The MG T series is a range of body-on-frame convertible sports cars that were produced by MG from 1936 to 1955. The series included the MG TA, MG TB, MG TC, MG TD, the last of these models, the TF, was replaced by the MGA. The TF name was reinstated in 2002 on the mid-engined MG TF sports car, the MG TA Midget replaced the PB in 1936. It was an evolution of the car and was 3 inches wider in its track at 45 inches and 7 inches longer in its wheelbase at 94 inches. The engine displaced just 1292 cc, with a stroke of 102 mm, the four-speed manual gearbox now had synchromesh on the two top ratios and was connected to the engine by a cork-faced clutch running in oil. Unlike the PB, hydraulic brakes were fitted with 9-inch drums, like the PB, most were two-seat open cars with a steel body on an ash frame. A bench-type seat was fitted with storage space behind, from 1938 the car could be had with a more luxurious Tickford drophead coupé body by Salmons of Newport Pagnell and 252 were made. The soft top could be used in three positions, fully open, closed or open just over the seats, wind-up windows were fitted to the higher topped doors making the car more weathertight and individual bucket seats used in the fully carpeted interior.
Complete chassis were fitted with a very basic body at the Abingdon factory, a closed Airline coupé made by Carbodies, as fitted to the P type, was offered but only one or two is thought to have been made. The T-type was capable of reaching almost 80 mph in standard tune with a 0–60 mph time of 23.1 seconds,3,003 were made and in 1936 it cost £222 on the home market, the same as had been asked for the PB. When first introduced the model was known as the T Type, allan Tomlinson won the 1939 Australian Grand Prix driving an MG TA. The TA was replaced by the TB Midget in May 1939 and it had a smaller but more modern XPAG engine as fitted to the Morris Ten Series M, but in a more highly tuned state and like the TA with twin SU carburettors. This 1250 cc I4 unit featured a slightly less undersquare 66.6 mm bore and 90 mm stroke and had a power output of 54 hp at 5200 rpm. The oil-immersed clutch was replaced by a dry-plate type and gear ratios revised. Available as an open 2-seater or more luxurious Tickford drophead coupé, the TC Midget was the first postwar MG, launched in 1945.
It was quite similar to the pre-war TB, sharing the same 1,250 cc pushrod-OHV engine with a higher compression ratio of 7.4,1 giving 54.5 bhp at 5200 rpm. The makers provided several alternative stages of tuning for specific purposes and it was exported to the United States, even though only ever built in right-hand drive. The export version had slightly smaller US specification sealed-beam headlights and larger rear lights, as well as turn signals and chrome-plated front
The 1949 Ford was an American automobile produced by Ford. The design would continue through the 1951 model year, after sticking with its well-received previous model through model year 1948, Ford completely redesigned its namesake car for the year 1949. The engine was moved forward to more room in the passenger compartment. Fords popular 226 CID L-head straight-6 and 239 CID Flathead V8 remained, now rated at 90 hp and 100 hp, respectively. The 1949 models debuted at a gala at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City in June 1948, the new integrated steel structure was advertised as a lifeguard body, and even the woody wagon was steel at heart. The convertible frame had an X member for structural rigidity, the new styling approach was evident in the 1949 Mercury Eight and the all-new Lincoln Cosmopolitan. 1950 saw a new Crestliner sports sedan—a 2-door sedan with 2-tone paint intended to battle Chevrolets popular hardtop coupe of 1950, another new name was Country Squire, which referred to the 2-door wood-sided station wagon.
All wagons received flat-folding middle seats at mid-year, an innovation that would reappear in the minivans of the 1990s, the 1949 and 1950 styling was similar, with a single central bullet in the frowning chrome grille. In the center there was a red space that had either a 6 or 8 depending if the car had the engine or the V8. The trim lines were renamed as well, with Standard becoming Deluxe, the new Fords got the now-famous Ford Crest which appeared on the divisions vehicles for many decades in one form or another. A Deluxe Business Coupe was marketed, the 1951 Fords featured an optional Ford-O-Matic automatic transmission for the first time. Ford finally answered the Chevrolet Bel Air and Plymouth Belvedere charge with the Victoria hardtop in 1951, the car was an instant hit, outselling the Chevrolet by nearly 10%. The Crestliner continued for one year, however. All 1951 Fords sported a new grille and heavy chrome bumpers. This year Ford added a new turn-key ignition, front suspension is independent coil springs.
