click links in text for more info

Cologne Bonn Airport

Cologne Bonn Airport is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, serves Bonn, former capital of West Germany. With around 12.4 million passengers passing through it in 2017, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany; as of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries. It is named after Konrad Adenauer, a Cologne native and the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany; the airport is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne Bonn Region 14.8 km southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines as well as a focus city for several leisure and low-cost airlines, it is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne, the Federal Republic of Germany, the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, the City of Bonn and two counties. In 1913, the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe. After World War II the British military expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport. During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time. Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service in 1986 as the location for their European hub. In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened.

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002; as a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006; the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles. In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. In 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200; this route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers. Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012.

In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014. In December 2014, Lufthansa announced it would base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015. Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition. In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all long-haul operations from Cologne consisting of four Airbus A330 aircraft to Düsseldorf Airport by late October 2018 leaving the airport without any long-haul passenger routes again. Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other: The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design, it features a u-shaped main building with shops, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands.

All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings, which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities and Austrian Airlines. Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station. Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000, it is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both are connected through a landside walkway; as part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel, equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding, it is used by several airlines such as Iran Air. Terminal 2 is directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level; the terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport: Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hu

Kanfei Nesharim Street

Kanfei Nesharim Street is a major east-west thoroughfare in the Givat Shaul neighborhood of western Jerusalem. Unlike most Jerusalem streets, Kanfei Nesharim is a wide thoroughfare with two traffic lanes in each direction, separated by a median, spans 3 kilometres in a straight line, it connects the neighborhood of Kiryat Moshe on the east to Har Nof on the west, includes the modern commercial strip of office buildings and restaurants in what is termed Givat Shaul Bet. The street was named after the operation to airlift the entire community of more than 40,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel in 1949-1950. Code-named "Wings of Eagles", this operation was named after the Biblical description of God taking the Israelites out of Egypt and protecting them through their wanderings in the desert "on eagles' wings"; the land on which Kanfei Nesharim Street lies was a dirt road leading out of Givat Shaul toward a cluster of Arab villages on the western perimeter of Jerusalem. During the Arab siege of Jerusalem, when convoys were attacked on the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway, the back roads from Tel Aviv — like the one leading to Givat Shaul — became crucially important.

In late 1946, the Haganah paved the road in order to use it as a landing strip. At the height of the siege, the Haganah flew in supplies, armaments and soldiers on this runway. On 3 April 1948, the Haganah launched Operation Nachshon to capture the high ground on both sides of the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway. On 9 April it fought to regain Castel. Many of the inhabitants were killed in the attack, now known as the Deir Yassin massacre; the Israelis expelled the surviving residents and repopulated the area with Orthodox Jewish immigrants from Poland and Slovakia. Today, the remaining buildings of Deir Yassin are part of the Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center at the border between Givat Shaul Bet and Har Nof. A spate of building in the 1980s and 1990s brought stylish office buildings, chain stores and restaurants to what until had been a sparsely populated street. In contrast, Beit Hadfus Street, running parallel and to the south, remained industrial with discount supermarkets and outlet stores that attract bargain shoppers.

The development of Kanfei Nesharim Street aided the Haredi Jewish residents of Har Nof from a halakhic standpoint: With a contiguous stretch of buildings leading from Har Nof to the Old City, Har Nof could now be halakhically considered "part" of Jerusalem and could observe Shushan Purim on 15 Adar as opposed to Purim on 14 Adar. Kanfei Nesharim Street is home to these government offices: Directorate of Judicial Courts Income Tax Commission Israel Anti-Drug Authority Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection Israel Securities Authority Israel Central Bureau of Statistics National Authority of Religious ServicesThe New York State Department of Economic Development maintains an office here. Map of Jerusalem's streets

Renee Groeneveld

Renée Groeneveld is a sailor from the Netherlands. Groeneveld represented her country at the 2012 Summer Olympics in Weymouth. With fellow crew members Annemieke Bes and Marcelien Bos-de Koning, Groeneveld as helmsman took 8th place in the Elliott 6m match race event. In 2007 a team was formed of nine sailors, among them were Mandy Mulder, Annemieke Bes, Merel Witteveen, Renée Groeneveld, Marije Faber, Marije Kampen and Brechtje van der Werf), that aimed to qualify for the Olympics in the Yngling class. Groeneveld made a comeback for the 2012 Games. "The Official International Sailing Federation Olympic Games Website: London 2012". ISAF. Retrieved 13 February 2014. Renee Groeneveld at World Sailing

