Mervyn Edward Griffin Jr. was an American television host and media mogul. He began his career as a radio and big band singer who went on to appear on Broadway. From 1965 to 1986, Griffin hosted The Merv Griffin Show, he created the internationally popular game shows Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune through his television production companies, Merv Griffin Enterprises and Merv Griffin Entertainment. Griffin was born July 6, 1925, in San Mateo, California, to Mervyn Edward Griffin, Sr. a stockbroker, Rita Elizabeth Griffin, a homemaker. The family was Irish American. Raised as a Roman Catholic, Griffin started singing in his church choir as a boy, by his teens was earning extra money as a church organist, his abilities as a pianist played a part in his early entry into show business. He attended San Mateo High School, graduating in 1942, continued to aid in financing the school, he attended San Mateo Junior College and the University of San Francisco. He was a member of the international fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon.
During World War II, Griffin was declared 4F after failing several military physical examinations due to having a slight heart murmur. During the Korean War several years he was examined and deemed healthy enough to serve, but by that time was above age 26 and therefore exempt from the draft. Griffin started as a singer on radio at age 19, appearing on San Francisco Sketchbook, a nationally syndicated program based at KFRC. Griffin was overweight as an adolescent and a young man, which disappointed some radio fans when they saw him in person, he wrote years in his autobiography that there was a deliberate effort to keep the public from finding out how he looked. Embarrassed by the weight issue, Griffin resolved to change his appearance, losing 80 pounds in four months. Freddy Martin heard him on the radio show and asked Griffin to tour with his orchestra, which he did for four years. Griffin had an uncredited role as a radio announcer in the 1953 horror/science fiction classic The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms.
By 1945, Griffin had earned enough money to form his own record label, Panda Records, which produced Songs by Merv Griffin, the first U. S. album recorded on magnetic tape. In 1947, he had a 15-minute Monday–Friday singing program on KFRC in San Francisco, he became popular with nightclub audiences, his fame soared among the general public with his 1950 hit "I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts". The song sold three million copies. At one of his nightclub performances, Griffin was discovered by Doris Day. Day arranged for a screen test at the Warner Bros. Studios for a role in By the Light of the Silvery Moon. Griffin did not get the part, but the screen test led to supporting roles in other musical films such as So This Is Love in 1953; the film caused a minor controversy. The kiss was a first in Hollywood film history since the introduction of the Production Code in 1934. Griffin soon became disillusioned with movie-making. Griffin bought his contract back from Warner Bros. and decided to devote his attention to a new medium: television.
In the summer of 1954, Merv Griffin and Betty Ann Grove sang and danced for a show called "Summer Holiday". The premise of the show was a "Live musical show with two singers simulating a trip to various places in the world." The show name had alternating titles for the same show, different nights, but were filled with the patter of songs and feet by the two hosts. Merv and Betty were brought together by Byron Paul, producer of "The Jane Froman Show", Irving Mansfield, the show's creator. Mansfield remembered Merv for his singing in the Grace Moore picture and for his hit song, "I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts." The producer of the show had considered Miss Grove for the summer replacement show, but "it was just a matter of finding a boy," Byron said. "I'm quite excited. They're both young, work well together, work well independently, and I've never met two people who are easier to get along with." The show ran for one summer. In March 2001, Griffin returned to singing with the release of the album.
From 1958 to 1962, Griffin hosted a game show produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman called Play Your Hunch. The show appeared on all three networks, but on NBC, he hosted a prime time game show for ABC called Keep Talking. Additionally, he substituted for a week for the vacationing Bill Cullen on The Price Is Right, for Bud Collyer on To Tell the Truth. In 1963, NBC offered him the opportunity to host a new game show, Word for Word, which Griffin produced, he produced Let's Play Post Office for NBC in 1965. Griffin scored a coup when Tonight Show host Jack Paar accidentally emerged onto the set of Play Your Hunch during a live broadcast, Griffin got him to stay for a spontaneous interview. After Paar left The Tonight Show, but before Johnny Carson took over, Griffin was one of the many guest hosts who presided over Tonight in the interim. Griffin was considered the most successful of the guest hosts, was rewarded with his own daytime talk show on NBC in 1962; this live, 55-minute program was not successful however, was cancelled in 1963.
In 1965, Griffin launched a syndicated talk show for Group W titled The Merv Griffin Show. The show aired in a variety of time slots throughout North America.
