Central Texas is a region in the U. S. state of Texas surrounding Austin and bordered by Brady to Brenham to Seguin to Waco. Central Texas contains the Texas Hill Country and corresponds to a physiographic section designation within the Edwards Plateau, in a geographic context. Central Texas includes the Austin–Round Rock, Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, Bryan–College Station, Waco metropolitan areas; the Austin–Round Rock and Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood areas are among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the state. Some of the largest cities in the region are Austin, College Station, Round Rock, Waco; the United States Army's Fort Hood, a large military installation, is located in this region. The counties that are always included in the Central Texas region are: Counties that are sometimes included in the Central Texas region are: List of geographical regions in Texas Texas Hill Country Edwards Plateau Llano Estacado Barkley, Mary Starr. A History of Central Texas. Austin, Texas: Austin Printing.
Fredericksburg, Texas Chamber of Commerce "Celebrate Diversity in Central Texas." Austin American-Statesman
Kimble County, Texas
Kimble County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,607, its county seat is Junction. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1876, it is named for George C. Kimble, who died at the Battle of the Alamo. Prior to the arrival of foreign settlers, the area that became Kimble County was inhabited by several Native American groups, including the Comanche, Kiowa Apache, Lipan Apache; the first Europeans to encounter the area were the Spanish, who led several campaigns against the local Indian tribes in the mid-18th century. In 1808, Spanish Captain Francisco Amangual commanded a military expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe and mapped a road, which passed through what is now Kimble County; the area was first mentioned in Republic of Texas documents in 1842, when about 416,000 acres of the present county were included in the Fisher–Miller Land Grant, which extended from the Llano River to the Colorado River. The earliest settlers began arriving in the late 1850s.
One of the first was Raleigh Gentry, who settled along Bear Creek around 1857. The Gentry family consisted of Raleigh, his wife, their several adult sons. Another early settler was James Bradbury, Sr. who moved to the area from Williamson County and chose a site along the banks of the South Llano River. Others settled in the Little Saline valleys. Two of the Gentry's sons were killed, one by Indians and the other during the Civil War. Bradbury was killed by Indians during what was known as the Battle of Bradbury Hills; the Texas Legislature enacted legislation on January 22, 1858, creating Kimble County from what was part of Bexar County. The new county was named for Lieutenant George C. Kimble, who died during the Battle of the Alamo. From 1858 to 1875, Kimble County was attached to Gillespie County for judicial purposes. Meanwhile, several settlements sprang up along the Johnson Fork of the Llano River, near Copperas Creek, in the valleys of the James River after the Civil War. Throughout the 1870s, the populated settlements of Kimble County faced raids by Comanches, as well as Lipans and Kickapoos, who used Mexico as their base.
All raids ceased after 1878. The county became a popular haven for outlaws who used the area's hilly terrain and dense cedar breaks as hideouts. On September 6, 1875, Kimble County was separated from Gillespie County and attached to Menard County for judicial purposes. Nearly 18 years after its creation, Kimble County was organized on January 3, 1876. William Potter was the county's first judge; that spring, the towns of Denman were founded. Kimbleville was designated the first county seat. During the first district court session, the seat was moved to Junction City. Kimbleville soon disappeared due to its location in a flood-prone area of the county. Other communities were formed during the latter half of the 19th century, including London, Roosevelt, Segovia and Viejo; the population of Kimble County rose from 72 in 1870 to 1,343 in 1880. In 1878, a courthouse was erected in Junction City; the structure was destroyed, along with all of the county records, in an 1884 fire. The replacement, a two-story stone building, was destroyed by fire in 1888, but was repaired and remained in operation until the present courthouse was constructed in 1929.