The 1949,50 and 51 V8 models were produced in Australia, offered in 4-door sedan. The coupe utility was a uniquely Australian variant, developed by Ford Australia, Australian content on the locally produced models had reached 80% by 1950. Ford Zephyr Mark I Ford Taunus P1 Standard 10 Ford Forty-Nine David L. Lewis, Ford Model T to Crown Victoria
Brass Era car
The Brass Era is an American term for the early period of automotive manufacturing, named for the prominent brass fittings used during this time for such things as lights and radiators. It is generally considered to encompass 1896 through 1915, a time when vehicles were often referred to as horseless carriages. Within the 20 years that make up this era, the experimental designs. This system specified front-engined, rear-wheel drive internal combustion engined cars with a sliding gear transmission, in the early part of this period steam car development had advanced, and they were among the fastest road vehicles in that period. Electric cars held a market throughout the era. Development of automotive technology was rapid, due in part to hundreds of small manufacturers competing to gain the worlds attention, key developments included the electric ignition system, independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes. Leaf springs were used for suspension, though many other systems were still in use. Safety glass made its debut, patented by John Wood in England in 1905, angle steel took over from armored wood as the frame material of choice, and in 1912, Hupp pioneered the use of all-steel bodies, joined in 1914 by Dodge.
In January,1904, Frank Leslies Popular Monthly magazine catalogued the entire range of available to the mass market in the United States. In both instances, the great majority faded out of the once the industry had become firmly established. As late as 1917, there were 127 different makes of American automobiles on the market, a great many more names, including Brush, Alco and Waverly, had already disappeared from the scene by 1917. Sixty Years with Men and Machines, New York and London, McGraw-Hill, available as a reprint from Lindsay Publications. Csere, Csaba,10 Best Engineering Breakthroughs and Driver,33, cars, 1886–1930, New York, Beekman House, distributed by Crown, ISBN 0-517-48073-5
The Dodge Charger is a brand of automobiles marketed by Dodge. The first Charger was a car in 1964. There have been several different production Chargers, built on three different platforms and sizes, in the U. S. the Charger nameplate has been used on subcompact hatchbacks, full-sized sedans, and personal luxury coupes. The current version is a four-door sedan, the three main iterations of Dodge Chargers were a mid-size two-door car, a subcompact car, and the full-size platform four-door sedans built since 2006. The name was carried by a 1999 concept car that differed substantially from the Charger eventually placed into production for the 2006 model year. A similar name plate, the Ramcharger, was used for the truck-type vehicle, the name Charger was used in Brazil as a performance model based on the Dart. It featured a fastback body design and a four bucket seat interior. The intermediate-sized Charger shared components with the Coronet that used the Chrysler B platform, the base engine was a 318 cu in V8 with a three-speed floor shifter.
Larger and more engines were available. The Charger was redesigned for 1968, and sales increased, based on the Chrysler B platform, the model years received various cosmetic changes to the exterior and interior including, an undivided grill, rounded tail lights, and hidden headlights. The powertrains were the same as the used in the 1967 Charger. The model was not successful in car racing such as NASCAR. A more aerodynamic shape formed the Charger 500 model that became the basis for the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona, the third generation Charger was introduced for the 1971 model year. Chryslers B platform was modified to meet new emissions and safety regulations, available in six different packages with cosmetic changes that include, a split grill, semi fastback rear window, and a ducktail spoiler. The 1973 and 1974 Chargers were very similar to the 1971 with minor differences in the grill, the increase in sales was mostly due to the elimination of the Dodge Coronet, which meant Dodge offered the two-door intermediate-size body style only as the Charger.
The 1975 model year Charger Continued as a B body car and was restyled, the new Charger was Dodges attempt at moving the model into the growing personal luxury car market segment. Dodge expanded its presence in the Personal Luxury Car market in 1978 when it produced two cars in the class, the Charger and the Dodge Magnum. During the years this car was offered, a Daytona model was offered, the Charger returned in 1981 1/2 as a subcompact hatchback coupe with front-wheel-drive, and a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission
American Broadcasting Company
The network is headquartered on Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City. There are additional offices and production facilities elsewhere in New York City, as well as in Los Angeles and Burbank. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC originally launched on October 12,1943, as a radio network, separated from and serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, which had been purchased by Edward J. Noble. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS, in the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop, in 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABCs assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company. The television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States, most Canadians have access to at least one U. S.
