click links in text for more info

Columbia University School of General Studies

The School of General Studies, Columbia University is a liberal arts college and one of the undergraduate colleges of Columbia University, situated on the university's main campus in Morningside Heights, New York City. GS is known for its traditional B. A. degree program for non-traditional students. GS students make up 30% of the Columbia undergraduate population. GS offers dual-degree programs with multiple leading universities around the world, it offers dual degree programs with Sciences Po in France, the City University of Hong Kong, Trinity College Dublin in Ireland, Tel Aviv University in Israel, List College of the Jewish Theological Seminary. It offers dual degree programs with the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Business School. GS is the historical home to dual-degree programs at Columbia University, the Post-baccalaureate Premedical Program, the oldest program of its kind. Notable alumni include Nobel Prize winners Simon Kuznets and Baruj Benacerraf, as well as Isaac Asimov, J.

D. Salinger, Amelia Earhart, Princess Firyal of Jordan. GS's evolutionary ancestor is the now-defunct, all-male Seth Low College, named for former Brooklyn mayor and President of Columbia Seth Low, it was established in Downtown Brooklyn in 1928 to help alleviate the flood of Jewish applicants to Columbia College. The entrance requirements for Seth Low Junior College were the same as those enforced in Columbia College. Following completion of the two-year program, graduates could complete their undergraduate degrees at the University's professional schools, such as the School of Law, Business School, or School of Engineering and Applied Science or earn B. S. degrees in the liberal arts as University Undergraduates. Seth Low Junior College was closed in 1938 due to the adverse economic effects of the Great Depression and concomitant popularity of the tuition-free Brooklyn College in 1930. Henceforth, its remaining students were absorbed into the Morningside Heights campus as students in the University Undergraduate program, established by Nicholas Murray Butler in 1904.

University Extension was responsible for the founding of three schools at Columbia Business School, the School of General Studies and the School of Dental and Oral Surgery. The School of Continuing Education, a separate school was established to reprise University Extension's former role. With an influx of students attending the University on the GI Bill following the resolution of World War II, in December 1946, the University Undergraduate program was reorganized as an official undergraduate college for "qualified students who, because of employment or for other reasons, are unable to attend other schools of the University." Columbia University pioneered the use of the term "General Studies" when naming the college, adapting the medieval term for universities, "Studium Generale." Thus, the School of General Studies bears no semblance to general studies or extension studies programs at other universities in the United States. In December 1968, the University Council permitted GS to grant the B.

A. degree instead of the B. S. degree, making it only one of two colleges at Columbia offering the B. A. degree. In 1991, the Columbia College, School of General Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences faculties were merged into the Faculty of Arts & Sciences, which resulted in the complete academic integration between the School of General Studies and Columbia College; as a result, both GS and CC students receive B. A. degrees conferred by the Trustees of Columbia University through the Faculty of Art & Sciences, GS is recognized as an official liberal arts college at Columbia University. GS students make up 30% of the Columbia undergraduate population and in 2013 were reported as collectively earning the highest average GPA among undergraduates at Columbia University. 20% of GS students are part-time students who have significant, full-time work commitments in addition to their academic responsibilities. Numerous GS students have gone on to win prestigious fellowships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, the Gates Cambridge Scholarship, the Fulbright Scholarship.

The School of General Studies confers the degree of Bachelor of Arts in more than 70 majors. All GS students are required to complete the Core Curriculum, which includes University Writing, Literature/Humanities, Contemporary Civilization/Social Science, Art Humanities, Music Humanities, Global Core, Quantitative Reasoning and Foreign Language. GS offers dual degree programs with Sciences Po, the City University of Hong Kong, Trinity College Dublin in Ireland, List College of the Jewish Theological Seminary, it offers dual degree programs with the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Business School. GS has the oldest program of its kind. Admission to Columbia GS is competitive, admission requires an online application, official high school transcripts, SAT or ACT test scores within the past eight years or a score on the General Studies Admissions Examination, an essay of 1,500-2,000 words, two recommendation letters. Interviews are conducted over phone.

Prospective Columbia undergraduates who have had a break of a year or more in their education, have completed an undergraduate d


Helorus, Helorum, or Elorus, was an ancient greek city of Sicily, situated near the east coast, about 40 km south of Syracuse and on the banks of the river of the same name. It is an archaeological site in the modern comune of Noto. We have no account of its origin, but it was a colony of Syracuse, of which it appears to have continued always a dependency; the name is first found in Scylax. It was one of the cities which remained the under the government of Hieron II by the treaty concluded with him by the Romans, in 263 BCE: and, having during the Second Punic War declared in favor of the Carthaginians, was recovered by Marcus Claudius Marcellus in 214 BCE. Under the Romans it appears to have been dependent on Syracuse, had no separate municipal existence, though in a passage of Cicero it appears to be noticed as a civitas, its name is again mentioned by the orator as a maritime town where the squadron fitted out by Verres was attacked by pirates: but it does not occur in Pliny's list of the towns of Sicily.