The census of 1890 recorded ranches in the county. The raising of cattle and sheep soon dominated the economy. In 1894, the county seat of Junction City became known as Junction. Kimble County continued to grow during the early 20th century; the population in 1900 was 2,503. The 20th century brought many amenities to the county that were unavailable. Four Mile Dam was completed in 1904; the first telephone system came to Junction in 1905, the first banks opened a year later. Electric lights came to Junction in 1917 and gas stations were introduced soon after. A county-wide bond election to fund the construction of gravel and paved roads was approved in 1919. By 1922, State Highway 27 was a working unpaved road, it ran through Junction, southeast to Kerrville, west to Sonora. State Highways 4 and 29 were operational. State Highway 29 extended through the communities of London and Telegraph by 1930. Most Kimble County roads had been paved by the late 1940s. Old Highways 4 and 27 became U. S. Highway 83, Highway 27 became U.
S. Highway 290, Highway 29 became U. S. Highway 377. Junction was incorporated in 1927. In the late 1920s, Kimble County had become one of the state's leaders in the wool and mohair industry. Various aspects of agricultural production continued to dominate the local economy, however. Unemployment increased in the county during the Great Depression, but the population rose throughout the 1930s and stood at 5,064 by the 1940 census. Electricity was introduced to rural Kimble County in April 1945. In the mid-1940s, the economy diversified as a small amount of oil production was introduced, along with the limited production of sand and gas. After peaking in 1940, the population began to decline during the postwar period. Kimble County lost 715 people or 15% of its population between 1950 and 1970. A small recovery was registered by 1980 that continued through 2000. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,251 square miles, of which 1,251 square miles are land and 0.2 square miles is covered by water.
Interstate 10 U. S. Highway 83 U. S. Highway 290 U. S. Highway 377 Menard County Mason County Gillespie County Kerr County Edwards County Sutton County (w
Schleicher County, Texas
Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,461, its county seat is Eldorado. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1901, it is named for a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician. Schleicher County was home to the YFZ Ranch, the past headquarters of the FLDS movement headed by Warren Jeffs. Around 8000 BC, by estimation, the first inhabitants in the area were Jumano Indians. Inhabitants were Lipan Apaches and Comanches. In 1632, Fray Juan de Salas and Father Juan de Ortega did missionary work among the Jumanos. Soldier Francisco Amangual led an expedition across the area in 1808. In 1882, Christopher Colombus Doty became the first permanent citizen of Schleicher County; the Texas legislature established Schleicher County in April 1887 from Crockett County, named it in honor of Gustav Schleicher. By 1890, the population was 155, of whom 134 were listed as white, four were Black, 17 were American Indian.
In 1894, the county’s first public school opened at Verand, moved to Eldorado. The next year, W. B. Silliman named it after the mythical city. To populate it, he offered free town lots to residents of nearby Verand. In 1930, the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company resumed work on a previous railroad, making access possible to San Angelo and Sonora. On February 27, 1941, the West Texas Woolen Mills plant in Eldorado held a grand opening, with a parade and BBQ lunch. About 5000 people attended. Governor "Pappy" W. Lee O'Daniel was the guest speaker. Oilfield discoveries on school lands in the 1950s enabled Schleicher County to build new library and gymnasium facilities for its students. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,311 square miles. U. S. Highway 190 U. S. Highway 277 Tom Green County Menard County Sutton County Crockett County Irion County Kimble County As of the census of 2000, 2,935 people, 1,115 households, 817 families resided in the county; the population density was about two people per square mile.
The 1,371 housing units averaged about one per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.59% White, 1.53% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 18.98% from other races, 2.62% from two or more races. About 43.54% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,115 households, 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were not families. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was distributed as 27.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,746, for a family was $37,813.
