Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of 2018, the population was 216,072, its county seat is Green Cove Springs. It is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay County was created on December 1858, from a section of Duval County, it is named in honor of Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Clay County was once a popular destination for tourists because of mild climate. Steamboats brought them to various hotels in Green Cove Springs such as the St. Elmo and the Oakland. President Grover Cleveland was the most prominent of such tourists and had spring water shipped to the White House. Clay County's popularity among tourists peaked during the last three decades of the 19th century. Tourism waned because of Henry Flagler's extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to other destinations like Palm Beach and Miami; the military has played an important role in Clay County history.
In 1939, Camp Blanding opened on Kingsley Lake in southwest Clay County. The Florida National Guard developed this 28,000 acres complex. During World War II, it trained over 90,000 troops and became the fourth largest "city" in the state. In Green Cove Springs, Lee Field was a flight training center. After World War II, Lee Field became a base for the mothball fleet. Although Lee Field closed in the early 1960s, Camp Blanding continues to operate today as a base for military training. Clay County is a popular choice of residence for military personnel stationed on bases in nearby Duval County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 644 square miles, of which 604 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Alachua County, Florida - southwest Duval County, Florida - north St. Johns County, Florida - east Putnam County, Florida - south Bradford County, Florida - west Baker County, Florida - northwest Keystone Heights Airport US 17 US 301 SR 16 SR 21 SR 23 SR 100 As of the census of 2010, there were 190,865 people, 65,356 households, 39,390 families residing in the county.
The majority of Clay County's population is located in the northeastern region where large suburban communities have been built. Orange Park and the surrounding area have the majority of the population. Green Cove Springs area has the lower population spread west and south, along with the small city of Keystone Heights, which lies at the southwestern end of the county. Although the population of Clay County is high, the majority of the county is still rural and consists of many farms connected by county roads; the population density was 234 people per square mile. There were 73,208 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.8% White, 9.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, with Puerto Ricans being the majority of the Hispanic population. There were 50,243 households, out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.60% were non-families.
16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,854, the median income for a family was $53,814. Males had a median income of $36,683 versus $25,488 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,868. About 5.10% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over. According to the Florida Times-Union, in October 2004, there were 106,114 registered voters in Clay County. According to the Florida Department of State, Republicans account for a majority of registered voters in Clay County.
For its size of population, Clay County is one of the most reliably Republican counties in the state during presidential elections outside of the Panhandle, although it does support conservative Democrats for local and state offices. Clay County Historical and Railroad Museum, Green Cove Springs. Middleburg Historical Museum, Middleburg. Black Heritage Museum, Middleburg. Camp Blanding Museum, Camp Blanding; the Clay County School District operates 42 public schools. There are 28 elementary schools, five junior high schools, six high schools, one jr/sr high school; the Clay County Public Library System consists of five branches: Green Cove Springs Library Headquarters Library Keystone Heights Library Middleburg-Clay Hill Library Orange Park LibraryThe first public library in Clay County was made up of a small collection established by the Village Improvement Association within the county. Other small libraries were established by other organizations within Clay County. In 1961, representatives from different women’s organizations in the county started a movement to establish a library system within the county, resulted in the Clay County Board of County Commissioners beginning to set aside funds to cre
Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune led a French division against the British in 1811–1813 during the Peninsular War. He is referred to as Maucune in English-language sources, he joined the pioneer corps of the French army in 1786 and was a lieutenant by the time the French Revolutionary Wars broke out. He fought in the north in 1792 and in the Alps in 1793. Afterward he served in Italy through 1801. During this period, he fought at Arcole in 1796 and at the Trebbia and Genola in 1799, he was led it in the 1800 campaign. During the Napoleonic Wars Maucune led the 39th in Marshal Michel Ney's VI Corps at Elchingen in the 1805 campaign and at Jena, Magdeburg and Eylau in the 1806–1807 campaign. Promoted to general officer, he led a brigade at Friedland in 1807. In Spain from 1808 and 1811, he commanded a brigade at Gallegos, Alba de Tormes, Ciudad Rodrigo, Bussaco, Casal Novo, Fuentes de Onoro. In May 1811, the army was reorganized and Maucune was promoted to lead a division; this started a period of remarkable bad luck.
