Royal Australian Corps of Signals
The Royal Australian Corps of Signals is one of the'arms' of the Australian Army. It is responsible for installing and operating all types of telecommunications equipment and information systems; the motto of the Signals Corps is Certa Cito and is translated as'Swift and Sure', signifying the aim of the signal service – that communication be carried out with maximum speed and certainty. Like their British counterparts, the Royal Australian Corps of Signals' flag and hat badge feature Mercury, the winged messenger of the gods, affectionately referred to by members of the corps as "Jimmy". Modern Army command and control systems demand reliable, high speed transfer of large volumes of data; the communications systems provided by Signals must keep pace with modern information technology. The control of the electromagnetic spectrum offers a decisive advantage in modern warfare and Electronic Warfare, listening to or interfering with enemy electronic transmissions, is a critical contribution by the Signals Corps to the Army's combat capability.
On the battlefield Signals provides commanders with the means of controlling the battle using road and air dispatch services, radio and satellite links. A high technology computer switched digital network, capable of providing a high quality, high capacity, secure communications network is being introduced; the Corps has taken over the responsibility for Army Information Systems. Signal Corps personnel now control large integrated information systems and are responsible for the installation and operation of local area networks using state-of-the art computer equipment. Specialist roles in the Corps include: Communication System Operator, Telecommunications Technician, Electronic Warfare Operator and Information Systems Technician. Australia has the unique distinction of having had the first formed signal unit in the British Empire; the Corps began in 1869 as a small "torpedo and signals corp", located in New South Wales and Victoria. These units existed until 1882. In 1885, a "signalling corps", composed of one officer and twelve other ranks, was created in South Australia and remained active until 1901.
After the inception of the Commonwealth Forces, an "Australian Corps of Signallers" was formed on 12 January 1906. This day is recognised as the Signal Corps' birthday; the Corps remained as a self-contained unit until 1911. On 1 January 1925, the Australian Corps of Signals was formed and all Signals units were separated from the Australian Corps of Engineers. At the conclusion of World War II, a silver salver was presented to the Australian Corps of Signals by Princess Mary as a memento of the co-operation between the Royal Corps of Signals and the Australian Corps of Signals throughout the Second World War. On 10 November 1948, His Majesty King George VI conferred the title "Royal" on the Australian Corps of Signals; the day is recognised a "Corps Day", commemorative functions are held on, or as near as possible to, 10 November each year. Approval was given by Her Royal Highness, Princess Anne, The Princess Royal, the Signals Corps' Colonel-in-Chief, on 10 September 1980 for the Corps to carry a banner bearing her Cipher.
The banner is known as "The Princess Anne Banner", was presented to the Signals Corps by the Governor-General, The Right Honourable Sir Ninian Stephen on 29 November 1986. On 5 July 2000, a parade was held for her Royal Highness, Princess Anne, The Princess Royal at Simpson Barracks, marking the 75th anniversary of the Corps. In the Australia Day Honours List, 2014, the FCU Cambodia was awarded the Meritorious Unit Citation; the Citation is kept in trust with the DFSS. The Citation streamer “FCU Cambodia” is affixed to the head of The Princess Anne Banner; the Royal Australian Signals Corps is divided into a number of regiments and squadrons, both Regular Army, Army Reserve, Special Operations Command. Each brigade of the Army has a Signals Squadron which forms part of the brigade's Command Support Regiment; the Army's two divisions each has a signal regiment. 1st Signal Regiment – 1st Division in Enoggera, Queensland HQ Squadron 100th Signal Squadron 101st Signal Squadron 1st Combat Signal Regiment – 1st Brigade in Darwin HQ Squadron 104th Signal Squadron 105th Signal Squadron 3rd Combat Signal Regiment – 3rd Brigade in Townsville HQ Squadron 102nd Signal Squadron 103rd Signal Squadron 7th Combat Signal Regiment – 7th Brigade in Enoggera, Queensland HQ Squadron 139th Signal Squadron 140th Signal Squadron 7th Signal Regiment – 6th Brigade in Cabarlah 71st Squadron 72nd Squadron 73rd Squadron Operations Support Squadron 145th Signal Squadron – 17th Combat Service Support Brigade in Sydney Regiments: 8th Signal Regiment – 2nd Division in Sydney 142nd Signal Squadron detached to 5th Brigade in Sydney 143rd Signal Squadron 155th Signal Squadron detached to 8th Brigade in Dundas, New South Wales Operational Support SquadronIndependent squadrons: 108th Signal Squadron – 4th Brigade in Melbourne 109th Signals Squadron – 13th Brigade in Perth 141st Signal Squadron – 11th Brigade in Townsville 144th Signal Squadron – 9th Brigade in Keswick, South Australia 126th Signal Squadron in Holsworthy, New South Wales 152nd Signal Squadron in Perth 301st Signal Squadron in Randwick, New South Wales The Royal Australian Corps of Signals has two sets of colours and domestic.