List of Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1 broadcasters

The Algerian television has the broadcast rights of the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1 since independence. Qatari channels Al-Kass Sports have the rights of broadcasting 10 meetings per season, most of them derby matches, since the 2015–16 season. Number of Algerian private channels offer special league programs and hilights: El Heddaf, Dzair, El Djazairia One, El Bilad TV,Beur TV and Ennahar. Several global channels has transferred previous Algerian league seasons such as the Saudi Arabia network ART, the French Channel Canal+ Maghreb and the Qatari network beIN Sports Arabia. On 12 September 2003, ART acquired the rights to broadcast matches of the Algerian Championnat National, ART broadcast up to three games per week, live or deferred, under the terms of the contract signed in Beirut, on the sidelines of the ceremony of the draw of the Arab Club Champions Cup, between ENTV, ART, the Algerian Football Federation; the contract extended. On 28 September 2010, Canal+ Maghreb bought the rights to broadcast the first professional league season with a contract of one year.

Canal+ Maghreb held the rights to broadcast 1 game per week, scheduled on Saturday. The agreement concerned only Canal + Maghreb and not Canal + France, which means that only subscribers of this package living in Algeria can watch the games; the contract was cancealed before its end due to a disagreement between Canal + Group. On 22 August 2014, beIN Sports Arabia bought the rights of broadcasting the 2015–16 season with an average of 1 game per week; the contract extended until the end of 2017–18 season. The beginning of the 2016–17 season, Algerian television looked in the transfer of five matches on live per round for the first time on the four channels ENTV Terrestre HD, Canal Algérie HD, Algérie 3 HD and TV Tamazight 4 HD

Edward Delafield

Edward Delafield was an American physician known as an ophthamologist, but for his work in obstetrics and gynaecology. He was the co-founder of the New York Eye Infirmary and the first president of the American Ophthalmological Society. From 1858 until his death he was the president of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, his son, Francis Delafield became a prominent physician. Edward Delafield is buried at the Delafield Family Mausoleum Delafield was born in New York City, one of the 14 children to John Delafield and Anne Delafield, his father made a fortune as a merchant. Among his siblings were brothers Joseph Delafield, Maj. Gen. Richard Delafield and Rufus King Delafield. Delafield was educated at Union Hall Academy before entering Yale University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1812, he studied medicine at the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons while training under a prominent New York surgeon, Samuel Borrowe. His medical studies were interrupted by the War of 1812.

He and his brothers Henry and Joseph joined the "Iron Grays", a private infantry company formed in 1814 and charged with protecting New York City from the perceived threat of a British invasion. Delafield served as the company's surgeon and as a surgeon in the New York company of the Sea Fencibles Battalion. Delafield graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1816, his inaugural dissertation on tuberculosis was written under the guidance of Samuel Borrowe. That year, he and his fellow student at the college, John Kearney Rodgers, went to London for further training, they studied under Astley Paston Cooper and John Abernethy at St Thomas's Hospital and St. Bartholomew's Hospital but focused on ophthalmology, which they studied at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Delafield spent some months studying in Paris hospitals, his meticulous handwritten and indexed notes of the lectures he attended those of Abernethy and Paston, consist of over 3000 pages and are preserved in the New York Academy of Medicine.

After his return to New York in 1818, Delafield went into private practice. In 1820, he and Rodgers founded the New York Eye Infirmary which provided free eye care to the poor of New York City. For the first two years, the two young doctors financed the infirmary themselves. Delafield remained the infirmary's attending surgeon until 1850, consulting surgeon until 1870. In the early 1820s, he went into partnership with his former mentor Samuel Borrowe in what was to become a large and lucrative private practice. In 1825 the first American edition of Benjamin Travers's A Synopsis of Diseases of the Eye and their Treatment was published with additions and extensive notes by Delafield; the following year he was appointed Professor of obstetrics and diseases of women and children at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. In 1834, he was appointed attending physician to the New York Hospital. However, in 1838 he gave up these two positions due the increasing pressure of work at his private practice.

In subsequent years Delafield went on to hold many prominent positions in the medical establishment of New York. In 1842 he became the founding president the Society for the Relief of Widows and Orphans of Medical Men and in 1847 was a founding fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, he was the first President of the Medical Board of the Nursery and Child's Hospital founded by his niece, Mary Ann Delafield DuBois, in 1854 and served as its consulting physician for the rest of his life. In 1858 he was appointed senior consulting physician at St. Luke's Hospital and president of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, a position he held until his death, he was one of the founders of the American Ophthalmological Society, the oldest specialty medical society in the United States, became its first president in 1864. He served as senior consulting physician of the Woman's Hospital and president of the Roosevelt Hospital. Delafield was married twice. In 1821 he married Eleanor Elizabeth Langdon Elwyn, the granddaughter of New Hampshire's second Governor, John Langdon.

