Ayrens is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ayrencoises. Ayrens is located 5 km north of Saint-Paul-des-Landes. Access to the commune is by road D52 from Teissières-de-Cornet in the south-east which passes through the village and continues west south to join the D120 north-east of Laroquebrou; the D53 comes from Saint-Paul-des-Landes in the south and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D6 near the border of the commune. The D352 goes north from the village to join the D53 north of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of: The commune is farmland with extensive forests in the northern part; the Ruisseau du Meyrou flows from the south-east through the south of the commune forming a small part of the western border before continuing north to join the Eize. The Ruisseau d'Ayrens rises in the east of the commune and flows west through the village to the join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border of the commune.
The Ruisseau de Braulle flows from the west of the commune through the centre north of the village to join the Ruisseau du Meyrou on the western border. The Ruisseau de Praniac rises in the north of the commune and forms part of the northern border as it flows west to join the Eize. Ayrens commune lies on the 45th parallel north, it was therefore the fundamental point for the Bonne projection used in the Carte d'État-Major in the 19th century. List of Successive Mayors Mayors from 1935 In 2010 the commune had 564 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The Château de Clavières, built in the Troubadour style, was burnt down on 25 May 1936 and left in ruins; the Parc de Clavières is registered as an historical monument.
The intersection of the Paris meridian and the 45th parallel north is in a field where four trees were planted on the occasion of the celebration of the Méridienne verte on 14 July 2000. The trees are arranged in a square whose vertices are directed toward the four cardinal points, which allows the determination of the exact intersection point. Cardinal Guillaume de La Jugie, restored lived in the Château of Angouste in the 14th century. Félix de la Salle de Rochemaure, French félibrige writer, lived in the Château of Clavières. Jean Léon Sanis, professor at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand. Occitania Félibrige Pope Sylvester II Cantal Auvergne, the historical independent county and French province Auvergne, the modern-day administrative région, larger than the historical province of Auvergne, as it includes other provinces as Bourbonnais which were not part of Auvergne. Portal:France Portal:European Union Communes of the Cantal department Felibrige official website Ayrens on Lion1906 Ayrens on Google Maps Ayrens on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aireins on the 1750 Cassini Map Ayrens on the INSEE website INSEE
Cantal is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France, with its prefecture in Aurillac. Its other principal towns are Saint-Flour and Mauriac and its residents are known as Cantalians. Cantal borders the departments of Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire, Lot, Lozère and Corrèze, in the Massif Central natural region. Along with Lozère and Creuse, Cantal is among the most sparsely populated and geographically isolated departments of France and Aurillac is the departmental capital farthest removed from a major motorway, it had a population of 145,969 in 2016. The department is named for the Plomb du Cantal, the central peak of the bare and rugged mounts of Cantal mountain chain which traverses the area. Cantal lies in the middle of France's central plateau; the Cantal range is a group of eroded volcanic peaks. Its highest point is the Plomb du Cantal, its neighbors are Puy Chavaroche. To their north lie the Cézallier and Dore ranges and the arid Artense Plateau. To their east is the fertile Planèze Plateau, bound on its east by the Monts de la Margeride.
The principal rivers are the Alagnon, tributary to the Allier. At an elevation of 250 meters above sea level, the low point of the province lies in the Lot valley; the Truyère valley skirts the Planèze on the south and divides it from the Monts d'Aubrac, whose foothills include the thermal springs of Chaudesaigues. The western area of the department consists of beautiful river valleys. At first, Cantal was divided into four arrondissements—Aurillac, Saint-Flour and Murat; the climate of the department varies considerably. Prevailing winds and mountain ranges divide Cantal into four climatic zones: The west is subject to oceanic winds which bring rains; the mountains of the Cantal and the Cézallier create a rain shadow: it rains and snows quite often. The Planèze of Saint-Flour and the region of Massiac receive less precipitation, owing to winds coming from the north and south; the plateaux of the Margeride and the Aubrac have pleasant summers. The weather is mild and dry in the alluvial plain between Murat and Saint-Flour and around Aurillac, while summer storms and winters can be long and severe in the northern and central areas.
