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Clemens Brentano

Clemens Wenzeslaus Brentano was a German poet and novelist, a major figure of German Romanticism. He was the uncle, via his brother Christian, of Lujo Brentano. Clemens Brentano was born to Peter Anton Brentano and Maximiliane von La Roche, a wealthy merchant family in Frankfurt on 9 September 1778, his father's family was of Italian descent. His sister was writer Bettina von Arnim, who, at a young age and corresponded with Goethe, and, in 1835, published the correspondence as Goethes Briefwechsel mit einem Kinde. Clemens Brentano studied in Halle and Jena, afterwards residing at Heidelberg and Berlin, he was close to Wieland, Goethe, Friedrich Schlegel and Tieck. From 1798 to 1800 Brentano lived in the first center of the romantic movement. In 1801, he moved to Göttingen, became a friend of Achim von Arnim, he married writer Sophie Mereau on 29 October 1803. In 1804, he moved to Heidelberg and worked with Arnim on Zeitungen für Einsiedler and Des Knaben Wunderhorn. After his wife Sophie died in 1806 he married a second time in 1807 to Auguste Bussmann.

In the years between 1808 and 1818, Brentano lived in Berlin, from 1819 to 1824 in Dülmen, Westphalia. In 1818, weary of his somewhat restless and unsettled life, he returned to the practice of the Catholic faith and withdrew to the monastery of Dülmen, where he lived for some years in strict seclusion, he took on there the position of secretary to the Catholic visionary nun, the Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich. It was claimed that from 1802 until her death, she bore the wounds of the Crown of Thorns, from 1812, the full stigmata, a cross over her heart and the wound from the lance. Clemens Brentano made her acquaintance in 1818 and remained at the foot of the stigmatist's bed copying her dictation until 1824; when she died, he prepared an index of the visions and revelations from her journal, The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. One of these visions made known by Brentano resulted in the actual identification of the real House of the Virgin Mary in Ephesus by Abbé Julien Gouyet, a French priest, during 1881.

However, some posthumous investigations in 1923 and 1928 made it uncertain how much of the books he attributed to Emmerich were his own creation and the works were discarded for her beatification process. The latter part of his life he spent in Regensburg and Munich engaged in promoting the Catholic faith. Brentano assisted Ludwig Achim von Arnim, his brother-in-law, in the collection of folk-songs forming Des Knaben Wunderhorn, which Gustav Mahler drew upon for his song cycle, he died in Aschaffenburg. Brentano, whose early writings were published under the pseudonym Maria, belonged to the Heidelberg group of German romantic writers, his works are marked by excess of fantastic imagery and by abrupt, bizarre modes of expression, his first published writings were Satiren und poetische Spiele, a romance Godwi oder Das steinerne Bild der Mutter, a musical drama Die lustigen Musikanten. Of his dramas the best are Victoria und ihre Geschwister and Die Grundung Prags. On the whole his finest work is the collection of Romanzen vom Rosenkranz.

Brentano's collected works, edited by his brother Christian, appeared at Frankfurt in 9 vols.. Selections have been edited by J. B. Diel, M. Koch, J. Dohmke. See J. B. Diel and William Kreiten, Klemens Brentano, the introduction to Koch's edition, R. Steig, A. von Arnim und K. Brentano. In his honor the Clemens Brentano prize is awarded for German literature. Richard Strauss set six poems by Brentano in Sechs Lieder, Op. 68, in 1918, which are known as his Brentano Lieder. Brentano's work is referenced in Thomas Mann's novel Doctor Faustus. A cycle of thirteen songs, based on Brentano's poems, is noted in Chapter XXI as one of the composer protagonist's most significant early works. Eingang Frühlingsschrei eines Knechtes Abendständchen Lore Lay Auf dem Rhein Wiegenlied An Sophie Mereau Ich wollt ein Sträusslein binden Der Spinnerin Lied Aus einem kranken Herzen Hast du nicht mein Glück gesehen? Frühes Lied Schwanenlied Nachklänge Beethovenscher Musik Romanzen vom Rosenkranz Einsam will ich untergehn Rückblick Die Barmherzigen Schwestern in Bezug auf Armen- und Krankenpflege Lehrjahre Jesu Part I and II.

