The Collingwood Football Club, nicknamed the Magpies or colloquially the Pies, is a professional Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League. Formed in 1892 in the then-working class Melbourne suburb of Collingwood, the club played in the Victorian Football Association before joining seven other teams in 1896 to found the breakaway Victorian Football League. Based at Victoria Park, Collingwood now plays its home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground with its training and administrative headquarters located at Olympic Park Oval and the Holden Centre. Collingwood has played in a record 44 VFL/AFL Grand Finals, winning 15, drawing two and losing 27. Regarded as one of Australia's most popular sports clubs, Collingwood attracts the highest attendance figures and television ratings of any professional team in the nation; the club's song, "Good Old Collingwood Forever", dates back to 1906, making it the oldest song used in the AFL. Its iconic home guernsey consists of black and white stripes, matching the colours of the Australian magpie.
The club's main rivals have been cross-town clubs Carlton and Essendon. Since the turn of the millennium, the club developed rivalries with the West Coast Eagles and the Brisbane Lions. Collingwood fields a reserves team in the Victorian Football League and women's teams in the AFL Women's and VFL Women's competitions, it owns and operates a netball team in the National Netball League. The Collingwood Football Club was established on 12 February 1892. Collingwood played its first game in the Victorian Football Association against Carlton on 7 May 1892; the club won the VFA Premiership in 1896. In 1897, along with fellow VFA clubs Fitzroy, Melbourne, St Kilda, Essendon, South Melbourne and Geelong split from the VFA and formed the Victorian Football League. Collingwood won its first premiership in 1902. Collingwood was the most successful club of the 1920s and 1930s, appearing in 13 out of a possible 20 Grand Finals during the period. Collingwood were premiers six times during this time, including four consecutive premierships between 1927 and 1930, a VFL/AFL record, two consecutive premierships in 1935 and 1936.
The club's coach during this period was Jock McHale, who served as coach from 1912 to 1949. Collingwood had three Brownlow Medallists during the period, with Syd Coventry winning in 1927, Albert Collier in 1929 and Harry Collier in 1930; the club's ruthlessly successful period earned the club the nickname "The Machine". American journalist and author Sam Walker included the Machine team in his book The Captain Class, which listed some the author's greatest teams in the history of world sport; the Collingwood team of 1927–30 not only won four straight premierships, but did so with a winning percentage of around 86% across the four seasons, an average winning margin of about five goals. In 1929 they became the only team in history to go through a home-and-away season undefeated. Collingwood remains the only club in the history of the VFL/AFL to have won the premiership on four successive occasions. In the 1950s, rival club Melbourne enjoyed an era of unprecedented success, winning five premierships in six years.
Collingwood lost two Grand Finals to Melbourne in this decade, but bounced back to win premierships in 1953 and 1958. Collingwood's 1958 premiership is much cherished by the club as it prevented Melbourne from equalling Collingwood's record four premierships in a row; the 1958 premiership was however to be Collingwood's last for 32 years, as the club was to suffer a string of Grand Final defeats in coming decades. A string of eight Grand Final losses by narrow margins, between 1960 and 1981 gave rise to a perception that the club was prone to "choking", a phenomenon wittily dubbed "Colliwobbles". Whether this perception is accurate remains a subject of debate. Lou Richards ceremoniously buried the Colliwobbles at Victoria Park after the club's 1990 premiership; the 1990 premiership team, coached by Leigh Matthews and captained by Tony Shaw, had a one-sided grand final win against Essendon, the Magpies recording a 48-point victory and ending a 32-year premiership drought which included eight grand final losses and one draw.
The sight of club great Darren Millane, who died in a car-crash one year holding the ball aloft in triumph at the final siren is one of the indelible images of the match. After the drought-breaking premiership, the club lapsed into a state of decline for the remainder of the decade, culminating with the club's second wooden spoon in 1999; the Magpies returned to finals, though were eliminated, in the 1992 season against St Kilda and in 1994 against West Coast. Matthews left as head coach at the end of the 1995 season and was replaced at the start of the following year by 1990 premiership captain Tony Shaw, who had only retired from football 18 months earlier. Mid-table finishes under Shaw were achieved for the next two seasons, before poor results in 1998 and 1999 saw Shaw announce his resignation. Media personality, sports journalist and administrator Eddie McGuire was elected President in October 1998, he oversaw the installation of new head coach Michael Malthouse in October 1999, whose appointment proved to be a masterstroke in reviving the club on-field.