ABC News provides news and features content for radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies, the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting Company. The last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, in 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940. The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC Red or NBC Blue, at that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Once Mutuals appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, Edward John Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million.
Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, which was to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCCs approval, the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12,1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, both stations were managed by Don Searle, the vice-president of the Blue Networks West Coast division. The ABC Radio Network created its audience slowly, the network became known for such suspenseful dramas as Sherlock Holmes, Gang Busters and Counterspy, as well as several mid-afternoon youth-oriented programs. S. From Nazi Germany after its conquest, to pre-record its programming, while its radio network was undergoing reconstruction, ABC found it difficult to avoid falling behind on the new medium of television.
To ensure a space, in 1947, ABC submitted five applications for television station licenses, the ABC television network made its debut on April 19,1948, with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia becoming its first primary affiliate
Muscle car is an American term used to refer to a variety of high-performance automobiles. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines muscle cars as any of a group of American-made 2-door sports cars with engines designed for high-performance driving. A large V8 engine is fitted in a 2-door, rear drive, family-style compact. Sold at a price, muscle cars are intended for street use. They are distinct from sports cars and expensive 2+2 GTs intended for high-speed touring. According to Muscle Cars, a written by Peter Henshaw. It is a product of the American car industry adhering to the hot rodders philosophy of taking a small car, the Muscle Car is Charles Atlas kicking sand in the face of the 98 horsepower weakling. In the United States, lightweight cars featuring high-performance engines were termed supercar before the classification of muscle car became popular, for example, the 1957 Rebels potent mill turned the lightweight Rambler into a veritable supercar. From the mid-sixties to the mid-seventies, what we now think of as muscle cars were commonly called Supercars.
This term described the dragstrip bred affordable mid-size cars of the 1960s and early 1970s that were equipped with large, powerful V8 engines and rear-wheel-drive. In 1966, the became an official industry trend as the four domestic automakers needed to cash in on the supercar market with eye-catching, heart-stopping cars. Moreover, the SC in the name stood for SuperCar. However, the term by that time had been diluted and branded with a meaning that did not respect the unique qualities of the muscle car. Opinions vary as to whether high-performance full-size cars, opinions on the origin of the muscle car vary, but the 1949 Oldsmobile Rocket 88, created in response to public interest in speed and power, is often cited as the first muscle car. It featured Americas first high-compression overhead valve V8 in the smaller, lighter Oldsmobile 76/Chevy body for six-cylinder engines, Nerad added that the Rocket 88 was the hit of NASCAR’s 1950 season, winning eight of the 10 races. Given its lightning-like success, one could make the case that the Olds 88 with its 135 horsepower V-8 was the first musclecar.
Other manufacturers showcased performance hardware in limited-edition models, Chrysler led the way with its 1955 C-300, an inspired blend of Hemi power and luxury-car trappings that became the new star of NASCAR. With 300 hp, it was advertised as Americas Most Powerful Car, capable of accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in 9.8 seconds and reaching 130 miles per hour, the 1955 Chrysler 300 is recognized as one of the best-handling cars of its era
The Cord 810, and Cord 812, was an automobile produced by the Cord Automobile division of the Auburn Automobile Company in 1936 and 1937. It was the first American-designed and built front wheel drive car with independent front suspension and it followed the 1934 Citroën Traction Avant and the Cord L-29, both of which had front wheel drive. Both models were the first to offer hidden headlights, the styling of the Cord 810 was the work of designer Gordon M. Buehrig and his team of stylists, which included young Vince Gardner and Alex Tremulis. While the first American front-wheel-drive car with independent front suspension, it had an archaic tube rear axle with semi-elliptic rear springs, power came from a 4,739 cc Lycoming V8 of the same 125 hp as the L-29. The semi-automatic four-speed transmission extended in front of the engine, like on a Traction Avant and this allowed Buehrig to dispense with the driveshaft and transmission tunnel, as a result, the new car was so low it required no running boards.