British royal family
The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of, or is not a member of the British royal family; those who at the time are entitled to the style His or Her Royal Highness, any styled His or Her Majesty, are considered members, including those so styled before the beginning of the current monarch's reign. By this criterion, a list of the current royal family will include the monarch, the children and male-line grandchildren of the monarch and previous monarchs, the children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, all their current or widowed spouses; some members of the royal family have official residences named as the places from which announcements are made in the Court Circular about official engagements they have carried out. The state duties and staff of some members of the royal family are funded from a parliamentary annuity, the amount of, refunded by the Queen to the Treasury. Since 1917, when King George V changed the name of the royal house from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, members of the royal family have belonged, either by birth or by marriage, to the House of Windsor.
Senior titled members of the royal family do not use a surname, although since 1960 Mountbatten-Windsor, incorporating Prince Philip's adopted surname of Mountbatten, has been prescribed as a surname for Elizabeth II's direct descendants who do not have royal styles and titles, it has sometimes been used when required for those who do have such titles. The royal family are regarded as British cultural icons, with young adults from abroad naming the family among a group of people that they most associated with UK culture. On 30 November 1917, King George V issued letters patent defining the styles and titles of members of the royal family; the KING has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date the 30th ultimo, to define the styles and titles to be borne henceforth by members of the royal family. It is declared by the Letters Patent that the children of any Sovereign of the United Kingdom and the children of the sons of any such Sovereign and the eldest living son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales shall have and at all times hold and enjoy the style, title or attribute of Royal Highness with their titular dignity of Prince or Princess prefixed to their respective Christian names or with their other titles of honour.
In 1996, Queen Elizabeth II modified these letters patent, this Notice appeared in the London Gazette: The QUEEN has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm dated 21st August 1996, to declare that a former wife of a son of a Sovereign of these Realms, of a son of a son of a Sovereign and of the eldest living son of the eldest son of The Prince of Wales shall not be entitled to hold and enjoy the style, title or attribute of Royal Highness. On 31 December 2012, letters patent were issued to extend a title and a style borne by members of the royal family to additional persons to be born, this Notice appeared in the London Gazette: The QUEEN has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm dated 31 December 2012 to declare that all the children of the eldest son of The Prince of Wales should have and enjoy the style and attribute of Royal Highness with the titular dignity of Prince or Princess prefixed to their Christian names or with such other titles of honour.
Members and relatives of the British royal family represented the monarch in various places throughout the British Empire, sometimes for extended periods as viceroys, or for specific ceremonies or events. Today, they perform ceremonial and social duties throughout the United Kingdom and abroad on behalf of the United Kingdom. Aside from the monarch, their only constitutional role in the affairs of government is to serve, if eligible and when appointed by letters patent, as a Counsellor of State, two or more of whom exercise the authority of the Crown if the monarch is indisposed or abroad. In the other countries of the Commonwealth royalty do not serve as Counsellors of State, although they may perform ceremonial and social duties on behalf of individual states or the organisation; the Queen, her consort, her children and grandchildren, as well as all former sovereigns' children and grandchildren, hold places in the first sections of the official orders of precedence in England and Wales and Northern Ireland.
