Collateral (film)

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Collateral
Collateral (Movie).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Michael Mann
Produced by Michael Mann
Julie Richardson
Written by Stuart Beattie
Starring
Music by James Newton Howard
Cinematography Dion Beebe
Paul Cameron
Edited by Jim Miller
Paul Rubell
Production
companies
Parkes/MacDonald Productions
Edge City
Distributed by DreamWorks Pictures (North America)
Paramount Pictures (International)
Release date
  • August 6, 2004 (2004-08-06)
Running time
120 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $65 million
Box office $217.8 million[1]

Collateral is a 2004 American neo-noir crime film directed by Michael Mann and written by Stuart Beattie. It stars Tom Cruise cast against type as a contract killer and Jamie Foxx as a taxi driver who becomes Cruise's hostage during an evening of the hitman's work. The film also features Jada Pinkett Smith and Mark Ruffalo.

Foxx and Cruise's performances were widely praised, with Foxx being nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. The film's editors, Jim Miller and Paul Rubell, were also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing.

Plot[edit]

Max Durocher (Jamie Foxx), a meticulous Los Angeles cab driver, is working to earn enough to start his own limousine business. One of the evening's fares is U.S. Justice Department prosecutor Annie Farrell (Jada Pinkett Smith). On the drive to her office, they strike up a conversation and Annie gives Max her business card.

Max's next fare is Vincent (Tom Cruise). Impressed by Max's skill at navigating L.A., Vincent offers Max $600 to drive him for the night, against regulations, which Max reluctantly accepts. As Max waits at the first stop, a corpse falls onto his car. Vincent reveals himself as a hitman, and the body is one of his five targets, he forces Max to hide the body in the trunk and continue driving.

At the second stop, Vincent restrains Max to the steering wheel with cable tie. Max attracts the attention of a group of young men and asks them for help, but two of them rob him and take Vincent's briefcase. Vincent returns and kills both men with his pistol. Vincent then offers to buy Max a drink at a jazz club he likes, at the club, Vincent engages the owner Daniel (Barry Shabaka Henley) in conversation, then unexpectedly kills him in front of Max. Max tells Vincent to let him go, but Vincent threatens to kill him if he refuses to obey.

Max's boss, who has been hectoring him over the radio, informs Max that his mother Ida (Irma P. Hall) is trying to reach him. Learning of Max's nightly visits to his hospitalized mother, Vincent insists that Max does not break his routine, at the hospital, Ida proudly tells Vincent that Max has his own limousine company, revealing that Max has been lying to her.

Overwhelmed, Max leaves, taking Vincent's briefcase containing files on his targets, and tosses it onto a freeway. Vincent forces Max to meet drug lord Felix Reyes-Torrena (Javier Bardem) to obtain information on his last two marks, threatening to murder Ida otherwise. Max, posing as Vincent, successfully acquires the information, but Felix orders his men to kill "Vincent" if he does not complete the job. Max heads with Vincent to the next target, Peter Lim, who is at a nightclub.

Meanwhile, LAPD Detective Ray Fanning (Mark Ruffalo) uncovers the connection between the three victims and reports his finding to FBI Special Agent Frank Pedrosa (Bruce McGill). Pedrosa identifies the victims as witnesses in a federal grand jury indicting Felix the following day. Pedrosa assembles a force to secure Lim, at the nightclub Vincent manages to kill all of Felix's hitmen, Lim's bodyguards and Lim himself, then leaves the club. Fanning rescues Max and smuggles him outside, but is killed by Vincent, who beckons Max back into the cab.

Following their getaway, the two trade insulting psychological summaries of each other's life. Vincent mocks Max for his lack of ambition, while Max berates Vincent for his inability to understand other people. Aware that Vincent intends to kill him, Max deliberately crashes the cab, but both survive and Vincent escapes. A police officer arrives to help, but sees Ayala's corpse in the trunk and tries to apprehend Max, during the arrest, Max sees Vincent's open laptop, which reveals that Annie is his final target. He overpowers the police officer, pockets his gun, and rushes toward Annie's office building.

Max calls Annie to warn her of Vincent's approach, she is initially incredulous, until Max reveals details about the witnesses Vincent has already killed, and Max urges her to call 911. Vincent is already in the building, and Max enters in pursuit; Vincent uses a fire axe to cut the power and telephone lines on the floor Annie is on.

