Colley Cibber

Colley Cibber was an English actor-manager and Poet Laureate. His colourful memoir Apology for the Life of Colley Cibber describes his life in a personal and rambling style, he wrote 25 plays for his own company at Drury Lane, half of which were adapted from various sources, which led Robert Lowe and Alexander Pope, among others, to criticise his "miserable mutilation" of "crucified Molière hapless Shakespeare". He regarded himself as first and foremost an actor and had great popular success in comical fop parts, while as a tragic actor he was persistent but much ridiculed. Cibber's brash, extroverted personality did not sit well with his contemporaries, he was accused of tasteless theatrical productions, shady business methods, a social and political opportunism, thought to have gained him the laureateship over far better poets, he rose to ignominious fame when he became the chief target, the head Dunce, of Alexander Pope's satirical poem The Dunciad. Cibber's poetical work was derided in his time, has been remembered only for being poor.

His importance in British theatre history rests on his being one of the first in a long line of actor-managers, on the interest of two of his comedies as documents of evolving early 18th-century taste and ideology, on the value of his autobiography as a historical source. Cibber was born in Bloomsbury, London, he was the eldest child of Caius Gabriel Cibber, a distinguished sculptor from Denmark. His mother, Jane née Colley, came from a family of gentry from Rutland, he was educated at the King's School, from 1682 until the age of 16, but failed to win a place at Winchester College, founded by his maternal ancestor William of Wykeham. In 1688, he joined the service of his father's patron, Lord Devonshire, one of the prime supporters of the Glorious Revolution. After the revolution, at a loose end in London, he was attracted to the stage and in 1690 began work as an actor in Thomas Betterton's United Company at the Drury Lane Theatre. "Poor, at odds with his parents, entering the theatrical world at a time when players were losing their power to businessmen-managers", on 6 May 1693 Cibber married Katherine Shore, the daughter of Matthias Shore, sergeant-trumpeter to the King, despite his poor prospects and insecure inferior job.

Cibber and Katherine had 12 children between 1694 and 1713. Six died in infancy, most of the surviving children received short shrift in his will. Catherine, the eldest surviving daughter, married Colonel James Brown and seems to have been the dutiful one who looked after Cibber in old age following his wife's death in 1734, she was duly rewarded at his death with most of his estate. His middle daughters and Elizabeth, went into business. Anne had a shop that sold fine wares and foods, married John Boultby. Elizabeth had a restaurant near Gray's Inn, married firstly Dawson Brett, secondly Joseph Marples, his only son to reach adulthood, became an actor at Drury Lane, was an embarrassment to his father because of his scandalous private life. His other son to survive infancy, died in or after 1717, before reaching adulthood. Colley's youngest daughter Charlotte followed in her father's theatrical footsteps, but she fell out with him and her sister Catherine, she was cut off by the family. After an inauspicious start as an actor, Cibber became a popular comedian and adapted many plays, rose to become one of the newly empowered businessmen-managers.

He took over the management of Drury Lane in 1710 and took a commercial, if not artistically successful, line in the job. In 1730, he was made Poet Laureate, an appointment which attracted widespread scorn from Alexander Pope and other Tory satirists. Off-stage, he was a keen gambler, was one of the investors in the South Sea Company. In the last two decades of his life, Cibber remained prominent in society, summered in Georgian spas such as Tunbridge and Bath, he was friendly with the writer Samuel Richardson, the actress Margaret Woffington and the memoirist–poet Laetitia Pilkington. Aged 73 in 1745, he made his last appearance on the stage as Pandulph in his own "deservedly unsuccessful" Papal Tyranny in the Reign of King John. In 1750, he fell ill and recommended his friend and protégé Henry Jones as the next Poet Laureate. Cibber recovered and Jones passed into obscurity. Cibber died at his house in Berkeley Square, London, in December 1757, leaving small pecuniary legacies to four of his five surviving children, £1,000 each to his granddaughters Jane and Elizabeth, the residue of his estate to his eldest daughter Catherine.

He was buried on 18 December at the Grosvenor Chapel on South Audley Street. Cibber's colourful autobiography An Apology for the Life of Colley Cibber, Comedian was chatty, anecdotal and inaccurate. At the time of writing the word "apology" meant an apologia, a statement in defence of one's actions rather than a statement of regret for having transgressed; the text ignores his wife and family, but Cibber wrote in detail about his time in the theatre his early years as a young actor at Drury Lane in the 1690s, giving a vivid account of the cut-throat theatre company rivalries and chicanery of the time, as well as providing pen portraits of the actors he knew. The Apology is vain and self-serving, as both his contemporaries and commentators have pointed out, but it serves as Cibber's rebuttal to his harshest critics Pope. For the early

Roger Cook (politician)

Roger Hugh Cook is an Australian politician, the current Deputy Premier of Western Australia, under Mark McGowan. He has been a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia since 2008, representing the seat of Kwinana, he was elected deputy leader of the Labor Party ten days after first being elected to parliament, continues to hold the position. Before entering politics, Cook worked as a public relations consultant, he had earlier been involved in student politics, serving as the first president of the National Union of Students. Cook was born in Perth, attended Scotch College, he went on to Murdoch University, completing a Bachelor of Arts degree in public administration, completed a graduate business diploma at Curtin University. Whilst at Murdoch, Cook became involved in student politics, serving as a student representative on the university's senate, he was involved in the establishment of the National Union of Students in mid-1986, becoming its first national president as a representative of the National Organisation of Labor Students.

