Classen Library

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Classen Library
Det Classenske Bibliotek
Classenske Bibliotek.JPG
The façade on Amaliegade =
General information
Architectural style Neoclassical
Country Denmark
Coordinates 55°41′09.6″N 12°35′42.36″E / 55.686000°N 12.5951000°E / 55.686000; 12.5951000
Completed 1802
Design and construction
Architect Peter Hersleb Classen/Andreas Kirkerup

The Classen Library (Danish: Det Classenske Bibliotek) was a public library in Copenhagen, Denmark, created from the private book collection of Johan Frederik Classen at the time of his death in 1792. It was the third largest library in the city, surpassed only by the Royal Danish Library and Copenhagen University Library and existed until 1867 when it was merged with the latter.

Its building at 38 Amaliegade now houses Det Konserveringsfaglige Videncenter, a centre for conservation. It was listed in 1918.

History[edit]

The building of the then closed Classen Library photographed in about 1900

The successful industrialist and landowner Johan Frederik Classen was an enthusiastic bibliophile, buying books both at home and abroad, until he had a library.[1] At the time of his death, he left his book collection to the public. It consisted of some 20,000 volumes. The library was to receive an annual sum of 3,000 rigsdaler from the Classenske Fideicommis, a charitable foundation which he set up in his will. Classen's brother, Peter Hersleb Classen, paid for the construction of a library building in Amaliegade, opposite Frederick's Hospital and not far from Amalienborg Palace. The library's collections grew to about 30,000 volumes in the middle of the 19th century.[2]

In 1867 the library was merged with Copenhagen University Library which changed its name to Københavns Universitetsbibliotek og det dermed forenede Classenske Bibliotek.

Architecture[edit]

The library was built to Peter Hersleb Classen's own design, presumably assisted by Andreas Kirkerup.[3] The facade has rustication on the ground floor and a loggia with eight columns, showing influence from Ancient Roman architecture.[3] The central library hall is two storeys high and surrounded by double galleries. It contains a bust of Classen.[2]

Today[edit]

Today the building houses Konserveringsfagligt Videncenter (KViC), the library of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts' School of Conservation.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Københavns universitet. Universitetsbiblioteket (1938). Bird books and bird art: an outline of the literary history and iconography of descriptive ornithology : based principally on the collection of books ... in the University Library at Copenhagen ... W. Junk. p. xi. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Københavns universitet. Universitetsbiblioteket (1938). Kjøbenhavn. Illustreret Veiviser og Beskrivelse over Byen og Omegnen. Claudius Rosenhoff. p. 121. Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Amaliegade 38". indenforvoldene.dk. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  4. ^ "KViC, Konserveringsfagligt Videncenter" (in Danish). ARKADE - Kunstbibliotekernes. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°41′10″N 12°35′42″E / 55.6860°N 12.5951°E / 55.6860; 12.5951