese-originated properties. During her time at ANEW, Sairrino developed adaptation projects based on the anime series Tiger & Bunny, the novel and live-action film Shield of Straw, the live-action film Ghost Train, the live-action film Birthright, the anime series Gaiking, the manga series 6000. Due to a restructuring of ANEW in 2017-18, many of these projects remain unrealized. In 2017, Sairrino established a new film production company, Akatsuki Entertainment USA, as a division of leading Japanese mobile game developer Akatsuki. Akatsuki Entertainment's business model is the adaptation of Japanese-originated intellectual properties, including books, film, television and games, into live-action Hollywood films.
Additionally, the company is involved in creating original stories based on Japanese urban legends and folklore. Akatsuki Entertainment's film activities include project development and production. In 2018, the company announced their first film, which Sairrino has developed and produced, an adaptation of the best-selling Kadokawa Games visual novel Root Letter; the film subsequently entered production on September 16, 2019 with director Sonja O'Hara, writer David Ebeltoft, actors Danny Ramirez, Keana Marie, Lydia Hearst. Annmarie Sairrino on IMDb
The Halle-Vilvoorde Arrondissement is one of the two administrative arrondissements in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. It completely surrounds the Brussels-Capital Region and lies to the west of the other arrondissement in the province, the Leuven Arrondissement. Unlike the Arrondissement of Leuven, it is not a judicial arrondissement; the Halle-Vilvoorde Arrondissement and the Brussels-Capital Region together formed the Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde electoral district and the Judicial Arrondissement of Brussels. Following the 2007 federal election, Yves Leterme, in charge of the negotiations for forming a new Federal Government, proposed to split up the Judicial Arrondissement of Brussels into two judicial arrondissements: one comprising Halle-Vilvoorde and the other comprising the Brussels Region; the Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde was established in 1963 when the language borders were determined. At that time, the Administrative Arrondissement of Brussels, which had the same territory as the present-day Judicial Arrondissement of Brussels, was split into three administrative arrondissements, two of which still exist today: Brussels-Capital, which consists of the 19 municipalities of the Brussels Region.
On January 1, 1971, the Arrondissement of Brussels-Periphery ceased to exist and its municipalities were added to Halle-Vilvoorde. In 1977, the municipality of Muizen ceased to exist and was ceded to the Arrondissement of Mechelen, in the Province of Antwerp; the Administrative Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde is made up of the following municipalities: Population as of 1 January in recent years: Brussels Periphery
The National League East is one of Major League Baseball's six divisions. The Atlanta Braves have the most National League East titles. Most of Atlanta's NL East titles came during a record stretch of reaching MLB playoffs 14 consecutive times Along with the American League Central it is one of two divisions to have every member win at least one World Series title; the division was created when the National League added two expansion teams and divided into two divisions and West effective for the 1969 season. The National League's geographical alignment was rather peculiar as its partitioning was more north and south instead of east and west. Two teams in the Eastern Time Zone, the Atlanta Braves and the Cincinnati Reds, were in the same division as teams on the Pacific coast; this was due to the demands of the Chicago Cubs and St. Louis Cardinals, who refused to support expansion unless they were promised they would be kept together in the newly created East division. During the two-division era, from 1969 to 1993, the Philadelphia Phillies and the Pittsburgh Pirates together owned more than half of the division titles, having won a combined 15 of 25 championships during that span.
They were the only teams in the division to have won consecutive titles during that span. When the National League realigned into three divisions in 1994, the Pittsburgh Pirates were supposed to stay in the East while the Braves were to be moved to the newly created National League Central. However, the Braves, wanting to form a natural rivalry with the expansion Florida Marlins, elected to be placed in the East. Despite the Marlins offering to go to the Central, the Pirates instead gave up their spot in the East to the Braves. Since the Pirates have tried several times unsuccessfully to be placed back in the East. Atlanta Braves – Joined in 1994. Pittsburgh Pirates – Founding member, moved to the NL Central in 1994. St. Louis Cardinals – Founding member, moved to the NL Central in 1994. Place cursor over year for division champ or World Series team. A The creation of the division with the expansion of the league – with the Expos added. B Florida Marlins added in the 1993 expansion C The Atlanta Braves moved in from the NL West, the Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals moved into newly created National League Central Division D The Montreal Expos relocated to Washington, D.