Wives of the said enjoy their husbands' precedence, husbands of princesses are unofficially but habitually placed with their wives as well. However, the Queen changed the private order of precedence in the royal family in favour of Princesses Anne and Alexandra, who henceforth take private precedence over the Duchess of Cornwall, otherwise the realm's highest ranking woman after the Queen herself, she did not alter the relative precedence of other born-princesses, such as the daughters of her younger sons. As of 2019, members of the royal family are: The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge (the Queen's gra
Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland. The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment was formed on 9 September 1992 by the amalgamation of the Queen's Regiment and the Royal Hampshire Regiment and holds the earliest battle honour in the British Army. Through its ancestry via the Queen's Royal Regiment, the PWRR is the most senior English line infantry regiment; the current regiment was named in honour of Princess of Wales. Upon its creation, the Princess of Wales and the Queen of Denmark were Allied Colonels-in-Chief of the PWRR; when the Princess divorced the Prince of Wales, she resigned as Colonel-in-chief and the Queen of Denmark has remained its Colonel-in-Chief since. The 1st Battalion served a seven-month tour of Iraq in 2004 with a second tour following in 2006, a tour in 2009 where the battalion was split between Afghanistan and Iraq.
Many of the operations carried out by the battalion during the first tour were named after stations on the London Underground. Elements of 1 PWRR helped train the Iraqi National Army and oversaw the withdrawal of UK Forces from Basra. 1st Battalion was deployed to Afghanistan again in August 2011 to form the nucleus of the Police Mentoring Advisory Group with individual companies detached to other battlegroups around Helmand province. The 1st Battalion under Army 2020 will move from Germany to be stationed at Bulford Camp; the regiment's 2nd Battalion were based in Shackleton Barracks, Northern Ireland, the last resident battalion deployed in this role under Operation Banner. After two years at Alexandria Barracks in Dhekelia in Cyprus, they moved to Woolwich Garrison, London, to take up a public duties role in August 2010, a role they performed for three years. 2nd Battalion deployed to Cyprus again in 2014. It remains one of the infantry units rotating between the British Forces Cyprus. In August 2017, the battalion returned to the UK, based at Kendrew Barracks in Cottesmore, where they are reconfiguring two companies into a Light Mechanised Infantry force.
The regiment recruits its soldiers from London, Surrey, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, the Channel Islands. The regimental headquarters is at the Tower of London, whilst the regiment itself comprises four battalions: 1st Battalion — Armoured Infantry serving with 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade 2nd Battalion — Light Infantry serving in UK The battalion will convert to a Specialised Infantry battalion, to provide an increased contribution to countering terrorism and building stability overseas. 3rd Battalion — Army Reserve Light Infantry serving with 7th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters East 4th Battalion — Army Reserve The Queen's & Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Regimental Museum is based at Dover Castle. Medals and awards awarded to the regiment's 1st Battalion for their service during operations in Iraq in 2004 included a Victoria Cross, two Distinguished Service Orders, two Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, one Member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry, ten Military Crosses, seventeen were Mentioned in Despatches, making the regiment the most decorated serving regiment in the British Army at that time.