Males had a median income of $28,412 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,969. About 16.00% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.00% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over. Eldorado Adams Hulldale List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Schleicher County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Schleicher County Schleicher County government's website Schleicher County from the Handbook of Texas Online Inventory of county records, Schleicher County Courthouse, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Schleicher County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Hays County, Texas
Hays County is a county on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. Hays County is part of TX Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census, its official population had reached 157,107. The county seat is San Marcos. Hays, along with Comal and Kendall counties, was listed in 2017 as one of the nation's ten fastest-growing large counties with a population of at least ten thousand. From 2015 to 2016, Hays County, third on the national list, had nearly ten thousand new residents during the year. Comal County, sixth on the list, grew by 4.4 percent. Kendall County, the second-fastest-growing county in the nation, grew by 5.16 percent. As a result of this growth, the counties have experienced new home construction, traffic congestion, greater demand for public services. Bexar County, which includes San Antonio, grew by 1.75 percent during the year, but its sheer number of new residents exceeded 33,000. The county is named for a Texas Ranger and Mexican -- American War officer. According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 680 square miles, of which 678 square miles are land and 1.9 square miles are covered by water. Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 290 State Highway 21 State Highway 80 Travis County Caldwell County Guadalupe County Comal County Blanco County Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 290 State Highway 21 State Highway 80 School districts in Hays county include the San Marcos Consolidated, Dripping Springs Independent, Wimberley Independent, Hays Consolidated Independent school districts; as of 2009, the county has three high schools, five middle schools, 11 elementary schools. Higher education in Hays County includes one four-year institution, Texas State University, in San Marcos. Austin Community College operates three distance learning centers that offer basic and Early College Start classes, along with testing centers for online classes; as of the 2015 Texas population estimate program, the county's population was 193,963: non-Hispanic whites, 106,919. As of the census of 2000, 97,589 people, 51,265 households, 22,150 families resided in the county.
The population density was 144 people per square mile. The 55,643 housing units averaged 53 per mi2; the racial makeup of the county was 78.92% White, 3.68% Black or African American, 0.69%Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 13.36% from other races, 2.49% from two or more races. About 29.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 33,410 households, 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.70% were not families. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.21. A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 7.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. The county's population was distributed as 24.50% under the age of 18, 20.50% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.30 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males. The county's median household income was $45,006 and the median family income was $56,287. Males had a median income of $35,209 versus $27,334 for females; the county's per capita income was $19,931. About 6.40% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.30% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over. 6000 BC Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants. Archeological evidence at Timmeron site indicates the Tonkawa tribe was involved in agriculture around 1200 AD. Father Isidro Félix de Espinosa, Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares, Pedro de Aguirre traveled through the area in 1709. French-Canadian explorer Louis Juchereau de St. Denis was attacked by Comanches in 1714. In 1755, Mission San Francisco Xavier de los Dolores was established among the Apache tribe. In 1831, Coahuila y Tejas issued a land grant to Juan Martín de Veramendi, to Juan Vicente Campos in 1832, to Thomas Jefferson Chambers in 1834.
The Mexican government issued a land grant to the first Anglo-American settler in the county, Thomas G. McGhee of Tennessee in 1835. On March 1, 1848, the legislature formed Hays County from Travis County; the county is named for Tennessee native Captain John Coffee Hays of the Texas Rangers. San Marcos was named as the county seat; the legislature established Blanco from part of Hays in 1858, but incorporated part of Comal into Hays. Risher and Hall Stage Lines controls 16 of 31 mail lines in Texas. In 1861, voters in the county favored secession from the Union; the legislature transferred more of Comal County to Hays County in 1862. In 1867, the first cattle drive from Hays County to Kansas occurred. International-Great Northern Railroad was completed from Austin to San Marcos in 1880. Camp Ben McCulloch, named after a brigadier general, was organized in 1896 for reunions of United Confederate Veterans. A teacher’s college, Southwest Texas State Normal School, was established in San Marcos in 1899.
