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Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain was a French painter and etcher of the Baroque era. He spent most of his life in Italy, is one of the earliest important artists, apart from his contemporaries in Dutch Golden Age painting, to concentrate on landscape painting, his landscapes are turned into the more prestigious genre of history paintings by the addition of a few small figures representing a scene from the Bible or classical mythology. By the end of the 1630s he was established as the leading landscapist in Italy, enjoyed large fees for his work; these became larger, but with fewer figures, more painted, produced at a lower rate. He was not an innovator in landscape painting, except in introducing the Sun into many paintings, rare before, he is now thought of as a French painter, but was born in the independent Duchy of Lorraine, all his painting was done in Italy. His patrons were mostly Italian, but after his death he became popular with English collectors, the UK retains a high proportion of his works, he was a prolific creator of drawings in pen and often monochrome watercolour "wash" brown but sometimes grey.

Chalk is sometimes used for under-drawing, white highlighting in various media may be employed, much less other colours such as pink. These fall into three distinct groups. Firstly there are large numbers of sketches of landscapes, very done at the scene. There are studies for paintings, of various degrees of finish, many done before or during the process of painting, but others after, complete; this was the case for the last group, the 195 drawings recording finished paintings collected in his Liber Veritatis. He produced over 40 etchings simplified versions of paintings before 1642; these served various purposes for him, but are now regarded as much less important than his drawings. He painted frescoes in his early career, which played an important part in making his reputation, but are now nearly all lost; the earliest biographies of Claude are in Joachim von Sandrart's Teutsche Academie and Filippo Baldinucci's Notizie de' professori del disegno da Cimabue in qua. Both Sandrart and Baldinucci knew the painter but at periods some 50 years apart at the start of his career and shortly before his death.

Sandrart knew him well and lived with him for a while, while Baldinucci was not intimate with him, derived much of his information from Claude's nephew, who lived with the artist. Claude's tombstone gives 1600 as his year of birth, but contemporary sources indicate a date, circa 1604 or 1605, he was born in the small village of Chamagne, Vosges part of the Duchy of Lorraine. He was the third of five sons of Anne Padose. According to Baldinucci, Claude's parents both died when he was twelve years old, he lived at Freiburg with an elder brother. Jean taught Claude the rudiments of drawing. Claude travelled to Italy, first working for Goffredo Wals in Naples joining the workshop of Agostino Tassi in Rome. Sandrart's account of Claude's early years, however, is quite different, modern scholars prefer this, or attempt to combine the two. According to Sandrart, Claude did not do well at the village school and was apprenticed to a pastry baker. With a company of fellow cooks and bakers, Claude travelled to Rome and was employed as servant and cook by Tassi, who at some point converted him into an apprentice and taught him drawing and painting.

Both Wals and Tassi were landscapists, the former obscure and producing small works, while Tassi had a large workshop specializing in fresco schemes in palaces. While the details of Claude's pre-1620s life remain unclear, most modern scholars agree that he was apprenticed to Wals around 1620–1622, to Tassi from circa 1622/23 to 1625. Baldinucci reports that in 1625 Claude undertook a voyage back to Lorraine to train with Claude Deruet, working on the backgrounds of a lost fresco scheme, but left his studio comparatively soon, in 1626 or 1627, he returned to Rome and settled in a house in the Via Margutta, near the Spanish Steps and Trinita dei Monti, remaining in that neighbourhood for the rest of his life. On his travels, Claude stayed in Marseilles and Venice, had the opportunity to study nature in France and Bavaria. Sandrart met Claude in the late 1620s and reported that by the artist had a habit of sketching outdoors at dawn and at dusk, making oil studies on the spot; the first dated painting by Claude, Landscape with Cattle and Peasants from 1629 shows well-developed style and technique.

In the next few years his reputation was growing as evidenced by commissions from the French ambassador in Rome and the King of Spain. Baldinucci reported that a important commission came from Cardinal Bentivoglio, impressed by the two landscapes Claude painted for him, recommended the artist to Pope Urban VIII. Four paintings were made for the Pope in two small on copper. From this point, Claude's reputation was secured, he went on to fulfill many important commissions, both Italian and interna

2010–11 Ukrainian Second League

The 2010–11 Ukrainian Second League was the 20th season of 3rd level professional football in Ukraine. The competitions were divided into two groups according to geographical location in the country – A is western and northern Ukraine and B is eastern and southern Ukraine; the first game of the season was played on July 23, 2010 in Group A between Chornomorets-2 Odesa and Desna Chernihiv. The competition had a winter break and resumed April 9, 2011 with a rescheduled match in Group B, moved forward from its scheduled date of April 22, 2011. Note: Relegation from the League is not covered by the current regulationsThe placing of teams in the table is done in the following order: number of accumulated points difference between goals for and goals allowed number of goals for The League Fair-play rankingThe next tie-break is a simple draw; the following team was promoted from the 2010 Ukrainian Football Amateur League: Enerhiya Nova Kakhovka – first group stage participant Also, two reserve teams were admitted: Chornomorets-2 Odesa – reviving Dnipro-2 Dnipropetrovsk – reviving Last season FC Dnipro-75 Dnipropetrovsk was expelled from the leagueAlso, two teams were re-admitted: FC Sumy Desna Chernihiv The following teams were relegated from the 2009–10 Ukrainian First League: Desna Chernihiv – Nyva Ternopil – Notes On April 29, 2011, after trying to find financial solvency Veres Rivne were unable to find a financial sponsor, the PFL had no alternative but to expel the club from the PFL.

