The Cleveland Museum of Art is an art museum in Cleveland, located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on the city's east side. Internationally renowned for its substantial holdings of Asian and Egyptian art, the museum houses a diverse permanent collection of more than 61,000 works of art from around the world; the museum provides general admission free to the public. With a $755 million endowment, it is the fourth-wealthiest art museum in the United States. With about 770,000 visitors annually, it is one of the most visited art museums in the world; the Cleveland Museum of Art was founded as a trust in 1913 with an endowment from prominent Cleveland industrialists Hinman Hurlbut, John Huntington, Horace Kelley. The neoclassical, white Georgian Marble, Beaux-Arts building was constructed on the southern edge of Wade Park, at the cost of $1.25 million. Wade Park and the museum were designed by the local architectural firm, Hubbell & Benes, with the museum planned as the park's centerpiece.
The 75-acre green space takes its name from philanthropist Jeptha H. Wade, who donated part of his wooded estate to the city in 1881; the museum opened its doors to the public on June 6, 1916, with Wade's grandson, Jeptha H. Wade II, proclaiming it, "for the benefit of all people, forever". Wade, like his grandfather, had a great interest in art and served as the museum's first vice-president. Today, the park, with the museum still as its centerpiece, is on the National Register of Historic Places. In March 1958, the first addition to the building opened; this addition, on the north side of the original building, was designed by the Cleveland architectural firm of Hayes and Ruth. They designed a new art library; the museum again expanded in 1971 with the opening of the North Wing. With its stepped, two-toned granite facade, the addition designed by modernist architect Marcel Breuer provided angular lines in distinct contrast with the flourishes of the 1916 building's neoclassical facade; the museum's main entrance was shifted to the North Wing.
The auditorium and lecture halls were moved into the North Wing, allowing their spaces in the Original Building to be renovated as gallery space. In 1983, a West Wing, designed by the Cleveland architectural firm of Dalton, van Dijk, Johnson, & Partners, was completed; this provided larger library space, as well as nine new galleries. Between 2001 and 2012, the 1958 and 1983 additions were demolished. A new wrap-around building, east and west wings were constructed. Designed by Rafael Viñoly, this $350 million project doubled the museum's size to 592,000 square feet. To integrate the new east and west wings with the Breuer building to the north, a new structure was built along the south side of the 1971 addition, creating extensive new gallery space on two levels, as well as providing for a museum store and other amenities. Viñoly covered the space created by the demolition of the 1958 and 1983 structures with a glass-roofed atrium; the east wing opened in 2009, the north wing and atrium in 2012.
The West Wing opened on January 2, 2014. The museum's building and renovation project, "Building for the Future", began in 2005 and was targeted for completion in 2012 at projected costs of $258 million; the museum celebrated the official completion of the renovation and expansion project with a grand opening celebration held on December 31, 2013, additional activities that continued through the first week of 2014. The $350 million project—two-thirds of, earmarked for the complete renovation of the original 1916 structure—added two new wings, was the largest cultural project in Ohio's history; the new east and west wings, as well as the enclosing of the atrium courtyard under a soaring glass canopy, have brought the museum's total floor space to 592,000 square feet. The first phase of the project had $9.3 million in cost overruns. Museum director Timothy Rub assured the public that the increase in quality would be worth both the wait and expense. In June 2008, after being closed for nearly three years for the overhaul, the museum reopened 19 of its permanent galleries to the public in the renovated 1916 building main floor.
On June 27, 2009, the newly constructed East Wing opened to the public. On June 26, 2010, the ground level of the 1916 building reopened, it now houses the collections of Greek, Egyptian, Sub-Saharan African and Medieval art. The expanded museum includes enhanced visitor amenities, such as new restrooms, an expanded store and café, a sit-down gourmet restaurant, parking capacity increased to 620 spaces, a 34,000 square feet glass-covered courtyard. Wade Park includes an outdoor gallery displaying part of the museum's holdings in the Wade Park Fine Arts Garden; the bulk of this collection is located between the original 1916 main entrance to the building and the lagoon. Highlights of the public sculpture include the large cast of Chester Beach's 1927 Fountain of the Waters. Auguste Rodin's The Thinker is installed at the top of the museum's main staircase. After being destroyed in a 1970 bombing, the statue was never restored. Art historians knew that Rodin was involved in the original casti
Berberis laurina is a spiny and woody, evergreen shrub belonging to the barberries in the family Berberidaceae. It may grow to up to 2½ m high; the leaves are bluish green, may turn yellow or red during autumn and winter. It has drooping racemes of light yellow flowers; the species is endemic to Argentina. The local name in Uruguay is espina amarilla. Berberis laurina is a spiny and woody shrub, up to 2½ m high, evergreen or with semi-persistent foliage; the leaves are bluish green, may turn yellow or red during autumn and winter. The species is occurs in the wild in Uruguay, southern Brazil and the Misiones province in the east of Argentina, its leaves are simple, alternate or sometimes in a whorl, leathery, with a short leafstem. The leafblade is elliptical in shape, 3–9 cm long, sometimes widest beyond midlength, has a triangular base, entire margins or with few spiny teeth, while the tip ends in a spine; the thorns on the branches are split in three arms of about 4 cm long, are somewhat yellowish in colour.
The inflorescence is raceme of 6 -- 11 cm long, with pedicels of 1/2 -- 1 cm long. The star symmetrical flowers are 4 mm in diameter; the calyx and corolla cannot be distinguish since both consist of concave, light yellow tepals, together twelve in four worls of three. The six stamens stand opposite to the inner two worls; the fruit is a small, oblong berry of 6–8 mm long, bluish black, contain one to three seeds each. Héctor A. Keller. La presencia en Argentina de Berberis laurina Billb. Una especie de uso múltiple. Kurtziana versión On-line, ISSN 1852-5962
Crane is a town in Perry Township, Martin County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 184 at the 2010 census; the community is adjacent to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division. Crane was known as Burns City Ammunition Depot, under the latter name was founded in 1940. In 1943, the community was renamed Crane, in honor of William M. Crane, first chief of the Navy Bureau of Ordnance. Crane is located at 38°53′34″N 86°54′5″W; the town is situated in western Martin County, adjacent to the Martin-Daviess county line. The Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division occupies the areas east of Crane. Indiana State Road 558 passes through the southern part of Crane, connecting the town with U. S. Route 231 to the west. Interstate 69 passes just north of Crane. According to the 2010 census, Crane has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 184 people, 80 households, 43 families living in the town. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 109 housing units at an average density of 908.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 3.3 % Asian. There were 80 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 46.3% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age in the town was 39.4 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 51.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 203 people, 89 households, 54 families living in the town; the population density was 1,705.4 people per square mile. There were 112 housing units at an average density of 940.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.04% White, 0.49% Asian, 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.
There were 89 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.3% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 2.0% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, the median income for a family was $45,625. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $27,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,853. About 9.6% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.0% of those sixty five or over.