Jungfrau Maria ISBN 3-557-91005-9, ISBN 978-3-557-91005-3, ISBN 3-7171-0961-8, ISBN 978-3-7171-0961-7 Biographie der Anna Katharina Emmerick Tagebuchaufzeichnungen: Geheimnisse des Alten und des Neuen Bund

John McGrath (playwright)

John Peter McGrath was a British playwright and theatre theorist who took up the cause of Scottish independence in his plays. From an Irish Catholic background, McGrath was born in Birkenhead, educated in Mold and, after his National Service, at St John's College, Oxford. During the early 1960s he worked for the BBC, wrote and directed many of the early episodes of the Corporation's police series Z-Cars which began in 1962, he is remembered as a playwright and for his theoretical formulation of the principles of a radical, popular theatre. The 7:84 Theatre Company was established in 1971 by McGrath, his wife and her brother, The Cheviot, the Stag, the Black Black Oil, his best-known play, was created with these principles in mind, it utilizes some of the dramaturgical and theatrical techniques of epic theatre – actors take on multiple roles and slip out of character – of the type associated with the German dramatist Bertolt Brecht, but which McGrath argued have a genealogy that stretches far further back through the history of popular traditions of performance.

The title of the play refers to three pivotal periods in the history of class struggle in Scotland: the clearing of the Scottish highlands to make way for grazing land, the subsequent use of this land by the wealthy for shooting, its current exploitation in the oil market. These changes are identified as forming a recurrent pattern of abuse of the land and the exploitation of the people by outsiders and by wealthier locals, it was broadcast in the BBC's Play for Today series in 1974. He adapted the satirical morality play A Satire of the Three Estates by David Lyndsay as a contemporary morality A Satire of the Four Estaites, presented by Wildcat Theatre Company at the Edinburgh International Conference Centre as part of the Edinburgh International Festival in 1996; this production featured Sylvester McCoy. In 1962 he had married Elizabeth MacLennan, the Scottish actress, whom he had met while they were both at Oxford University. McGrath died from leukemia in January 2002. According to Michael Billington in his obituary for The Guardian: "No one since Joan Littlewood did more to advance the cause of popular theatre in Britain than John McGrath".

Kershaw, Baz. 1992. The Politics of Performance: Radical Theatre as Cultural Intervention. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-05763-9. MacLennan, Elizabeth. 1990. The Moon Belongs to Everyone: Making Theatre with 7:84. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-64150-3. McGrath, John. 1981. A Good Night Out: Popular Theatre: Audience and Form. London: Nick Hern Books, 1996. ISBN 1-85459-370-6. McGrath, John. 1990. The Bone Won't Break: On Hope in Hard Times. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-63260-1. McGrath, John. 1996. Six-Pack: Plays for Scotland. Edinburgh: Polygon. ISBN 0-7486-6201-4. Schechter, Joel, ed. 2003. Popular Theatre: A Sourcebook. Worlds of Performance Ser. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-25830-8. John McGrath on IMDb

Stateville Correctional Center

Stateville Correctional Center is a maximum security state prison for men in Crest Hill, United States, near Chicago. It is a part of the Illinois Department of Corrections. Opened in 1925, Stateville was built to accommodate 1,506 inmates. Parts of the prison were designed according to the panopticon concept proposed by the British philosopher and prison reformer, Jeremy Bentham. Stateville's "F-House" cellhouse known as a "roundhouse", has a panopticon layout which features an armed tower in the center of an open area surrounded by several tiers of cells. F-House was the only remaining "roundhouse" still in use in the United States in the 1990s, it was closed in late 2016 but the structure will remain standing due to its historical significance. A duplicate of the prison, the Presidio Modelo, opened in Cuba in 1936, but has since been abandoned. In 2009 a 40-year-old man from Chicago, Richard Conner, murdered a 37-year-old Will County man named Jameson Leezer, who had originated from Lisle and Bolingbrook.