C. becoming the Washington Nationals E The Florida Marlins relocated from Miami Gardens, Florida to Miami and changed their name to the Miami Marlins Team names link to the season in which each team played† – Due to the 1981 Major League Baseball strike, the season was split. Montreal defeated first-half champion Philadelphia in the postseason. § – Due to the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike starting August 12, no official winner was awarded. Montreal was leading at the strike. Italics indicate teams no longer in the division. Note that because of the wild card postseason berth, the Miami Marlins have two World Series wins without winning the division. * – Defeated the Cincinnati Reds in a one-game playoff for the Wild Card, 5–0. ** – Starting with the 2012 season, there will be two Wild Card winners in each league. The qualifiers will play a single-game playoff to determine who will face the top-seeded team in the National League Division Series. National League Central National League West American League East American League Central American League West MLB Final Standings By Year
The Tower of Pedro-Sem is a former-medieval fortification situated in the civil parish of Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos, that protected the northern Portuguese city of Porto. The tower was ordered constructed by Pedro de Sem, chancellor under King D. Afonso IV in the first half of the 14th century. Before being integrated into the former-Palácio dos Terenas, this monument was part of the defensive wall ordered constructed in the first half of the 14th century, that served as the centre of a pre-urban estate related to the medieval burg, it was a prestigious structure used by the monarch to affirm his presence to the city. By 1431, in the possession of Marim do Sem, then-chancellor of King D. Duarte, who would be buried in São Domingos de Santarém, was the estate of Pero Sem and its tower. Between 1454 and 1516, following the death of one of Pero de Sem descendant the tower passed into the hands of João Sanches and his wife Isabel Brandão, daughter of João Brandão, accountant in the estate of Porto.
This would be the beginning of a long relationship within the hands of the Brandão family, until the end of the 19th century. By 1576, Rui Brandão Sanches instituted a family majorat that included the estate and tower, along with their other possessions. A palace was constructed alongside the tower in the 18th century by the Brandãos, by the 19th century the tower became the possession of the Counts and Marquesses of Terena the Marques of Monfalim; the primitive space, on the periphery of the city, was under-pressure from the urban sprawl and the old Quinta da Boa Vista, as it was known by the 15th century. It is in this context that the construction of the 17th century palace occurred, based on a monumental facade and two floors, fronting on a square; the importance of the square placed the medieval square into a secondary utility. It was preserved by a late Baroque project. In 1919 it was acquire, along with the palace, by the Diocese of Porto, to serve as the Episcopal Palace, while the Municipal Council of Porto used the old Episcopal Palace.
Following a series of events from the establishment of the Republic. It was used as the official residence of the prelate of Porto, before being transformed into the Centro de Cultura Católica. In 1986, the Diocese recuperated the interior of the tower, to serve as residences, under the project of architect Abrunhosa de Brito, which he presented to the Municipal Council, designated Torre da Marca. In 1995, the Fundação SPES, an organization established folllwoing the death D. António Ferreira Gomes, Bishop of Porto began functioning from the site, as referred to develop "a civilization od Love and Beauty"; the museums and historical patrimony division of the city indicated their support to the project as the property was known as the Torre das Terenas. The urban structure consists of a group of architectural elements, such the former-Palace of Monfalim and Terena in the old quarter of Porto. To the south is situated the public gardens of the Palácio de Cristal where the former-Torre da Marca was situated.
The Torre da Marca was the landmark that indicated the terminus to navigation, constructed by King D. John III in 1542 to orient ships along the Douro, was erroneously assigned to the Torre dos Terenas or Torre de Pedro-Sem; the tower, although suffering various alterations over the centuries, maintains a medieval appearance. The rectangular tower, is marked by an eastern portico at the ground floor, in addition to a smaller secondary rectangular opening; the first floor includes additional twin-trilobed windows. Meanwhile on the second are rectangular windows, that substitute older panes; the entire tower is covered in merlons surmounting machillations. The other facades are covered by the 18th century palace grounds, only visible from the last floor that include twined and trilobal windows along the eastern wall. A 1986 intervention was responsible for a complete transformation of the interior, in addition to the ceiling tile. Little is known about the former interior. Viterbo, Sousa, O Pedro Sem, O Tripeiro, Portugal, pp. 73–74 Viterbo, Sousa, O Pedro Sem, O Tripeiro, Portugal, pp. 91–92 Passos, Carlos de, Guia Histórico e Artístico do Porto, Portugal, pp. 295–298 Barreiros, Guilherme Bonfim.
Século XIV ao XIX, Portugal, 1961 Coutinho, Bernardo Xavier, Casas antigas e restos venerandos, História da Cidade do Porto, 1, Portugal, pp. 538–542 Tesouros Artísticos de Portugal, Lisboa, 1976, p. 460 Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico Classificado, Inventário, II, Portugal: Distrito do Porto, 1993, p. 79