At Salamanca in July 1812, his isolated division was wrecked by a combination of British infantry and cavalry attacks led by Lieutenant-general Stapleton Cotton. In June 1813, the British surprised his troops at San Millán de la Cogolla; the division helped fight off the Allied pursuit at Tolosa. His division was scattered at the Bidassoa in October. After these defeats, Marshal Nicolas Soult replaced him with Jean François Leval. Sent to Italy, he was defeated at the Taro River in April 1814 while defending against three-to-one odds. Maucune is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe on Column 35. Maucune was adjutant to General of Division François Watrin at the Battle of the Trebbia. On the second day of battle, 19 June 1799, he led some troops in an attack along the south bank of the Po River. Acerbi, Enrico. "The 1799 Campaign in Italy: Battle of the Trebbia June 1799: The Second Day". The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 2 February 2014. Barthorp, Michael. Wellington's Generals. Osprey Publishing.
ISBN 978-0-85045-299-0. Gates, David; the Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9730-6. Glover, Michael; the Peninsular War 1807-1814. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-141-39041-7. Mullié, Charles. Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 a 1850. Paris. Pelet, Jean Jacques. Horward, Donald D.. The French Campaign in Portugal 1810-1811. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-0658-7. Smith, Digby; the Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9
Trabecula laxa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies. The milk-white, smooth shell has a pupiform shape; the length of the shell varies between 4.3 mm. There are at least two small whorls in the protoconch, they form a depressed helicoid spire, whose axis is at right angles to that of the succeeding turns, in the first of which it is about two-thirds immersed. The six whorls of the teleoconch are inflated and sculptured throughout, they are contracted at the sutures, roundedly shouldered at the summit. A spiral sculpture is wanting, they are marked by flexuose axial ribs, which are only feebly expressed on the first. On the second there are 18, on the third 20, 22 upon the fourth, 28 upon the penultimate turn, upon which there is a strong varix; the intercostal spaces are about one and one-half times as wide as the ribs, well impressed. The sutures are constricted; the periphery and the base of the body whorl well rounded. They are marked by the continuations of the axial ribs.
The aperture is broadly oval. The posterior angle is obtuse; the outer lip is thin, showing the external sculpture within. The columella is slender curved, revolute, it is provided with a weak fold at its insertion. This marine species occurs in the following locations: Gulf of Mexico at depths between 17 mm and 73 m. Bartsch, P. 1955. The pyramidellid mollusks of the Pliocene deposits of North St. Petersburg, Florida. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 125: iii + 102 pp. 18 pls. To Encyclopedia of Life To ITIS To World Register of Marine Species
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz was a Polish poet and statesman. He was a leading advocate for the Constitution of 3 May 1791. Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz was born 6 February 1758 in Skoki, near Brest in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Niemcewicz, scion of a moderately well-to-do Polish noble family, graduated from the Warsaw Corps of Cadets. After graduating from the Corps of Cadets, he subsequently served as aide to Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski and visited France and Italy. Niemcewicz served as a deputy to the Great Sejm of 1788–1792 and was an active member of the Patriotic Party that pushed through adoption of the historic Constitution of 3 May 1791, he was subsequently a founder of the Friends of the Constitution, formed to support the implementation of that progressive document. After the victory of the Targowica Confederation in 1792 and the consequent overthrow of the May 3 Constitution, along with other Patriotic Party members, emigrated to Germany. During the Kościuszko Uprising in 1795, Niemcewicz served as aide to Tadeusz Kościuszko.
