Colin Luther Powell is an American politician and retired four-star general in the United States Army. During his military career, Powell served as National Security Advisor, as Commander of the U. S. Army Forces Command and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, holding the latter position during the Persian Gulf War. Powell was the first, so far the only, Jamaican American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff, he was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U. S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, the first black person to serve in that position. Powell was raised in the South Bronx, his parents and Maud Powell, immigrated to the United States from Jamaica. Powell was educated in the New York City public schools, graduating from the City College of New York, where he earned a bachelor's degree in geology, he participated in ROTC at CCNY and received a commission as an Army second lieutenant upon graduation in June 1958. His further academic achievements include a Master of Business Administration degree from George Washington University.
Powell was a professional soldier for 35 years, during which time he held many command and staff positions and rose to the rank of 4-star General. His last assignment, from October 1, 1989, to September 30, 1993, was as the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the highest military position in the Department of Defense. During this time, he oversaw 28 crises, including Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Persian Gulf War, he formulated the Powell Doctrine. Following his military retirement, Powell wrote My American Journey. In addition, he pursued a career as a public speaker, addressing audiences across the country and abroad. Prior to his appointment as Secretary of State, Powell was the chairman of America's Promise – The Alliance for Youth, a national nonprofit organization dedicated to mobilizing people from every sector of American life to build the character and competence of young people, he was nominated by President Bush on December 2000, as Secretary of State. After being unanimously confirmed by the U.
S. Senate, he was sworn in as the 65th Secretary of State on January 20, 2001. Powell is the recipient of numerous U. S. and foreign military awards and decorations. Powell's civilian awards include the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the President's Citizens Medal, the Congressional Gold Medal, the Secretary of State Distinguished Service Medal, the Secretary of Energy Distinguished Service Medal. Several schools and other institutions have been named in his honor and he holds honorary degrees from universities and colleges across the country. Powell is married to the former Alma Vivian Johnson of Alabama; the Powell family includes son Michael. In 2016, while not a candidate for that year's election, Powell received three electoral votes for the office of President of the United States. Powell was born on April 5, 1937, in Harlem, a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, to Jamaican immigrants, Maud Arial and Luther Theophilus Powell, his parents were both of mixed Scottish ancestry.
Luther worked as Maud as a seamstress. Powell was raised in the South Bronx and attended Morris High School, from which he graduated in 1954. While at school, Powell worked at a local baby furniture store, where he picked up Yiddish from the eastern European Jewish shopkeepers and some of the customers, he served as a Shabbos goy, helping Orthodox families with needed tasks on the Sabbath. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology from the City College of New York in 1958 and has said he was a'C average' student, he earned an MBA degree from the George Washington University in 1971, after his second tour in Vietnam. Despite his parents' pronunciation of his name as, Powell has pronounced his name since childhood, after the World War II flyer Colin P. Kelly Jr. Public officials and radio and television reporters have used Powell's preferred pronunciation. Powell was a professional soldier for 35 years, holding a variety of command and staff positions and rising to the rank of General.
Powell described joining the Reserve Officers' Training Corps during college as one of the happiest experiences of his life. According to Powell: It was only once I was in college, about six months into college when I found something that I liked, and, ROTC, Reserve Officer Training Corps in the military, and I not only liked it. That's what you have to look for in life, something that you like, something that you think you're pretty good at, and if you can put those two things together you're on the right track, just drive on. Cadet Powell joined the Pershing Rifles, the ROTC fraternal organization and drill team begun by General John Pershing. After he had become a general, Powell kept on his desk a pen set he had won for a drill team competition. Upon graduation, he received a commission as an Army second lieutenant. After attending basic training at Fort Benning, Powell was assigned to the 48th Infantry, in West Germany, as a platoon leader. In his autobiography, Powell said he is haunted by the nightmare of the Vietnam War and felt that the leadership was ineffective.
Captain Powell served a tour in Vietnam as a South Vietnamese Army advisor from 1962 to 1963. While on patrol in a Viet Cong-held area, he was wounded by stepping on a punji stake; the large inf
Serious Business Records is an independent record label founded by Travis Harrison and Andy Ross in Brooklyn, NY in 2004. Since its inception, Serious Business Records has grown to include 14 acts, spanning the genres of classic rock, pop, Americana/Old-Time, electronic music, its 33 releases have received press attention in Time Out NY, the Allmusic Blog, Pitchfork Media, the Washington Post, Spin, amongst others. Serious Business bands have played 3 CMJ showcases, the Knitting Factory, Irving Plaza, the Highline Ballroom, the Bowery Ballroom, innumerable small New York venues. In 2002, Travis Harrison and Andy Ross began collaborating on two music projects—a rock band called Unsacred Hearts and a solo vehicle called Secret Dakota Ring; the two bands recorded their debut albums, Harrison and Ross created Serious Business Records as a means to release these endeavors. From late 2002 until 2003 the hitherto unnamed label operated out of a one-room shack on the side of the road in Sayville, Long Island near Travis's hometown.
