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Coat of arms of the Isle of Man

The Coat of Arms of the Isle of Man, blazoned Gules three legs in armour flexed at the knee and conjoined at the thigh, all proper and spurred or, dates from the late 13th century. The present version dates from 12 July 1996; as the Isle of Man is a Crown dependency and the present Lord of Man is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the arms are more described as the Arms of Her Majesty in right of the Isle of Man. The origin of the triskeles is obscure, but it appears to stem from the Scottish takeover of the island in 1265; the heraldic supporters are birds associated with the island, whilst the motto first appears on record in the 17th century. The present coat of arms was granted by Queen Elizabeth II, Lord of Mann, on 12 July 1996; the escutcheon is blazoned: Gules three legs in armour flexed at the knee and conjoined at the thigh, all proper and spurred or. The crest is blazoned: An imperial crown proper; the supporters are blazoned: dexter: A peregrine falcon proper and sinister: A raven proper.

The Latin motto is: Quocunque Jeceris Stabit ("whithersoever you throw it, it will stand", or "whichever way you throw, it will stand". This refers to the theoretical aerodynamical properties of the triskele, which will always have a foot to land on whichever way it lands; the motto dates to 1668. The heraldic device of the triskele or triskeles has been associated with the Isle of Man for centuries. In 1405 Henry IV, King of England granted the Isle of Man to John Stanley, KG, for the feudal tenure of grand serjeanty, namely of providing to him a pair of peregrine falcons to be provided to every future English king on his coronation; this formal bestowal of a pair of falcons continued until the coronation of George IV in 1822. The Stanley family, Earls of Derby, still display the arms of Man today, quartered by their paternal arms; as does the Murray family, Dukes of Atholl, which quarters Stanley. The raven is a bird associated with Norse mythology, appears in numerous place names on the island.

The present coat of arms is an augmentation of honour of the ancient arms of the feudal Lord of Man. It is unknown when the triskeles device was adopted as a symbol relating to the Isle of Man, it appears associated with the Isle in several late 13th-century rolls of arms, such as the Camden Roll, Herald's Roll, Segar's Roll, Walford's Roll, Wijnbergen Roll, all of which date from 1270-1300. The coat of arms in Camden Roll is blazoned: L'escu de gules, a treis jambes armez; the coat of arms depicted in Walford's Roll is blazoned in Norman-French: De goules a treys gambes armes o tucte le guisses et chekun cornere seyt une pee.. The coat of arms in the Wijnbergen Roll is blazoned: Gules, three mailed legs embowed and conjoined at the thighs argent spurred or. Another early example of the coat of arms is preserved in the late 14th century Armorial de Gelre.|group=note}} Until 1265 the Isle of Man formed part of the Kingdom of the Isles, ruled by the Crovan dynasty. The last member of that ruling family died in 1265 without a legitimate heir, when the Isle passed into the possession of Alexander III, King of Scotland.

In 1266 sovereignty of the Isle of Man and the Hebrides was formally transferred from the King of Norway to King Alexander III of Scotland. The heraldic era in England and Scotland started in about 1215 earlier in Western Europe, members of the Crovan dynasty are known to have borne ships and lions on their seals, no evidence exists of their use of the triskeles, it is possible that the origin of the Manx triskeles is a knotted device depicted on the coinage of their 10th-century Viking predecessors on the Isle. However, that device is dissimilar to the Manx triskeles, the nearly 300-year gap between its use and the appearance of the Manx triskeles suggests that there is no connection between the symbols; the appearance on the Isle of Man of the Triskeles in the last third of the 13th century may well be connected with the regime change on the Isle in 1265, from Crovan to Scots kings. The symbol is anciently associated with Sicily, well known as a tri-cornered island, is attested there in proto-heraldry as early as the 7th century BC.