Ernest Tubb Record Shop
Ernest Tubb Record Shop is an album by American country singer Ernest Tubb, released in 1960. It is named after Tubb's record shop in Nashville. In his AllMusic review, Eugene Chadbourne wrote of the album "There are records by this artist that are a bit more inspired and feature better instrumental lineups, but this one should satisfy any kind of fan of country music..."Ernest Tubb Record Shop has been located at 417 Broadway in Nashville, since 1947. Other locations include a Music Valley location in Nashville, Pigeon Forge and Fort Worth, Texas. "Do It Now" "He'll Have to Go" "Mister Blues" "You Win Again" "I Believe I'm Entitled to You" "Who Will Buy the Wine?" "White Silver Sands" "Am I That Easy to Forget?" "A Guy Named Joe" "Kind of Love She Gave to Me" "Pick Me Up on Your Way Down" "Why I'm Walkin'" Ernest Tubb – vocals, guitar Howard Johnson – guitar Grady Martin – guitar Buddy Emmons – pedal steel guitar, guitar Bobby Garrett – pedal steel guitar Jack Drake – bass Farris Coursey – drums Buddy Harman – drums Floyd Cramer – piano
53rd Academy Awards
The 53rd Academy Awards, honoring the best in film for 1980, were presented March 31, 1981, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The ceremonies, which were presided over by Johnny Carson, were scheduled for the previous day but were postponed due to the assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan. David Lynch's The Elephant Man and Martin Scorsese's Raging Bull, with eight nominations each, had the most nominations of this year's films, their nominations included Best Actor and Best Director. Michael Apted's Coal Miner's Daughter received seven nominations while Ordinary People and Tess received six; the year's winner of acting categories marked as the closest span between the four winners, all of whom were under 40 when they won the award. Robert De Niro was 37 when awarded Best Actor, Sissy Spacek was 31 when awarded Best Actress, Timothy Hutton was 20 when awarded Best Supporting Actor, Mary Steenburgen was 28 when awarded Best Supporting Actress. In addition, Hutton was the youngest Best Supporting Actor winner.
His award was one of four. The lack of recognition for Christopher Tucker's make-up work on The Elephant Man prompted the creation of the Academy Award for Best Makeup the following year. Best Supporting Actress nominee Eva Le Gallienne was born in 1899, which made her the last acting nominee to be born in the nineteenth century; as of 2017, this is the earliest Oscars. Winners are highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger. Henry Fonda The Empire Strikes Back for Visual Effects The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. 38th Golden Globe Awards 1st Golden Raspberry Awards 1980 in film 23rd Grammy Awards 32nd Primetime Emmy Awards 33rd Primetime Emmy Awards 34th British Academy Film Awards 35th Tony Awards "The Official Academy Awards Database". Awardsdatabase.oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson is an American talk show hosted by Johnny Carson under the Tonight Show franchise from October 1, 1962 through May 22, 1992. It aired during late-night. For its first decade, Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show was based at 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, with some episodes recorded at NBC-TV's West Coast studios in Burbank, California. In 2002, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was ranked No. 12 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time, in 2013 it was ranked No. 22 on their list of 60 Best Series. Johnny Carson's Tonight Show established the modern format of the late-night talk show: a monologue sprinkled with a rapid-fire series of 16 to 22 one-liners was followed by sketch comedy moving on to guest interviews and performances by musicians and stand-up comedians. During the early years of Carson's tenure, his guests included politicians such as former U. S. Vice President Richard M. Nixon, former U. S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, but by 1970, Carson interviewed as guests people that had a book, television show, or stage performance to promote.
Other regulars were selected for their entertainment or information value, in contrast to those who offered more cerebral conversation. Carson's preference for access to Hollywood stars caused the show's move to the West Coast on May 1, 1972; when asked about intellectual conversation on The Tonight Show and his staff invariably cited "Carl Sagan, Paul Ehrlich, Margaret Mead, Gore Vidal, Shana Alexander, Madalyn Murray O'Hair" as guests. Family therapist Carlfred Broderick appeared on the show ten times, psychologist Joyce Brothers was one of Carson's most frequent guests. Carson, in general, did not feature prop comedy acts. Carson never socialized with guests before or after the show. Unlike his avuncular counterparts Merv Griffin, Mike Douglas, Dick Cavett, Carson was a comparatively "cool" host who only laughed when genuinely amused and abruptly cut short monotonous or embarrassingly inept interviewees. Mort Sahl recalled, "The producer crouches just off camera and holds up a card that says,'Go to commercial.'
