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Columbia County, Georgia

Columbia County is a county located in the US state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 124,035; the legal county seat is Appling. Columbia County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States, it is located along the Savannah River. Columbia County, the 12th county formed in Georgia, was created by an act of the Legislature of Georgia on December 10, 1790 from Richmond County; this area along the Savannah River had been inhabited for thousands of years by various cultures of indigenous peoples. The area had been home to the historic Muscogee-speaking Creek; the Yuchi had moved south from Tennessee because of pressure from the Cherokee, who continued to move into the Piedmont and soon dominated the Native American tribes. One of the oldest archaeological sites in the nation to contain pottery can be found on Stallings Island. During the Colonial era, settlement of what would become Columbia County occurred due to colonists settling at the second city in Georgia, located on the Fall Line.

When the British Province of Georgia became a crown colony in 1755 and was divided into parishes, the area around Augusta became St. Paul's Parish; the primary areas of settlement were Augusta. Because the Church of England was the established church in the province, it was against the law for anyone to preach contrary to its doctrines. Influenced by the Great Awakening in New England, in 1772 Daniel Marshall established Kiokee Baptist Church, the first Baptist church in Georgia; the church was located below Brownsborough along the Kiokee Creek in present-day Appling. Born in Connecticut, Marshall had been raised as a Presbyterian, he had become a Baptist and preached in the Carolinas before coming to Georgia, where he was arrested. Baptist preachers and their converts continued to flourish, in Virginia their influence helped shape the young James Madison's ideas on religious freedom, which he incorporated into the new Constitution. Marshall served in the militia during the American Revolutionary War.

During the 19th century and the Second Great Awakening, the Baptists became well established in Georgia and other southern states. The Baptists offered congregational participation to slaves and approved them and free blacks as preachers, leading to the growth in black membership in the church. Two small battles occurred in what would become the County during the Revolutionary War between Patriot Militia and Tories. Legend has it that a small band of Patriots sought refuge from marauding Tories at the County's most dramatic geological feature, Heggie's Rock. One of these fights occurred on September 11, 1781, between the forces of Elijah Clarke and a band of Tories and British Regular soldiers. George Walton, the Virginia-born statesman who signed the Declaration of Independence, resided in what would become Columbia County, as did William Few and Abraham Baldwin, they were delegates to the Federal Convention. Just before and after the Revolution, numerous Virginians and North Carolinians migrated to the frontier of Georgia above Augusta, including the area around Brownsborough.

After the Revolution, residents disagreed as to whether Augusta or Brownsborough should be the county seat of Richmond County. At the insistence of William Few, the county was partitioned; the new county formed from Richmond was named "Columbia". The citizens of Columbia County turned to arguing among themselves. Supporters built one courthouse in Brownsborough, those of Cobbham built another; the courthouse at Cobbham was used. In 1793, part of the County was taken, combined with part of Wilkes County, formed into Warren County. Around 1799, William Appling deeded a tract of land to the county for the purpose of building a courthouse, it was near the Baptist Church which Marshall had founded. A courthouse was constructed, served the county until around 1808; the small town that existed around the church and courthouse came to be known as "Columbia Courthouse." In 1809, the Baptist congregation left the town and constructed a new meeting house several miles away near the junction of Kiokee and Greenbrier creeks.

That same year, construction began on a new courthouse, completed in 1812. In 1816, Columbia Courthouse was chartered as the Town of Appling, named for the Appling family who had donated the land to the county, for Colonel John Appling, a local resident who died in a campaign against the Seminole. Appling was the political, educational and religious center of the county. Near Appling were located Columbia Institute. Mt. Carmel Academy was run by Moses Waddel. Columbia Institute was started by a certain gentleman going by the surname Bush. During the Georgia Gold Rush of the 1820s, some successful prospecting and mining occurred in Columbia County; the 1830s were the coming of the railroad. When the Georgia Railroad was esta

District councils of Hong Kong

The district councils district boards until 1999, are the local councils for the 18 districts of Hong Kong. Under the supervision of Home Affairs Bureau of the Hong Kong Government and affairs. An early basis for the delivery of local services were the Kaifong associations, set up in 1949. However, by the 1960s, these had ceased to represent local interests, so, in 1968, the government established the first local administrative structure with the city district offices, which were intended to enable it to mobilise support for its policies and programmes, such as in health and crime-reduction campaigns. An aim was to monitor the grass roots, following the 1967 riots. Under the Community Involvement Plan, launched in the early 1970s, Hong Kong and Kowloon were divided into 74 areas, each of around 45,000 people. For each, an'area committee' of twenty members was appointed by the city district officers, was comprised, for the first time, of members from all sectors of the local community, led by an unofficial member of the Legislative Council.

