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Common Desktop Environment

The Common Desktop Environment is a desktop environment for Unix and OpenVMS, based on the Motif widget toolkit. It was part of the UNIX 98 Workstation Product Standard, was for a long time the "classic" Unix desktop associated with commercial Unix workstations. After a long history as proprietary software, CDE was released as free software on August 6, 2012, under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 2 or later. Since its release as free software, CDE has been ported to BSD derivatives. Hewlett-Packard, IBM, SunSoft, USL announced CDE in June 1993 as a joint development within the Common Open Software Environment initiative; each development group contributed its own technology to CDE: HP contributed the primary environment for CDE, based on HP's Visual User Environment. HP VUE was itself derived from the Motif Window Manager. IBM contributed its Common User Access model from OS/2's Workplace Shell. Sun contributed its ToolTalk application interaction framework and a port of its DeskSet productivity tools, including mail and calendar clients, from its OpenWindows environment.

USL provided desktop manager components and scalable systems technologies from UNIX System V. After its release, HP endorsed CDE as the new standard desktop for Unix, provided documentation and software for migrating HP VUE customizations to CDE. In March 1994 CDE became the responsibility of the "new OSF", a merger of the Open Software Foundation and Unix International. OSF became part of the newly formed Open Group in 1996. In February 1997, the Open Group released their last major version of CDE, version 2.1. Red Hat Linux was the only Linux distribution. In 1997, Red Hat began offering a version of CDE licensed from TriTeal Corporation. In 1998, Xi Graphics, a company specializing in the X Windowing System, offered a version of CDE bundled with Red Hat Linux, called Xi Graphics maXimum cde/OS; these were phased out, Red Hat moved to the GNOME desktop. Until about 2000, users of Unix desktops regarded CDE as the de facto standard, but at that time, other desktop environments such as GNOME and K Desktop Environment 2 were becoming mature, became widespread on Linux systems.

In 2001, Sun Microsystems announced that they would phase out CDE as the standard desktop environment in Solaris in favor of GNOME. Solaris 10, released in early 2005, includes the GNOME-based Java Desktop System; the OpenSolaris project, begun around the same time, did not include CDE, had no intent to make Solaris CDE available as open-source. The original release of Solaris 11 in November 2011 only contained GNOME as standard desktop, though some CDE libraries, such as Motif and ToolTalk, remained for binary compatibility but Oracle Solaris 11.4, released in August 2018, removed support for the CDE runtime environment and background services. IBM AIX Digital UNIX HP-UX: from version 10.10, released in 1996. IRIX: for a short time CDE was an alternative to IRIX Interactive Desktop. OpenVMS Solaris: available starting with 2.3, standard in 2.6 to 10. Tru64 UNIX UnixWare UXP/DS Red Hat Linux: Two versions ported by Triteal and Xi Graphics From its launch until 2012, CDE was proprietary software.

Motif, the toolkit on which CDE is built, was released by The Open Group in 2000 as "Open Motif," under a "revenue sharing" license. That license did not meet either free software definitions; the Open Group did not succeed doing so at that time. In 2006, a petition was created asking The Open Group to release the source code for CDE and Motif under a free license. On August 6, 2012, CDE was open-sourced under the LGPL free software license; the CDE source code was released to SourceForge. The free software project OpenCDE had been started in 2010 to reproduce the look and feel and feature set of CDE. In August 2012, when CDE was released as free software, OpenCDE was deprecated in favor of CDE. On October 23, 2012, the Motif widget toolkit was released under the LGPL v2.1. This allowed CDE to become a free and open source desktop environment. Shortly after CDE was released as free software, a Linux live CD was created based on Debian 6 with CDE 2.2.0c pre-installed, called CDEbian. The live CD has since been discontinued.

