click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Clarence Nash

Clarence Charles "Ducky" Nash was an American voice actor, best known as the original voice of the Disney cartoon character Donald Duck. He was born in the rural community of Watonga, a street in that town is named in his honor. In 1993, he was posthumously made a Disney Legend for his contributions to Walt Disney films. Nash made a name for himself in the late 1920s as an impressionist for KHJ, a Los Angeles radio station, on their show, The Merrymakers, he was employed by the Adohr Milk Company for publicity purposes. Dubbed "Whistling Clarence, the Adohr Bird Man", Nash rode the streets with a team of miniature horses and gave treats to the children. In 1932, Nash happened by the Disney Studio with his team of horses, decided to leave a copy of his Adohr publicity sheet with the receptionist; as it turns out, his name was recognized from a reprise appearance on The Merrymakers a few days previous, Walt Disney himself had been impressed by Nash's vocal skills. He was asked to make an informal audition.

One source indicates Nash auditioned before a casting director for Walt Disney Studios and did a voice impression of a billy goat that Nash had started doing as a child in Watonga. The director reached for the intercom and told Walt Disney, "I think we have found our duck." Another version indicates Nash went through several of his voices, Walt Disney happened by when Nash gave his impersonation of a family of ducks. Disney declared Nash perfect for the role of a talking duck in their upcoming animated short, The Wise Little Hen; the duck was Donald Duck, who Nash went on to voice in over 120 shorts and films. The last film to feature Nash's famous voice was 1983's Mickey's Christmas Carol, although he continued to provide Donald's voice for commercials and other miscellaneous material until his death. Nash's Donald Duck voice was achieved by what is called buccal speech: an alaryngeal form of vocalization which uses the inner cheek to produce sound rather than the larynx, he first discovered it while trying to mimic his pet goat Mary.

In his days before Disney, Nash performed in vaudeville shows where he spoke in a "nervous baby goat" voice. Donald Duck went on to become one of the most famous cartoon characters in the world, a great part of this due to Nash's voice; the voice is distinctive both for its ducklike quality and the fact that it is very difficult for anybody to understand when Donald flew into a rage. To keep Donald's voice consistent throughout the world, Nash voiced the character in all foreign languages the Disney shorts were translated to, meaning Donald retained his same level of incoherency all across the globe. In addition to Donald's voice, Clarence Nash voiced Donald's nephews Huey and Louie, he provided the yowls of Figaro the kitten in Pinocchio and in a handful of shorts. He voiced a bullfrog croaking "Watch out!" in Bambi and did some dog sounds in One Hundred and One Dalmatians, voiced Jiminy Cricket for a brief period of time after Cliff Edwards's death in 1971. Nash provided the meows and screeches for Tom in early Tom and Jerry cartoons, although on some instances Harry E. Lang was used instead.

His last performance in Tom and Jerry came in Mouse in Manhattan, where he was the voice of vicious alley cats. Nash's iconic Donald Duck voice would be impersonated elsewhere in animation, most notably in the Tom and Jerry cartoons directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera with the characters Little Quacker and Yakky Doodle; as with most Hanna-Barbera productions, these characters used celebrity impersonations, in these cases an impersonation of Clarence Nash's Donald Duck voice. Because both were so similar to Nash's voice they were mistakenly attributed to Nash. Contrary to popular belief, he did not perform the duck voice for Rick Dees' "Disco Duck". Nash would use his duck voice on The Burns & Allen Show during the 1940s, playing Gracie's pet duck. Nash appeared as himself in the 1941 movie The Reluctant Dragon, which shows how Disney movies are produced, was a contestant on a 1954 episode of What's My Line and a 1964 episode of To Tell the Truth. Nash appeared as himself in a 1956 episode of Disneyland entitled "A Day in the Life of Donald Duck", in which he interacts with an animated Donald who blames him for his speech problems: the two end up arguing due to Donald's short temper.