Under Malthouse, the acquisition and emergence of players such as Paul Licuria, Alan Didak, Anthony Rocca and Nathan Buckley resulted in Collingwood moving up the ladder in 2000 and 2001, only narrowly missing the finals in the latter year. Collingwood met reigning p
Ingrid Jensen is a Canadian jazz trumpeter. Jensen grew up in Nanaimo, she received a scholarship to the Berklee College of Music in Boston. After graduating from Berklee, she toured with the Vienna Art Orchestra and taught at the Bruckner Conservatory in Austria when she was 25, she went back to the U. S. in 1994 and became a member of the DIVA Big Band. During the same year, her debut album Vernal Fields won a Juno Award. Jensen has worked with Maria Schneider, Steve Wilson, Jeff "Tain" Watts, Dr. Lonnie Smith, Bob Berg, Gary Bartz, Bill Stewart, Terri Lyne Carrington, Geoffrey Keezer, Billy Hart, George Garzone, Chris Connor, Victor Lewis, Clark Terry, Frank Wess, Billy Taylor, as well as her sister Christine Jensen, she has performed on Saturday Night Live with the British soul singer Corrine Bailey Rae and in the horn section backing actor Denis Leary. Vernal Fields Around the World I Leave It to DIVA Here on Earth Higher Ground Now as Then with Gary Versace, Jon Wikan At Sea Flurry Kind of New with Jason Miles Infinitude with Christine Jensen, Ben Monder Invisible Sounds with Steve Treseler With Maria Schneider Allegresse Days of Wine and Roses Concert in the Garden Sky Blue With others Darcy James Argue, Infernal Machines Darcy James Argue, Brooklyn Babylon Otto Brandenburg, Otto Brandenburg Terri Lyne Carrington, The Mosaic Project Terri Lyne Carrington, The Mosaic Project: Love and Soul George Colligan, The Newcomer Chris Connor, Haunted Heart Dena DeRose, Another World Peter Herbert, B-A-C-H A Chromatic Universe Monika Herzig, Sheroes Anne Mette Iversen, On the Other Side 2003 Christine Jensen, Collage Christine Jensen, Treelines Mimi Jones, Balance Geoffrey Keezer, Falling Up Virginia Mayhew, A Simple Thank You Sarah McKenzie, We Could Be Lovers Sarah McLachlan, Shine On Chris McNulty, Whispers of the Heart Tobias Meinhart, Natural Perception Tobias Meinhart, Silent Dreamer Eric Person, Rhythm Edge Karl Ratzer, Bayou Dianne Reeves, Beautiful Life Rufus Reid, Quiet Pride George Schuller, Round'Bout Now Judi Silvano, Let Yourself Go Ike Sturm, Jazz Mass Helen Sung, Sung Without Words Roseanna Vitro, Catchin' Some Rays Dan Wall, Off the Wall Official Site Podcast featuring "At Sea" by Ingrid Jensen
Mutsu Province was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukushima, Miyagi and Aomori Prefectures and the municipalities of Kazuno and Kosaka in Akita Prefecture. Mutsu Province is known as Ōshū or Michinoku; the term Ōu is used to refer to the combined area of Mutsu and the neighboring province Dewa, which together make up the entire Tōhoku region. Mutsu, on northern Honshū, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, became the largest as it expanded northward; the ancient regional capital of the Kinai government was Tagajō in present-day Miyagi Prefecture. 709, an uprising against governmental authority took place in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were dispatched to subdue the revolt. 712, Mutsu was separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan made cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was split from Bizen Province, Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province, Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.
718, Shineha and Watari districts of the Mutsu Province, Iwaki districts of the Hitachi Province are incorporated into Iwaki Province. 801, Mutsu was conquered by Sakanoue no Tamuramaro. 869: A terrible earthquake struck Mutsu. More than 1,000 people lost their lives in the disaster. In 1095, the Ōshū Fujiwara clan settled under the leadership of Fujiwara no Kiyohira. Kiyohira hoped to "form a city rivaling Kyoto as a centre of culture"; the legacy of the Ōshū Fujiwara clan remains with the temples Chūson-ji and Mōtsū-ji in Hiraizumi, the Shiramizu Amidadō temple building in Iwaki. In 1189, Minamoto no Yoritomo invaded Mutsu with three great forces killing Fujiwara no Yasuhira and acquiring the entire domain. During the Sengoku period, clans ruled parts of the province; the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north. The Date clan at Iwadeyama and Sendai in the south; the Sōma clan at Nakamura in the south. The Iwaki clan at Iinodaira in the south; the Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south.
As a result of the Boshin War, Mutsu Province was divided by the Meiji government, on 19 January 1869, into five provinces: Iwashiro, Rikuzen, Rikuchū, Rikuō). The fifth of these, corresponding to today's Aomori Prefecture, was assigned the same two kanji as the entire province prior to division. Due to the similarity in characters in the name, this smaller province has sometimes been referred to as'Mutsu'. Iwase District Aizu District Yama District Asaka District Adachi District Shinobu District Katta District Shibata District Natori District Kikuta District Iwaki District Shineha District Namekata District Uda District Esashi District Igu District Watari District Miyagi District Kurokawa District Kami District Shikama District Tamatsukuri District Shida District Kurihara District Iwai District Isawa District Nagaoka District Niita District Oda District Tōda District Kesen District Oshika District Tome District Monou District Ōnuma District Aomori Prefecture Tsugaru District Kita District Sannohe District Iwate Prefecture Ninohe District Sanriku Tōhoku region Tōsandō Japanese battleship Mutsu, the World War II Imperial Japanese Navy warship named after the province.
Dewa Province Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth.. Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691. Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903