Its ruins were still visible in the days of Fazello. The most conspicuous of them were the remains of a theatre, called by the country people Colisseo: but great part of the walls and other buildings could be traced; the extent of them was, inconsiderable. These are now said to have disappeared, but there still remains between this site and the sea a curious column or monument, built of large stones, rising on a square pedestal; this is regarded as a kind of trophy, erected by the Syracusans to commemorate their victory over the Athenians. But there is no foundation for this belief: had it been so designed, it would have been erected on the banks of the river Asinarus, which the Athenians never succeeded in crossing; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. Official website

Aleksandar Krstić

Aleksandar Krstić aka Alex Krstic is a Yugoslav football agent and a former footballer. He played with Derry City F. C. in the League of Ireland and was the top goal-scorer in the 1986–87 League of Ireland First Division season with 18 goals. Missed a penalty at the Estádio da Luz against Benfica in a European Cup tie in 1989. Guested for Shamrock Rovers in a win over Manchester United in March 1987 at Glenmalure Park. Krstic moved to play in Germany with 1. FC Saarbrücken and came back to France, He ended is career in Portugal, he lives in Montpellier since, operating as an agent for a number of footballers from or playing in France, as well as his native Serbia, including the likes of Stéphane Dalmat, El Hadji Diouf and Danijel Ljuboja. Barreaud, Marc. Dictionnaire des footballeurs étrangers du championnat professionnel français. L'Harmattan, Paris. ISBN 2-7384-6608-7

Black Watch (wristwatch)

The Black Watch is an electronic wristwatch launched in September 1975 by Sinclair Radionics. It cost £24.95 ready-built, but was available for £17.95, as a kit. These prices are equivalent to around £180 and £130 in 2019, when adjusted for inflation; the Black Watch was supplied with a plastic band as standard, with a black stainless steel bracelet available as an extra at £2.00. The Black Watch was equipped with a red LED display, which illuminated only when the watchcase's surface was pressed; the Black Watch was available in Grey and White, with these versions having a date function. The product was beset by technical problems, including low battery life, variable accuracy and a sensitive integrated circuit which could be rendered useless by static shock. In spite of this, Sinclair's advertising still claimed: If that sounds technical, think of the outcome: a watch with no moving parts, a watch with nothing to go wrong, a watch which gives accuracy never achievable by the most precise mechanical engineering.

The watch suffered from serious inherent design flaws. These included the batteries being difficult to replace; this was despite advertisement claims. The quartz crystal was temperature-sensitive, causing the watch to run at different speeds according to the ambient temperature; the case switches were unreliable, as were the clips that were intended to hold the plastic case together. The kit version was found to be difficult for hobbyists to assemble. A large number of watches were returned for replacement; this overwhelmed Sinclair's customer service department, which still had a backlog of watches awaiting repair two years later. The watch was a commercial disaster for the company, which made a loss of £355,000 for 1975-6 on a turnover of £5.6m. But for a government subsidy, the company would have been bankrupted. After the failure of the watch, Sinclair Radionics had a stockpile of faulty watches. To make use of this, the company released the Microquartz car clock in November 1977; the new case resolved some of the watch's faults and the product sold reasonably well

2014 STP 500

The 2014 STP 500 was a NASCAR Sprint Cup Series stock car race, held on March 30, 2014, at Martinsville Speedway in Ridgeway, Virginia. Contested over 500 laps on the 0.526 miles oval, it was the sixth race of the 2014 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. Kurt Busch won his first win with Stewart-Haas Racing, breaking an 83-race winless streak. Jimmie Johnson finished second, while Dale Earnhardt, Jr. Joey Logano, Marcos Ambrose rounded out the top five; the top rookies of the race were Austin Dillon, Justin Allgaier, Kyle Larson. On the final lap of the Auto Club 400, Kyle Busch passed his brother Kurt Busch and held off a hard charging rookie Kyle Larson to win the race. "Holy cow, what do you expect when you have a green-white-checkered finish and everyone comes down pit road to put on four tires," Busch said. "That's a Days of Thunder thing right there. What do you mean, there's two laps to go, everybody is to pit, Cole. I came off the fourth turn in disbelief, it was weird for us, not a race that we're used to.

But now there's a load off your shoulders that you can go out the rest of the season and race the way you want to." After winning his first Nationwide Series race the previous day, Larson stated that it had "been a good weekend" and that he had been battling "probably a 12th place car for most of the day". The track, Martinsville Speedway, is a four-turn short track, 0.526 miles long. The track's turns are banked at eleven degrees, while the front stretch, the location of the finish line, has a zero degree banking. Like the front stretch, the backstraightaway doesn't have a banked surface; the race consisted of 500 laps, equivalent to a race distance of 263 miles. The defending race winner was Jimmie Johnson; the entry list for the STP 500 was released on Monday, March 24 at 9:03 a.m. Eastern time. Forty-four drivers were entered for the race. Denny Hamlin was the fastest in the first and only practice session of the weekend with a time of 18.932 and a speed of 100.021 mph. Kyle Busch won the pole with a speed of 99.674 mph.

