The secretary of state is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America and the head of the United States Department of State. The secretary of state's duties are principally concerned with foreign policy, he or she is considered to be the U. S. government's minister of foreign affairs. The secretary of state is nominated by the president of the United States and, following a confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, is confirmed by the United States Senate; the secretary of state, along with the secretary of the treasury, secretary of defense, attorney general, are regarded as the four most important Cabinet members because of the importance of their respective departments. Secretary of State is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule and thus earns the salary prescribed for that level; the current secretary of state is Mike Pompeo, who has served as Secretary of State in the administration of President Donald Trump since early 2018.
The stated duties of the secretary of state are to supervise the United States foreign service, immigration policy, administer the Department of State. They must advise the president on U. S. foreign matters such as the appointment of diplomats and ambassadors. They advise the president of the dismissal and recall of these individuals; the secretary of state can conduct negotiations and terminate treaties relating to foreign policy. They can participate in international conferences and agencies as a representative of the United States; the secretary of state communicates issues relating to the U. S. foreign policy to Congress and U. S. citizens. They provide services to U. S. citizens living or traveling abroad such as providing credentials in the form of passports. Doing this, they ensure the protection of U. S. citizens themselves, their property, interests in foreign countries. Secretaries of state have domestic responsibilities, entrusted in 1789, when the position was first created; these include the protection and custody of the Great Seal of the United States, the preparation of some presidential proclamations.
In the process of extraditing fugitives to or from the U. S. the secretary serves as the channel of communication between foreign governments and the federal government and the states. Most of the domestic functions of the Department of State have been transferred to other agencies; those that remain include storage and use of the Great Seal of the United States, performance of protocol functions for the White House, the drafting of certain proclamations. The secretary negotiates with the individual States over the extradition of fugitives to foreign countries. Under Federal Law, the resignation of a president or of a vice president is only valid if declared in writing, in an instrument delivered to the office of the secretary of state. Accordingly, the resignations of President Richard Nixon and of Vice President Spiro Agnew were formalized in instruments delivered to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger; as the highest-ranking member of the cabinet, the secretary of state is the third-highest official of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, after the president and vice president, is fourth in line to succeed the presidency, coming after the vice president, the speaker of the House of Representatives, the president pro tempore of the Senate.
Six secretaries of state have gone on to be elected president. Others, including Henry Clay, William Seward, James Blaine, William Jennings Bryan, John Kerry, Hillary Clinton have been unsuccessful presidential candidates, either before or after their term of office as Secretary of State; the nature of the position means. The record for most countries visited in a secretary's tenure is 112 by Hillary Clinton. Second is Madeleine Albright with 96; the record for most air miles traveled in a secretary's tenure is 1,417,576 miles by John Kerry. Second is Condoleezza Rice's 1,059,247 miles, third is Clinton's 956,733 miles. Official website
Davis Miller is an American author, notable for a series of works that combine reportage and autobiography. Miller's books include The Tao of Muhammad Ali and The Tao of Bruce Lee, both of which have been bestsellers in the United Kingdom and Japan, his most recent book is Approaching Ali: A Reclamation in Three Acts, published on 1 March 2016 in the United States and the United Kingdom, on 3 September 2016 as En Busca de Muhammad Ali in Spain. His story'My Dinner with Ali' was judged one of the twenty best magazine stories of the 20th Century.'My Dinner with Ali', an essay written by Miller, has been developed into an opera for the Washington National Opera by composer D. J. Sparr. Along with Pulitzer Prize-winning librettist Mark Campbell, Davis Miller wrote the libretto for the opera, which received its world premiere in June 2013 at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; the title of the opera is Approaching Ali. Miller's stories have been anthologized in The Beholder's Eye: America's Finest Personal Journalism, The Best American Sports Writing of the Century, The Muhammad Ali Reader, The Best American Sports Writing 1994, among others.