In April 2003 the label moved into another tiny one room shack, this time in Long Island City, Queens. In January 2004 it relocated yet again to a 1,300-square-foot loft space at 538 Johnson Ave in East Williamsburg/Bushwick, Brooklyn, it was at this location that the fledgling label became Serious Business Records. In late 2004, co-founder Andy Ross moved from New York to California become the guitarist for the rock band OK Go. Ross has remained active in the operation of Serious Business Records. In January 2007 Serious Business relocated to 73 Spring Street in SoHo. From its humble beginning with the Unsacred Hearts and Secret Dakota Ring, Serious Business records soon reached out to musical acquaintances and long-time friends Man in Gray, The Two Man Gentlemen Band, DraculaZombieUSA; these 5 bands formed the nucleus of Serious Business Records, though they had little in common musically, many of the same musicians were members of each band. This musical cross-pollination created a close-knit family oriented structure to Serious Business Records that rests at the core of its philosophy as a label.
Of the five members in Rocketship Park, only one is not in Higgins. This unique ideology has served Serious Business Records well—the debut records from Secret Dakota Ring and The Two Man Gentlemen Band have long since sold out, the label continues to attract new bands. Serious Business Records added The Octagon and Kickstart in 2006 and brought out new releases from Benji Cossa and Looker in 2007. In 2008 the label put out a total of 15 releases, amongst them new records from Rocketship Park and the Pulpits, Higgins notable UK DIY art-punk founding fathers The Homosexuals; the latter's 10" EP Love Guns? came out in October and was the first piece of new vinyl issued by the Homosexuals since 1984. Founder Travis Harrison admits that there is little reason to the label's expansion, he states, "Everyone who has come on board has done so as a complete accident. Old friends colliding with good music."In 2009, Serious Business will continue to issue new material from The Homosexuals. Their second SBR 10" vinyl EP is due in April.
The fourth album from the touring Vaudevillian Americana duo The Two Man Gentlemen Band is due in February 2009. It is called Drip Dryin' with the Two Man Gentlemen Band; the Unsacred Hearts, who are the band responsible for the label's first release in 2004, will issue their second album The Honor Bar. Higgins will issue a split 7" with Andy From Denver. Andy Gonzales is the founder and driving force behind Marshmallow Coast, an act associated with Athens GA's Elephant 6 collective. Andy has collaborated with Olivia Tremor Control; as a drummer, Travis Harrison has performed with The Homosexuals, The Unsacred Hearts, Double Dong, Secret Dakota Ring, DraculaZombieUSA, TaxiTaxi, Benji Cossa and the Two Man Gentlemen Band as well as participating in the Boredoms' 77 BoaDrum event in 2007. As an engineer and producer working out of his own studio in NYC, Travis has worked with Professor Murder, Marnie Stern and the Whale, the Rosewood Thieves, the Red Romance and countless others. After starting Serious Business, Andy joined Capitol Records power poppers OK Go in 2005, touring for nearly 3 years to support their sophomore Oh No.
Andy won a Grammy in 2006 for OK Go's "treadmill video" which to date has earned 43 million YouTube views. His solo project. He's a computer programmer and spearheads all Serious Business' web based projects. Serious Business artists have been featured in Time Out NY, the Allmusic Blog; the Homosexuals have received accolades from Pitchfork Media, the Washington Post, Spin magazine. The Two Man Gentlemen Band has been on the covers of countless local papers as well as Paste.com and Blender magazine. Allmusic writes this about Serious Business Music: You have to love a record label that isn’t driven by profits, hipness, or some misguided attempt to capture and define a style. New York-based label Serious Business is a label of love — love for music of all kinds. Serious Business bands have played prolifically in and around the New York area, including 3 CMJ Showcases, the Knitting Factory, the Highline Ballroom, the Bowery Ballroom; the Homosexuals completed a nationwide tour in 2008, Looker tours the UK and the Two Man Gentlemen Band is in the midst of a continuous nationwide tour.
List of record l
All Star Christmas Collection is a compilation album released by Warner Music Philippines on December 25, 2004. It is composed of 11 tracks and performed by Filipino singers under Warner Music Philippines such as Nina, Paolo Santos, Kitchie Nadal, Christian Bautista, Dice & K9, Mike Luis, Side A Band and Joyce. "The Christmas Song" – Nina "I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus" - Artstrong "The Man Who Could Be Santa" – Paolo Santos "Merry Christmas Darling" – Kitchie Nadal "On Christmas Morning" - Pido "Silent Night" – Christian Bautista "This Christmas" – Thor "Last Christmas" – Dice & K9 "Sleigh Ride" – Mike Luis "I'll Be Home For Christmas" – Side A Band "Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas" - Joyce