It had a 125 in wheelbase, reportedly conceived as a Duesenberg and nearly devoid of chrome, the 810 had hidden door hinges and rear-hinged hood, rather than the side-opening type more usual at the time, both new items. It featured pontoon fenders with hidden headlamps that disappeared into the fenders via dashboard hand cranks and this car was first and one of the few ever to include this feature. It featured a fuel filler door and variable-speed windshield wipers. Its engine-turned dashboard included complete instrumentation, a tachometer, and standard radio, the most famous feature was the coffin nose, a louvered wraparound grille, from which its nickname derived, a product of Buehrigs desire not to have a conventional grille. The car caused a sensation at its debut at the New York Auto Show in November 1935, the crowds were so dense, attendees stood on the bumpers of nearby cars to get a look. Cord had rushed to build the 100 cars needed to qualify for the show, the first production cars were not ready to deliver until February, and did not reach New York City until April 1936.
In all, Cord managed to sell only 1,174 of the new 810 in its first model year, supercharging was made available on the 1937812 model, with a mechanically driven Schwitzer-Cummins unit. Supercharged 812 models were distinguished from the normally aspirated 812s by the brilliant chrome-plated external exhaust pipes mounted on each side of the hood, with supercharging, horsepower was raised to 170. Early reliability problems, including slipping out of gear and vapor lock, although most new owners loved their sleek fast cars, the dealer base shrank rapidly. Unsold left-over and in-process 1936810 models were re-numbered and sold as 1937812 models, in 1937, after producing about 3000 of these cars, Auburn ceased production of the Cord. A single 1938 Cord prototype, with changes to the grille and transmission cover, was built. The 810/812 design was re-marketed almost immediately, in 1940, as ailing automakers Hupmobile and Graham-Paige tried to save money, except for their similarity to the 810, their 4-door sedans, the Hupp Skylark and the Graham Hollywood, were unremarkable.
Retractable headlights gave way to plain headlight pods, and power came from a standard front-engine/rear-wheel drive design, only about 1900 were built before production ceased in the fall of 1940
LeBaron Incorporated was a design and coach building company from 1920 until 1953. American designers Raymond H. Dietrich and Thomas L. Hibbard had met while working for Brewster, LeBaron was founded in Bridgeport, Connecticut in 1920 by Raymond H. Dietrich and Thomas L. Hibbard. The company originally was called LeBaron, Carrossiers Inc. and served as design consultants, business progressed in 1920 that Thomas Hibbard offered his friend, Ralph Roberts, who had just gotten his Bachelor of Science degree from Dartmouth College, a job. Tom Hibbard met fellow designer, Howard A, Hibbard and Darrin decided to go to Paris, initially to try to sell LeBaron designs but instead decided to set up their own company and founded Hibbard & Darrin. Hibbard resigned from LeBaron in 1923, in 1924, LeBaron merged with the Blue Ribbon and Bridgeport Body companies and changed their name to LeBaron Inc. becoming body builders as well as designers. LeBaron became one of the many prominent coachbuilders in the 1920s to provide bodies for luxury cars, Dietrich received a lucrative offer from Murray Corporation, one of Fords and Lincolns main body builders, in 1925 and resigned from LeBaron to start Dietrich, Inc.