Wonder Cave opened to the public in 1900. The current Hays County Courthouse in San Marcos was erected in 1908. Beaux-Arts style by Architect C. H. Page & Bros; the Aquarena Springs tourist site opened in 1928 in San Marcos. Lyndon Baines Johnson graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers College in 193
West Texas is a loosely defined part of the U. S. state of Texas encompassing the arid and semiarid lands west of a line drawn between the cities of Wichita Falls and Del Rio. There is no consensus on the boundary between West Texas. While most Texans understand these terms, no boundaries are recognized and any two individuals are to describe the boundaries of these regions differently. Walter Prescott Webb, the American historian and geographer, suggested that the 98th meridian separates East and West Texas. C. Greene proposed. West Texas is subdivided according to distinct physiographic features; the portion of West Texas that lies west of the Pecos River is referred to as "Far West Texas" or the "Trans-Pecos", a term first introduced in 1887 by Texas geologist Robert T. Hill; the Trans-Pecos lies within the most arid portion of the state. Another part of West Texas is the Llano Estacado, a vast region of high, level plains extending into Eastern New Mexico and the Texas Panhandle. To the east of the Llano Estacado lies the “redbed country” of the Rolling Plains and to the south of the Llano Estacado lies the Edwards Plateau.
The Rolling Plains and the Edwards Plateau subregions act as transitional zones between eastern and western Texas. The counties included in the West Texas region vary depending on the organization; the Texas Counties.net website acknowledges the variations, includes 70 counties in its definition, based on the five principal metropolitan areas it contains: El Paso, Abilene, Midland/Odessa, San Angelo. The counties included are Andrews, Borden, Brown, Castro, Coke, Comanche, Crane, Crosby, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Eastland, Ector, El Paso, Floyd, Garza, Hale, Hockley, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kent, King, Lamb, Lubbock, Martin, Mason, McCulloch, Midland, Motley, Parmer, Pecos, Randall, Reeves, Schleicher, Shackelford, Sterling, Sutton, Terrell, Throckmorton, Tom Green, Val Verde, Ward and Yoakum; some of the smaller West Texas cities and towns include: Alpine, Anthony, Canutillo, Crane, Fort Davis, Fort Bliss, San Elizario, Fort Stockton, Hale Center, Kermit, Levelland, Marathon, Marfa, McCamey, Monahans, Pampa, Horizon City, Rankin, Slaton, Snyder and Van Horn.
West Texas receives much less rainfall than the rest of Texas and has an arid or semiarid climate, requiring most of its scant agriculture to be dependent on irrigation. This irrigation, water taken out farther north for the needs of El Paso and Juarez, has reduced the once mighty Rio Grande to a stream in some places dry at times. Much of West Texas has rugged terrain, including many small mountain ranges while there are none in other parts of the state. Except for the Trans-Pecos region, West Texas has become well known as a stronghold for conservative politics; some of the most Republican counties in the United States are located in the region. Former U. S. President George W. Bush spent most of his childhood in West Texas; the Panhandle and several counties in or west of Midland were one of the first areas of Texas to abandon the state’s “Solid South” Democratic roots. The Rolling Plains to the east remained Democratic for longer: Walter Mondale in 1984 when losing Texas by 27.50 percentage points carried five counties in this region.
However, since 2000 this region has swung rapidly towards the Republican Party due to its population’s intransigent opposition to the liberal social policies of the Democratic Party and by 2016 has become nearly so Republican as the Panhandle. Major industries include livestock and natural gas production, textiles such as cotton, and, because of large military installations such as Fort Bliss, the defense industry. West Texas has become notable for its numerous wind turbines producing clean, alternative electricity; as of 2018, the West Texan economy is in an economic period, described as the "West Texas oil boom". West Texas does not have major league sports teams. Instead the region has college teams such as Texas Tech Red Raiders and UTEP Miners, which play in NCAA Division I, NCAA Division II teams of the West Texas A&M Buffaloes, the Texas–Permian Basin Falcons, the Lubbock Christian Chaparrals and Lady Chaps. El Paso hosts the El Paso Chihuahuas, a AAA baseball team and Midland hosts the Midland RockHounds, a Double-A baseball team.