He was a guest on a 1976 episode of The Mike Douglas Show. The 1984 special Donald Duck's 50th Birthday included several clips from Disney movies and Disneyland episodes; when Disney shut down their shorts department in 1962, Nash continued to voice Donald in various projects over the next two decades. In the late 1970s, Nash was known for taking walks in the neighborhood around Fremont Elementary School in Glendale, entertaining children with his Donald Duck voice; as he passed the age of 70, he found the harsh voice straining on his throat and so limited public performances to groups of children. During recording sessions, he would take frequent breaks and drink plenty of water to avoid overexerting himself. Nash's final performance before his death was in Mickey's Christmas Carol, which made Donald the only character in the film to be voiced by his original actor. With 50 years having elapsed since the first appearance of Donald Duck in The Wise Little Hen, he and Mel Blanc both retained the distinction of performing the same characters longer than any other voice actor in animation history, t

Covington Township, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania

Covington Township is a township in Clearfield County, United States. The population was 526 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 52.5 square miles, of which, 52.4 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. Frenchville Guenot Settlement Keewaydin Rolling Stone As of the census of 2010, there were 526 people, 232 households, 167 families residing in the township; the population density was 11.9 people per square mile. There were 431 housing units at an average density of 8.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.36% White, 0.32% from other races, 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population. There were 232 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.10. In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males. The median income for a household in the township was $38,438, the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $28,000 versus $21,161 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,964. About 7.6% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over. The village of Frenchville within the township was begun in 1835 by French settlers from Normandy and Picardy; the village has a small population, the local dialect evolved in isolation until being rediscovered by linguists in the 1960s. The Frenchville and neighboring Girard Township francophones spoke a distinct dialect of North American French that presently is moribund.

Clearfield Area School District Bullock, Barbara E. French in Pennsylvania. 2010. King, Ruth Elizabeth; the Lexical Basis of Grammatical Borrowing. 2000. Merat, Frank. Prof. Merat's Frenchville Page. 2002. Mignot, Margaret. History of the French Settlers in Covington and Girard Townships. 1968. Pitzer, Sarah. American Gallic — The Mystery of Frenchville. Today Magazine:Philadelphia Inquirer. 1974. Louder, Dean. Le dernier francophone à Frenchville, PA. 2004

Seleucus I Nicator

Seleucus I Nicator was one of the Diadochi. Having served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he assumed the title of basileus and established the Seleucid Empire over the bulk of the territory which Alexander had conquered in Asia. After the death of Alexander in June 323 BC, Seleucus supported Perdiccas, the regent of Alexander's empire, was appointed Commander of the Companions and chiliarch at the Partition of Babylon in 323 BC. However, after the outbreak of the Wars of the Diadochi in 322, Perdiccas' military failures against Ptolemy in Egypt led to the mutiny of his troops in Pelusium. Perdiccas was betrayed and assassinated in a conspiracy by Seleucus and Antigenes in Pelusium sometime in either 321 or 320 BC. At the Partition of Triparadisus in 321 BC, Seleucus was appointed Satrap of Babylon under the new regent Antipater, but immediately, the wars between the Diadochi resumed and Antigonus forced Seleucus to flee Babylon. Seleucus was only able to return to Babylon in 312 BC with the support of Ptolemy.

From 312 BC, Seleucus ruthlessly expanded his dominions and conquered the Persian and Median lands. Seleucus ruled not only the entire enormous eastern part of Alexander's empire. Seleucus' wars took him as far as India, after two years of war, he made peace with the Maurya Empire by marrying his daughter to king Chandragupta, whereupon he was rewarded a considerable force of 500 war elephants, which would play a decisive role against Antigonus at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC and against Lysimachus at the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BC. Seleucus' victories against Antigonus and Lysimachus left the Seleucid dynasty unopposed in Asia and in Anatolia. However, Seleucus hoped to take control of Lysimachus' European territories Thrace and Macedon itself, but upon arriving in Thrace in 281 BC, Seleucus was assassinated by Ptolemy Ceraunus, who had taken refuge at the Seleucid court with his sister Lysandra. The assassination of Seleucus destroyed Seleucid prospects in Thrace and Macedon, paved the way for Ptolemy Ceraunus to absorb much of Lysimachus' former power in Macedon.

Seleucus was succeeded by his son Antiochus I as ruler of the Seleucid empire. Seleucus founded a number of new cities during his reign, including Antioch and in particular Seleucia on the Tigris, the new capital of the Seleucid Empire, a foundation that depopulated Babylon. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus. Historian Junianus Justinus claims that Antiochus was one of Philip II of Macedon's generals, but no such general is mentioned in any other sources, nothing is known of his supposed career under Philip, it is possible. Seleucus' mother was called Laodice, but nothing else is known of her. Seleucus named a number of cities after his parents. Seleucus was born in Europos, located in the northern part of Macedonia. Just a year before his birth, the Paeonians invaded the region. Philip defeated the invaders and only a few years utterly subdued them under Macedonian rule. Seleucus' year of birth is unclear. Justin claims he was 77 years old during the battle of Corupedium, which would place his year of birth at 358 BC.

