Classical mythology, Classical Greco-Roman mythology and Roman mythology or Greco-Roman mythology is both the body of and the study of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans as they are used or transformed by cultural reception. Along with philosophy and political thought, mythology represents one of the major survivals of classical antiquity throughout Western culture; the Greek word mythos refers to the spoken word or speech, but it denotes a tale, story or narrative. During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, when Latin remained the dominant language in Europe for international educated discourse, mythological names always appeared in Latinized form. With the Greek revival of the 19th century, Greek names began to be used more with both "Zeus" and "Jove" being used as the name of the supreme god of the classical pantheon. Classical mythology is a term used to designate the myths belonging to the Greek and Roman traditions; the myths are believed to have been acquired first by oral tradition, entering since Homer and Hesiod the literate era.
A classical myth as it appears in Western culture is a syncretism of various versions from both Greek and Latin sources. Greek myths were narratives related to ancient Greek religion concerned with the actions of gods and other supernatural beings and of heroes who transcend human bounds. Major sources for Greek myths include the Homeric epics, that is, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the tragedies of Aeschylus and Euripides. Known versions are preserved in sophisticated literary works shaped by the artistry of individuals and by the conventions of genre, or in vase painting and other forms of visual art. In these forms, mythological narratives serve purposes that are not religious, such as entertainment and comedy, or the exploration of social issues. Roman myths are traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins, religious institutions, moral models, with a focus on human actors and only occasional intervention from deities but a pervasive sense of divinely ordered destiny.
Roman myths have a dynamic relation to Roman historiography, as in the early books of Livy's Ab urbe condita. The most famous Roman myth may be the birth of Romulus and Remus and the founding of the city, in which fratricide can be taken as expressing the long history of political division in the Roman Republic. During the Hellenization of Roman literature and culture, the Romans identified their own gods with those of the Greeks, adapting the stories told about them and importing other myths for which they had no counterpart. For instance, while the Greek god Ares and the Italic god Mars are both war deities, the role of each in his society and its religious practices differed strikingly; the literary collection of Greco-Roman myths with the greatest influence on Western culture was the Metamorphoses of the Augustan poet Ovid. Syncretized versions form the classical tradition of mythography, by the time of the influential Renaissance mythographer Natalis Comes, few if any distinctions were made between Greek and Roman myths.
The myths as they appear in popular culture of the 20th and 21st centuries have only a tangential relation to the stories as told in ancient Greek and Latin literature. Chariot clock Classical tradition Classics Greco-Roman world Greek mythology in western art and literature LGBT themes in classical mythology List of films based on Greco-Roman mythology List of films based on Greek drama Matter of Rome Natale Conti, influential Renaissance mythographer Proto-Indo-European religion Vatican Mythographers Greco-Roman mythology in popular culture Greek Antiquity in art and culture Greco-Roman mythology in Marvel Comics Greco-Roman mythology in DC Comics Video games based on mythology Operas based on Greco-Roman mythology Ares in popular culture Icarus imagery in contemporary music Prometheus in popular culture
Siegrid Ernst is a German pianist, music educator and composer. Siegrid Ernst was born in Ludwigshafen am Rhein and studied piano and music theory as a child, she studied piano and composition in Heidelberg and Vienna, at the University of Music and Dramatic Art in Heidelberg and Mannheim and at the University of the Arts Bremen. After completing her studies, she performed contemporary music both solo and in chamber ensembles for concerts and radio productions, taught piano and composition, music theory and improvisation, she became successful as a composer, her works have been performed in Europe, the United States and Japan. Since 1998 she has been chair of the jury of the Bremer composers competition, she has worked with the German Music Council and has chaired the "Women and Music" International Working Group Association. She was co-founder of the International Congress of Women in Music. Grant from the Federal Republic of Germany for the Cité internationale des arts in Paris, 1981. Honorary professor of the Inter American University of Humanistic Studies, Florida, 1989.
Ernst composes chamber music, songs cycles, orchestral works, children's music and opera. She creates improvisations. Selected works include: Variationen für großes Orchester Quattro mani dentro e fuori 7 Miniaturen nach japanischen Haiku Triade Concertantes Duo eﾅstaremo freschi Peace Now Her works have been recorded and issued on six CDs, including: Chamber MusicAudio CD, Vienna Modern Master, ASIN: B000004A6I New Music For Orchestra: Music from Six Continents Vienna Modern Masters, ASIN: B002X3NAZE Music From 6 Continents Vienna Modern Masters, ASIN: B000004A75
Theodore O'Connor, nicknamed "Teddy," was a 14.1 3⁄4 hands pony who competed internationally at the highest level of eventing. Ridden by Olympian Karen O'Connor, he performed exceedingly well at such events as the Rolex Kentucky Three Day and the Pan American Games, his success and small stature earned him the nickname "Super Pony." Theodore O'Connor was by the 16.2 hands Thoroughbred stallion Witty Boy, who finished his racing career with a record of and earnings of $50,518. Witty Boy went on to sire more than 300 horses in the United States, including winners in-hand, eventers, endurance horses and dressage horses. Notable progeny include the show hunter I Don't Know and the Anglo-Arabian VSF Otis+/. Theodore O'Connor was out of Chelsea's Melody, a 13 hands mare of 1/2 Thoroughbred, 1/4 Arabian, 1/4 Shetland Pony breeding; the sire of Chelsea's Melody was a racing Thoroughbred by the name of Honest Turn, a great-grandson of Bold Ruler. Her dam, Esker Electra, was by the stallion JR Lyraff, linebred to the influential Arabian stallion Raffles, son of Skowronek.
Theodore O'Connor was started at the age of three years by his breeder and began his competitive career as a show hunter showing a bit as a jumper. He began eventing when he was six and continued up through Preliminary under rider Nicole Villers, before Christan Trainor rode him on through the Advanced level and finished in 8th place at his first CIC**. Olympian Karen O'Connor rode him at the Advanced level taking him to his first CCI**** at the Rolex Kentucky Three Day where he finished 3rd with 4.4 time faults cross-country. He qualified for the Pan American Games as part of the US Eventing Team, where he won the team gold and beat out several more experienced horses to win the individual gold, he was short-listed for the Olympic Team. 2008 6th Rolex Kentucky Three Day2007 Individual and team gold medal at the Pan American Games 3rd individually at the Rolex Kentucky Three Day 1st The Fork CIC***2006 7th at the Poplar Place CIC*** 9th at the Jersey Fresh CIC*** 7th at the Fork CIC*** Theodore O’Connor was humanely euthanized on May 28, 2008 as a result of an injury sustained at Karen and David O’Connor’s barn in The Plains, VA.
The attending veterinarian stated: "He spooked at something while being bolted. The rider came off and the horse ran toward the barn, he got into a freak accident and slid into the side of the barn and lacerated his right hind leg about 4 inches above the fetlock on the back of the leg. It looked. My experience with injuries like this are that the chances of reattaching the vascular supply and nerve supply and reattaching the tendons and ligaments is zero. If there has been a 10% chance of us being successful to recover him … but with the nature of the injury, that wasn't going to happen," said Allen sadly. "Karen would have done anything for that pony." O'Connor Event Team