Miller's first book, The Tao of Muhammad Ali: a fathers and sons memoir, was published in hardcover in December 1996 by Warner Books. The Tao of Muhammad Ali was published in the United Kingdom in February 1997 by Vintage. Miller wrote a radio play of The Tao of Muhammad Ali, broadcast in six parts in January 1998 by BBC Radio 4; the Tao of Muhammad Ali was a bestseller in Japan. It was judged the Best Nonfiction Book of 1997 by book reviewers at several of Japan's largest newspapers, including Yomiuri Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun, among others. In Italy, it won the thirty-sixth annual Premio Bancarella prize for best sports book published in 1999. Miller's second literary memoir, The Tao of Bruce Lee: a martial arts memoir, about growing up in western North Carolina, about the author's martial arts experiences, about the ways he has been influenced by Bruce Lee, was published in August 2000 in hardcover by Crown Publishing. Excerpts from The Tao of Bruce Lee were published in Men's Journal, Washington Post Magazine, Independent on Sunday Review, Panorama magazine, M Quarterly, Melbourne Age, among others.
The Tao of Bruce Lee was published by Vintage in the United Kingdom. The Tao of Bruce Lee was judged one of the best ten sports books of 2000 by the editors of Booklist magazine. Miller's fiction and nonfiction short stories have been published in Esquire, Rolling Stone, GQ, Men's Journal, Sports Illustrated, many other American magazines, as well as in Arena, United Kingdom editions of Esquire and GQ, as cover stories in magazines published by the Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dallas Morning News, Denver Post, Detroit Free Press, Independent on Sunday, Louisville Courier-Journal, Melbourne Age, Melbourne Herald Sun, Miami Herald, Perth Sunday Times, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sydney Telegraph, Washington Post, Western Mail among numerous others. Miller has written two ninety-minute documentary films, Curse of the Dragon for Warner Brothers and for the A&E television network, Death by Misadventure for an independent producer. In addition, in 2004 Miller was the writer and presenter of a series of thirty-minute documentaries for BBC Radio 4.
The Sunday Magazine Editors Association judged Miller's first published story, "My Dinner with Ali," the best essay to have appeared in a newspaper magazine in the U. S. in 1989. A shorter version of "My Dinner with Ali" was nominated by Sport magazine for the 1990 National Magazine Award and was the inspiration for the creation of The Best American Sports Writing yearly anthology. Houghton Mifflin published Miller's story, "The Zen of Muhammad Ali," in the 1994 edition of The Best American Sports Writing. In July 1994, he won the first Creative Nonfiction Writers'Project Grant awarded by the North Carolina Arts Council; the judge for this grant, which Miller used to complete his first book, The Tao of Muhammad Ali, was novelist and National Public Radio book reviewer Alan Cheuse. "My Dinner with Ali" was selected by David Halberstam as one of the best twenty pieces of sports writing of the 20th Century and has been anthologized in The Best American Sports Writing of the Century, in The Muhammad Ali Reader, in The Zen of Muhammad Ali and Other Obsessions, in The Beholder's Eye: America's Finest Personal Journalism.
Miller has four children, Isaac and Silas. The following is a partial list of publications by Davis Miller: Approaching Ali: A Reclamation in Three Acts: W. W. Norton, March 2016; the Tao of Muhammad Ali: a fathers and sons memoir: Warner Books
Felix and Adauctus were according to tradition, Christian martyrs who were said to have suffered during the Great Persecution during the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian. The Acts, first published in Ado's Martyrology, relate as follows: Felix, a Roman priest, brother of another priest named Felix, being ordered to offer sacrifice to the gods, was brought by the prefect Dracus to the temples of Serapis and Diana, but at the prayer of the saint the idols fell shattered to the ground. He was led to execution. On the way an unknown person joined him, professed himself a Christian, received the crown of martyrdom; the Christians gave him the name Adauctus. They were both beheaded; these Acts are considered a legendary embellishment of a misunderstood inscription by Pope Damasus. A Dracus cannot be found among the prefects of Rome; the brother is imaginary. Their veneration is old, their church in Rome, built over their graves, in the catacomb of Commodilla, on the Via Ostiensis, near the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, restored by Pope Leo III, was discovered about three hundred years ago and again unearthed in 1905.
Pope Leo IV, about 850, is said to have given their relics to Irmengard, wife of Lothair I. They were brought to the church of St. Stephen in Vienna in 1361; the heads are claimed by Cologne. According to the "Chronicle of Andechs", the last count, received the relics from Pope Honorius III and brought them to the Abbey of Andechs; the painter Carlo Innocenzo Carlone painted The Glorification of Saints Felix and Adauctus, seen above. It was commissioned for the cupola of the church of San Felice del Benaco on Lake Garda; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Francis. "Sts. Felix and Adauctus". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 6. New York: Robert Appleton