A tense hunt in the dark ensues. Vincent finally finds Annie, aims at her, but is shot and wounded by Max, who escapes with Annie on foot. Vincent pursues the pair onto a metro rail train. Finally cornered at one end of the train, Max decides to make a final stand, in which he and Vincent engage in a shootout; in the final moments of their confrontation, the subway car momentarily goes dark as they exchange gunfire, the pitch darkness rendering Vincent's advantage of experience and marksmanship useless. Vincent, fatally wounded, slumps into a seat as Max and Annie look on, he repeats a remark that he had previously made about a man dying unnoticed on a Metro train, before dying himself.

Max and Annie get off at the next station, in the dawn of a new day.

Cast[edit]

  • Tom Cruise as Vincent, a professional hitman hired to kill four witnesses and a prosecutor.
  • Jamie Foxx as Max Durocher, a taxi driver whom Vincent employs to drive him to the locations of the hits.
  • Jada Pinkett Smith as Annie Farrell, the lawyer prosecuting Felix Reyes-Torrena.
  • Mark Ruffalo as Ray Fanning, an LAPD detective on the tail of Vincent and Max.
  • Peter Berg as Richard Weidner, Fanning's partner.
  • Bruce McGill as Frank Pedrosa, an FBI agent staking out Felix Reyes-Torrena's club.
  • Irma P. Hall as Ida Durocher, Max's mother.
  • Barry Shabaka Henley as Daniel Baker, a jazz club owner and one of the witnesses.
  • Steven Kozlowski as leader of the muggers shot dead by Vincent for taking his bag.[2]
  • Richard T. Jones as traffic cop #1
  • Klea Scott as Zee, one of Pedrosa's team members.
  • Bodhi Elfman as young professional man
  • Debi Mazar as young professional woman
  • Javier Bardem as Felix Reyes-Torrena, a Mexican cartel drug lord who hires Vincent
  • Emilio Rivera as Paco, one of Felix's bodyguards and hitmen.
  • Jamie McBride as traffic cop #2
  • Thomas Rosales, Jr. as Ramon Ayala, a low-level player in the exotic substances business and one of the witnesses.
  • Inmo Yuon as Peter Lim, the owner of the club Fever and one of the witnesses.
  • Jason Statham as Airport Man (Cameo)
  • Angelo Tiffe as Sylvester Clarke, a former criminal attorney who represented Ramone and one of the witnesses.

Production[edit]

When he was 17 years old, Australian writer Stuart Beattie took a cab home from Sydney airport, and had the idea of a homicidal maniac sitting in the back of a cab with the driver nonchalantly conversing with him, trusting his passenger implicitly. Beattie drafted his idea into a two-page treatment entitled "The Last Domino," then later began writing the screenplay, the original story centered around an African-American female cop who witnesses a hit, and the romance between the cab driver and his then librarian girlfriend. The film has limited resemblance to the original treatment.

Beattie was waiting tables when he ran into friend Julie Richardson, whom he had met on a UCLA Screenwriting Extension course. Richardson had become a producer, and was searching for projects for Edge City, Frank Darabont, Rob Fried and Chuck Russell's company created to make low budget genre movies for HBO. Beattie later pitched her his idea of "The Last Domino." Richardson pitched the idea to Frank Darabont, who brought the team in for a meeting, including Beattie, and set up the project under Edge City. After two drafts, HBO passed on the project, at a general meeting at DreamWorks, with executive Marc Haimes, Beattie mentioned the script. Marc Haimes immediately contacted Richardson, read the script overnight, and DreamWorks put in an offer the following day.

Collateral sat on DreamWorks' development books for three years. Mimi Leder was initially attached to direct, it then passed on to Janusz Kamiński. It wasn't until Russell Crowe became interested in playing Vincent that the project started generating any heat. Crowe brought Michael Mann on board, but the constant delays meant that Crowe left the project. Mann immediately went to Tom Cruise with the idea of him playing the hitman and Adam Sandler as the cab driver. Sandler later dropped out (due to his work on a comedy) and was replaced by Jamie Foxx.

Beattie wanted the studio to cast Robert De Niro as Max (once again making him a taxi driver, though the exact opposite of Travis Bickle). However, the studio refused, insisting they wanted a younger actor in the role.

Mann chose to use the Viper FilmStream High-Definition Camera to film many of Collateral's scenes, the first such use in a major motion picture. There are many scenes in the film where the use of a digital camera is evident, in particular, scenes where the Los Angeles skyline or landscape is visible in the background. One event of note was the filming of the coyotes running across the road; the low-light capability allowed Mann to spontaneously film the animals that just happened to pass, without having to set up lighting for the shot. Mann had previously used the format for portions of Ali and for his CBS drama Robbery Homicide Division and would later employ the same camera for the filming of Miami Vice,[3] the sequence in the nightclub was shot in 35 mm.

