Compact MPV

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Renault Scénic I (1996-2003)
Citroën C4 Picasso II (2013-present)

Compact MPV— an abbreviation for Compact Multi-Purpose Vehicle— is a vehicle size class for the middle size of MPVs. The Compact MPV size class sits between the mini MPV and large MPV (minivan) size classes.

Compact MPVs remain predominantly a European phenomenon, although they are also built and sold in many Latin American and Asian markets; as of 2016, the only compact MPV sold widely in the United States is the Ford C-Max.

Characteristics[edit]

Fiat Multipla with flexible 3+3 seating

The flexibility of the interior seating is a common theme amongst compact MPVs. Many models have seats which can be individually folded or easily removed, and the upright seating positions maximises use of the interior space; the seating arrangement is usually either two rows (for a total of 5 seats) or three rows (for a total of 7 seats), with the second row having three seats and the other row(s) having 2 seats.

Some compact MPVs also three seats in both the front and rear rows, and are therefore referred to as six-seaters.

Where a third row of seats is present, the seats are often smaller and intended for children or short distance travel only. In some cars, these seats can only carry a limited weight (less than an adult's weight); the third row of seating is usually optional, and is not not available on all models of compact MPVs.

History[edit]

Predecessors to the compact MPV segment are the 1977 AMC Concept 80 AM Van, the 1978 Lancia Megagamma and the 1982 Lada X-1 concept cars.[1][2][3]

Early production models of compact MPVs include, the 1982 Nissan Prairie and the 1991 Mitsubishi RVR (marketed as "Space Runner" in Europe and "Expo LRV" in the United States);[4][5] the 1996 Renault Scénic is credited with creating the compact MPV segment.[6]

The 1999 Opel/Vauxhall/Chevrolet Zafira was being the first compact MPV with 7 seats.

Models[edit]

The five highest selling compact MPVs in Europe in 2018 were the Renault Scenic, Volkswagen Touran, Citroën C4 Picasso, BMW 2 Series Active Tourer / Gran Tourer and Mercedes-Benz B-Class.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst, Kurt (2 July 2014). "AMC's Concept 80 AM Van to go on display at Kenosha History Center". www.hemmings.com. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  2. ^ "CAP Online: The cars of Giorgio Giugiaro". www.jyanet.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Sovjetunionens hemliga projekt – bortglömt idag". www.mestmotor.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Nissan Prairie (1982 - 1988)". www.honestjohn.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Mitsubishi Space Wagon & Space Runner (1991 - 1999) used car review". www.rac.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Group 7: Compact MPVs". Auto Express. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  7. ^ "European sales 2018 midsized MPV segment". www.carsalesbase.com. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 25 March 2019.