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Comanche County, Texas

Comanche County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,974; the county seat is Comanche. The county is named for the Comanche Native American tribe. Among the first inhabitants of present-day Comanche County were the Comanche Indian tribe. In 1854, Jesse M. Mercer and others organized a colony near the future settlement of Newburg. in Comanche County on lands earlier granted by Mexico to Stephen F. Austin and Samuel May Williams. Frank M. Collier built the first log house in the county. In 1856, the Texas legislature formed Comanche County from Bosque counties. Cora community, named after Cora Beeman of Bell County, was designated as the county seat. Comanche became the county seat in 1859; as of 1860, the county population was 709 persons, including 61 slaves. The Comanche Chief began publication in 1873. Editor Joe Hill's brother, Robert T. Hill, worked on the newspaper while developing his esteemed career as a geologist. In 1874, John Wesley Hardin and his gang celebrated his 21st birthday in Brown and Comanche counties.

Deputy Charles Webb drew his gun. A lynch mob was formed; the mob hanged his brother Joe and two cousins. Hardin fled, he was arrested in 1877 by Texas Rangers and a local authority on a train in Pensacola, while traveling under the alias James W. Swain, he was tried in Comanche for the murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb, sentenced to 25 years in Huntsville Prison. Known for its fertile soil, Comanche County was a hotbed of political populism in the latter years of the 19th century. In 1886, white residents drove African Americans out of the county with death threats and adopted a sundown town policy that prohibited African Americans from entering the county after dark; the Texas Central Railroad began service in Comanche County in 1885 and began carrying cattle and cotton to market. By 1890, cotton had become king in the county, but by the start of the 20th century, the boll weevil had devastated the county cotton industry for three decades. In 1907, farmers in the county began to experiment with peanut farming.

Oil was discovered at Desdemona in 1910. The peak year for the Comanche County oil boom was 1920. In the early 20th century, the Comanche region raised hogs, peanuts, watermelons and engaged in dairying. More than 70,000 fruit trees were grown in the county; the area receives twenty inches of precipitation per year, but in the Dust Bowl of the Great Depression, drought conditions persisted. Farm products lost some 75 percent of their value during the depression, which the area state representative, Oscar Callaway, blamed on the Federal Reserve System. Nearly 200 county families were on public relief, area churches formed a private community chest for charity; some sought employment as day laborers. Rabbits raided the peanut crop. Home canning saved many from total ruin; the county sought federal loans for water resources, civic buildings, parks. At the time, none of the public schools in Comanche County had a gymnasium. Ben Barnes, a lobbyist, reared in Comanche County and the former Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives and lieutenant governor, recalled how the Rural Electrification Administration in particular eased the plight of county residents.

Despite the hardships, in 1934 all downtown buildings in the county seat were in use, a few additional businesses opened as the depression continued. Like much of the rest of the nation, Comanche County persevered through the hard times. In 1951–1952, a desperate, drought-stricken county experimented with rain making. Proctor Lake was impounded in 1963 to provide drinking water. From 1968 to 1974, Comanche County native Jim Reese served as the mayor of Texas, he launched unsuccessful congressional campaigns in the 1976 general election against the Democrat George H. Mahon and in the 1978 Republican primary against George W. Bush. During the 1970s, the oil industrialist Bill Noël of Odessa purchased orchards in Comanche County; as of 1982, Comanche produced more than 45,546,000 pounds of ranking second in Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 948 square miles, of which 938 square miles is land and 9.9 square miles is water. The county is located some sixty miles north of the geographic center of Texas.

The county is home to Proctor Lake. Erath County Hamilton County Mills County Brown County Eastland County As of the census of 2000, there were 14,026 people, 5,522 households, 3,926 families residing in the county; the population density was 15 people per square mile. There were 7,105 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.30% White, 0.44% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.70% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races. About 21 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,522 households, of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.90% were not families. About 26% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 20.30% who


Dreadstar was the first comic-book series published by American publisher Epic Comics, an imprint of Marvel Comics, in 1982. It was centered on Vanth Dreadstar, sole survivor of the entire Milky Way galaxy, an ensemble cast of crewmates, including cyborg sorcerer Syzygy Darklock, their struggle to end an ancient war between two powerful, evil empires: The Church of The Instrumentality, run by the Lord Papal; the comic book, created by Jim Starlin, was bimonthly during most of its run. Epic published 26 issues, after which it was published by First Comics who carried it for 38 more issues, for a total of 64 issues; the first 41 issues were published bi-monthly, after which the book was published monthly for a time, though it resumed bi-monthly publication with issue 51. In the early 1990s, a six issue limited series was published by Malibu Comics' Bravura line of creator-owned titles. Jim Starlin had stated in interviews as early as 2000 that he was working on a new Dreadstar series titled "Class Warfare", but the last mention of this was in late 2002.