The Debian based Linux distribution SparkyLinux offers binary packages of CDE that can be installed with APT. In March 2014, the first stable release of CDE, version 2.2.1, was made since its release as free software. Beginning with version 2.2.2, released in July 2014, CDE is able to compile under FreeBSD 10 with the default Clang compiler. Since version 2.3.0, released in July 2018, CDE uses TIRPC on Linux, so that the portmapper rpcbind does not need to be run in insecure mode. It does not use Xprint anymore, can be compiled on the BSDs without installing first a custom version of Motif. Multihead display support with Xinerama has been improved. Since its release as free software, CDE has been ported to: Linux distributions including: Debian GNU/Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux Slackware Linux Ubuntu FreeBSD NetBSD OpenBSD OpenIndiana Solaris 11 Future project goals of the CDE project include: Increased portability to more Linux, BSD, Unix platforms. Further internationalization into other languages.

Dtlogin IRIX Interactive Desktop Motif Open Group – CDE

Kenya National Examinations Council

The Kenya National Examinations Council is the national body responsible for overseeing national examinations in Kenya. Its current chairman is Professor John Onsati; this council was established under the Kenya National Examinations Council Act Cap 225A of the Laws of Kenya, in 1980. In 2012 this act was repealed in 2012 and replaced with KNEC Act No.29 of 2012. The KNEC was established to conduct school, post school and other examinations after the dissolution of East African Examinations Council and the Ministry of Education. After the dissolution of EAEC and the ME the Kenya National Examinations Council took the roles of ensuring validity and reliability of examinations; the functions of the Kenya National Examinations Council are as follows: set and maintain examination standards, conduct public academic and other national examinations within Kenya at basic and tertiary levels. The core functions of the examination body are: To develop national examination tests To register candidates the such examination tests Conduct the examinations and process the results Award certificates to successful candidates Conduct examinations on behalf of foreign examination bodies upon request and agreement.

Conduct assessment research on education Carry out equation of certificates and diplomas issued by other credible examination bodies Issue replacement certificates and diplomas upon presentation of credible evidence of loss or damage of the original. Some of the exams delivered by KNEC are: The Kenya Certificate of Primary Education examination – This is the exam, done after one completes his primary education; this is. After completing the exam, one can proceed to secondary school; the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examination – This is the exam, done after one completes four years of study in secondary school. After completing the exam, one is able to go to university or college depending on the grade he/she acquired. Final exams for all national polytechnics. Kenya National Examination Council Kenya National Examination Council News Information about Kenyan education. KCSE revision material and other related topics with video explanations

Red Fang

Red Fang is an American heavy metal band from Portland, formed in 2005. It is composed of guitarist and vocalist Bryan Giles and vocalist Aaron Beam, guitarist David Sullivan and drummer John Sherman; the band has released four studio albums: Red Fang, Murder the Mountains and Leeches and Only Ghosts. Red Fang started out on Wantage USA Records in Montana, where the band released its self-titled LP. Red Fang's 2009 debut for record label Sargent House/WANTAGE USA combined its first two releases, which were limited-release EPs; the band followed this debut with Murder the Mountains, released on Relapse Records in 2011 produced by Chris Funk. Red Fang appeared on 2011's Metalliance tour alongside the bands Crowbar and Helmet. On September 12, 2011, Red Fang was announced as one of the openers for Mastodon's 2011 and 2012 tours in the United States and Europe respectively. In 2012, Red Fang embarked on a European headlining tour with Black Tusk, performing for the first time in various countries including Russia and Greece.

In February 2013, Red Fang traveled to Australia to play the Australian Soundwave Festival and performed sideshows with stoner rock bands Kyuss Lives and Orange Goblin. The band performed on Late Show with David Letterman in January 2014 after its 2013 release "Whales and Leeches" peaked at No. 66 on Billboard's Top 200. The show's musical director Paul Shaffer sat in with Red Fang, playing organ during the band's performance of "Blood Like Cream." On August 13, 2014, Red Fang was announced as the opening act for a December 2014 North American tour by Swedish metal bands Opeth and In Flames. Bryan Giles – guitar, vocals Aaron Beam – bass guitar, vocals David Sullivan – lead guitar John Sherman – drums Studio albums Red Fang Murder the Mountains #25 US Top Heatseekers Whales and Leeches #66 US Billboard 200 Only Ghosts #143 US Billboard 200Singles "Prehistoric Dog" "Witness" "Wires" "Crows in Swine" "Blood Like Cream" "No Hope" "Only Fools Rush In/Why?" "Antidote" EPs & splits Tour E. P. 2 Malverde/Favorite Son split w/ Tweak Bird Red Fang/ASG split Scion AV Presents Red Fang presents an Absolute Music Bunker Session with Red Fang Other appearancesMetal Swim - Adult Swim compilation album The band released music videos for several of their songs, which helped them getting fame in the scene due to their comical nature.