Private Johnson Beharry of the 1st Battalion, PWRR was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during his unit's deployment to Amarah, near Basra. Whilst attached to the 1st Battalion, Michelle Norris of the Royal Army Medical Corps became the first woman to be awarded the Military Cross following her actions on 11 June 2006. Regimental Colours1: Tangier 1662-80, Namur 1695, Gibraltar 1704-5, Ramillies, Malplaquet, Minden, Guadeloupe 1759, Quebec 1759, Tournay, Martinique 1762, Maida, Talavera, Almaraz, Peninsula, Moodkee, Inkerman, Lucknow, Taku Forts, Pekin 1860, New Zealand, Afghanistan 1879-80, Nile 1884-85, Burma 1885-87, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902, Korea 1950-51 Queen's Colours: Mons, Retreat from Mons, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914'15'17'18, Hill 60, Festubert 1915, Somme 1916'18, Albert 1916'18, Arras 1917'18, Cambrai 1917'18, Hindenburg Line, Italy 1917–18, Doiran 1917-18, Landing at Helles, Jerusalem, Palestine 1917–18, Kut al Amara 1915'17, Mesopotamia 1915–18, North West Frontier India 1915 1916-17, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Rhine, North-West Europe 1944-45, Abyssinia 1941, El Alamein, Tebourba Gap, Hunt's Gap, Longstop Hill, North Africa 1940–43, Sicily 1943, Anzio, Gothic Line, Italy 1943-45, Malta 1940–42, Malaya 1941–42, Hong Kong, Defence of Kohima, Burma 1943–45 1.
Also emblazoned: The Naval Crown superscribed "1st June 1794" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment The Sphinx superscribed "Egypt" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment & Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment The cypher of Queen Catherine, intertwined/reversed letter "C" at the base of the laurel wreath from The Queen's Royal Regiment, in memory of the raising of the Regiment in 1661 when sent to garrison Tangier, part of Catherine of Braganza's dowery The Royal Tiger superscribed "India" - from the Royal Hampshire Regiment Canada - The Queen's York Rangers Canada - The South Alberta Light Horse Canada - 49th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery Canada - The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada Canada - The Hast
Brigadier Sir Nils Olav is a king penguin who resides in Edinburgh Zoo, Scotland. He is the colonel-in-chief of the Norwegian King's Guard; the name'Nils Olav' and associated ranks have been passed down through three king penguins since 1972 – the current holder being Nils Olav III. Norway – whose explorer Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole in 1911 – presented Edinburgh Zoo with its first king penguin at its opening in 1913; when the Norwegian King's Guard visited the Edinburgh Military Tattoo of 1961 for a drill display, a lieutenant named Nils Egelien became interested in the zoo's penguin colony. When the Guards once again returned to Edinburgh in 1972, he arranged for the regiment to adopt a penguin; this penguin was named Nils Olav in King Olav V of Norway. Nils Olav was given the rank of visekorporal in the regiment, he has been promoted each time. In 1982 he was made a corporal, promoted to sergeant in 1987. Nils Olav died shortly after his promotion to sergeant, his place was taken by Nils Olav II, a two-year-old near-double.
He was promoted in 1993 to the rank of regimental sergeant major and in 2001 promoted to'honourable regimental sergeant major'. On 18 August 2005, he was appointed as colonel-in-chief of the same regiment; the next honour was a knighthood, awarded during a visit by soldiers from the Norwegian King's Guard on 15 August 2008. The knighthood was approved by King Harald V and Nils was the first penguin to receive such an honour in the Norwegian Army. During the ceremony a crowd of several hundred people joined the 130 guardsmen on parade at the zoo, to hear a citation from the King read out, which described Nils as a penguin "in every way qualified to receive the honour and dignity of knighthood". During the 2005 visit, a 4-foot-high bronze statue of Nils Olav was presented to Edinburgh Zoo; the statue's inscription includes references to the Military Tattoo. A statue stands at the King's Guard compound at Huseby, Oslo. A third penguin, Nils Olav III, took over at some point between 2008 and 2016.
On 22 August 2016 he was promoted to brigadier in a ceremony attended by over 50 members of the King's Guard. William Windsor Wojtek BBC News on his knighthood BBC News Scotsman Article with pictures
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve personnel; the modern British Army traces back to 1707, with an antecedent in the English Army, created during the Restoration in 1660. The term British Army was adopted in 1707 after the Acts of Union between Scotland. Although all members of the British Army are expected to swear allegiance to Elizabeth II as their commander-in-chief, the Bill of Rights of 1689 requires parliamentary consent for the Crown to maintain a peacetime standing army. Therefore, Parliament approves the army by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years; the army is commanded by the Chief of the General Staff. The British Army has seen action in major wars between the world's great powers, including the Seven Years' War, the Napoleonic Wars, the Crimean War and the First and Second World Wars.