In 2011, in promotion for'Breed III, Starlin again mentioned the possibility of another Dreadstar series. Vanth Dreadstar first appeared in "The Metamorphosis Odyssey", in Epic Illustrated #3. In the story, where Dreadstar is not the main character, he unwittingly aids the Orsirosian named Akhnaton in destroying the Milky Way Galaxy, the only way to stop the ever-expanding Zygotean empire. Dreadstar reappears in Marvel Graphic Novel #3, where Dreadstar tries to adjust to a new life on a pastoral world in the Empirical Galaxy, one million years after the Milky Way's destruction, only for his new home to be wiped out in a military attack; the story happens with The Price, a graphic novel published by Eclipse Comics, which introduces the magician Syzygy Darklock. The stories become interwoven in each other's final pages. Dreadstar and Darklock appear in a short story in Epic Illustrated #15, which sets up the new bimonthly series; the series centered on the exploits of Vanth Dreadstar and his crew—powerful mystic Syzygy Darklock, the cybernetic telepath Willow, cat-like humanoid Oedi, freebooter Skeevo.

Vanth, newly arrived in the Empirical Galaxy after the events of Metamorphosis Odyssey, tries to live a pastoral existence on Oedi's planet of peaceful cat-people, but his peace is disturbed by the arrival of Darklock, who wants him to get involved in the conflict between the two major forces in the galaxy, the Monarchy and the theocratical Instrumentality. Vanth refuses. Oedi joins them. Dreadstar takes the side of the Monarchy against the evil Lord High Papal of the Instrumentality, but his team end up becoming fugitives when the Monarchy falls, go to great lengths to try to uncover a traitor in their midst; the transition to First Comics happened just when the traitor was about to be revealed, the first issue published under First Comics, #27 contained this revelation. The downfall of the Instrumentality came swiftly after the transition to First. Dreadstar injured, went into a coma and awakened in the aftermath of the war—a bureaucracy where those with extraordinary powers, like himself, are commissioned as policemen to track down others of their kind.

Willow takes over the master computer, Dreadstar and his friends leave the galaxy again. Peter David took over the writing duties with issue #41 after Jim Starlin left the title, remained on it until issue #64, the final issue of that run. Stranded in a nonfunctional ship between galaxies, the crew finds a baby floating in space, who grows to maturity, it is revealed that the baby is the personification of the Twelve Gods of the Instrumentality, which fled the Empirical Galaxy. Dreadstar finds himself once again in a galactic conflict, except that in the end he discovers he has taken the wrong side, he changes sides just in time, but the personification of the twelve gods had by this point merged with the sword of power of that galaxy and regained their full might. However they were defeated and the gods of the galaxy they were in began to take him prisoner in their realm; as he was being taken away he took the spirit of Dreadstar's teammate Iron Angel with him and fulfilled a curse, cast upon Dreadstar that for as long as Dreadstar lived, so would the High Lord Papal.

Papal was revived and empowered and battled Dreadstar until Papal's energies got too depleted and he realized it was a different galaxy and fled. During the First Comics run, the publisher released the Crossroads mini-series which featured team-ups of the company's major characters. One issue involved Grimjack and Dreadstar; this was alluded to in a issue of Dreadstar, with several flashback panels depicting Dreadstar alongside Nexus. The Malibu series takes place several years with the Lord High Papal training Vanth Dreadstar's daughter Kalla; the characters from the original series, except Oedi, show up, the series climaxes in Dreadstar being accidentally killed by his own daughter. In issue # 6, the final issue, Dreadstar back to his old self by the end of the story. Dreadstar and Oedi appear on the last page of'Breed III #5 and in issue #6 along with other of Starlin's creations, such as Wyrd and Kid Kosmos as part of the "Elsewhere Alliance"; this story explains where Oedi disappeared to during the last Dreadstar mini-series.