The west—nearer precipitation coming in from the Atlantic—is well watered. There is abundant snowfall. Winter temperatures can fall to below −15 °C, whereas in summer 25 °C is reached; the southern part of the department, on its borders with Aveyron and Lot, is the hottest region. Aurillac averaged 2080 hours of sunlight per year over the period from 1991 to 2000. Fog disappears quickly. Wind is not strong, but the lightning flashes in this department are among the most spectacular in France. Televised French weather forecasts note Aurillac as the coldest city in France in the mornings; this status should be understood in light of their derivation from temperature readings by Météo-France. Of the 30 cities included on its maps, Aurillac is by far the one with the highest altitude, at 640 m above sea level; the area of Cantal was part of the southern, upper area of Auvergne. Cantal is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. Prior to the First World War, it comprised parts of the XIII.
Army Corps military region and the Clermont-Ferrand educational division. After the 1790 Constitution Civile du Clergé, the Diocese of Saint-Flour in Cantal was among the half of the French sees being abolished to realign the new bishoprics to coincide with the new departments, such as Cantal, where outsider parish priest Anne-Alexandre-Marie Thibault was elected Bishop, it was formally abolished in turn after the Napoleonic Concordat of 1801, in favor of the reinstated bishopric of Saint Poul, but retained the departemental borders. The climate being too cool and damp for grain, much of Cantal is given over to pasture for Aubrac and Salers cattle and horses; this in turn supports a dairy industry responsible for butter and Roquefort cheese and the appellation-controlled cheeses Cantal and Bleu d'Auvergne. Cantal is the French department with the greatest number of appellation-controlled cheeses, although proper Roquefort is now restricted to cheese produced in the Aveyron department; the region's mineral products include coal, lead, antimony, granite and lime, but the department's isolation and poor infrastructure long precluded their exploitation.
Before the First World War, the primary exports were livestock, cheese and coal and the main imports were coal, grain and pottery. By it had been connected to both the Orleans and Midi railways. Traditionally, many Cantalians roamed France during the year plying humble trades but now the area's relative lack of industry and development permits tourism. An area has been set aside as the Auvergne Volcanos Regional Park. Cantal was dominated by the Occitan language; the official population count for 2013 was 147,000. The population peaked at 262,117 in 1836, it has been below
Cayrols is a commune in the Cantal department in south-central France. Communes of the Cantal department INSEE
Andelat is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France. Andelat is located some 4 km north-west of Saint-Flour, it can be accessed by the D679 road which passes through the east of the commune going north from Saint-Flour to Talizat. The D40 road goes north-west from Saint-Flour passing just south of the village and continuing north-west through the commune to Coltines; the D404 road comes south from Talizat to intersect the D40 road in the commune continues south to Roffiac. Andelat village can only be reached by small country roads from the D40 and the D679. There are a number of other hamlets in the commune; these are: Barret, Sebeuge, Le Sailhant. Apart from a number of small forests and some scattered areas of trees the commune is farmland. A railway line passes through the commune from Saint-Flour in the south east and continuing to the north; the Ander river flows through the commune from west to east just south of the village and continues south-west to join the Truyere near Anglards-de-Saint-Flour.
The Ruisseau de la Souche rises in the north of the commune and flows south-west to join Le Babory which flows from the north of the commune. The Ruisseau de Ferval joins Le Babory further downstream. Le Babory continues south to join the Ander in the commune. Andelat was chosen by King John to be, since 1360, the seat of the Bailiwick of the Auvergne Mountains, he made it subordinate to the Seneschal of Riom. The magistrates found that the village was unworthy of their offices and made it a traveling seat holding hearings in rented rooms at Chaudes-Aigues and Roffiac, sometimes at the royal castle at Bredon, now in ruins, in the current commune of Albepierre-Bredons; the seat was transferred by François I in 1491 to Murat without reuniting it with its bailiwick and retained its name of Bailiwick of Andelat. List of Successive Mayors The waterfall and Sailhant Castle The Saint Cirgue Church from the 12th, 13th, 15th centuries Communes of the Cantal department Community of Communes of the Planèze website INSEE
Arches is a commune in the Cantal department in south-central France. The Sumène forms the commune's northeastern border flows into the Dordogne, which forms the commune's northern and western border. Communes of the Cantal department INSEE
Brezons is a commune in the Cantal department in south-central France. Communes of the Cantal department INSEE
Champagnac is a commune in the Cantal department in south-central France. Communes of the Cantal department INSEE