"Prehistoric Dog" "Wires" featuring Brian Posehn "Hank Is Dead" "Dirt Wizard" "Blood Like Cream" featuring Fred Armisen "The Meadows" "Crows in Swine" "Shadows" "Cut It Short" "Listen to the Sirens" Tubeway Army cover. "Antidote" The band has a cameo in Iron Reagan's 2014 music video for their song "Miserable Failure"


Kotellets known as Koteletts, Karbonade or cutlets, are a German meat dish made of slices of meat from the rib area, including the bone. The piece of rib is found on both sides of the spine behind the neck. Koteletts are offered from pork and mutton, but they can come from beef. Koteletts are served either roasted or grilled, but in some cases they are served breaded; the part where the koteletts are taken from reach from the front to the hind leg. Due to the proximity to the neck, koteletts taken from the front are known as "Nackenkotelett" in Germany or "Halskotelett" in Switzerland; the middle ones are known as "Stielkotelett" or "Rippenkotelett" due to the long and fitting rib cage. The hind koteletts, including parts of the fillet, are known as "Lummerkotelett", "Lendenkotelett" or "Filetkotelett" in Germany or "Nierenstück" in Switzerland; these hind koteletts are low on bones and fat. Only the front part of the ribs are used to make koteletts; the hind part of the ribs is sold without the bones.

To the veal, koteletts from mutton are taken from the front or middle part of the ribs only. The front kotelett of the beef is known as "Hochrippe" and is used as boiled beef, goulash or, without the bones, as steak; the hind kotelett or the beef is known in two variants: without. Together with the fillet, it is similar to the t-bone steak. Without bones, it is sold as Roastbeef or rump steak. In some instances, the slices of fish with several centimeters of thickness that are cut vertically from the spine are known as koteletts as well, they are cut from bigger fish such as cod. In Switzerland, the popular Cervelat sausage is known as the kotelett of the laborer

Escaladieu Abbey

Escaladieu Abbey was a Cistercian abbey located in the French commune of Bonnemazon in the Hautes-Pyrénées. Its name derives from the Latin Scala Dei; the abbey was founded in 1142 and became an important pilgrimage stop on the Way of St. James en route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela; the abbey is situated at the confluence of the Luz and the Arros rivers near the Château de Mauvezin. In the middle of the 12th century, a group of monks under the protection of the count of Bigorre who lived at Cabadur in the Gripp valley in the modern-day commune of Campan, near Bagnères-de-Bigorre, wanted to move to a more hospitable location and therefore establish the abbey at Bonnemazon; the abbey became the center of the expansion of southern French Cistercian expansion and founded eight abbeys in Spain and two in Gascony. The abbey was continuously inhabited by Cistercian monks until 1830 when it sold to an unknown local family. In 1986, the abbey was purchased by the Conseil Général des Hautes-Pyrénées which undertook its restoration.