Britain's victories in these decisive wars allowed it to influence world events and establish itself as one of the world's leading military and economic powers. Since the end of the Cold War, the British Army has been deployed to a number of conflict zones as part of an expeditionary force, a coalition force or part of a United Nations peacekeeping operation; until the English Civil War, England never had a standing army with professional officers and careerist corporals and sergeants. It relied on militia organized by local officials, or private forces mobilized by the nobility, or on hired mercenaries from Europe. From the Middle Ages until the English Civil War, when a foreign expeditionary force was needed, such as the one that Henry V of England took to France and that fought at the Battle of Agincourt, the army, a professional one, was raised for the duration of the expedition. During the English Civil War, the members of the Long Parliament realised that the use of county militia organised into regional associations commanded by local members of parliament, while more than able to hold their own in the regions which Parliamentarians controlled, were unlikely to win the war.
So Parliament initiated two actions. The Self-denying Ordinance, with the notable exception of Oliver Cromwell, forbade members of parliament from serving as officers in the Parliamentary armies; this created a distinction between the civilians in Parliament, who tended to be Presbyterian and conciliatory to the Royalists in nature, a corps of professional officers, who tended to Independent politics, to whom they reported. The second action was legislation for the creation of a Parliamentary-funded army, commanded by Lord General Thomas Fairfax, which became known as the New Model Army. While this proved to be a war winning formula, the New Model Army, being organized and politically active, went on to dominate the politics of the Interregnum and by 1660 was disliked; the New Model Army was paid off and disbanded at the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660. For many decades the excesses of the New Model Army under the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell was a horror story and the Whig element recoiled from allowing a standing army.
The militia acts of 1661 and 1662 prevented local authorities from calling up militia and oppressing their own local opponents. Calling up the militia was possible only if the king and local elites agreed to do so. Charles II and his Cavalier supporters favoured a new army under royal control; the first English Army regiments, including elements of the disbanded New Model Army, were formed between November 1660 and January 1661 and became a standing military force for Britain. The Royal Scots and Irish Armies were financed by the parliaments of Ireland. Parliamentary control was established by the Bill of Rights 1689 and Claim of Right Act 1689, although the monarch continued to influence aspects of army administration until at least the end of the nineteenth century. After the Restoration Charles II pulled together four regiments of infantry and cavalry, calling them his guards, at a cost of £122,000 from his general budget; this became the foundation of the permanent English Army. By 1685 it had grown to 7,500 soldiers in marching regiments, 1,400 men permanently stationed in garrisons.
A rebellion in 1685 allowed James II to raise the forces to 20,000 men. There were 37,000 in 1678. After William and Mary's accession to the throne England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance to prevent a French invasion restoring James II. In 1689, William III expanded the army to 74,000, to 94,000 in 1694. Parliament was nervous, reduced the cadre to 7000 in 1697. Scotland and Ireland had theoretically separate military establishments, but they were unofficially merged with the English force. By the time of the 1707 Acts of Union, many regiments of the English and Scottish armies were combined under one operational command and stationed in the Netherlands for the War of the Spanish Succession. Although all the regiments were now part of the new British military establishment, they remained under the old operational-command structure and retained much of the institutional ethos and traditions of the standing armies created shortly after the restoration of the monarchy 47 years earlier.
The order of seniority of the most-senior British Army line regiments is based on that of the English army
Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps
The Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps is the Corps within the Australian Army concerned with supply and administration, as well as the demolition and disposal of explosives and salvage of battle-damaged equipment. The Corps contains clerks, operator supplies, petroleum operators, parachute riggers and ammunition technicians. Members of the Corps are nicknamed Roaches. Unlike other Corps within the Australian Army, there are no longer any RAAOC specific units, instead RAAOC sub-units sit within mixed units such as Combat Service Support Battalions or Force Support Battalions. RAAOC is responsible for clerks and quartermaster store staff in all Australian Army Units; the motto of the Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps is'sua tela tonanti', taken from the mother corps, RAOC. The Corps traces its history back to federation where General Edward Hutton started the Australian Army Ordnance Corps; the Corps gained its Royal prefix for its work during the Second World War. The RAAOC motto translates from Latin to'To the warrior his arms, to the thunderer his thunder bolts'.