The most ancient name for Sicily a Greek province was Trinacria, meaning in Greek three-cornered, referring to the triangular shape of the island. In 1250 the Germanic Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, died after having ruled Sicily for 52 years, he was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225. His mother Constance was Queen of Sicily and his father was Henry VI of the House of Hohenstaufen. Although there is no evidence that the triskeles was used in Sicily in the 13th century, there is architectural evidence of its use in Austria at that time certainly relating to a personal emblem of Frederick, certainly stemming from his Sicilian connection. Four years after Frederick's death the pope invested the Sicilian kingship in Edmund Crouchback, the second surviving son of Henry III, King of England, for about ten years afterwards Edmund was styled "King of Sicily". Henry invested considerable political capital in his son's new position, in his efforts to raise

Capitol City Baptist Church (West Avenue, Quezon City)

Capitol City Baptist Church is a baptist church located at 111 West Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines. It is one of two baptist churches found along the other being Faith Baptist Church. In 2009, the church made history. CCBC practices; the church believes in the trinity, that Jesus died for the sins of man so that all who place their faith in him are saved from damnation. CCBC places strong emphasis on evangelism as is evident in its mission and purpose statements. CCBC is led by the senior pastor, Dr. Reynaldo R. Avante, under the guidance of a church board headed by Jewellord P. Peralta. Consisting of not more than 15 members, the church board is composed of the senior pastor, two other pastors, congregation members who are recognized as elders as described in 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1; the board has several duties such as providing spiritual leadership, drafting annual plans and budgets, overseeing all church-related affairs. Bishop Fred M. Magbanua, Jr. is credited as the first Filipino pastor of CCBC.

CCBC accommodates four Sunday worship services: The church performs the Holy Communion during the services of the first Sunday of every month. The second service provides for a sign language interpretation for deaf attendees, who average around 100 in number per service. In addition to the Sunday services, the church holds a Wednesday service called the Midweek Encounter with God, which starts at 19:00 and ends at 20:30; as of 2012, attendance for this service averaged about 35 attendees per week. Prior to 2012, the church employed the following schedule: Since 2012, the church has opted not to disclose information about the number of attendees for its services; the auditorium has a floor area of about 400 square-meters. Two balconies exist, each with a seating capacity of close to 150 people; the main floor can be occupied by around 400 people, yielding a total seating capacity of 700 people for the whole auditorium. Surrounding the auditorium are several rooms used for various meetings; the church houses an indoor parking lot covering an area of about 200 square-meters.

During the 50th anniversary celebration of the church, plans to construct a new building on the indoor parking lot were unveiled. In 2011, after two years of silence, discussions on the building expansion resumed; as a prelude to the work to be done, the Book of Nehemiah was covered in the sermons during the fourth quarter of 2011. Preliminary calculations estimate the total expansion cost to amount to ₱70 million. In 2012, the estimated total cost was reduced to ₱25 million, fund raising was initiated. Church operations are funded by the offerings collected during the worship services; as of 2009, a monthly target of 1.77 million Pesos was set to finance the organization's ministries, capital expenditures, staff wages, various administrative costs. In 2012, this target was raised to 1.88 million Pesos. In a statement released in July 2011, CCBC disclosed that from January to May 2011, it averaged a monthly income of about ₱1,200,000±200,000. Expenses averaged the same amount of ₱1,200,000±100,000 for the period reported.

CCBC is a member of the Conservative Baptist Association of the Philippines. In 2011, Dr. Reynaldo Avante was elected as president of CBAP for a term of two years; the church has been in partnership with Evangelism Explosion since the early 1990s. CCBC conducts evangelism seminars to equip its members on the task of spreading the gospel. Among the trainings provided are evangelism explosion and Kairos courses. In 2010, CCBC launched "24/7 Missions Prayer Chain," a ministry which aims to provide a continuous, round-the-clock prayer system for the salvation of unreached people groups around the world. In the system, each registered member is assigned a 30-minute slot during a designated time of the day of the week, to pray for specific groups of people. CCBC has planted several local daughter churches, some of which include: CCBC Caloocan CCBC Catarman CCBC Arayat CCBC San Fernando CCBC Dela Costa Filinvest Community Christian Fellowship Christ-Centered Bible Church Sauyo CCBC Balogo CCBC Kansurok CCBC Bonliw CCBC's evangelistic efforts reach out to Hong Kong to minister to the needs of Filipino women working as domestic helpers there.

