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College Football Hall of Fame

The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and interactive attraction devoted to college football. The National Football Foundation founded the Hall in 1951 to immortalize the players and coaches of college football. In August 2014, the Chick-fil-A College Football Hall of Fame opened in downtown Georgia; the facility is a 94,256 square feet attraction located in the heart of Atlanta's sports and tourism district, is adjacent to the Georgia World Congress Center and Centennial Olympic Park. Original plans in 1967 called for the Hall of Fame to be located at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the location of the first contest under rules now considered to be those of modern football, between teams from Rutgers and the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. Rutgers donated land near its football stadium, office space, administrative support. After years of collecting donations for the construction of the building with ground not having been broken and no plans to do so, the New Jersey Attorney General began an investigation of the finances of the Hall of Fame's foundation, the National Football Foundation.

In response, the Foundation moved its operations to New York City, where it continued to collect donations for several years. When the New York Attorney General's office began its own investigation, the foundation moved to Kings Mills, Ohio in suburban Cincinnati, where a building was constructed adjacent to Kings Island in 1978. In choosing the site, it had been hoped that the museum could attract the same visitors attending the adjacent Kings Island amusement park, but this failed to happen; the Hall opened with good attendance figures early on, but visitation dwindled as time went on and never met projections. Attendance, projected to be 300,000 annually, but peaked at 80,000 per year and dwindled to 30,000 per year; the facility closed in 1992. Nearby Galbreath Field remained open as the home of Moeller High School football until 2003. In September 1991, the National Football Foundation opened a national search for a new location, soliciting bids from cities, it first started by offering bids to cities with local National Football Foundation chapters.

Thirty-five such cities replied, including Indiana. The South Bend bid proposal was led by Bill Starks and Edward "Moose" Krause of the South Bend chapter of the National Football Foundation, who approached South Bend mayor Joe E. Kernan about the concept. Kernan proud the concept to the city's Project Future department, tasked with bringing new attractions to the city to assist its economic development. Patrick McMahon, Project Future's executive director, collaborated with over a hundred people to craft a proposal for South Bend to host the Hall of Fame, presented to the National Football Foundation in November of 1992; the proposal slated for a $14 million facility to be constructed in South Bend's downtown. Several sites in the city had been explored, such as a site near the Indiana Toll Road and various sites in the city's downtown, but a location near Century Center was the top choice. On July 13, 1992, William Pearce, chairman of the National Football Foundation, made the announcement that South Bend had won the bid to host the Hall of Fame's new location.

South Bend had beaten out other locales, including Atlanta, the New Jersey Meadowlands, New Orleans. The new location was opened in South Bend, Indiana, on August 25, 1995. Despite estimates that the South Bend location would attract more than 150,000 visitors a year, the Hall of Fame drew about 115,000 people the first year, about 80,000 annually after that. By the late'90s, some had begun to be criticize the Hall of Fame in South Bend as a failure, due to a lack of corporate sponsorship and poor turnout during special events; the South Bend location closed in 2012. In 2009, the National Football Foundation decided to move the College Football Hall of Fame to Atlanta, Georgia; the possibility of moving the museum has been brought up in other cities, including Dallas, which had the financial backing of multi-millionaire T. Boone Pickens. However, the National Football Foundation decided on Atlanta for the next site; the new $68.5 million museum opened on August 23, 2014. It is located next to Centennial Olympic Park, near other attractions such as the Georgia Aquarium, the World of Coca-Cola, CNN Center, the National Center for Civil and Human Rights.

The Hall of Fame is located near the Georgia Institute of Technology of the ACC and 70 miles from the University of Georgia of the SEC. The new building broke ground on January 28, 2013. Sections of the architecture are reminiscent of a football in shape; the facility is 94,256 square feet and contains 50,000 square feet of exhibit and event space, interactive displays and a 45-yard indoor football field. Atlanta Hall Management operates the College Football Hall of Fame; as of 2018, there are 997 players and 217 coaches enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame, representing 308 schools. Thirteen players, two coaches and one inanimate object are slated for induction in 2019; the National Football Foundation outlines specific criteria that may be used for evaluating a possible candidate for induction into the Hall of Fame. A player must have received major first team All-America recognition. A player becomes eligible for consideration 10 years after his last year of intercollegiate football played.

Football achievements are considered first, but the post-football record as a citizen is weighed. Players must have played their last year of intercollegiate football wi

Thee Kian Wie

Thee Kian Wie was an Indonesian economist and senior member of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. The Jakarta Post has called him "Indonesia’s most respected economists." He was a longtime lecturer at the University of Indonesia's Faculty of Economics. Thee, a Chinese Indonesian, was born in present-day Jakarta on April 20, 1935, he obtained a doctorandus degree from the University of Indonesia in 1959. Thee received both his master's degree and his doctorate from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, his doctoral dissertation on the topic of Plantation Agriculture and Export Growth: An Economic History of East Sumatra 1863-1942 was a first step in establishing him as a professional economic historian of the Indonesian economy. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Australian National University in 2004, the Habibie Award in 2006, the Sarwono Prawirohardjo Award in 2008. In 2010, in honour of his 75th birthday, Thee's colleagues prepared Merajut Sejarah Ekonomi Indonesia: Essays in Honour of Thee Kian Wie 75 Years Birthday, as a festschrift for him.

Thee Kian Wie suffered a fall at his home in 2014. He died from complications of his injuries at PGI Cikini Hospital in Jakarta on February 8, 2014, at the age of 79, his funeral was attended by dignitaries including the Vice President of Indonesia Boediono and analyst Dewi Fortuna Anwar. In recognition of Thee's contributions to scholarship in Indonesian economic history and of his international reputation, an In Memoriam article was published in the August 2014 issue of the Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies

1986 Spanish NATO membership referendum

A referendum on the Spanish NATO membership was held in Spain on Wednesday, 12 March 1986. Voters were asked whether they ratified the national Government's proposal for the country remaining a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which it had joined in 1982; the question asked was "The Government considers it convenient, for national interests, for Spain to remain in the Atlantic Alliance, agrees that such permanence be established in the following terms: Non-incorporation into NATO's military structure. Question: In your view, should Spain continue to be a member of the Atlantic Alliance subject to the terms agreed by the national Government?". The referendum resulted in 56.9% of valid votes in favour of remaining within NATO on a turnout of 59.4%. The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead.

The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading choice's colour. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the "Remain" and "Leave" choices in a given poll. Opinion poll sources Other Lawrence Leduc, The Politics of Direct Democracy. Referendums in Global Perspective, p. 82. Anthony Gooch,'A Surrealistic Referendum: Spain and NATO', Government and Opposition 21, pp. 300–16