The RAAOC badge is copied from the Board of Ordnance in the United Kingdom. On 31 May 1973 the Royal Australian Army Service Corps ceased to exist and the responsibilities of road, air dispatch and postal functions were handed over to the Royal Australian Corps of Transport who were formed on 1 June 1973; the responsibilities of provision of foodstuffs and POL was handed over to the Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps. Members of the ordnance corps will be found serving in most headquarters; the primary Regular Army units manned by RAAOC soldiers are: Supply Company 1 Combat Service Support Battalion, Supply Company 3 Combat Service Support Battalion, 6 Field Supply Company, 7 Combat Service Support Battalion, Enoggera. 2 Field Supply Company as part of 10 Force Support Battalion 37 FSC as part of 9 Force Support Battalion. 1 Petrol Company as part of 2 Force Support Battalion 6 Supply Platoon as part of 2 Force Support Battalion However, many Regular Army RAAOC trades are posted to units of all Regular and Reserve units throughout the Australian Defence Force as clerks and other administrative and support roles.
The Army Reserve element of the Corps used to consist of Supply Companies, with 4, 5, 8, 11, 13 Supply Company of each Combat Service Support Battalion of the respective numbered Brigades in each state. As part of Project FOCUS, these supply companies have been replaced by Brigade Operations Support Companies in each Reserve Brigade; this implementation has centralised supply support to Army Reserve units, as such, has been witness to a change of trade for Army Reserve members from warehousing to Q-store streams. CSSB still exist in the Reserve Brigade, the BOSC replaces Admin Company, Supply Company and Catering Company; the BOSC is Controlled by the CO of the CSSB of that Brigade. Some positions will be replaced by APS, other positions won't be replaced once ARA staff are posted out in the future; the old Supply Companies will make a limited return, but the APS civies will run them as Brigade Operational Support Company. The CSSB will have their own Q store manned by ARes members; the Supply Coordinator Operator Supply - can be employed as Unit Q-store staff or in Warehousing - has sub-specialities: Food Inspector, MILIS system managers, etc.
Broadly speaking it is divided into Operator Unit Supply and Operator Supply Chain. The OP SUP is a soldier who has knowledge of the defence supply chain, under supervision, has a key role in the provision of logistic Supply support within the formation; the OP SUP is a multi skilled soldier, conducts duties relating to Supply support, Supply systems and unit Supply. The range of tasks includes inventory control and distribution, Supply management processes, operator equipment maintenance and specialised packaging tasks related to dangerous goods; the OP SUP is required to drive and maintain a variety of Army vehicles and operate Mechanical Handling Equipment. The OP SUP may be required to operate in Combat Support and Combat Service Support roles. An OP SUP is to undertake the demand, storage, maintenance, internal issue, accounting for and disposal of all types of equipment and stores for, or held by the unit. OP SUP may be recruited or selected for the additional AMMO SUP course and specialise in ammo supply.
The Operator Administration conducts General administrative roles e.g. filing and records. The OP ADMIN is a soldier, responsible for the provision of first line personnel management support and resource management to units and members of the Australia Defence Organisation; the OP ADMIN has the skill sets to fill the role of Resource Manager or Career Manager and may be employed within the training environment as an Instructor, Trade Manager or Training Developer. As an OP ADMIN progresses through the trade and ranks, they gain a great deal of useful administrative skills including personnel management, public administration, financial management and concepts of government procedures; the Rigger Parachute Rigger is qualified to pack and maintain parachutes and associated equipment for personnel and helicopter lift equipme