The overseas endeavor is spearheaded by Pastor Jorge De Ramos, as of 2011, administers to the needs of over 100 overseas filipino workers through a ministry, called the Jubilee International Filipino Fellowship. The fellowship conducts its worship services at an auditorium located at the Pui Ching Academy, capable of seating a total of 400 attendees. CCBC partners with Ethnos Asia Ministries to conduct trainings in Cambodia. Trainings are designed to equip Cambodian church workers with methods on worship, Bible study, evangelism and medical assistance. In addition, CCBC members may be sent to this country for exposure trips with the purpose of acclimatizing prospective missionaries prior to actual engagement. Circle of Care groups are cell groups where members engage in several activities which may include enjoying fellowship, conducting Bible studies, praying together. Of

Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul

Rio Grande is a municipality and one of the oldest cities in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. It was the state capital from 1835 to 1845, it is the most important port city in the state and has one of the most important maritime ports in Brazil. The city is named after a nearby channel which indirectly connects the Lagoa dos Patos, to the northeast, Lagoa Mirim, to the west, with the Atlantic Ocean; the municipality is bordered by Santa Vitória do Palmar on the south and Pelotas on the north, which lies across the São Gonçalo Channel. The city built up its wealth over the course of its long history of strong industrial movements. Today it is still one of the richest cities in Rio Grande do Sul because of its port, the second busiest in Brazil, its refinery, which processes Ipiranga petroleum; the city is served by Rio Grande Airport. The history of Rio Grande is as old as the history of the whole region, it was explored by Portuguese sailors led by Martim Afonso de Sousa who sought fortified places along the southern Brazilian coast for a defense against the French corsairs.

He discovered the tributary which indirectly connects the Lagoa dos Patos and Lagoa Mirim to the Atlantic Ocean and called the place Rio Grande de São Pedro. In 1669, the Portuguese established a colony further down the South American coastline along the Río de la Plata, which they called Colônia do Sacramento. With the first permanent Portuguese settlement in the region, livestock was introduced and began to spread far and wide over the territory. With the new settlers, the Portuguese decided to make a church-sanctioned settlement and, in 1736, created the Freguesia de São Pedro which covered what is today all of Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul; the city of Rio Grande was founded in 1737 by Brigadier General José da Silva Pais and his men to defend Portugal's territory. The Jesus Maria e José Fort was constructed, built on the site of the future city; the fort was transformed into a town when colonists from the Azores and Madeira arrived in the 1750s. In 1751, the growing colony became the Village of Rio Grande de São Pedro.

In 1760, Rio Grande de São Pedro, governed from Santa Catarina became its own captaincy, a type of administrative division. In 1763 the village was occupied by the Spanish. After constant disputes, Portugal reconquered the village in 1776, thanks to the actions of General Rafael Pinto Bandeira. However, when the fortress was taken by Spanish troops, many families fled to Viamão and established around its port the city of Porto Alegre. During the Ragamuffin War, Rio Grande became the province's capital all at once. In 1835, revolutionary General Bento Gonçalves da Silva forced Antônio Rodrigues Fernandes Braga, the provincial president, to flee from Porto Alegre to Rio Grande, a journey of about 200 km; the city remained the province's seat of government until the revolution's end in 1845. Rio Grande, as the name suggests, is a littoral city, which boasts what many call the longest beach in the world — Praia do Cassino; this beach is 250 km of uninterrupted Atlantic coastline. The entire municipality lies at a low altitude — at its highest point only 10 meters above sea level.

Additionally, the city, surrounded by water, sinks about one centimeter every year. The city is named after its 24-mile long tidal channel which indirectly mingles the waters of the Lagoa dos Patos and Lagoa Mirim with the Atlantic Ocean; the largest and most populous island in the Lagoa dos Patos is the Ilha dos Marinheiros, part of the municipality. For the most part, Rio Grande is made up of fields of low and herbaceous vegetation, characteristic of the Uruguayan savanna. There are planted trees eucalyptus and pine. Sand dunes are found all down the coastline; the municipality contains part of the Taim Ecological Station. The climate of Rio Grande is humid subtropical and mild, with a strong oceanic influence and cool winters, warm summers and regular precipitation all year; the average temperature in the city is 18.3 °C and the average annual precipitation is 1,207 mm. The hottest month is January, with an average temperature of 23.6 °C. The coldest month is July, with an average temperature of 12.9 °C, but due to intense winds in the city, the wind chill temperature drops to 6 °C.

Águeda, Portugal Virtual Rio Grande Ilha dos Marinheiros Rio Grande Port Rio Grande Federal University – FURG