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Rushnyk, Rushnik is a ritual cloth embroidered with symbols and cryptograms of the ancient world. They have been used in sacred Eastern Slavic rituals, religious services and ceremonial events such as weddings and funerals; each region has its own designs and patterns with hidden meaning, passed down from generation to generation and studied by ethnographers. There are many rushnyk collections in ethnographic museums. In Ukraine, the Rushnyk Museum is located in Pereiaslav, Ukraine as part of The Museum of Folk Architecture and Way of Life of Central Naddnipryanshchyna. A Russian rushnyk collection is housed at the Hermitage Museum; the rectangular shape of the fabric indicates a life's journey and the ornamentation captures the cultural ancestral memory of the region. The material used is either hemp; the act of spinning thread and the process of weaving linen embodies spiritual power dating back to the ancient deity Mokosh, represented in embroidery. The needle has its own energy, an idea similar to acupuncture, the color of the thread has sacred meaning.

Red is the main color used. A rushnyk is given to a baby at birth, it follows the person throughout life and used in the funeral service after death. A Rushnyk has many uses; the basic rushnik is colloquially called the utyralnyk or wiper and serves as a towel. The utyralnyk either has no designs on it or it has narrow strip on the edges. In contrast, a nabozhnyk is a decorated Rushnyk composing of embroidery and of lace. Nabozhnyks called nabraznyks or nakutnyks are used to decorate icons and icon corners in homes. Colour plays a important symbolic role in traditional Slavic embroidery. Red is the colour of life, the sun and health; the majority of rushnyks are embroidered with red threads. The word "red" means "beautiful" and "splendid" in Old Russian and Ruthenian: a red girl, a red sun or a red spring; the phrase Krasnaya devitsa in Old Russian language for example is an old idiomatic expression which means beautiful girl, the word Krasnaya translates in Russian language into red. The diamond-shaped design of the rushnyk is an ancient agricultural symbol, which means a sown field, or the sun, expresses the idea of fertility and protection against evil.

Ducks, in the centre of the rushnyk, symbolize the element of life-giving water. In wedding folklore a duck and a drake symbolize a bride and a groom, in other words a pair of ducks is a symbol of family life. Another common symbol on rushniks are birds. During a wedding ceremony, the bride and groom are standing on a Rushnyk called a pidnozhnyk, which translates as step-on towel. What happens to the pidnozhnyk is that the bride will drag the towel behind her, her bridesmaids follow behind her. Tradition has it that when the bridesmaids follow behind the pidnozhnyk, they are following the path of the bride and be married. Words with the common suffix "-nyk", denoting agent nouns, indicate a general association of the new word with the base one. Rushnyk: from ruka, hand Na-: a prefix meaning "on", i.e. the thing is supposed to be put onto something Nabozhnyk: from Boh, God Naobraznyk: from obraz "image", meaning "God's image", i.e. icon Nakutnyk: from kut, meaning the corner where an icon is hung.

Pidnozhnyk: from pid and nohy Media related to Rushnyk at Wikimedia Commons Virtual Guide to Belarus - Belarusian Rushniks

G. Vernon Bennett

Guy Vernon Bennett known as G. Vernon Bennett, was superintendent of schools in Pomona, California. A liberal, he was defeated for reelection after seventeen years in office in the wake of arrest on a morals charge, he was a Democrat. Bennett was born in Waverly, Iowa, on February 17, 1880, he had five siblings, Edward Allen Bennett of Los Angeles, Richard Bennett of Tacoma, Belle Campbell of Guelph, Zellia Campbell of Los Angeles and William M. Bennett. Bennett had at least one son, he was a Kiwanian. While a city councilman, Bennett 65, was taken into custody in Lincoln Park on October 2, 1950, by two police officers who "took a statement from him at the Highland Park Police Station." A complaint was issued by the city attorney's office "charging two morals counts." Bennett pleaded guilty to disturbing the peace," and a charge of lewd vagrancy was dismissed "in the interests of justice." He paid a fine of $100. Bennett, living in Pasadena, died July 31, 1968, at the age of 88. Bennett was working in Gridley, before taking up his position as superintendent of schools in Pomona in July 1914, replacing the retiring schools chief, W.

P. Murphy. Near the end of his first school year, he responded to a statement by University of California President Benjamin Ide Wheeler, who had declared vocational training to be "an attempt of aristocracy to keep children of the laborer in the working class so they couldn't better themselves." Bennett said: That sort of talk is bosh.... If teaching boys how to do interior decorating, lathe work and cabinet-making and teaching girls how to make hats and dresses and custard pies is an aristocratic attempt to tie a millstone around the neck of genius let us become more aristocratic. If we can keep the boys and girls off the street and reduce the number of street-corner loafers by teaching some useful trades in our schools I think it is our duty to do so. Bennett ordained an anti-slang week in April 1915 and ordered that anybody who used slang in Pomona schools be penalized. "I'd like to eliminate such phrases as'hand somebody a lemon,"cut it out,"the once-over,' and a lot of similar expressions," he said.