Both were captured by the Russians at the Battle of Maciejowice in 1794 and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress at St. Petersburg along with Niemcewicz's aide-de-camp named Kuźniewski. In 1796, on the death of Tsaritsa Catherine the Great, they were released by Tsar Paul I and made their way together to the United States, where he visited Niagara Falls. Niemcewicz was upset. After Napoleon's 1807 invasion of Poland, Niemcewicz returned to Warsaw and was made secretary of the senate. After the Congress of Vienna, he was secretary of state and president of the constitutional committee in Poland. In the years of the Kingdom of Poland Niemcewicz was the central figure of Polish cultural life and his moral influence was sometimes compared with political and military strength of Grand Duke Constantine. On 11 May 1830, he unveiled a new landmark before the Staszic Palace, the seat of the Society of Friends of Science in Warsaw — a monument to Nicolaus Copernicus sculpted by Bertel Thorvaldsen.
During the failed November Uprising of 1830–31, Niemcewicz was a member of the insurrectionary Polish government. In the final months of the Uprising the poet went on a diplomatic mission to London and he remained in exile, first in Britain in France, until his death in 1841; as a writer, Niemcewicz tried many styles of composition. His political comedy, The Return of the Deputy, enjoyed great acclaim, his novel, John of Tenczyn, written in the style of Sir Walter Scott, gives a vigorous picture of old Poland. He wrote a History of the Reign of Sigismund III and a collection of memoirs for ancient Polish history. Niemcewicz's 1817 pamphlet Rok 3333 czyli sen niesłychany, first published posthumously in 1858, describes a Poland transformed into a sinister Judeo-Polonia; the pamphlet has been described as "the first Polish work to develop on a large scale the concept of an organized Jewish conspiracy directly threatening the existing social structure." His collected works were published in 47 volumes at Leipzig in 1838-40.
While in the United States, Niemcewicz met and married the wealthy widow, Mrs. Livingston Kean in 1800 who had hired him as a tutor for her son Peter Kean. Susan, a member of the Livingston family, was the daughter of Peter Van Brugh Livingston and the widow of John Kean, a delegate from South Carolina to the Continental Congress, he died on 21 May 1841 in Paris, aged 83, was buried at Champeaux Cemetery in Montmorency, Val-d'Oise. Władysław pod Warną Kazimierz Wielki Powrót posła Na hersztów targowieckich Podróże historyczne po ziemiach polskich Śpiewy historyczne Dzieje panowania Zygmunta III Notes SourcesJulian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Under Their Vine and Fig Tree: Travels through America in 1797-1799, 1805, Mechie J. Budka, editor; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Niemcewicz, Julian Ursin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Marek Żukow-Karczewski, Niemcewicz mniej znany, "Życie Literackie", No. 27, 1989, p. 10. Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz at Find a Grave Correspondence from George Washington to Count Niemcewicz on 14 June 1798
The 2012–13 Central Coast Mariners season was the Central Coast Mariners's eighth A-League season. It included the 2012–13 A-League season as well as the 2013 AFC Champions League. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. All times listed in Gosford local time; as of 22 May 2013 Australia U20 Player of the year: Mathew Ryan A-League Young Player of the Month: Tom Rogic A-League Young Player of the Month: Bernie Ibini-Isei A-League Young Player of the Month: Trent Sainsbury 2012-13 A-League Golden Boot: Daniel McBreen Joe Marston Medal: Daniel McBreen PFA A-League Team of the Year: Daniel McBreen, Michael McGlinchey, Trent Sainsbury Official website
The Battle in Shakhtarsk Raion began on 16 July 2014, when the Armed Forces of Ukraine began an attempt to cut off insurgent supply lines from Russia. Fighting broke out around the towns of Marynivka, Stepanivka and the strategic hill of Savur-Mohyla, it spread to the cities of Snizhne and Torez. While the battle was in progress, a civilian passenger airliner, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, was shot down near Hrabove. Amidst a wide counter-offensive by the insurgents and their Russian backers across Donbass, government troops were forced out of Shakhtarsk Raion on 26 August. From 6 April, as part of the rising unrest in Ukraine in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, insurgents affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic captured towns and cities across Donetsk Oblast, including Shakhtarsk Raion; the raion is in a crucial position between the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, Russia. Government forces launched an offensive against insurgent forces in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine on 7 April, resulting in the War in Donbass.