The initial purpose was to help implement the'Clean Hong Kong' campaign, by distributing publicity material to local people. This was held to be a success. A next stage in the government's effort to increase local engagement and influence was the setting up, in June 1973, of mutual aid committees in high-rise residential buildings; these were described in Legco as "a group of responsible citizens, resident in the same multi-storey building who work together to solve common problems of cleanliness and security." In fact, they were controlled by the government. With government encouragement, the number of such committees increased in these private buildings, from 1,214 in 1973 to 3,463 in 1980; the scheme was extended to public housing estates, of which 800 had MACs in 1980, as well as factories and in the New Territories. The next development was the establishment of eight district advisory boards in the districts of the New Territories, starting with Tsuen Wan in 1977; the boards, whose members were appointed, were more formally constituted than the city district boards, charged with advising on local matters, recommending minor district works, conducting cultural and recreational activities.

In 1982, under the governorship of Sir Murray MacLehose, the district boards were established under the District Administration Scheme. The aim was to improve co-ordination of government activities in the provision of services and facilities at the district level and the boards took over the roles of the district advisory boards. At first, the boards comprised only appointed members and government officials, but from 1982, a proportion of each was elected. In an attempt to inject a democratic element into the Legislative Council, the government introduced a model where some legislators were elected indirectly by members of the district councils. Twelve legislators were returned by an'electoral college' of district councillors in 1985; the practice was repeated in 1988 and 1995. After the HKSAR was established, as part of the'through train', the district boards became provisional district boards, composed of all the original members of the boards supplemented by others appointed by the chief executive.

In early 1999 a bill was passed in the Legislative Council providing for the establishment and functions of the District Councils, which would replace the Provisional District Boards. The 27 ex officio seats of Rural Committees, abolished by the colonial authorities, were reinstated; the government rejected any public survey or referendum on the issue, saying that it had been studying the issue since 1997, had received 98 favourable submissions. The self-proclaimed pro-democracy camp dubbed the move "a setback to the pace of democracy" because it was a throwback to the colonial era. In 2010, the government proposed that five legislators be added to district council functional constituencies, be elected by proportional representation of elected DC members. In a politically controversial deal between the Democratic Party and the Beijing government, this was changed to allow the five seats to be elected by those members of the general electorate who did not otherwise have a functional constituency vote.

The councils are mandated to advise the Government on the following: matters affecting the well-being of people in the District. Starting from the fourth District Council Election, the total number of district council members has reduced from 534 to 507, of which – 412 are returned by direct election 27 are ex officio members, 68 are appointed members by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong. There is a district council for each of the following eighteen districts; the number in parentheses corresponds to the number shown on the map at the right. Hong Kong I

Modern Espionage

"Modern Espionage" is the eleventh episode of the sixth season of the television sitcom Community. It was written by Mark Stegemann, directed by Rob Schrab, it is the 108th episode overall and was first released on Yahoo! Screen in the United States on May 19, 2015; the episode is the third "paintball episode" of the series after "Modern Warfare" and the two-part "A Fistful of Paintballs" / "For a Few Paintballs More". Starburns is accosted by Todd in the parking lot, they are both involved in a game of paintball assassin driven underground by Frankie's "Cleaner Greendale" initiative. While Starburns gains the upper hand both players are defeated by a mysterious player who shoots them with silver pellets; the following morning Frankie asks Jeff to introduce an award to deputy custodian Lapari at the gala for a Cleaner Greendale in order to be seen as denouncing the underground game. Although he is reluctant, Jeff approaches the study group and asks them not to participate in the game, they all agree only to turn on Chang when he reveals he is playing, revealing that they are all playing as well.

Jeff is drawn into the game. Abed discovers that the game is being run on an encrypted server with signs pointing to someone from City College being involved; the group decide to look for the secret player, Silver Ballz, defeat them. They are given permission to go forward from Dean Pelton who feels irrelevant because of Frankie and dubs the group Deanforce 1. While trying to track Silver Ballz Abed and Annie are led to Kugler. Abed manages to recover Kugler's encryption key which reveals that Silver Ballz plans to ambush Lapari at the gala; the group split up at the gala. While presenting the award to Lapari, Jeff panics and shoots a non-playing audience member in front of Frankie, he is saved from punishment by the arrival of the Dean, assigned a non-active role scouting the perimeter and realized that the custodial staff fed up with the mess the Greendale students make during paintball, are the ones behind the new game. The gala erupts in a shoot out with only Lapari and the Dean making it out.