On February 17, 2015, Starlin teamed with Universal Cable Productions to adapt Dreadstar as a scripted TV


Jul-Gonu is a two-player abstract strategy board game from Korea. It is one of many Gonu games; the game has a small board, yet offers a challenge at different levels. The game could be played on a larger board, however, it tends to be tiresome. Jul means "lines", the lines of the board are drawn on the ground; the game is referred to as "Ne-Jul-Gonu", i.e. "Four Lines Gonu", referring to the four lines in each direction. The game bears resemblance to Hasami shogi, Dai hasami shogi, Mak-yek, Apit-sodok, Ming Mang, Seega, Ludus latrunculorum, Petteia. and Firdawsi's Nard. It bears resemblance to the Tafl games, to a lesser extent to Agon, Bizingo, Watermelon Chess, Othello, Wei-chi, Go as all of these games exhibit custodian capture or some form of it. A 4×4 square board is used; each player has four pieces. One plays as the black pieces, the other plays as the white pieces. If one has a piecepack, the board is made from four face-down tiles, players use coins, suit side up, as playing pieces. Players decide what colors to play, who starts first.

Each player's four pieces are set up on the first rank of their respective side of the board and, opposite of one another. Players alternate their turns; each player moves only one piece per turn. A piece moves orthogonally one space onto a vacant space per turn. However, a move that repeats the previous position is not allowed. Capture of an enemy piece or a line of enemy pieces is done by the custodian method, this must be created by the player performing the capture on his or her turn; the player's piece moves adjacently next to an enemy piece or line of enemy pieces that are flanked on the other side by a friendly piece. All these pieces must be in the same column with no vacant space between any of them. A piece that moves in between two enemy pieces on a row or column is not captured by the enemy player; as mentioned earlier, custodian capture must be created on the turn of the player performing the capture, in this case the enemy player did not create the custodian capture on his or her turn.

One of the enemy pieces must move away, return to the same position to capture the sandwiched piece if the opportunity is still available. If a piece moves next to a friendly piece and both these pieces are sandwiched between two enemy pieces on the same row or column neither of the two sandwiched pieces are captured. One of the enemy pieces must move away, return to the same position to capture the sandwiched pieces if the opportunity is still available; the captured pieces are removed from the board at the end of each turn. Two custodian captures can be performed in one turn. Only one such general case exist, it involves a row and a column: A piece that moves between two enemy pieces in such a way that one of the enemy pieces is on the same row, the other enemy piece is on the same column, that each enemy piece is flanked on the other side by a friendly piece of the same row or column this is cause for the capture of the two enemy pieces; this case can be extended to cover a line of two adjacent enemy pieces either on column.

A player wins if he or she reduces the other player's pieces to one, or stalemates opposing pieces by not allowing them to move on their turn. An opponent with only one piece left is not a threat as it can no longer perform a custodian capture or initiate a stalemate. Http://

2008 Minnesota House of Representatives election

The 2008 Minnesota House of Representatives election was held in the U. S. state of Minnesota on November 4, 2008, to elect members to the House of Representatives of the 86th Minnesota Legislature. A primary election was held in several districts on September 9, 2008; the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party won a majority of seats, remaining the majority party, followed by the Republican Party of Minnesota. The new Legislature convened on January 6, 2009. Minnesota Senate election, 2006 Minnesota gubernatorial election, 2006 Minnesota elections, 2008 Color shaded map showing winning margin by district from 2008 Election Maps, Minnesota Secretary of State

Criticism of Judaism

Criticism of Judaism refers to criticism of Jewish religious doctrines, texts and practices. Early criticism originated in inter-faith polemics between Judaism. Important disputations in the Middle Ages gave rise to publicized criticisms. Modern criticisms reflect the inter-branch Jewish schisms between Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism. Baruch Spinoza, Mordecai Kaplan, prominent atheists have criticized Judaism because its theology and religious texts describe a personal God who has conversations with important figures from ancient Israel and forms relationships and covenants with the Jewish people. Spinoza and Kaplan instead believed God is abstract, impersonal, a force of nature, or composes the universe itself. Theologian and philosopher Franz Rosenzweig suggested that the two viewpoints are both valid and are complementary within Judaism. Most branches of Judaism consider Jews to be the "chosen people" in the sense that they have special role to "preserve God's revelations" or to "affirm our common humanity".

