Coat of arms of Hungary

The current coat of arms of Hungary was reinstated on 3 July 1990, after the end of communist rule. The arms have been used before, both with and without the Holy Crown of Hungary, sometimes as part of a larger, more complex coat of arms, its elements date back to the Middle Ages; the shield is split into two parts: The Dexter features the so-called Árpád stripes, four Argent and four Gules stripes. Traditionally, the silver stripes represent four rivers: Duna, Tisza, Dráva, Száva; the Sinister consists of an Argent double cross on Gules base, situated inside a small Or crown, the crown is placed on the middle heap of three Vert hills, representing the mountain ranges Tátra, Mátra, Fátra. Atop the shield rests the Holy Crown of St. Stephen, a crown that remains in the Parliament building in Budapest today; the most common motifs of the ninth and the early tenth centuries -the griffin and hind- figure in Hungarian iconography and heraldic symbolism, however the Hawk or Turul which in shamanistic lore rested upon the tree of life connecting the earth with the netherworld and the skies preserved for longer as a device belonging to the ruling house.

In May and June 1946 a set of eight stamps of Coat of Arms of Hungary was issued. These are the issues of inflation. Further, a fourteen-stamp set of Arms and Post-horn were issued May and June 1946. Four commemorative stamps were issued on 15 March 1948 as part of the series: Centenary of the beginning of Hungary’s war for Independence. In 20 August 1949 three stamps of Arms of Hungary were issued on the occasion of the Adoption of the Hungarian Peoples’ Republic’s Constitution. On 23 May 1958 three stamps were issued to commemorate the first anniversary of the law amending the constitution. Between 1941–45 as many as 44 Postage-Due stamps of various denominations and paper were issued; some other stamps were issued. Coat of arms of Budapest Hungarian heraldry Bálint Hóman: A magyar címer történetéhez, 1920 Iván Bertényi: Államcímerünk kialakulása, 2003 József Laszlovszky: A magyar címer története, Egyetemi Nyomda, Budapest, 1989, p. 39 13.

Mi:HU 1529A-32A, Sn:HU 1191–93, Yt:HU 1245–47. 14.,5.,3.,11,12. The Hungarian Coat of Arms History of the Coat of Arms of Hungary from Szeged University Hungarian Coat of Arms 2011 CCII law from

Combine, Texas

Combine is a city in Dallas and Kaufman counties in the U. S. state of Texas. The population was 1,942 at the 2010 census. Combine is located at 32°35′18″N 96°30′56″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles, of which 6.7 square miles is land and 0.31 square miles, or 4.16%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,788 people, 590 households, 523 families residing in the city; the population density was 248.1 people per square mile. There were 622 housing units at an average density of 86.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.35% White, 0.50% African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 2.63% from other races, 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.31% of the population. There were 590 households out of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.9% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.2% were non-families.

9.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city of combine the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,926, the median income for a family was $61,563. Males had a median income of $41,532 versus $28,583 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,610. About 3.0% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over. Combine is served by two school districts: Crandall Independent School District and by Dallas Independent School District; the students in the Crandall portion are zoned to Wilson Elementary School, Crandall Middle School, Crandall High School, all within the city of Crandall.

The students in the Dallas County portion are zoned to attend Seagoville schools, which are part of the Dallas Independent School District. The area is within the Board of Trustees District 4; the schools are: Seagoville Elementary School Seagoville Middle School Seagoville High SchoolBefore 2012, students were zoned jointly to Seagoville Elementary School and Central Elementary School grades PK-2 and 3-5, respectively. The grade alignments of Seagoville schools changed in 2012 with the opening of Seagoville North Elementary School, the DISD portion of Combine was rezoned to Seagoville Elementary for grades PK-5. City of Combine official website Combine Fire Department Handbook of Texas Online article on Combine

Puerto Hurraco massacre

The Puerto Hurraco massacre was a mass murder that occurred on the afternoon of Sunday, 26 August 1990 in Puerto Hurraco, a village in Benquerencia de la Serena, municipality in the Province of Badajoz. It has 135 inhabitants; the perpetrators were the brothers and Antonio Izquierdo, members of the "Izquierdo family", who murdered 9 people in the streets of their hometown, some of them belonged to their rivals, the "Cabanillas family", caused serious injuries to 12 others. The two fled, but were arrested next morning and sentenced each to 684 years in prison, where they died aged 72 and 74; the quarrels between the Cabanillas and Izquierdo families arose from a boundary dispute in 1967, when Amadeo Cabanillas entered with a plough on a farm owned by Manuel Izquierdo in Puerto Hurraco. There was at that time, a history of unrequited love between Amadeo Cabanillas and Luciana Izquierdo. A few days after the rejection, on January 22, 1967, Amadeo Cabanillas was murdered by Jerónimo Izquierdo, the oldest of the Izquierdo brothers, imprisoned for this crime and served a 14-year sentence.