Both were inmates placed in the same solitary confinement cell together. The killing made the state of Illinois change its rules in housing two prisoners together during solitary confinement; the Stateville Correctional Center was one of three sites in which executions were carried out by electrocution in Illinois. Between 1928 and 1962, the electric chair was used 13 times at Stateville, including the state's first electrocutions on December 15, 1928 of three convicted murderers; the state's other electrocutions were carried out at the Menard Correctional Center in Chester and at the Cook County Jail in Chicago. When the method was changed to lethal injection, Stateville was the only site where executions were carried out until 1998 when death row was relocated to the Tamms Correctional Center in Tamms, Illinois. In March 2011 Governor Pat Quinn signed into law legislation ending the death penalty in the state of Illinois. Today the prison holds an average of over 3,500, at an annual cost of over $32,000 per prisoner.

Stateville's 1,300 employees make it a Level 1 facility. There is a minimum security unit referred to as the Stateville Farm, a Level 7 facility, located within the new Northern Reception Center, located just south of the main facility; the Northern Reception Center, accepts incoming prisoners from the county jails in the northern two-thirds of the state. Stateville is located two miles north of Joliet, Illinois, on a site of over 2,200 acres, of which 64 acres are surrounded by a 33-foot concrete perimeter with 10 wall towers. Stateville is confused with the former Joliet Correctional Center, which closed in 2002. Located in the nearby city of Joliet, the former Joliet Prison is smaller, it is located about 2.5 miles southeast of Stateville on the corner of Woodruff Rd. and Collins St. across the Illinois and Michigan Canal. John Wayne Gacy – Serial killer and rapist convicted of the murders and rape of 33 boys and young men in 1980. Transferred from the Menard Correctional Center to Stateville Correctional Center for execution via lethal injection on May 9, 1994, declared dead at 12:58 a.m. the following morning.

Jordan Hill – One of the four participants in the 2017 Chicago Torture Incident of a mentally disabled man, captured on Facebook live. Nathan Leopold – Transferred from Joliet. Half of the famous 1924 Leopold and Loeb case. Richard Loeb - Transferred from Joliet. Other half of the famous 1924 Leopold and Loeb case. Richard Speck – Convicted April 15, 1967 of murdering eight women. Paul Modrowski – Convicted February 17, 1995 of first degree murder of Dean Fawcett. Edward Spreitzer - Convicted April 2, 1984 for his participation in the murders of an estimated 18 women at the hands of a satanic cult known as the Chicago Ripper Crew, he was formally given the death penalty on March 20, 1986. Governor Ryan granted him clemency in 2003. After 17 years on death row, his sentence was reduced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Floyd Cummings - Served 12 years for murder and became a noted professional boxer, tying in a fight with Joe Frazier. In the 1940s through the 1960s, the US Army tested malaria vaccines on the prisoners, who in return received good time considerations.

See main article, Stateville Penitentiary Malaria Study. Stateville is where Loeb were incarcerated. Stateville was where Richard Speck was housed, where the infamous Speck videotapes were shot. Before Tamms Correctional Center was opened, executions were performed at Stateville. A photograph of the interior of the F-House is used to demonstrate the concept of the panopticon in some editions of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish. MSNBC created a documentary about the Stateville Correctional Center: MSNBC Investigates Lockup; the prison-riot footage and scenes of a prison warden rushing down a hallway in a herd of reporters in the 1994 film Natural Born Killers were filmed in vacant buildings at Stateville while most of the prison was still in use housing inmates. Actual inmates played extras during the riot scene with rubber guns. After three weeks of shooting the inmates caused an actual riot and the remainder of the film was filmed elsewhere; the roundhouse was featured in the main scenes.

John Wayne Gacy was executed at Stateville. The characters on the ABC soap operas All My Children, One Life to Live, General Hospital and the CBS soap opera As the World Turns are sent to a fictional version of Stateville to serve prison time. In the fictional TV and movie universe

Hatlerdorf

Hatlerdorf is the second precinct of the City of Dornbirn. Hatlerdorf is most the oldest settled area in Dornbirn. Late - in 1902, a year after Dornbirn's elevation to municipal status - "Niederdorf", Hatlerdorf and Haselstauden were declared to be the four precincts of the new municipality. In 1994 the new areas in the northwestern part of the precinct were made precincts themselves - the 5th precinct Rohrbach and the 6th precinct Schoren. For a long time Hatlerdorf was predominantly agricultural, it continues to play a leading role within Dornbirn's important agricultural sector. During times of industrialization large textile enterprises settled on the southern edge of the precinct. Today, Hatlerdorf is becoming an industrial center, with such larger firms as Zumtobel Lighting, the Vorarlberg Spar Central Offices and Distribution, J. M. Fußenegger, the EHG Steel Center, Blum Fittings. Hatlerdorf has its own post office, several bank branches, the Catholic parish St. Leopold, the Dornbirn Municipal Hospital and a residential care home for the elderly.

