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Clove hitch

The clove hitch is a type of knot. Along with the bowline and the sheet bend, it is considered one of the most important knots and is referred to as a Double Hitch. A clove hitch is two successive half-hitches around an object, it is most used as a crossing knot. It can be used as a binding knot, but is not secure in that role. A clove hitch made around the rope's own standing part is known as either two half-hitches or buntline hitch, depending on whether the turns of the clove hitch progress away from or towards the hitched object. Although the name clove hitch is given by Falconer in his Dictionary of 1769, the knot is much older, having been tied in ratlines at least as early as the first quarter of the sixteenth century; this is shown in early sculpture and paintings. A round turn is taken with the ratline and a hitch is added below; the forward end is always the first to be made fast. The difference between two half hitches and the clove hitch is that the former, after a single turn around a spar, is made fast around its own standing part, while the latter is tied directly around the spar.

This knot is useful where the length of the running end needs to be adjustable, since feeding in rope from either direction will loosen the knot to be tightened at a new position. With certain types of cord, the clove hitch can slip. In modern climbing rope, the clove hitch will slip to a point, stop slipping. With smaller diameter cords, after being weighted it may become difficult to untie, it is unreliable when used on a square or rectangular post, rather than round. The clove hitch is commonly used in pioneering to start and finish a lashing such as the traditional square lashing, tripod lashing, round lashing and shear lashing; the clove hitch is tied by first passing the running end of the rope around the spar and back over itself to form an X. The running end passes around the spar again, under the intersection of the last two turns, both ends are pulled tight. There are several methods of tying it using one hand; when a rope is passed around an object and tied around itself with a Clove Hitch, this is called a Buntline Hitch used as a necktie knot called the four-in-hand knot.

List of knots Grog. "How to tie the clove hitch". Animated Knots. Notable Knot Index - shows quick method of tying Hitch Knots - including instructions The Misunderstood Clove Hitch - illustrations and stories

Francisco de Aguirre (conquistador)

Francisco de Aguirre was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the conquest of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. Francisco de Aguirre was the son of Hernando de la Rúa and of Constanza de Meneses, he joined the army of Carlos I, participating in the Battle of Pavia and the assault on Rome in 1527. While in Rome as an Alférez in 1517, he was charged with the protection of a convent and as a reward, the Pope allowed him to marry his cousin, María de Torres y Meneses, while the King appointed him Corregidor of Talavera de la Reina, he moved to Peru with a large retinue that included slaves and servants. He was part of the relief expedition that saved Gonzalo Pizarro, under siege in Cochabamba, between 1538 and 1539 he participated in the conquest of the province of Charcas, in present-day Bolivia, under the command of Diego de Rojas; when he heard that Pedro de Valdivia was on his way to conquer Chile in 1540, he moved his troops to Tarapacá, where he waited for two months in order to join him.

Aguirre became a close confidant of Valdivia and achieved a premier place in the new colony, being named one of the Alcaldes of the first settlement of Santiago and being injured in the defense of the city on September 11, 1541, when local Indians led by Michimalonco destroyed it. On June 20, 1549, Aguirre was appointed lieutenant governor of the zone between the Atacama Desert and the Choapa River, charged with the reconstruction of La Serena, destroyed by Indians from the north, he was chosen for this task since he had demonstrated a strong hand in the war against the Indians and their resulting punishment. On August 29, 1549, Aguirre refounded the city, he led his troops out in persecution of the Indians. The north of Chile would remain free of danger from on, although somewhat depopulated and deficient in labor. In 1552 the Lieutenant General of La Serena, Aguirre took possession of Tucumán, on the other side of the Andes, after disputing the claim of Juan Núñez de Prado, who did not recognize the authority of Valdivia.

There, after a series of exploratory expeditions, he founded the city of Santiago del Estero del Nuevo Maestrazgo on July 25, 1553. When Valdivia died in the Battle of Tucapel, his will was opened and found to designate Aguirre in the absence of Jerónimo de Alderete; when he received the news, he was in Tucumán, Francisco de Villagra had managed to be acknowledged as governor, due to the death of Alderete and the absence of Aguirre. Apprised of the situation by his friends in La Serena, he returned there, where he was welcomed as Captain General and Governor of Chile, he communicated his arrival to the Cabildo of Santiago, letting it be known that the troops under his command were prepared to maintain his position, his by right of Valdivia's will. The Cabildo of Santiago, refused to acknowledge the declaration, disarming the contingent of troops under Aguirre's brother Hernando, sent to deliver it; the conflict was resolved when a petition was sent to the Audiencia in Lima, which determined that the council had to submit to the command for six months, after which the viceroy Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza, 3rd Marquis of Cañete would designate a new governor.