With both founders gone, LeBaron could have been in trouble, but Roberts continued to run the company and orders kept coming in. Walter O. Briggs began talks with Roberts in 1926 to buy LeBaron and move it to Detroit, LeBaron was purchased by Briggs Manufacturing Company of Detroit in 1926 and operated as a subsidiary. Briggs was already supplying bodies to nearby Chrysler, Ford, Hudson, in 1932, for example, they built 28 beautiful Imperial Custom Convertible Coupes, Chryslers top model, which rode a 146-inch wheelbase and used a 384.8 cubic-inch straight-8 engine. Thomas L. Hibbard became design director at Ford in 1947, Raymond H. Dietrich was hired by Chrysler in 1932 to become the first official Chrysler stylist. - 1909-1954 Conceptcarz, Chrysler LeBaron news Chrysler LeBaron History
The small domestic automaker marketed the Gremlin as the first American-built import. The Gremlin reached a production of 671,475 over a single generation — and was superseded by a restyled variant. The idea for the Gremlin began in 1966 when design chief at American Motors, Richard A. Teague, on an airline flight, Teagues solution, which he said he sketched on an air sickness bag, was to truncate the tail of a Javelin. Bob Nixon joined AMC as a 23-year-old and did the first formal design sketches in 1967 for the car that was to be the Gremlin. Ford and General Motors were to launch new subcompact cars for 1971, Teagues idea of using the pony car Javelin resulted in the AMX-GT concept, first shown at the New York International Auto Show in April 1968. This version did not go into production, but the AMX name was used from 1968 to 1970 on a shortened, Bob Nixon, AMCs future Chief of Design, designed the new subcompact based on the automakers Hornet model, a compact car. Capitalizing on AMCs advantage as a car producer, the Gremlin was introduced on April 1,1970.
The April 6,1970 cover of Newsweek magazine featured a red Gremlin for its article, Detroit Fights Back, from the front of the car to the B-pillars, the Gremlin was essentially the same as the AMC Hornet. As with the Volkswagen, the Gremlins styling set it apart from other cars, time said, like some other cars of less than standard size, the back seat is designed for small children only. The six cubic feet of space behind the back seat was less than in the rear-engined Volkswagen Beetle. The upright design of the tail, which enlarged interior space, was aerodynamically efficient, later and Japanese manufacturers similarly created different body styles on one compact car chassis by extending or curtailing the trunk. Designed and named by Teague to look either cute or controversial - depending on ones viewpoint, for many, it seemed perfect for the free-thinking early 1970s. American Motors executives apparently felt confident enough to not worry that the Gremlin name might have negative connotations, time magazine noted two definitions for gremlin, Defined by Websters as a small gnome held to be responsible for malfunction of equipment.
American Motors definition, a pal to its friends and an ogre to its enemies, the cars cartoon-inspired mascot was marketed for product differentiation and was intended to be memorable to consumers. AMC promoted the Gremlin as Americas first subcompact and this description overlooks the Nash Metropolitan and the earlier Crosley. American Motors promoted the Gremlin as cute and different and the strategy was successful with more than 60 per cent of the purchasers were under 35 years old. The Gremlin debuted in April 1970 with AMCs 199 cu in I6, AMC said the Gremlin offered the best gas mileage of any production car made in America. As the first of the new subcompact cars, the Gremlin has been the most talked-about car since its introduction
Duesenberg Motors Company was an American manufacturer of race cars and luxury automobiles. It was founded by brothers August and Frederick Duesenberg in 1913 in Saint Paul, the brothers moved their operations to Elizabeth, New Jersey in 1916 to manufacture engines for World War I. Cord added Duesenberg to his Auburn Automobile Company, with the market for expensive luxury cars severely undercut by the Depression, Duesenberg folded in 1937. In 1913, brothers Fred and Augie Duesenberg founded Duesenberg Motors Company, Inc. on University Avenue in St. Paul, Minnesota, to build engines, the brothers were self-taught engineers and built many experimental cars. Duesenberg cars were considered some of the best cars of the time, in 1914, Eddie Rickenbacker drove a Duesy to finish in 10th place at the Indianapolis 500, and Duesenberg won the race in 1924,1925, and 1927. The fledgling company sidestepped into aviation engine manufacturing when Colonel R. C. Bolling, the end of World War I stopped this project before it could ever mature.
In 1921, Duesenberg provided the car for the Indy 500. In 1923, Jimmy Murphy became the first American to win the French Grand Prix when he drove a Duesenberg to victory at Le Mans. At the end of World War I, they ceased building aviation and marine engines in Elizabeth, New Jersey at the corner of Newark Avenue, was established in 1920 to begin production of passenger cars. The plant was located on a 17-acre site on West Washington street at Harding street until 1937, although the Duesenberg brothers were world-class engineers, they were neither good businessmen nor administrators, they were unable to sell all the units of their first passenger car, the Model A. This had the Duesenberg Straight-8 engine, the first mass-produced straight eight engine in the U. S, the Model A was a lighter and smaller vehicle than the competition. It was among the most powerful and the fastest cars of its time, among the celebrities who purchased this model were Tom Mix and Rudolph Valentino. The model experienced various delays going from prototype to production, deliveries to dealers did not start until December 1921.