The L 190 highway cuts through the precinct. Shortly before reaching the 1. Bezirk it crosses the L 204 Lustenauer Strasse; the Rheintal/Walgau Autobahn passes through the precinct area, but the closest direct connection is Dornbirn South. Since the opening of the Vorarlberg Railway Vorarlbergbahn in 1872 Hatlerdorf has had its own railroad station. Hatlerdorf extends from the Dornbirn Ach Dornbirner Ach in the northeast and the foot of the Karren mountain in the southeast out into the Rhine valley plain, bordering in the west on Lustenau and in the south on Hohenems; this Neo-Romantic church in Hatlerdorf was built after the plans of the Bavarian Court Building Inspector "Eduard von Riedel". The external structure was renovated in 1977

List of clubs in the German football championship

This is a list of all clubs that have taken part in the German football championship from 1903 to 1963, in the era when the national championship was decided by a finals round with a national title game at the end. The German football championship was first won by VfB Leipzig. In 1904, the championship was not completed due to a protest by Karlsruher FV about a technicality, with all games but the final played; the competition was held again in 1905 and, from on, annually. The championship was interrupted by the World War I, not held from 1915 to 1920, when football returned to more organised fashion after the disruptions caused by the war. In 1922, the final was inconclusive and Hamburger SV was declared champions but declined the honor. After this, a championship was held every season until 1944. With the expansion of Nazi Germany, clubs from occupied territories or annexed countries took part in the competition, including teams from Austria, Luxembourg and Czechoslovakia; the German championship resumed in 1948, three years after the end of the World War II.

Germany, now reduced in size was divided into four occupation zones. The clubs from the Saar protectorate remained within the German football league system for the most part and continued to take part in the national championship. East German clubs did not. SC Planitz, the team from Zwickau, in Saxony qualified for the 1948 championships at Nuremberg, but was refused a travel permit by the Soviet authorities. After 1948, no clubs from the East entered the championship again; the German championship continued to operate in this form until 1963, when the system was superseded by the Bundesliga as a means of determining the national champion. With thirty-one appearances, Hamburger SV holds the record, while 1. FC Nürnberg won the most titles, followed by FC Schalke 04 with seven; the now defunct VfB Königsberg has the most appearances in the national finals without reaching the championship game, sixteen. Bold denotes champions and championship-winning seasons. Italics denotes. Kicker Allmanach 1990, by kicker, page 160 & 178 - German championship Pre-1933 Football leagues in Germany Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv Germany - Championships 1902-1945 at Rec.

Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation Hirschi's Fussballseiten - History of German football and tables up until 1933

Telangana Minority Residential Education

The Telangana State Government in southern India established the Telangana Minorities Residential Educational Institutions Society in the year 2015 to provide high-quality educational infrastructure for the poor children of minority community. Telangana State Chief Minister Mr. K. Chandrashekar Rao, Mr. Mohammad Mahmood Ali - Deputy Chief Minister, K. Srihari TS Minister of Education, Mr. A. K. Khan -Director General, Anti-Corruption Bureau, Mr. Syed Omar Jaleel, IAS. Secretary / Director Minorities Welfare Department and political parties keenly participated in the formation of the society and residential schools; the Sachar committee in its study found that the literacy in Indian Muslims are much below the national average and there is a significant inverse association between the proportion of the Muslim population and the availability of educational infrastructure. Considering the backwardness of the community, the government have launched 71 high-quality infrastructure residential schools for the academic year 2016 - 2017 and plan to launch about 70 more additional schools next year.

The spending is around Rs. 80,000 on a student per year. TMREIS/Telangana Minority Residential School list: Telangana Minorities Residential Education Institutions Society locations of residential schools. Sample source