Lapari lures Jeff and the Dean into the museum of custodial arts where he reveals that he organized the game in order to fight against Frankie and her attempts to clean up Greendale and change the spirit of the school. His words convince the Dean, who turns on Jeff, however Jeff convinces the two of them that Frankie only wants what is best for the school. Frankie agrees not to fire any of them as long as they put their guns down, however faced with the possibility of winning the final prize they all shoot each other once Frankie is gone meaning there is no true winner; the following week the group put on bibs and bonnets and pretend to be babies as punishment for not listening to Frankie. In the final tag Garrett performs his one man show which mocks Vicki's one woman show, taking aim at the fact that she used her dead mother as material, his show is interrupted by Vicki herself who poignantly shares what her mother meant to her only for Vicki and Garrett to reveal that it is all an act and that they will be performing together in a third play.

Vicki's mother is upon hearing she is alive the audience boos. "Modern Espionage" features spy-movie homages and tropes, in contrast to the action movie setting of Modern Warfare, the western setting of A Fistful of Paintballs, the Star Wars homages of For a Few Paintballs More. The group's codenames are references to actors who have portrayed Batman in film and animation. Jeff mentions Iron Man. Lapari gets corrected by Abed. Garrett mentions comedian Andy Kaufman. Koogler references Fight Club. Frankie quotes Joseph Campbell; the scene where Dean Pelton is attacked in the elevator is a nod to a similar scene in Captain America: The Winter Soldier, a movie directed by Community producers/directors Joe and Anthony Russo. On March 15, 2015, it was announced that the series began filming a third "paintball assassin" episode following the season one episode "Modern Warfare" and season two's two-part episode "A Fistful of Paintballs"/"For a Few Paintballs More". Joshua Alston of The A. V. Club gave the episode an "A" rating, calling it "fun and sharp", adding that "despite the revamped cast, feels remarkably like old-school Community.

Eric Goldman of IGN rated the episode a 9.5 of 10, stating "this stands out as the best installment yet this year and a reminder of just how wonderful this show is. Overcoming the difficulties in doing yet another sequel episode to one of the most popular ideas the series has offered, "Modern Espionage" once again showed that paintball brings out the best in this series". Alan Sepinwall of HitFix claimed that the episode "made up in execution what it lacked in originality, it found an actual emotional story – the campus' reaction to all the changes Frankie has implemented, all the responsibility she's taken away from the Dean – to wrap the paintball game around, the various spy thriller tropes gave it a specificity in the same way that season 2's Spaghetti Western version had." "Modern Espionage" at Yahoo! "Modern Espionage" on IMDb "Modern Espionage" at

Angel Blue

Angel Blue, born Angel Joy Blue, is an American operatic soprano and classical crossover artist. Blue's voice has been recognized for its shining and agile upper register, "smoky" middle register, beautiful timbre, her ability to switch from a classical to contemporary sound, she won numerous awards such as Operalia and Miss Hollywood. Plácido Domingo has described Angel as “the next Leontyne Price”. Angel Blue has performed lead roles and as a featured soloist at the Canadian Opera Company, Los Angeles Opera, San Francisco Opera, Walt Disney Concert Hall, the Colburn School, Royce Hall, the Staples Center, Theater an der Wien, Frankfurt Opera, Munich Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic, Israeli Philharmonic, Auditorio Nacional de Música, Seoul Arts Center, her operatic repertoire includes such roles as Violetta and Mimi, Lucia, Liu, Contessa Almaviva and Antonia, Donna Elvira. Blue has sung the National Anthem for the Border Governors Conference, hosted by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, for the California Women's Conference, hosted by California First Lady Maria Shriver.

In the 2008/09 season, Blue made her debut with the San Francisco Opera Company as Clara in Porgy and Bess. In the 2009/10 season she was a featured soloist with the Riverside Philharmonic. Throughout the 2010/11 season, Blue enjoyed engagements with the Palau de les Arts in Valencia, Spain, she began touring with Plácido Domingo in 2011 opening the Kaufmann Center in Missouri. Blue was a finalist in Operalia 2009, receiving 1st place in the Zarzuela competition, 2nd place in the Opera competition. In July 2010, Blue was honored to be a part of the 17th Annual Verbier Festival in Verbier, where she sang in an "Operalia Tribute" Concert sponsored by Rolex, she has received awards from the Metropolitan Opera National Council Regional Auditions, A. E. I. O. U Italian Educators Vocal Competition, the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion's Emerging Young Entertainers Award, the Redlands Bowl Competition. In upcoming seasons Blue revisits Clara in Porgy and Bess in concert with the Berlin Philharmonic and Sir Simon Rattle.