Appianus tells us Seleucus was 73 years old during the battle, which means 354 BC would be the year of birth. Eusebius of Caesarea, mentions the age of 75, thus the year 356 BC, making Seleucus the same age as Alexander the Great; this is most propaganda on Seleucus' part to make him seem comparable to Alexander. As a teenager, Seleucus was chosen to serve as the king's page, it was customary for all male offspring of noble families to first serve in this position and as officers in the king's army. A number of legends, similar to those told of Alexander the Great, were told of Seleucus, it was said Antiochus told his son before he left to battle the Persians with Alexander that his real father was the god Apollo. The god had left a ring with a picture of an anchor as a gift to Laodice. Seleucus had a birthmark shaped like an anchor, it was told that Seleucus' sons and grandsons had similar birthmarks. The story is similar to the one told about Alexander. Most the story is propaganda by Seleucus, who invented the story to present himself as the natural successor of Alexander.

John Malalas tells us Seleucus had a sister called Didymeia, who had sons called Nicanor and Nicomedes. It is most the sons are fictitious. Didymeia might refer to the oracle of Apollo in Didyma near Miletus, it has been suggested that Ptolemy was the uncle of Seleucus. In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers", it is said by Arrian that when Alexander crossed the Hydaspes river on a boat, he was accompanied by Perdiccas, Ptolemy I Soter and Seleucus. During the subsequent Battle of the Hydaspes, Seleucus led his troops against the elephants of King Porus, it is unknown the extent in which Seleucus participated in the actual planning of the battle, as he is not mentioned as holding any major independent position during the battle. This contrasts Craterus, Hephaistio

Manilkara jaimiqui

Manilkara jaimiqui known as wild dilly, is a woody plant in the sapodilla family. It is native to tropical regions of North America, where it is found in the West Indies and south Florida, its natural habitat is areas of coastal hammocks and pine rocklands. It is a small shrub with thick evergreen leaves, it produces small yellow flowers throughout the year, has large scaly fruits. This species is divided into four well-marked subspecies, they are: M. jaimiqui ssp. emarginata - The Bahamas and south Florida M. jaimiqui ssp. haitensis - Dominican Republic and Haiti M. jaimiqui ssp. jaimiqui - Cuba, Jamaica M. jaimiqui ssp. wrightiana - Cuba

Glyki

Glyki or Glyky is a village in Thesprotia, in northwestern Greece. The site of Glyki is identified with the ancient city of Euroea, abandoned in the early 7th century due to Slavic attacks; the modern settlement is first mentioned as the chartoularaton of "Gliki" in 1205. The name "Glykys" derives from the nearby Acheron River, whose estuary was known as Γλυκύς λιμὴν in Antiquity; the settlement of Glyky became a bishopric, which by 1337 had been united with the neighbouring see of Bouthrotos. The joint bishopric was subordinated in the second half of the 15th century to the Metropolis of Ioannina; the ruins of a three-aisled middle Byzantine cathedral, itself erected over an earlier church, survive next to the Church of St. Donatus; the site is the same as the cathedral dedicated to St. Donatus, built under Theodosius I. During the early months of the Greek War of Independence, the Treaty of Glyki between the Souliots and the Turco-Albanian beys of the area was concluded here. In modern times, the village's population was employed in livestock raising and agriculture rice.

From 238 inhabitants in 1928, it grew to 481 in 1971, before declining to 438 in 2011. Since 2011, it is part of the Acherontas municipal unit of the Souli municipality

Asian Perspectives

Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific is an academic journal covering the history and prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, physical anthropology, ethnography; the journal was established in 1957 as the Bulletin of the Far-Eastern Prehistory Association under the editorship of Wilhelm G. Solheim II followed its editor to other institutions. Volumes II through VIII were published by Hong Kong University Press, volumes IX through XI by the Social Science Research Institute at the University of Hawaii; the University of Hawaii Press became the publisher from volume XII, adding the subtitle A Journal of Archaeology and Prehistory of Asia and the Pacific. In 1992, the editorship passed to Michael W. Graves and the subtitle was changed to The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific. Miriam Stark at the University of Hawaiʻi served as editor from 2000 through 2006 the editorship passed to three-person team: Deborah Bekken, Laura Lee Junker, Anne P. Underhill.

The journal appears biannually in September. Its first electronic edition appeared in 2000 on Project MUSE. Back issues are being added to an open-access archive in the University of Hawaii at Mānoa's ScholarSpace institutional repository. Official website Online index to vols. 1-39