If the term expired, Villagra would be the governor, in command of the army of the south. Aguirre wanted to ignore the verdict, but his forces were too small to match Villagra's if there was a confrontation, so he accepted it bitterly. In 1557 the viceroy's son García Hurtado de Mendoza arrived as the newly designated governor. One of his first actions was to have Aguirre and Villagra arrested, despite their courteous behavior in front of him. Aguirre's imprisonment in Peru was not appreciated by the King and his advisers, in 1562 the Viceroy of Peru Diego López de Zúñiga appointed him as Governor of the province of Tucumán, at the point of being lost to a general uprising of the local population. In 1564, when the conquest of this region was at the point of being reversed, Aguirre returned it again to Spanish domination. During his mandate, a rebellion was fomented by Jerónimo de Holguín, which concluded with the capture of Aguirre. Freed he was indicted by the ecclesiastical authority of Charcas for having made heretical statements.

The constant turmoils of his administration motivated the viceroy to remove Aguirre from his post, naming in his place Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera. In 1576, Aguirre returned to Chile and settled modestly in La Serena, where he was held in respect until his death in 1581

The Expulsion of the Albanians

The Expulsion of the Albanians was a lecture presented by the Yugoslav historian Vaso Čubrilović on 7 March 1937. The text elaborates on the ethnic composition dynamics of Kosovo and other Albanian populated areas within Yugoslavia from medieval times to present. While explaining why any previous methods put in place by the Yugoslav authorities to overturn the ethnic majority of the Albanians in those areas, such as slow colonization or agrarian reforms, had failed so far, it suggested in details a radical solution, the mass expulsion of Albanians; the expulsion was seen by Čubrilović as a geopolitical measure, as to prevent potential Albanian irredentism. In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Albanians were concentrated in the Kosovo region. In 1923, Greece and Turkey made a successful population exchange. In early 1936, Turkey was interested in signing an agreement for the resettlement of a considerable amount of Muslims from Yugoslavia if the population would agree; however in 1940 the Turkish Parliament refussed any deal, as the heavy majority of the Albanians considered themselves as Albanian and did not want to move.

However economical migration of Albanians and Muslim Bosnians to Turkey during this period continued. Albanians were respected in Turkey and felt at home there. Čubrilović, a historian at the University of Belgrade, former member of the Young Bosnia organization presented it as a lecture on 7 March 1937 at the Serbian Cultural Club in Belgrade. It suggested a radical solution, ethnic cleansing in the form of expulsion, of Albanians from Kosovo as a geopolitical measure, a means to prevent Albanian irredentism and to secure a Yugoslav Kosovo; the paper details a radical solution, the mass expulsion of Albanians. Čubrilović proposed that the Albanians be forced to emigrate free willingly through harassment and settling of Serbs, calling the state for help to make the "Arnaut suffer as much as he can". This would be done through fines, ruthless application of all police regulations, smuggling and violence. A ruthless collection of taxes would be used and all public schools be closed. Albanian homes and villages could be burnt down, referring to the 1877–78 expulsions of Albanians in Niš and Kuršumlija.

Čubrilović described that the Chetniks and paramilitaries could be of good use where they would pressure the Albanians to leave, making it "the most effective means". Their land was to be confiscated and given to Montenegrin and Serb settlers and thus change the ethnic structure; these methods would result in ethnic cleansing. "At a time when Germany can expel tens of thousands of Jews and Russia can shift millions of people from one part of the continent to another, the expulsion of a few hundred thousand Albanians will not lead to the outbreak of a world war. However, those who decide should know what they want and persist in achieving this, regardless of the possible international obstacles." Čubrilović believed that the Albanians were nationalistic, fanatic and that previous expulsion plans, like those enacted within the wider Niš region during 1878 in areas such as the Toplica and the Morava Valleys given to Serbia in the Treaty of San Stefano in 1877-1878, would be the only effective way.

He proposed that Albanians be called Turks and that their lives should be made as miserable as possible forcing them to leave. Arrangements led to the relocation of tens of thousands of Kosovo Albanians to Turkey; the programme was difficult to put into practice because of the economical and political situation at the time. Yugoslavia did not have the political and military power to apply this plan and no actual political action was unsertaken to realise this plan; the April War and the collapse of Yugoslavia by the invasion of the 3rd Reich's German army in April 1941 stopped it and the document remained hidden in archives for years. Čubrilović's paper was "erased" by the Communist authorities because they believed that "all non-Slavic" people should be incorporated into Yugoslavia. The International community found the document in the 1960s, given to Albanian President Enver Hoxha who used it to criticize the Yugoslav authorities, who denied that such a document existed; the document was mentioned and published in January 1988 in the Belgrade newspaper Borba, in Zagreb-based magazine Start.