Oddly in the heat ravaged climate of West Texas, the winter sport of ice hockey can be found in the city of Odessa through a Tier II junior ice hockey team playing out of the North American Hockey League called the Odessa Jackalopes. In 2019, The San Antonio Missions will move to continue play at the Double-A level. "West of the Pecos" has become a metaphor for the universe of westerns. "Fastest draw west of the Pecos" and similar superlatives are a cliche, the title character of Chisum observed ”There’s no law west of Dodge, no God west of the Pecos”. See West of the Pecos. Photos of West Texas West Texas Vacation Guide - Texas Outside
Burnet County, Texas
Burnet County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,750, its county seat is Burnet. The county was founded in 1852 and organized in 1854, it is named for the first president of the Republic of Texas. The name of the county is pronounced with the emphasis or accent on the first syllable, just as is the case with its namesake. Indigenous peoples inhabit the area as early as 4500 B. C. Known tribes in the area include Tonkawa, Lipan Apache and Comanche. During the 1820s-1830s Stephen F. Austin and Green DeWitt surveying and Indian fighting explorations. In 1849 the United States established Fort Croghan and in 1848 First settlers arrived in the county, Samuel Eli Holland, Logan Vandeveer, Peter Kerr, William Harrison Magill, Noah Smithwick, Captain Jesse B. Burnham, R. H. Hall, Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson and Captain Christian Dorbandt. In 1851 Twenty Mormon families under the leadership of Lyman Wight establish a colony at Hamilton Creek to be known as Morman Mill.
In 1852 the Fourth Texas Legislature created Burnet County from Bell and Williamson. The first post office was established at Hamilton in 1853. In 1860 there were 235 slaves in Burnet County After the war some former slaves left the county, but many stayed. A group of them settled on land in the eastern part of Oatmeal. In 1870 the black population of the county had increased to 358, keeping pace with the growth of the total number of residents; some found work on farms and ranches, but by the turn of the century many had moved into the Marble Falls area to work in town. During 1882-1903 railroad tracks connected Burnet, Granite Mountain, Marble Falls and Lampasas. Lake Victor and Bertram became shipping point communities. Other communities lost population. During the Great Depression county farmers suffered financially but found work with government sponsored public-works projects; the Lower Colorado River Authority employed hundreds of people for the construction of the Hamilton Dam and Roy B.
Inks Dam. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,021 square miles, of which 994 square miles is land and 27 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 183 U. S. Highway 281 State Highway 29 Lampasas County Bell County Williamson County Travis County Blanco County Llano County San Saba County Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 34,147 people, 13,133 households, 9,665 families residing in the county; the population density was 34 people per square mile. There were 15,933 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.64% White, 1.52% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.24% from other races, 1.58% from two or more races. 14.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 13,133 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families.
22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,921, the median income for a family was $43,871. Males had a median income of $30,255 versus $20,908 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 7.90% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over. Adam R. "Stovepipe" Johnson, Confederate general and the 1887 founder of Marble Falls, despite being blinded during the war.
Gerald Lyda, general contractor and cattle rancher and raised in Burnet County. Stephen McGee, former American football quarterback. Played college football for Texas A&M. Drafted and played NFL football for the Dallas Cowboys. James Oakley, former County Commissioner and County Judge Logan Vandeveer, early Texas soldier, ranger and civic leader. Vandeveer was a leader in presenting the petition to the legislature in 1852 to establish Burnet County and was instrumental in having the town of Burnet named the county seat. Al Witcher, American football player List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Burnet County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Burnet County Burnet County government’s website Burnet County tourism office Burnet County from the Handbook of Texas Online Burnet County TXGenWeb Project Burnet Bulletin newspaper The Highlander newspaper
San Angelo, Texas
San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, United States. Its location is in the Concho Valley, a region of West Texas between the Permian Basin to the northwest, Chihuahuan Desert to the southwest, Osage Plains to the northeast, Central Texas to the southeast. According to a 2014 Census estimate, San Angelo has a total population of 100,450, it is the principal city and center of the San Angelo metropolitan area, which has a population of 118,182. San Angelo is home to Angelo State University, historic Fort Concho, Goodfellow Air Force Base. Common nicknames of the city include Angelo, Land of Sand and Jello, the Concho City, the Pearl of the Conchos, the Oasis of West Texas. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, San Angelo was the center of the Jumano people; as of 1600, the area had been inhabited for over a thousand years by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples. In 1632, a short-lived mission of Franciscans under Spanish auspices was founded in the area to serve the Indians.