War reached Shakhtarsk Raion on 16 July, after insurgents retreated from most of northern Donetsk Oblast. Fighting took place across the raion, in an attempt by the government to cut-off insurgent supply lines, to reach the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. DPR-affiliated insurgents launched an offensive on neighbouring government-controlled Marynivka from village of Stepanivka on 16 July. Ukrainian forces said that they retook Stepanivka from the insurgents on 29 July, advanced towards nearby Pervomaisk. According to an 11 August report, the village appeared have been completely destroyed by shelling during the fighting across the raion. Stepanivka returned to insurgent control on 14 August. Marynivka is a border town located in the southern Donetsk Oblast, its position on the border made control of it important to maintaining insurgent supply-lines. Insurgents launched an offensive on National Guard of Ukraine positions in the town on 16 July, after breaking through encirclement by government forces in neighbouring Stepanivka.
Fighting spread to the nearby village of Tarany. During this offensive, the insurgents used tanks and anti-tank missiles against government forces. Insurgents held Marynivka until the National Guard was able to repel their offensive and force them to retreat to Stepanivka. On, the insurgents said that had recaptured Marynivka. Insurgent spokesman Sergei Kavtaradze said that one insurgent had been killed, while fifteen were injured. Insurgent commander Igor Girkin said that DPR insurgents destroyed two Ukrainian armoured vehicles and captured one. Ukrainian forces came under continued attack by the insurgents in Marynivka, despite managing to hold onto control of it on 16 July. On the day after the first insurgent offensive, government forces repelled another four attacks, destroyed three tanks, two armoured personnel carriers, two other combat vehicles. Mortar fire from Russia rained down on the Marynivka border crossing on 25 July. Government forces said they shot down at least three Russian unmanned aerial vehicles on the same day.
Insurgents said that they left the area on 31 July, after near-constant fighting with government forces. Despite this, Ukrainian positions in and around Marynivka were shelled by Grad rockets and mortars on 1 August. Insurgents launched a new offensive on Marynivka on 14 August. After fierce fighting with government forces in the vicinity of the border crossing, the town was captured by the insurgents. On 3 August, a Ukrainian Su-25 jet was shot down near Dmytrivka, but the pilot safely ejected from his plane. Savur-Mohyla is a strategically important hill near the Russia-Ukraine border, overlooks the villages of Dmytrivka and Marynivka. DPR-affiliated insurgents used the hill to shell the government-controlled village of Marynivka on 16 July, amidst an offensive by the insurgents on that village. In response, the Air Force of Ukraine attacked insurgents positions on the hill, whilst the insurgents tried to repel this attack by firing anti-aircraft guns at Air Force aeroplanes. Government forces near that were encircled near the hill tried to break out of encirclement and rout the insurgents on it.
Ukrainian fighter jets were shot down near the hill on 23 July. A report by the Ukrainian government said that the shoot-downs were caused by missiles fired from Russia. Insurgent commander Igor Girkin said that DPR fighters shot down one of the planes, that the pilot ejected. Ukrainian forces said; as a result, a corridor was created to resupply units. Intense fighting in the area continued on 31 July. Insurgents attacked Ukrainian positions on the hill from the nearby city of Snizhne on 5 August. A spokesman for the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine said on 6 August that Ukrainian forces on Savur-Mohyla had come into contact with pro-Russian insurgents twenty-five times in the past twenty-four hours. Amidst a wide counter-offensive by insurgents forces across the Donbass on 26 August, Savur-Mohyla was recaptured by DPR-affiliated forces. Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, shot down with a Buk surface-to-air missile near Hrabove, about 10 kilometres from Shakhtarsk, on 17 July.
All 283 passengers and 15 crew died in the shoot-down. According to DPR forces, a National Guard convoy entered Shakhtarsk from the north on 27 July. Air raid sirens were heard, heavy fighting erupted, street battles took place across the city. Insurgents attacked government forces from the south, but retreated. Reinforcements from neighbouring Snizhne arrived to assist the embattled DPR insurgents. Subsequently, the Armed Forces of Ukra