Čubrilović's document was not supported by Yugoslav historians and professors except for Ivo Andrić. PrimaryČubrilović, Vaso, Исељавање Арнаута, Архив Војноисторијског института, 11-Ф2-К-69SecondaryBjelajac, Mile. "Migrations of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo 1938-1950". Balcanica. Драган Белић, ed. "Шта садржи реферат др Васе Чубриловића из 1937. Године Исељавање Арнаута", Борба "1937 | Vaso Cubrilovic: The Expulsion of the Albanians". 1937-03-07. Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-01. Former US Parlimant representative, Joe DioGuardi, referring to the Expulsion of the Albanians in 1998

Lemmings (2006 video game)

Lemmings is a 2006 video game developed by Team17 and released by Sony Computer Entertainment, remake of the original Lemmings published in 1991. The game has been released in different versions for PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3; the PSP version featured all 120 levels from the original game, 36 brand new levels as well as expansion pack support, a user level editor. Every level in the game was a pre-rendered 3D landscape, although their gameplay was still 2D and remains faithful to the original game. User levels could be constructed from pre-rendered objects and distributed by uploading them to a PlayStation-specific Lemmings online community. In October 2006 the game was ported by developer Rusty Nutz for the PlayStation 2 with use of the EyeToy; the basic change in the concept is that the player must stretch and use his/her limbs in the recorded picture to aid the lemmings. In 2007, Team17 produced a similar remake of Lemmings for the Sony PlayStation 3 for download through the PlayStation Network.

The game had the similar graphical improvements as the PSP title, as well as on-line scoreboards and additional levels developed for high-definition display, but lacked the ability to create and share levels as the PSP version offered. The PSP version received positive reviews, whereas the PS3 version of the game attained mixed reviews; the PSP version holds a Metacritic score of 76/100 based on 46 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". The PS3 version holds a Metacritic score of 59/100 based on 8 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". IGN gave the PSP version of the game 7.8/10, praising the graphics and the enhanced longevity given by the editor, but criticizing the unexciting sound. The PS3 version received a score of 7.5/10, with the comment "It doesn't reinvent the wheel, but it rolls just fine."GameSpot gave the PSP version of the game 8/10, praising the polished visuals and audio, the level designer and the online sharing feature. The PS3 version received a lower score because of it missing the level editor and level sharing of the PSP version.

Lemmings at MobyGames Lemmings at MobyGames Lemmings at MobyGames

First Averescu cabinet

The first cabinet of Alexandru Averescu was the government of Romania from 29 January - 4 March 1918. The ministers of the cabinet were as follows: President of the Council of Ministers:Gen. Alexandru Averescu Minister of the Interior:Constantin Sărățeanu Minister of Foreign Affairs: Gen. Alexandru Averescu Minister of Finance:Fotin Enescu Minister of Justice:Constantin Argetoianu Minister of Religious Affairs and Public Instruction:Matei B. Cantacuzino Minister of War:Gen. Constantin Iancovescu Minister of War Materiel:Gen. Constantin Iancovescu Minister of Public Works:Gen. Ion Culcer Minister of Industry and Commerce:Ion Luca-Niculescu Minister of Agriculture and Property: Fotin Enescu Constantin Garoflid Fotin Enescu Minister without portfolio: Alexandru Averescu

El Dorado High School (Kansas)

El Dorado High School is a public secondary school in El Dorado, United States. It is operated by El Dorado Public Schools USD 490, serves students of grades 9 to 12. Mascot is Wildcats, the school colors are red and black. El Dorado High School is under the leadership of Principal Kevin House; the athletic director is Scott Vang. Superintendent for El Dorado Public Schools USD 490 is Sue Givens. El Dorado High School offers a variety of extra curricular activities. A list is listed below: Bobby Douglass, ex-professional football player with the Chicago Bears Stanley Dunham, maternal grandfather of U. S. President Barack Obama Larry Hartshorn, professional football player with the Chicago Cardinals SchoolSchool Website El Dorado Public Schools USD 490StateKansas State Department of Education, KSDE Kansas State High School Activities Association, KSHSAAMapsUSD 490 School District Boundary Map, KDOT El Dorado City Map, KDOT