The Abbey was passed by, therefore featured in the television coverage of, the 19th stage of the Tour de France 2018. Information about Escaladieu Abbey from the official website of the Conseil Général des Hautes-Pyrénées Official site More information about the abbey

This Book Is Not Good for You

This Book is Not Good for You is a book by anonymous author Pseudonymous Bosch. It is part of the "Secret Series", a pentalogy of books written by Bosch, is the sequel to The Name of This Book is Secret and If You're Reading This, It's Too Late. In the story, a famous chef named Señor Hugo captures Cass's mother in order to get Cass to bring him the legendary Tuning Fork for the Midnight Sun, in hope that it will help the members achieve immortality; the novel starts out with an African girl named Simone, who tastes a piece of chocolate for the Midnight Sun. It is noted that she is a Supertaster, is able to distinguish between any food, no matter how similar they are. After tasting the chocolate, she blacks out. Meanwhile, Max-Ernest,Yo-Yoji and Cass, three members of the Terces Society and the three protagonists of the series, are searching for the box in which the letter was found when she was a baby, as she earlier found out she was adopted and wants to find out more about who she is. While they search, they find a box filled with magazines, dropped off at the front door of Cass's grandfathers' old, abandoned fire station, where the grandfathers live.

Max-Ernest points out a magazine with a picture of the Skelton Sisters on the cover, the teen pop stars who were known by the two collaborators as being members of the Midnight Sun. Knowing this, the kids become suspicious of what they are doing, discover that they are with Ms. Mauvais, the French woman, one of the most evil leaders of the Midnight Sun, that they have established headquarters in the country Côte d'Ivoire in Africa, where they take care of orphans and work on a chocolate plantation. Cass and Max-Ernest head to the old circus, where the Terces Society to tell Pietro and the others where the Midnight Sun is hiding. Mr. Wallace tells them that he thinks the legendary Tuning Fork is involved in the spa's plan with chocolate. Cass and her mother, Melanie, or "Mel" for short, sign up for a cooking class run by the famous blind chef, Señor Hugo. After bringing up the subject of the Tuning Fork, Cass is invited to Hugo's famous restaurant with her mother, Max-Ernest, other friend, Yoji, or "Yo-Yoji."

At the restaurant, the kids and Mel discover that it is dark to the point where no one can see anything, since Hugo wants the diners' other senses taste, to be heightened during their meal. After trying many different foods, Cass sees. Outside, she reads the note given to her by the waiter from Señor Hugo, which demands the Tuning Fork in return for her mother. At the fire station and her friends search for the Tuning Fork, as they were told earlier by Mr. Wallace that by now the Fork, possessed by the Aztec boy "Caca Boy", would have ended up in a junk shop, assumed that the junk shop he was talking about could only be Cass's grandfather's home. While searching, Cass finds the box in which she was dropped off by Mr. Wallace, sees on a television that the kids' principal, Mrs. Johnson, is in possession of the Tuning Fork; the trio heads to her house to her house to find out that she is opposite of what she says in school, is gambling and not recycling. They blackmail her into giving them the Fork.

Cass gives Señor Hugo the Fork at her house, finding out that he is in fact part of the Midnight Sun, will not give her back her mother as she told her friends what he had done, when she had been told not to. Meanwhile, the girl, awakes from her faint and finds a woman named Melanie in her cell. Mel gives her comfort and tells her that she has a daughter like her, gives Simone comfort, telling her that her parents must have loved her and thought it best to send her to the plantation. Mel is called to the Tasting Room, Simone warns her not to eat any chocolate. At Yo-Yoji's house, Max-Ernest, Yo-Yoji investigate the pictures of the Midnight Sun at the plantation in the magazine, looking for clues, they discover that they are at a zoo, since there was a "don't feed" sign and an American bird and are in fact not in Africa, but are located inside an artificial rainforest park somewhere in the United States. After taking a train to the park, the kids camp out there and journey through the rainforest, locating the plantation with the help of a Capuchin monkey.

Hiding in the cacao trees on the plantation, the kids witness Ms. Mauvais herself talking to an elderly man, who made a brief appearance in the first book, dies a few days later, they discover that Ms. Mauvais' first name is "Antoinette." The trio find a building called the "Pavilion," where the Tasting Room is located. The kids find three pieces of chocolate on a table, in fact a trap placed by the Midnight Sun. Cass and Yo-Yoji eat a piece each, though Max-Ernest refrains from eati