In 1919 he was appointed head of the local office of the Federal Board for Vocational Education, an agency that retrained returning U. S. servicement. In October 1920, Bennett and Nicholas Ricciardi, director of the vocational office in San Francisco, were attacked by the James B. Gresham Post No. 3, Veterans of Foreign Wars, among other things, "repressive measures." A statement charged Bennett with being "out of harmony with every man engaged in Federal board work in this city."Bennett, who held a doctorate of philosophy, was hired to be an associate professor of education at the University of Southern California, effective with the fall semester, 1926. 1934–35 Bennett attempted a run for the State Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1934, but lost. In February 1935, still a college professor and living at 3017-1/2 Hoover, he took out a nomination petition for the City Council seat in the 10th District, campaigning against the incumbent, E. Snapper Ingram. Bennett was supported by the End Poverty in California movement and opposed by the Los Angeles Times.

Other candidates in the 10th District primaries were a lecturer. Bennett received 5,974 votes to Ingram's 5,810, they faced each other in the finals. In that race, Bennett won by a vote of 8,794 to 8,064.1937 In 1937 Bennett ran as an incumbent against George McLain but without the support of EPIC. He won in the primary, 8,065 to 5,306.1938–39 He lost in another bid for state superintendent of public instruction in 1938. Bennett was known for supporting "liberal" measures in the city council and had the support of Mayor Fletcher Bowron and activist Clifford Clinton, he was the only council member to vote against an April 1939 resolution urging the Dies Committee on Un-American Activities to investigate Communist influence in Los Angeles "as soon as possible." That month he won in the primary election, 9,526 votes to 2,192 for Willard E. Badham, 1,620 for Solly F. Smith and 804 for Allan M. Rose.1941 In 1941, Bennett faced S. Frederic Smith and Mary A. Van Dame. Bennett won, 1,071 for Van Dame.

By that time, Bennett had joined the "anti-Bowron bloc," and when the city council was reorganized in July, he was elected president of the council by a vote of 9 to 6, replacing Robert L. Burns; as council president, he became acting mayor when Bowron was out of town.1942–43 Bennett was elected chairman of the Los Angeles County Democratic Central Committee in September 1942, unseating Claude L. Welch. In late 1941, political reformer Clifford E. Clinton had accused Bennett, with other councilmen, of having misused city automobiles, asking for a grand jury investigation; the issue resurfaced in 1943, an election year, when Council Member Parley P. Christensen accused Bennett of having used a city automobile for an "unauthorized and illegal" trip to Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1937 and on his return, "presenting the city with a bill for gasoline and oil." Bennett denied the charge. In the 1943 election, Bennett was endorsed by the Times, which said that "Although inclined when first elected toward ultra-liberal

David J. Pine

David J. Pine is an American physicist who has made contributions in the field of soft matter physics, including studies on colloids, surfactant systems, granular materials, he is Professor of Physics in the NYU College of Arts and Science and Chair of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering. A professor of physics and founding director of the Center for Soft Matter Research at New York University, Pine is one of the original developers of diffusing-wave spectroscopy, an optical technique that has proven useful to study colloid systems. Pine has a longstanding interest in colloidal self-assembly and in the development of a broad range of colloids for these purposes, including colloidal templating, colloidal clusters, lock-and-key colloids, patchy colloids with valence, he discovered Random Organization, a nonequilibrium phase transition in which the hydrodynamic reversibility of slow flows breaks down. Pine has received numerous fellowships and honors.

In 2000, his work was recognized with the Society of Rheology Publication of the Year Award. He was a Guggenheim Fellow and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society. Prior to working at NYU, Pine was a professor in the Chemical Engineering Department and the Materials Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara for 10 years, he worked as a research scientist at Exxon Corporate Research in Annandale, New Jersey, was on the physics faculty at Haverford College near Philadelphia. Pine received his B. S. in Physics and Mathematics in 1975 from Wheaton College, his Ph. D. in Physics in 1982 from Cornell University

Johann Ignaz von Felbiger

Johann Ignaz von Felbiger or John Felbinger was a minister in the Prussian government and Austrian school reformer, pedagogical writer, canon regular of the Order of St. Augustine, born January 6, 1724, at Gross-Glogau in Silesia. Johann Ignaz von Felbiger was the son of a postmaster, ennobled by Emperor Charles VI; the death of his parents constrained him, after studying theology at the University of Breslau, to accept the position of teacher in a private family. In 1746 he joined the Order of Canons Regular of St. Augustine at Sagan in Silesia, was ordained a priest in 1748, ten years became abbot of the monastery of Sagan. Noting the sad condition of the local Catholic schools, he strove to improve them by publishing his first school-ordinance in 1761. During the private journey to Berlin, in 1762, he was favourably impressed with Johann Julius Hecker's Realschule and Hähn's method of instructing by initials and tables, became an enthusiastic propagator of this method. A school-ordinance for the dependencies of the monastery of Sagan was issued in 1763, teachers' college was established, Felbiger's school reforms soon attracted the attention of Catholics and Protestants alike.