Sales lagged and the goal of building 100 Duesenbergs each month proved far too high, in 1922 no more than 150 cars were manufactured, and only 650 Model As were sold over a period of six years. The brothers continued to create excellent engines for cars, boats, on March 8,1920, these men became president and vice president of the Duesenberg Automobile and Motors Corporation of Indianapolis. Fred was chief engineer and Augie his assistant, and both were salaried as employees, van Zandt quit after a year, and business went from bad to worse in 1923. In 1924 the company went into receivership, but somehow it survived that year, in 1925, the firms name was changed to Duesenberg Motors Corporation and Fred assumed the title of president. Fred and August struggled to keep the company, but to no avail, Model X Duesenbergs are very rare
A vintage car is, in the most general sense, an old automobile, and in the narrower senses of car enthusiasts and collectors, it is a car from the period of 1919 to 1930. Such enthusiasts have categorization schemes for ages of cars that enforce distinctions between antique cars, vintage cars, classic cars, and so on, the classification criteria vary, but consensus within any country is often maintained by major car clubs. The vintage era in the world was a time of transition. The car started off in 1919 as still something of a rarity, in fact, automobile production at the end of this period was not matched again until the 1950s. In todays terms, a car is defined the same as a classic. Cars became much more practical and comfortable during this period, car heating was introduced, as was the in-car radio. Four-wheel braking from a foot pedal was introduced, as was the use of hydraulically actuated brakes. Towards the end of the era, the system of octane rating of fuel was introduced. Alfred P. Sloan and Harley Earl of General Motors, Chrysler capitalized on advertising the automobile’s role in the life of the consumer for more than just the utilitarian value compared with the horse.
The stock market crash of 1929 started the layoff of workers and many new companies went bankrupt. The Federal Aid Road Act of 1916 was the first federal highway act and lack of funding hampered any positive results of this act. The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 started a 50/50 matching fund to states for road building and resulted in the creation of new, during this period as well as the car adapting to society, there were better roads, and society began to adapt to the car. From 1919 to 1929, many changes took place. General Motors went into a crisis that lasted until after Alfred Sloan became president in 1923. Hudson produced the Essex in 1919 that, by 1925, had propelled the company to third in sales behind Ford. Ford was in the process of building a new plant, buying back stock, in 1921 Maxwell failed and Walter P. Chrysler, formerly of General Motors, was brought in to reorganize it and, in 1925, the Chrysler Corporation was formed. There were other automakers that made it past the 1920-1921 depression only to fail during the Great Depression, Antique automobiles and early to middle era classic cars do not have the safety features that are standard on modern cars.
The most rudimentary of safety features, front wheel brakes and hydraulic brakes, for the average person car collecting is a hobby
A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation and a product of the automotive industry. The year 1886 is regarded as the year of the modern car. In that year, German inventor Karl Benz built the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, cars did not become widely available until the early 20th century. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the United States of America, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, cars are equipped with controls used for driving, passenger comfort and safety, and controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, examples include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, and in car entertainment. Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by a combustion engine. Both fuels cause air pollution and are blamed for contributing to climate change.
Vehicles using alternative fuels such as ethanol flexible-fuel vehicles and natural gas vehicles are gaining popularity in some countries, electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are costs and benefits to car use, the costs of car usage include the cost of, acquiring the vehicle, interest payments and auto maintenance, depreciation, driving time, parking fees and insurance. The costs to society of car use include, maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide. The benefits may include transportation, independence. The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies and it was estimated in 2010 that the number of cars had risen to over 1 billion vehicles, up from the 500 million of 1986. The numbers are increasing rapidly, especially in China, the word car is believed to originate from the Latin word carrus or carrum, or the Middle English word carre.
In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros, the Gaulish language was a branch of the Brythoic language which used the word Karr, the Brythonig language evolved into Welsh where Car llusg and car rhyfel still survive. It originally referred to any wheeled vehicle, such as a cart, carriage. Motor car is attested from 1895, and is the formal name for cars in British English. Autocar is a variant that is attested from 1895