After graduating, Cook worked in the offices of a number of Labor MPs, including Stephen Smith, Jim McGinty, Chris Evans. He served as state president of the Labor Party from 1999 to 2000. Cook became involved with indigenous advocacy groups, serving at various times as a policy coordinator for the Western Australian Aboriginal Native Title Working Group, as CEO of the Yamatji Marlpa Barna Baba Maaja Aboriginal Corporation, as government relations manager for the South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council. From 2004 to 2008, he was state manager of CPR, a public relations firm, associated with the Labor Party. At the 2008 state election, Cook won the seat of Kwinana in a fought contest, winning by 300 votes from independent candidate Carol Adams, the mayor of the City of Kwinana. Adams had unsuccessfully attempted to gain Labor pre-selection, accused Alan Carpenter of "parachuting" Cook into the seat. On 16 September, ten days after the election, Cook was elected to the position of deputy leader of the Labor Party under Eric Ripper.

He is a member of the Labor Left faction, backed by the United Voice trade union. After Ripper was replaced by Mark McGowan as leader of the opposition in January 2012, Cook maintained his position as deputy leader, he was re-elected at the 2013 state election in a rematch with Adams. However, Kwinana was a safe Labor seat in a "traditional" two-party matchup with the Liberals. Proving this, Cook was reelected in 2017 amid the massive Labor wave that swept through Perth, taking over 68 percent of the two-party vote, a "traditional" two-party swing of seven percent. Cook has held the following portfolios since his election in 2008: 26 September 2008 – 27 January 2012: Deputy Leader of the Opposition.

State Border Service (Azerbaijan)

The State Border Service of Azerbaijan Republic known as Border Guard of Azerbaijan is a governmental law enforcement agency in charge of protecting the borders of Azerbaijan. The State Border Service of Azerbaijan was established on July 31, 2002 by decree of the President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, by the removal of the border troops from jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Security of Azerbaijan; the main function of the border guard is to guard the Azerbaijani borders against any illegal acts, to prevent illegal arms and human trafficking in the country. Chief of State Border Service and Commander of Border Troops is Colonel-General Elchin Guliyev. Other law enforcement bodies in Azerbaijan include the Internal Troops of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani National Guard; the Azerbaijan Coast Guard is an Azeri law enforcement agency, a part of the State Border Service. It has been receiving U. S. Coast Guard assistance including the transfer of a Point-class cutter; the commander is Colonel Afghan Nagiyev.

The Coast Guard was established within the State Border Service by presidential order in 2005. The Coast Guard’s new base was built in Türkan district of Baku within the State Program on “Technical development of security of state borders of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 2006-2010”; the Maritime Brigade/Coast Guard has one Point class cutter, S 14, one Osa class missile boat, S 008, which has had its SS-N-2B missiles removed, 3 Stenka class patrol boats, S 005, S 006, S 007, all with sonar and torpedo tubes removed, 1 Zhuk class patrol craft, P 222, two 48-foot Silver Ships small craft, S 11 and S 12. The Coast Guard operates 6 Sa'ar 62 class offshore patrol vessels The State Border Service of Azerbaijan cooperates with the border guard agencies of neighboring states such as Russia, Turkey, Iran and Turkmenistan. Within the framework of this cooperation and multilateral meetings, conferences are held. Additionally, regular joint exercises are conducted with the border services of Russia and Kazakhstan.

The cooperation with the neighboring countries have been aimed to improve the security of the airspace of Azerbaijan and the maritime space in the Caspian Sea. The State Border Service of Azerbaijan is working together with NATO due to the same purpose. From 23 to 27 May 2015, Director General of the General Office the United Arab Emirates Supreme Council of National Security's Port and Free Zones Security, Jassem Mohammad al-Zaabi was in Azerbaijan on an official visit; the purpose of his visit was due to the further cooperation and fight against international terrorism, illegal migration, drug trafficking and other crimes. In 2017, head of the State Border Service of Azerbaijan - Elchin Guliyev and the chairman of the State Border Committee of Belarus - Anatoly Lappo discussed bilateral interaction and cooperation in the CIS Council of Border Troops Commanders. In February 2017, a memorandum was signed between the State Border Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia on the establishment of a special institute of border commissioners.

The purpose of the institution is to strengthen the control of the state border and to ensure bilateral cooperation for the future between Georgia and Azerbaijan. The major objectives of the State Border Service of Azerbaijan are to protect the state border of the republic, fight against international terrorism, illegal migration and human trafficking, drug trafficking, the proliferation of components of weapons of mass destruction, protection of oil and gas platforms and pipelines in the Azerbaijani sector of the Caspian Sea. Furthermore, it is one of the main duties of State Border Service of Azerbaijan to overcome military attacks of troops or criminal groups of foreign countries to the territory of Azerbaijan Republic, protects people, state property, private property from those military and other actions and prevents this kind of actions; the structure of the State Border Service includes the headquarters and other organizations. The State Border Service's central office, border guards and military aviation units, border control units, military units, as well as other structural units together form the unified system of the State Border Service.

The main units of the State Border's direct guard are the frontier post, the frontier control unit, the frontier ship, the radio engineering post, the frontier aircraft, the division of the operational-search organ, the precinct authorized frontier troops. Financing of border troops is carried out at the expense of the state budget of the Republic of Azerbaijan; the State Border Service was established based on the principles of human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, principles of the Armed Forces Azerbaijan. Legislation on Border Troops includes the Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic, present Law, other legislative acts of Azerbaijan Republic, decrees of the President of Azerbaijan Republic, resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic and intergovernmental treaties and agreements regulating relations in the field of protection of state borders, normative acts of relevant bodies of Azerbaijan Republic; the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan “On Border Troops” was adopted on January 6, 1994.

According to these laws, the State Border Service is responsible for the security and protection of the borders of Azerbaijan. The security and protection of the borders in the fields are maintained by its Border Troops, which are military equipped units; this law determines the security control posts (on th