Early drafts of Collateral's script set the film in New York City. However, later revisions of the script moved the film's setting to Los Angeles.

Music[edit]

James Newton Howard composed the score for the film. The Collateral soundtrack was released on August 3, 2004, by Hip-O Records.[4]

Track listing[edit]

Collateral: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Briefcase" Tom Rothrock 2:07
2. "The Seed (2.0)" (Extended Radio Edit) The Roots, Cody Chesnutt 4:13
3. "Hands of Time" Groove Armada 4:19
4. "Güero Canelo" Calexico 3:00
5. "Rollin' Crumblin'" Tom Rothrock 2:21
6. "Max Steals Briefcase" James Newton Howard 1:48
7. "Destino de Abril" Green Car Motel 5:15
8. "Shadow on the Sun" Audioslave 5:43
9. "Island Limos" James Newton Howard 1:33
10. "Spanish Key" Miles Davis 2:25
11. "Air on the G String" Johann Sebastian Bach 5:46
12. "Ready Steady Go (Korean style)" Paul Oakenfold 4:48
13. "Car Crash" Antonio Pinto 2:19
14. "Vincent Hops Train" James Newton Howard 2:02
15. "Finale" James Newton Howard 2:18
16. "Requiem" Antonio Pinto 1:56
Total length: 51:53

The soundtrack also features the song "Iguazú" written by Gustavo Santaolalla.

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

The film received positive reviews, with particular praise going to Tom Cruise and Jamie Foxx's performances, on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 86% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 226 reviews. The critical consensus states that "Driven by director Michael Mann's trademark visuals and a lean, villainous performance from Tom Cruise, Collateral is a stylish and compelling noir thriller."[5] On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 71 out of 100, based on 41 reviews. Tom Cruise went on to garner critical acclaim, while Foxx received several award nominations.[6] Richard Roeper placed Collateral as his 10th favorite film of 2004. The film was voted as the 9th best film set in Los Angeles in the last 25 years by a group of Los Angeles Times writers and editors with two criteria: "The movie had to communicate some inherent truth about the L.A. experience, and only one film per director was allowed on the list".[7]

Box office[edit]

The film opened on August 6, 2004, in 3,188 theaters in the United States and Canada and grossed approximately $24.7 million on its opening weekend, ranking #1 at the box office.[8] It remained in theaters for 14 weeks and eventually grossed $101,005,703 in the U.S. and Canada. In other countries it grossed a total of $116,758,588 for a total worldwide gross of $217,764,291.[1]

Awards[edit]

Awards
Award Category Recipient(s) Outcome
Academy Awards Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Jamie Foxx Nominated
Academy Award for Best Film Editing Jim Miller and Paul Rubell Nominated
ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top Box Office Film James Newton Howard and Antonio Pinto Won
American Society of Cinematographers Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases Dion Beebe and Paul Cameron Nominated
Art Directors Guild Feature Film – Contemporary Film David Wasco, Daniel T. Dorrance, Aran Mann, Gerald Sullivan and Christopher Tandon Nominated
BAFTA Award Best Cinematography Dion Beebe and Paul Cameron Won
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Jamie Foxx Nominated
David Lean Award for Direction Michael Mann Nominated
Best Editing Jim Miller and Paul Rubell Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Stuart Beattie Nominated
Best Sound Elliott Koretz, Lee Orloff, Michael Minkler and Myron Nettinga Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor Jamie Foxx Nominated
Best Film - Nominated
Black Reel Awards Best Supporting Actor Jamie Foxx Won
Best Supporting Actress Jada Pinkett Smith Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Supporting Actor Jamie Foxx Nominated
MTV Movie Awards Best Villain Tom Cruise Nominated
Saturn Award Best Actor Tom Cruise Nominated
Best Director Michael Mann Nominated
Best Action or Adventure Film - Nominated
Best Writing Stuart Beattie Nominated

Home video release[edit]

"Collateral" got a VHS and DVD release on December 14, 2004.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Collateral (2004)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  2. ^ IMDb entry for Steven Kozlowski http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0468967/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm
  3. ^ "Miami Vice in HD". DigitalContentProducer.com. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Collateral:Original Motion Picture Soundtrack". UME:Universal Music Enterprises. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "Collateral". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Collateral". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  7. ^ Boucher, Geoff (August 31, 2008). "The 25 best L.A. films of the last 25 years". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Collateral (2004) – Weekend Box Office". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 

External links[edit]