This attitude is reflected, for example, in the policy statement of Reform Judaism which holds that Jews have a responsibility to "cooperate with all men in the establishment of the kingdom of God, of universal brotherhood, Justice and peace on earth". Some secular and critics affiliated with other religions claim the concept implies favoritism or superiority, as have some Jewish critics, such as Baruch Spinoza. Many Jews find the concept of chosenness problematic or an anachronism, such concerns led to the formation of Reconstructionist Judaism, whose founder, Mordecai Kaplan, rejected the concept of the Jews as the chosen people and argued that the view of the Jews as the chosen people was ethnocentric. Conservative Judaism is criticized by some leaders of Orthodox Judaism for not properly following Halakha, it is criticized by some leaders of Reform Judaism for being at odds with the principles of its young adult members on issues such as intermarriage, patrilineal descent, the ordination of homosexuals — all issues that Conservative Judaism opposes and Reform Judaism supports.

The reform movement grew out of dissatisfaction with several aspects of traditional Judaism or Rabbinic Judaism, as documented in polemics and other 19th- and early-20th-century writings. Louis Jacobs, a prominent Masorti Rabbi, described the polemics between the Orthodox and the Reform movements as follows: "The polemics between Orthodox, as the traditionalists came to be called, the Reformers were fierce; the Orthodox treated Reform as rank heresy, as no more than a religion of convenience which, if followed, would lead Jews altogether out of Judaism. The Reformers retorted that, on the contrary, the danger to Jewish survival was occasioned by the Orthodox who, through their obscurantism, failed to see that the new challenges facing Judaism had to be faced consciously in the present as Judaism had faced, albeit unconsciously, similar challenges in the past." David Einhorn, an American Reform rabbi, calls Reform Judaism a "liberation" of Judaism: "There is at present a rent in Judaism which affects its life, which no covering, however glittering, can repair.

The evil which threatens to corrode all the healthy bone and marrow must be eradicated, this can be done only if, in the name and in the interest of the religion, we remove from the sphere of our religious life all, corrupt and untenable, solemnly absolve ourselves from all obligations toward it in the future. The criticisms of traditional Judaism included criticisms asserting that the Torah's laws are not binding; some of these criticisms were anticipated in a much earlier time, by philosopher Uriel da Costa who criticized the Rabbinic authorities and the Talmud for lack of authenticity and spirituality. Paul criticizes Jews for their failure to believe that Jesus was the Messiah and for their view about their favored status and lack of equality with gentiles. In Romans 7–12, one criticism of Judaism made by Paul is that it is a religion based in law instead of faith. In many interpretations of this criticism made prior to the mid 20th century, Judaism was held to be fundamentally flawed by the sin of self-righteousness.

The issue is complicated by differences in the versions of Judaism extant at the time. Some scholars argue that Paul's criticism of Judaism are correct, others suggest that Paul's criticism is directed at Hellenistic Judaism, the forms with which Paul was most familiar, rather than Rabbinic Judaism, which eschewed the militant line of Judaism which Paul embraced prior to his conversion. There is the question as to whom Paul was addressing. Paul saw himself as an apostle to the Gentiles, it is unclear as to whether the text of Romans was directed to Jewish followers of Jesus, to Gentiles, or to both. If adherence to Jewish law were a requirement for salvation salvation would be denied to Gentiles without a conversion to Judaism. Krister Stendahl argues along similar lines that according to Paul, Judaism's rejection of Jesus as a savior i

Ryvarden Lighthouse

Ryvarden Lighthouse is a coastal lighthouse on the western coast of the municipality of Sveio in Vestland county, Norway. The lighthouse was established in 1849 to mark the southern shore of the entrance to the Bømlafjorden from the sea, it is located about 8 kilometres southwest of the municipal centre of Sveio. In 1984, the lighthouse was automated and it no longer needed a live-in lighthouse keeper on the site. In 2005, the municipality bought the building and the buildings are now used as a regional cultural centre/museum; the 10-metre tall square wooden tower is white with a red lantern at the top. The light is emitted at an elevation of 22.3 metres above the sea level. The light on top emits a white, red or green light, depending on direction, occulting three times every 10 seconds; the lighthouse is in use from dusk until dawn every day from 1 July until 10 June each year. List of lighthouses in Norway Lighthouses in Norway Norsk Fyrhistorisk Forening