So Carson goes to a commercial and the whole team rushes up to his desk to discuss what had gone wrong, like a pit stop at Le Mans." Actor Robert Blake once compared being interviewed by Carson to "facing the death squad" or "Broadway on opening night." The publicity value of appearing on The Tonight Show was so great, that most guests were willing to subject themselves to the risk. The show's announcer and Carson's sidekick was Ed McMahon, who from the first show would introduce Carson with a drawn-out "Heeeeeeeeere's Johnny!". The catchphrase was heard nightly for 30 years, ranked top of the TV Land poll of U. S. TV catchphrases and quotes in 2006. McMahon, who held the same role in Carson's ABC game show Who Do You Trust? for five years would remain standing to the side as Carson did his monologue, laughing at his jokes join him at the guest chair when Carson moved to his desk. The two would interact in a comic spot for a short while before the first guest was introduced. McMahon stated in a 1978 profile of Carson in The New Yorker that "the'Tonight Show' is my staple diet, my meat and potatoes—I'm realistic enough to know that everything else stems from that".
After a 1965 incident in which he ruined Carson's joke on the air McMahon was careful to, as he said, "never to go where's going". He wrote in his 1998 autobiography: My role on the show never was defined. I did. I was there when he needed me, when he didn't I moved down the couch and kept quiet.... I did the audience warm-up, I did commercials, for a brief period I co-hosted the first fifteen minutes of the show... and I performed in many sketches. On our thirteenth-anniversary show Johnny and I were talking at his desk and he said, "Thirteen years is a long time." He paused long enough for me to recognize my cue, so I asked, "How long is it?" "That's why you're here," he said summing up my primary role on the show perfectly... I had to support him, I had to help him get to the punch line, but while doing it I had to make it look as if I wasn't doing anything at all; the better I did it, the less it appeared as if I was doing it.... If I was going to play second fiddle, I wanted to be the Heifetz of second fiddlers....
The most difficult thing for me to learn how to do was just sit there with my mouth closed. Many nights I'd be listening to Johnny and in my mind I'd reach the same ad lib. I'd have to bite my tongue not to say it out loud. I had to m
Mark Lavon "Levon" Helm was an American musician and actor who achieved fame as the drummer and one of the vocalists for the Band. Helm was known for his soulful, country-accented voice, multi-instrumental ability, creative drumming style, highlighted on many of the Band's recordings, such as "The Weight", "Up on Cripple Creek", "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down". Helm had a successful career as a film actor, appearing as Loretta Lynn's father in Coal Miner's Daughter, as Chuck Yeager's friend and colleague Captain Jack Ridley in The Right Stuff, as a Tennessee firearms expert in Shooter. In 1998, Helm was diagnosed with throat cancer. After treatment, his cancer went into remission, he regained the use of his voice, his 2007 comeback album Dirt Farmer earned the Grammy Award for Best Traditional Folk Album in February 2008, in November of that year, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him No. 91 in its list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. In 2010, Electric Dirt, his 2009 follow-up to Dirt Farmer, won the first Grammy Award for Best Americana Album, a category inaugurated in 2010.
In 2011, his live album Ramble at the Ryman won the Grammy in the same category. On April 17, 2012, his wife and daughter announced on Helm's website that he was "in the final stages of his battle with cancer" and thanked fans while requesting prayers. Two days Helm died at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. Born in Elaine, Helm grew up in Turkey Scratch, a hamlet of Marvell, Arkansas, his parents and Diamond Helm, were cotton farmers and great lovers of music. They encouraged their children to sing at a young age. Young Lavon began playing the guitar at the age of eight and played drums during his formative years, he saw Bill Monroe and His Blue Grass Boys at the age of six and decided to become a musician. Arkansas in the 1940s and 50s stood at the confluence of a variety of musical styles—blues, country and R&B—that, when merged became known as rock and roll. Helm was influenced by all these styles, which he heard on the Grand Ole Opry on radio station WSM and R&B on radio station WLAC in Nashville, Tennessee.
He saw traveling shows such as F. S. Walcott's Rabbit's Foot Minstrels. Another early influence on Helm was the work of the harmonica player and singer Sonny Boy Williamson II, who played blues and early rhythm and blues on the King Biscuit Time radio show on KFFA in Helena and performed in Marvell with blues guitarist Robert Lockwood, Jr. In his 1993 autobiography, This Wheel's on Fire: Levon Helm and the Story of the Band, Helm describes watching Williamson's drummer, James "Peck" Curtis, intently during a live performance in the early 1950s and imitating this R&B drumming style. Helm established the Jungle Bush Beaters, while in high school. Helm witnessed some of the earliest performances by southern country music and rockabilly artists such as Elvis Presley, Conway Twitty, Bo Diddley and fellow Arkansan Ronnie Hawkins. At age 17, Helm began playing in bars around Helena. While he was still in high school, Helm was invited to join Ronnie Hawkins's band, the Hawks, a popular bar and club act in the South and Canada, where rockabilly acts were successful.