As soon as Jerónimo Izquierdo met his sentence in 1986, he returned to Puerto Hurraco aiming to avenge the death of his elderly mother, Isabel Izquierdo Caballero, who died two years earlier in a fire in her house on the street Carrera No. 9, on October 18, 1984. The Izquierdo family blamed Antonio Cabanillas, brother of Amadeo, for being the author of the crime; that is the reason why Jerónimo tried to kill Antonio with a knife injuring him, although he managed to survive. As a result Jerónimo Izquierdo entered the psychiatric hospital on August 8, 1986, died nine days later. On Sunday, 26 August 1990, six years after the fire and four years after the stabbing of Antonio Cabanillas by Jerónimo Izquierdo, his two brothers and Antonio Izquierdo, aged 56 and 52 said goodbye to their sisters, Ángela and Luciana Izquierdo in their house in Monterrubio de la Serena, assuring that "We are going to hunt turtledoves". Dressed as hunters and armed with automatic.12 caliber shotgun, they hid at nightfall in an alley in town and came out and shoot cartridges against numerous members of the Cabanillas family who were there, they were looking for Antonio Cabanillas Rivera.

Subsequently, the shooting would result against anyone who accidentally came across them in the street. The incident resulted in 9 people dead, two little girls who were sisters of the Cabanillas family among them, Encarnación and Antonia Cabanillas, aged 13 and 14 who were playing in the square and were brutally shot at short distance by the Izquierdo brothers. There were over 12 wounded people with different degrees of severity; some ended up paraplegic and in a wheelchair for the rest of their lives. The third sister of Encarnación and Antonia, María del Carmen Cabanillas, avoided the massacre since she was at the time at her cousin's home. A six-year-old-child, Guillermo Ojeda Sánchez, was hit in the head, left in a coma. Again, the crime was committed as an act of vengeance since they considered the victims guilty for a fire, set on one of their properties in which their mother, Isabel Izquierdo, died; the ammunition used were cartridges that contain nine thick lead pellets. After their escape, the Izquierdo brothers got to shoot against one unit of the Civil Guard that arrived from their barracks house back at Monterrubio de la Serena, alerted by the neighbours.

Two agents of the Civil Guard were injured on the inside of their vehicle before they could stop the murderers or defend themselves with their service weapons. After the slaughter, the Izquierdo brothers ran towards the hill, Sierra del Oro, sown field with olive groves; the Civil Guard units that were looking for them found them sleeping nine hours after the beginning of the tragedy and both of them were arrested without putting up any resistance. They were taken to the court in Castuera, far from Puerto Hurraco, from the possible chance of settling the score. After his detention, Emilio Izquierdo, did not show the smallest sign of regret: “Let the town suffer now like I have been suffering all this time”, while his brother, Antonio claimed they had the idea of continuing with the carnage: “If you hadn’t caught us we would have come back to shot everyone during the burial for the dead” The brothers thought they had shot a score of 20 people, but they shot twenty-one people, but they only got to kill seven of them and two injured that died within weeks at the hospital Infanta Cristina in Badajoz.

The two sisters, Luciana and Ángela, 62 and 49 years old ran as fast as they could up to their house in Monterrubio de la Serena and caught the train to Madrid though four days they had to come back to Castuera to testify before the judge. Outside the court they had Antonio Cabanillas waiting for them, father of the two little girls murdered, with a knife on his hand, but he was disarmed and arrested by the Civil Guard, guarding the building in case there was any chance of retaliation. Reinaldo Benítez Romero, 62 Manuel Cabanillas Carrillo, 55 Antonia Cabanillas Rivero, 14 Encarnación Cabanillas Rivero, 12, sister of Antonia Cabanillas Isabel Carrillo Dávila, 70 Andrés Ojeda Gallardo, 36, son-in-law of Isabel Carrillo Araceli Murillo Romero, 60 Antonia Murillo Fernández, 58 José Penco Rosales, 43Among those wounded were: G