Eleanor died from tuberculosis in 1834. All of the six children from that marriage died from the same disease, his second wife was the granddaughter of William Floyd. They married in 1839 and had five children, including: Francis Delafield, the physician and pathologist Augustus Floyd Delafield Emma DelafieldIn 1859, Dr. Edward Delafield and his second wife Julia Floyd bought their initial 50 acres of land in Darien, Connecticut for $6,000. Construction on their summer house "Felsenhof" was completed in 1861, they continued to buy neighboring plots around the main house and amassed 165 acres on Scott's cove. Edward Delafield died at his home in New York City in 1875 at the age of 80, he was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery with the last two of his surviving brothers and Henry, following a joint funeral at Trinity Church in New York City. All three brothers died within three days of each other. Julia died in 1879 at "Felsenhof", the family's summer home in Connecticut. Notes Sources Delafield, Edward.

An inaugural dissertation on pulmonary consumption. John Forbes & Co Hall, Henry "Henry Delafield", America's Successful Men of Affairs, pp. 174–175. New York Tribune Hubbell, Alvin Allace; the Development of Ophthalmology in America, 1800 to 1870. American Medical Association Press Kara, Gerald B.. "History of New York Eye & Ear Infirmary: One hundred fif

Jabalpur Junction railway station

Jabalpur Junction, is an Important Railway junction Station of Jabalpur City in Madhya Pradesh. It is the Headquarters of West Central Railway; the East Indian Railway, which had established the Howrah-Delhi main line via Allahabad, opened the Allahabad-Jabalpur branch line in June 1867. The Great Indian Peninsula Railway connection reached Jabalpur from Itarsi on 7 March 1870, linking up with the EIR track there from Allahabad, establishing connectivity between Mumbai and Kolkata. Jabalpur railway division is one of the three railway divisions under West Central Railway zone of Indian Railways; this railway division was formed on 1 April 1952 and its headquarters are located at Jabalpur in the state of Madhya Pradesh of India. Bhopal railway division and Kota railway division are the other two railway divisions under WCR Zone headquartered at Jabalpur.. The station is sometimes called the Jabalpur main station. Jabalpur serves as the headquarters of the West Central Railway zone and is one of the busiest railway stations in Madhya Pradesh.

Jabalpur being the third largest city of Madhya Pradesh and with no suburban railway system caused the British to build 10 different railway stations across the city to manage the railway traffic and passengers across the city. The Jabalpur station is one of the major stations in the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and construction of Jabalpur-Nagpur narrow gauge conversion to broad gauge is completed till nainpur and work is in progress in nainpur and Samnapur section, expected to be completed till September 30, 2019; the railway station of Jabalpur is located on broad gauge line and comes under "A" category station and is in top100 booking stations. It consists of 6 broad gauge platforms; the station is enhanced with escalators and lifts on the platform for better convenience. The station is all set to get modified with amenities like hotels in station premise. Charghat Piparia Bargi The Jabalpur Junction is a broad gauge station, it is connected with Katni to the north east, Itarsi to the south west and Nainpur Junction to the South.

On 1 October Narrow gauge line stop working as per order of railway ministry hence this rail route is converting as Jabalpur Nagpur broad gauge line. Out of the Jabalpur-Balaghat section, Jabalpur-Nainpur and Balaghat-Samnapur have been converted to Broad Gauge. Within state, it is well connected to Bhopal, Gwalior Junction, Khandwa, Narsinghpur and Bina. In the 2011-2012 Railway Budget, a new line up to Sagar via Udaipura is proposed for survey. Station is blessed with new humsafar express which will connect Jabalpur to Santragachi; the Itarsi-Jabalpur-Allahabad, 603 km long route, was approved for electrification in the Rail Budget of 2011. Itarsi-Jabalpur-Katni route has been electrified. Most of the trains in this section are running on electric traction. Allahabad-Satna route is electrified but due to technical constraints, frequency of electric locomotives is less in this section; the section of Satna-Rewa and Satna-Katni is still under electrification. It is expected to complete by year 2020.

Madan Mahal railway station Jabalpur travel guide from Wikivoyage Jabalpur Junction railway station at the India Rail Info