Helm's mother insisted that he graduate from high school before touring with Hawkins, but he was able to play with the Hawks locally on weekends. After his graduation in 1958, Helm joined the Hawks as a full-time member, they moved to Toronto, Canada, where they signed with Roulette Records in 1959 and released several singles, including a few hits. Helm reported in his autobiography that fellow Hawks band members had difficulty pronouncing "Lavon" and started calling him "Levon" because it was easier to pronounce. In 1961, Helm with bassist Rick Danko backed guitarist Lenny Breau on several tracks recorded at Hallmark Studios in Toronto; these tracks are included on the 2003 release The Hallmark Sessions. By the early 1960s, Helm and Hawkins had recruited an all-Canadian lineup of musicians: guitarist Robbie Robertson, bassist Rick Danko, pianist Richard Manuel, organist Garth Hudson, all of whom were multi-instrumentalists. In 1963, the band parted ways with Hawkins and started touring as Levon and the Hawks and as the Canadian Squires, before changing back to the Hawks.
They recorded two singles, but remained a popular touring bar band in Texas, Canada, on the East Coast of the United States, where they found regular summer club gigs on the New Jersey shore. By the mid-1960s, songwriter and musician Bob Dylan was interested in performing electric rock music and asked the Hawks to be his backing band. Disheartened by fans' negative response to Dylan's new sound, Helm returned to Arkansas for what turned out to be a two-year layoff, being replaced by other drummers, including Mickey Jones. With the completion of Dylan's world tour, which included the other four members of the Hawks, Helm went back to Arkansas—to home, to the "woodshed", as he called it, to consider his options; the eventual result was a return to Woodstock to rejoin his group. After the Hawks toured Europe with Dylan, they followed him back to the U. S. and settled near Woodstock, New York, remaining under salary to him. The Hawks recorded a large number of demo and practice tapes in Woodstock, playing daily with Dylan, who had withdrawn from public life the previous year.
These recordings were bootlegged and were released in 1975 as The Basement Tapes. The songs and themes developed during this period played a crucial role in
Universal Pictures is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Nordisk Film, the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market, its studios are located in Universal City and its corporate offices are located in New York City. Universal Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America, was one of the "Little Three" majors during Hollywood's golden age. Universal Studios was founded by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane and Jules Brulatour. One story has Laemmle watching a box office for hours, counting patrons and calculating the day's takings.
Within weeks of his Chicago trip, Laemmle gave up dry goods to buy the first several nickelodeons. For Laemmle and other such entrepreneurs, the creation in 1908 of the Edison-backed Motion Picture Trust meant that exhibitors were expected to pay fees for Trust-produced films they showed. Based on the Latham Loop used in cameras and projectors, along with other patents, the Trust collected fees on all aspects of movie production and exhibition, attempted to enforce a monopoly on distribution. Soon and other disgruntled nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Julius Stern; that company evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company, with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give screen credits to performers. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the star system.
In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence known as "The Biograph Girl", actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing. The Universal Film Manufacturing Company was incorporated in New York on April 30, 1912. Laemmle, who emerged as president in July 1912, was the primary figure in the partnership with Dintenfass, Kessel, Swanson and Brulatour. All would be bought out by Laemmle; the new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era. Following the westward trend of the industry, by the end of 1912 the company was focusing its production efforts in the Hollywood area. On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct subsidiary organization.
Unlike other movie moguls, Laemmle opened his studio to tourists. Universal became the largest studio in Hollywood, remained so for a decade. However, it sought an audience in small towns, producing inexpensive melodramas and serials. In its early years Universal released three brands of feature films—Red Feather, low-budget programmers. Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood. Despite Laemmle's role as an innovator, he was an cautious studio chief. Unlike rivals Adolph Zukor, William Fox, Marcus Loew, Laemmle chose not to develop a theater chain, he financed all of his own films, refusing to take on debt. This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands and Foolish Wives, but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing in dramas. His two biggest hits for Universal were The Phantom of the Opera. During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg. Thalberg had been Laemmle's personal secretary, Laemmle was impressed by his cogent observations of how efficiently the studio could be operated. Promoted to studio chief, Thalberg was giving Universal's product a touch of class, but MGM's head of production Louis B. Mayer lured Thalberg away from Universal with a promise of better pay. Without his guidance Universal became a second-tier studio, would remain so for several decades. In 1926, Universal opened a production unit in Germany, Deutsche Universal-Film AG, under the direction of Joe Pasternak; this unit produced three to four films per year until 1936, migrating to Hungary and Austria in the face of Hitler's increasing domination of central Europe. With the advent of sound, these productions were made in the German language or Hungarian or Polish.