He was supported by the Silesian minister von Schlabrendorff, at the latter's request, after a second journey to Berlin he elaborated general school-ordinance for the Catholic elementary schools in Silesia. Three graded catechisms, the joint work of the prior and the abbot of Sagan, appeared in 1766 under the title, Silesian Catechism, enjoyed a wide circulation; the death of von Schlabrendorff in 1769 marked the end of the Silesian government's educational efforts. Felbiger's suggestions were heeded, however, by King Frederick II of Prussia in regulations issued for Silesian higher schools. In 1774 Felbinger was invited to Vienna to recommend. At the request of the empress, Maria Theresa, he repaired to Vienna, was appointed General Commissioner of Education for all the German lands of her dominions; this school reforms were aimed to create a sense of national unity of the population of Austrian Empire and set higher education standards. The same year he published general school-ordinance, in 1775 his most important pedagogical production: Methodenbuch für Lehrer der deutschen Schulen.

His school-reform was copied by Bavaria and other German lands and was not without influence on Russia. Considerable opposition, aroused by Felbiger's arbitrariness, developed in Austria against his plan of founding special schools for the neglected instruction of soldiers. Maria Theresa, always remained his faithful protectress, but his religious principles education displeased Joseph II, who depraved him his position, assigned him to his provostship at Presburg, advised him to look after educational intests in Hungary. In 1776 Felbiger with members of the Illyrian Court Deputation wrote the procedures for elementary schools for Orthodox children in Banat, which were published in German and Serbian; the chief peculiarity of Felbiger's too mechanical method was the use of tables containing the initials of the words which expressed the lesson to be imparted. Other features were the substitution of class-instruction for individual instruction and the practice of questioning the pupils, he aimed at raising the social standing, financial condition, professional qualification of the teaching body, at giving a friendly character to the mutual relations between teacher and pupil.

For a list of his 78 publications, which are of a pedagogical character, see Panholzer's Methodenbuch. He died on May 1788, at Presburg in Hungary. Granese, Alberto. La conversazione educativa. Eclisse o rinnovamento della ragione pedagogica. Armando Editore. ISBN 978-88-6081-297-1. Ebel, Bartel Edward; the Expression of the Comic in the Plays of Ferdinand Raimund. Department of Germanic and Romanic Languages, Stanford University. Roider, Karl A.. Maria Theresa. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-556191-1. Leger, Louis. Austria-Hungary. P. F. Collier & Son Company. Rothe, Georg. Die Gewerbeschule des Großherzogtums Baden als frühes Modell einer Teilzeitschule im dual-alternierenden System: Einfluss der Polytechnischen Schule Karlsruhe auf die Entwicklung der badischen Gewerbeschule. KIT Scientific Publishing. ISBN 978-3-86644-647-2. Peti-Stantić, Anita. Jezik naš i. Srednja Europa. ISBN 978-953-6979-54-7; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed".

Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton

Cristiano Lupatelli

Cristiano Lupatelli is an Italian former professional goalkeeper. He is known for sideburns with his bald head. Lupatelli was born in Perugia, he won a scudetto while playing for A. S. Roma in season 2000–01. A Roma youth product, Lupatelli was farmed to Chievo for the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons, after he played just 12 Serie A games for the capital club, wearing the number 10 jersey, despite being a goalkeeper, he was sold to Chievo for 3 billion Italian lire in a co-ownership deal in 2002. In the 2003 -- 04 season, he returned to Roma as the backup of Ivan Pelizzoli. In summer 2004, he joined Fiorentina on a free transfer. Lupatelli featured for the Fiorentina first team in the 2004–05 season, but after the arrival of Sébastien Frey in 2005, Bogdan Lobonţ in the 2006–07 season, Vlada Avramov in 2007, he became the club's third choice keeper, was loaned out to Parma during 2005–06 season for part of Frey's deal. Whilst on loan at Parma F. C. he was exchanged with Matteo Guardalben mid-season. In September 2008, he joined Cagliari on a free transfer.

He was set to become a free agent on 1 July 2010, was not called up to the club's 2010–11 pre-season training camp. During the 2010–11 summer transfer window, he joined Bologna on a free transfer, as Emiliano Viviano's backup. On 8 July 2011, he joined Genoa on a free transfer, after being released from Bologna, he served as the backup to Frey once again. On 15 July 2012, he joined Fiorentina once again, on a free transfer, he retired from football after his contract with Fiorentina expired on 1 July 2015. Lupatelli now serves as the goalkeeping coach for Juventus U23. Lupatelli's profile