Busch felt that his car seemed "to be working well right now, whatever is working" but felt that he had "to be a little bit faster. There's still some speed to be gained and some consistency throughout races as well keeping speed throughout a run. There's room for improvement still". David Reutimann failed to qualify for the race. Rain washed out the two other practice sessions; the race began at 1:13 p.m. Eastern time with Kyle Busch leading the field to the green flag from the outside line on the initial start. With the tight confines of Martinsville, it did not take long for the first caution of the race to wave, it flew on lap 2 after Parker Kligerman hit the back of Martin Truex, Jr. and spun out in turn 3. A number of cars towards the back were on pit road for damage sustained in a classic Martinsville accordion effect; the race restarted on lap 11, before Matt Kenseth took the lead on lap 17. Jimmie Johnson took the lead on lap 21 and held the lead to the competition caution on lap 41 due to overnight rain.

Travis Kvapil stayed out to lead a lap before giving the lead back to Johnson. Brad Keselowski was exiting pit road when he collided with Kasey Kahne, entering; the bulk of the damage came. He was forced to take his car to the garage. Keselowski felt that Busch "just accelerated and drove through us drove through us" and that he was "tired of his recklessness"; the race restarted on lap 48, with Kenseth retaking the lead on lap 56. Kyle Busch took back the lead on lap 59, before the lead cycled to Joey Logano on lap 65, back to Johnson on lap 82. Keselowski returned to the track for a payback move at Kurt Busch. Keselowski's car left a tire mark on the left side of Kurt Busch's car. After the race, Kurt Busch stated that he had "steered right to go around Brad and he clobbers our left-side door" and described Keselowski's move as "punk-ass" and that he "will get what he gets back when I decide to give it back"; the two drivers battled for 17 laps in total. Ricky Stenhouse, Jr. wheel-hopped the curb in turn 1 trying to avoid ramming Kurt Busch and scraped the wall, which brought out the third caution of the race on lap 103.

Matt Kenseth beat Jimmie Johnson off pit road to take the lead for the restart, on lap 110. Logano took back the lead on lap 111, before the fourth caution of the race flew on lap 114 after Kvapil clipped Michael Annett going into turn 3, with the incident involving David Gilliland. From the restart at lap 120, Logano maintained the lead until lap 133, when Johnson returned to the head of the race. Greg Biffle became the race's next leader on lap 155, held the lead until the fifth caution of the race flew on lap 170 after Casey Mears got tapped by Gilliland in turn 1 and sent him spinning. Marcos Ambrose beat Biffle off pit road to take the lead for the restart on lap 179. Ambrose led until on lap 195; the sixth caution of the race flew on lap 200 after Dale Earnhardt, Jr. tapped Jamie McMurray in turn 2 and sent his car into the wall. Kenseth led the field to the restart on lap 208, before Johnson returned to the lead on lap 213; the seventh caution of the race flew on lap 219 after Alex Bowman got hit in the rear by Gilliland and rear-ended the wall in turn 4.

Earnhardt, Jr. stayed out on track while others pitted for tires, thus took the lead for the restart, on lap 226. A short green-flag run followed before debris in turn 1 brought out the eighth c

Roy Palmer (folklorist)

Roy Ernest Palmer was a singer, folklorist and historian who wrote more than 30 books on folklore and folk song. In 2003 he was awarded the English Folk Dance and Song Society's highest honour, he had much experience of performing to an audience, setting him apart from better known folk song scholars and anthologists who collected material but were less concerned with singing it. Born in 1932, Roy Palmer was educated at the Grammar School, at Manchester University. While at college he met Harry Boardman, a folk singer whose left-wing views he shared throughout his life, he taught for many years in grammar and comprehensive schools around the Midlands and was headmaster of the Dame Elizabeth Cadbury School in Birmingham for eleven years. In the 1960s he began publishing traditional folk songs. A collection of his recordings are in the British Library and other materials are archived at the Library of Birmingham, he met the BBC producer Charles Parker whilst organising informal folk song evenings for CND in Birmingham during the 1960s.

The two men joined with other local enthusiasts to establish the Birmingham and Midland Folk Centre in order to sing folk songs, appraise each other's singing and research songs and produce documentary dramas. He took early retirement, making time to explore his deep passion in all aspects of folk culture - its lore, crafts, arts and above all, its songs and music. From 1970 to 2007 he produced a steady stream of books and reviews, exploring social history through the medium of folk song and street ballads. In 2003 was awarded a gold badge, the highest honour bestowed by the English Folk Dance and Song Society, in 2004 he received an honorary MA from the Open University, he was a long-standing member of The Folklore Society, chairman of the'Friends of the Dymock Poets' for seven years and on the editorial board of Folk Music Journal for 20 years. Room For Company, Cambridge University Press, 1971: ISBN 0521081742 Love is Pleasing, Cambridge University Press, 1974: ISBN 0521 204453 Songs of the Midlands, EP Publishing, 1972: OCLC 48869635 Rigs of the Fair, Cambridge University Press, 1976.