In the U. S. Universal Pictures did not distribute any of this subsidiary's films, but at least some of them were exhibited through othe
Mary Elizabeth "Sissy" Spacek is an American actress and singer. She is the recipient of various accolades including an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, two Critics' Choice Movie Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award and nominations for four BAFTA Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, a Grammy Award. Born and raised in Texas, Spacek aspired a career as a singer. In 1968, using the name "Rainbo," she recorded a single, "John, You've Gone Too Far This Time." Sales of her music sputtered and she was dropped from her record label. She subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute. Spacek began her professional acting career in the early 1970s, making her debut with a minor role in Andy Warhol's Women in Revolt and received attention for her role as Holly Sargis in Terrence Malick's Badlands, she rose to prominence with her portrayal of Carrie White in Brian De Palma's Carrie, for which she received her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Following her appearances in acclaimed films Welcome to L. A. and Robert Altman's 3 Women, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Loretta Lynn in Coal Miner's Daughter. Her other Oscar nominated roles include The River, Crimes of the Heart and In the Bedroom, her other films include Raggedy Man, JFK, The Straight Story, Tuck Everlasting, Nine Lives, The Help, The Old Man & the Gun. On television, Spacek received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for The Good Old Boys, Last Call, Big Love and portrayed matriarch Sally Rayburn on the Netflix series Bloodline. Since 2018, she stars as Ruth Deaver on Hulu's psychological horror web series Castle Rock; as a singer, Spacek sang all of the Lynn's songs for the soundtrack album of Coal Miner's Daughter, which garnered her a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance and released a studio album Hangin' Up My Heart. The album was critically well peaked at no. 17 on Billboard Top Country Albums. Spacek was born on December 25, 1949, in Quitman, the daughter of Virginia Frances and Edwin Arnold Spacek Sr. a county agricultural agent.
Spacek's father was of three quarters Czech and one quarter German ancestry. Actor Rip Torn is a first cousin. Spacek's mother, of English and Irish descent, was from the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. At age 6, she performed on stage for the first time. Although her birth name was Mary Elizabeth, she always was called Sissy by her brothers, which led to her stage name, she was named homecoming queen at her senior prom. In 1967, Spacek was affected by the death of her close 18-year-old brother Robbie from leukemia when she was 17, which she has called "the defining event of my whole life". Spacek said the personal tragedy made her fearless in her acting career: "I think it made me brave. Once you experience something like that, you've experienced the ultimate tragedy, and if you can continue, nothing else frightens you. That's what I meant about it being rocket fuel – I was fearless in a way. Maybe it gave more depth to my work because I had experienced something profound and life-changing." Spacek aspired to a career in singing.
In 1968, using the name Rainbo, Spacek recorded a single titled "John You Went Too Far This Time". Sales of her music sputtered and she was dropped from her record label. Spacek subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute, she worked for a time as as an extra at Andy Warhol's Factory. She appeared in a non-credited role in his film Trash. With the help of actor Rip Torn, her cousin, she enrolled in Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio and the Lee Strasberg Institute in New York, her first credited role was in Prime Cut, in which she played Poppy, a girl sold into sexual slavery. The role led to television work, which included a guest role in The Waltons, which she played twice in 1973. Spacek received international attention after starring in Terrence Malick's Badlands, in which she played Holly, the film's narrator and a 15-year-old girlfriend of mass-murderer Kit. Spacek has described Badlands as the "most incredible" experience of her career.
Vincent Canby of The New York Times called the film a "cool, sometimes brilliant, always ferociously American film" and wrote, "Sheen and Miss Spacek are splendid as the self-absorbed, cruel psychotic children of our time." On the set of Badlands, Spacek met art director Jack Fisk, whom she married in 1974. Spacek's most prominent early role came in Brian De Palma's film Carrie, in which she played Carietta "Carrie" White, a shy, troubled high school senior with telekinetic powers. Spacek had to work hard to persuade director de Palma to engage her for the role. After rubbing Vaseline into her hair and donning an old sailor dress her mother made for her as a child, Spacek turned up at the audition with the odds against her, but won the part. Spacek's performance was praised, Pauline Kael of The New Yorker wrote, "Though few actresses have distinguished themselves in gothics, Sissy Spacek, onscreen continuously, gives a classic chameleon perf