Concert performances will take place in Europe, including Carmina Burana at the Maggio Musicale with Zubin Mehta, Mahler’s Symphony No. 2 with the Munich Philharmonic, Verdi's Greatest Hits concert with the Santa Barbara Symphony, Verdi Requiem with the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra and St. Louis Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Raphael Frühbeck de Burgos, the release of her first solo album with British pianist Iain Burnside, she was the only soloist invited to sing for the American Friends of the Israeli Philharmonic in a Tribute Concert to honor the great film composer Hans Zimmer. In the United Kingdom she has been seen at the Edinburgh Festival in Edinburgh, Scotland as the title role in Alban Berg Lulu, Musetta in La Boheme at the English National Opera in 2013 and as Mimi in 2014. Lord Melvyn Bragg did a feature on his critically acclaimed documentary series of the South Bank Show which aired on Sky Arts on June 19, 2014. Angel has been a favorite in magazines such as The Times, TimeOut, The Telegraph, BBC's InTune with Sean Rafferty.

She was the guest judge for the BBC Choir Competition of the Year Final in December 2014. In 2015 she co-hosted the BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competition with Petroc Trelawny and the BBC broadcast of Prom 13 at the Royal Albert Hall with Trelawny, she made her Metropolitan Opera début in 2017 as Mimì in La Bohème. In 2009, Angel Blue was a finalist in Operalia, receiving 1st place in the Zarzuela competition, 2nd place in the Opera competition, she has received awards from the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions, the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion’s Emerging Young Entertainers Award, the Redlands Bowl Competition. Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors Achievement Award January 21, 2014, given by Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. Blue received a Bachelor of Music from the University of Redlands in 2005 and a Master of Music degree in Opera Performance from UCLA in 2007, she is an alumna of the Los Angeles County High School for the Arts where she studied voice and classical piano.

She was a member of the Domingo-Thornton Young Artist Program at Los Angeles Opera from 2007/2009. Blue was a member of the Artistas de la Academia del Palau de les Arts from 2009–2010, under Maestros Alberto Zedda, Lorin Maazel, Zubin Mehta. In 2010 Angel Blue was a featured soloist on the Ma

The Conquered Banner

"The Conquered Banner" was one of the most popular of the post-Civil War Confederate poems. It was written by Roman Catholic priest and Confederate Army chaplain, Father Abram Joseph Ryan, sometimes called the "poet laureate of the postwar south" and "poet-priest of the Confederacy"; the poem was first published on June 24, 1865, in the pro-Confederate Roman Catholic newspaper the New York Freeman under the pen-name "Moina". It made Father Ryan famous and became one of the best known poems of the post-war South and recited by generations of Southern schoolchildren. Ryan told an interviewer that he wrote the Conquered Banner in Knoxville, Tennessee shortly after General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox, "When my mind was engrossed with the thought of our dead soldiers and our dead Cause". David O'Connell has described Conquered Banner as echoing Ralph Waldo Emerson's popular "Concord Hymn". According to O'Connell, readers would have unconsciously have thought of Emerson's poem about "Concord" when Ryan used the word "conquered", by echoing Emerson's reference to a furled flag, Ryan would have enhanced the patriotic resonance his poem had among Southern readers brought up reciting Emerson's "Concord Hymn".

The final verse reads: Furl that banner slowly! Treat it gently—it is holy-- For it droops above the dead. Touch it not—unfold it never, Let it droop there, furled forever, For its people's hopes are dead! —The Conquered Banner. This is taken to be Ryan's statement that however noble he and others thought the Confederate cause had been, the defeat was final, the Confederate idea should be put away forever, along with the Confederate flag; the poem was published in the first issue of the Confederate Veteran in 1893. John McGreevy called it the most popular Confederate poem in the post-Civil War years. Attorney and Southerner Hannis Taylor wrote of the impact of Father Ryan's poem on readers sympathetic to the Confederacy: "Only those who lived in the South in that day, passed under the spell of that mighty song, can properly estimate its power as it fell upon the victims of a fallen cause." The poem reached the height of its popularity between 1890 and 1920. In 1941 Carl Van Doren included the poem in The Patriotic Anthology, writing that to omit Southern "expressions of patriotism" would be to "falsify the record and impoverish it".

Full lyrics

Perdutamente tuo... mi firmo Macaluso Carmelo fu Giuseppe

Perdutamente tuo... mi firmo Macaluso Carmelo fu Giuseppe is a 1976 satirical comedy film written and directed by Vittorio Sindoni and starring Stefano Satta Flores and Macha Méril. Stefano Satta Flores as Carmelo Macaluso Macha Méril as Baroness Valeria Lamia Leopoldo Trieste as Don Calogero Liotti Cinzia Monreale as Jessica Luciano Salce as Baron Alfonso Lamia Umberto Orsini as Lawyer Vito Orsini Marisa Laurito as Tindara Liotti Pino Ferrara as Defense Attorney Deddi Savagnone as Don Calogero's Wife Roberto Della Casa as Bank Teller List of Italian films of 1976 Perdutamente tuo... mi firmo Macaluso Carmelo fu Giuseppe on IMDb