The mission was led by the friars Juan de Salas and Juan de Ortega, with Ortega remaining for six months. The area was visited by the Castillo-Martin expedition of 1650 and the Diego de Guadalajara expedition of 1654. During the colonization of the region, San Angelo was at the western edge of the region called Texas, successively claimed in the 1800s by the nations of Spain, the Republic of Texas, the United States, in 1846; the current city of San Angelo was founded in 1867, when the United States built Fort Concho, one of a series of new forts designed to protect the frontier. The fort was home to cavalry and the famous Black Cavalry known as Buffalo Soldiers by Indigenous Americans; the settler Bartholomew J. DeWitt founded the village of Santa Angela outside the fort at the junction of the North and South Concho Rivers, he named the village after Carolina Angela. The name was changed to San Angela; the name would change again to San Angelo in 1883 on the insistence of the United States Postal Service, as San Angela was grammatically incorrect in Spanish.
The town became a trade center for farmers and settlers in the area, as well as a lawless cowtown filled with brothels and gambling houses. After being designated as the county seat, the town grew in the 1880s, aided by being on the route of newly constructed railroads, it became a central transportation hub for the region. The Santa Fe Railroad arrived in 1888 and the Kansas City and Orient Railway in 1909. After a tuberculosis outbreak hit the United States in the early 1900s, many patients moved to San Angelo. At the time, doctors could only recommend rest in warm climates. TB sufferers went to San Angelo for treatment. In 1928, the city founded San Angelo College, one of the region's first institutes of higher education; the city had been passed over by the Texas State Legislature to be the home of what would become Texas Tech University. San Angelo College, one of the first municipal colleges, has grown to become Angelo State University; the military returned to San Angelo during World War II with the founding of Goodfellow Air Force Base, assigned to train pilots at the time.
San Angelo grew exponentially during the oil boom of the 1900s, when vast amounts of oil were found in the area, the city became a regional hub of the oil and gas industry. The San Angelo Independent School District became one of the first in Texas to integrate, doing so voluntarily in 1955. San Angelo is located at 31°26′34″N 100°27′1″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 58.2 square miles, of which, 55.9 square miles are land and 2.3 square miles are covered by water. San Angelo falls on the southwestern edge of the Edwards Plateau and the northeastern edge of the Chihuahuan Desert at the junction of the North and South Concho Rivers; the city has three lakes: Twin Buttes Reservoir, O. C. Fisher Reservoir, Lake Nasworthy; the Middle Concho River joined the South Concho several miles upstream, but the confluence has been obscured by the Twin Buttes dam. San Angelo is about 225 miles west of Austin. San Angelo falls near the boundary between the subtropical semiarid steppe and mid-latitude steppe climates.
It is located at the region. Temperatures reach 100 °F about 18 times in a typical year. However, in 2011, San Angelo recorded 100 days of higher; the typical year has 50 days with lows below freezing. Though the region does experience snow and sleet, they occur only a few times a year. San Angelo averages 251 days of sunshine a year, the average temperature is 65.4 °F. The city has an average rainfall of 21.25 inches. As of the census of 2010, 93,200 people, 36,117 households, 22,910 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,601 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 83% White, 5.4% African American, 1.4% Indigenous American, 1.7% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.5% of the population. Of 36,117 households, 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were not families.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was distributed as 23.4% under the age of 18 and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.8 years. The population