The club was in 12th place and had lost all of their 15 games, including a technical 3–0 loss during the season. All of their spring fixtures were considered technical losses. After playing their home games the first half of the season in Stryi, prior to the start of the spring season Skala Morshyn changed their name to Skala Stryi. On 7 February Olkom Melitopol informed the PFL that they ceased their operations and withdrew from the League during the mid-winter break. All of their spring fixtures are considered technical losses; the club played fourteen games in the League and had a record of 5 wins, 2 draws and 7 losses with 21 goals scored and 22 allowed. A playoff between the two second placed teams was played with the winner participating in another playoff game between the 16th placed team of the First League for a place in the 2011–12 Ukrainian First League competition. 2010–11 Ukrainian Premier League 2010–11 Ukrainian First League 2010–11 Ukrainian Cup

Jade Williams (actress)

Jade Williams is a British actress. Williams was in London, England in 1984 to Shelley and Mick Williams, a postman, she is the first of three children. Williams attended St. John's Infant School and St. Mary's Primary School before winning a scholarship to the Sylvia Young Theatre School, for which she began attending at the age of eight. Williams made her debut to television in 1995 when she appeared in Black Hearts in Battersea, a television adaptation of the children's novel of the same name by Joan Aiken; the series last co-starred Celia Imrie. She is best known for her recurring roles as Zoe Stringer in the BBC series Grange Hill and Gemma Foster in Casualty, the ITV prison drama Bad Girls, in which she played the role of Rhiannon Dawson, the daughter of prisoner Julie Johnston. Rhiannon returns in series four when she is imprisoned for assault. In 2000, Williams appeared in the mini-series The Sins. In 2001, she was cast in the television mini-series Anne Frank: The Whole Story, based on the book Anne Frank: The Biography by Melissa Müller.

Williams had minor role in The Canterbury Tales, a 2003 BBC mini-series modern adaptation from the 14th century Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer. She has received guest roles in a number of television series including The Adventures of Paddington Bear, Portlands and Glory, which starred Lenny Henry and Amanda Redman, Being April, with Pauline Quirk, police drama The Bill, Doctors and Organised, Sky1 series Mile High and Mary, with Julie Graham and Martin Clunes, Judge John Deed, the flash-back episode of BBC soap opera EastEnders, which aired in 2005, Holby City and DCI Banks, her most recent performance is in the BBC series Doctor Foster, as a captivating waitress, with the famous quote of "here's your water" Williams' film credits include Anything's Possible, which featured Steven Webb, another guest character of drama series Bad Girls. In 2003 she starred in the television film Hill. Williams is a well-known theatre actress, having been cast in a number of productions such as The William Shakespeare plays Romeo and Juliet, As You Like It, King Lear and Henry IV, Part 1 & Part 2.

She has played many voice characters for radio plays which have been broadcast on channels including BBC Radio 4. Black Hearts in Battersea... Dido Twait The Adventures of Paddington Bear... Judy Plotlands... Joan Marsh Anything's Possible... Reece Grange Hill... Zoe Stringer Casualty... Gemma Foster Hope and Glory... Chloe McConnell The Sins... Beth Anne Frank: The Whole Story... Hannah'Hannalei' Goslar Bad Girls... Rhiannon Dawson Being April... Martha The Bill... Vicki Casson Serious & Organised... Nadia Lloyd & Hill... Hannah Ouspensky Mile High... Gemma William and Mary... Paula Canterbury Tales... Amy Healey Judge John Deed... Kate Rogers EastEnders... Madge Life and Lyrics... Lady Gees Hush Your Mouth... Patricia Stolen Youth... The Girl Holby City... Esme Kennedy DCI Banks... Gerry Siddons Doctors... Angela Prior. Nurse Anya Barowski The Dark of the Moon... Puff — King's Head Theatre Legacy... Roishin — Soho Theatre'Low Dat... Donna — Birmingham Repertory Theatre The Rise & Fall of Little Voice... Little Voice — Harrogate Theatre Market Boy'...

Girl — National Theatre I Like Mine With a Kiss... Freya — Bush Theatre Chatroom/Citizenship... Eva/Kerry — National Theatre/Hong Kong Arts Festival Piranha Heights... Soho Theatre Romeo and Juliet... Juliet — Shakespeare Globe Theatre/UK tour The Little Prince... Little Prince — Hamstead Theatre A New World... Philly — Shakespeare Globe Theatre As You Like It... Phoebe — Shakespeare Globe Theatre Shraddha... Pearl Penfold — Soho Theatre Henry IV, Part 1... Doll Tearsheet/Lady Mortimer — Shakespeare Globe Theatre Henry IV, Part 2... Doll Tearsheet/Lady Mortimer — Shakespeare Globe Theatre Bedlam — Shakespeare Globe In Basildon... Shelley — Royal Court Theatre Palace of the End... Lynndie — Arcola Theatre God of Soho... Teresa — Shakespeare Globe Theatre Doctor Faustus... Dutchess of Vanholt/Sin — Shakespeare Globe Theatre Sons Without Fathers... Maria — Belgrade Theatre/Arcola Theatre Westway... Jessica Boyce The Day the Planes Came... Polly What Is She Doing Here?... Antigone Arcadia... Thomasina... The Birds...

Maggie The Family Man... Isobel The Mother of...... Libby The Third Trial... Jeannie Secrets... Treasure/India The Chronicles of Narnia... Jill Pole Needle... Edith Marnie... Marnie The Gate of Angels... Daisy Saunders Five Wedding Dresses - Th