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Concow, California

Concow is an unincorporated community and census-designated place, until 2018 residential and small scale cultivation in the Sierra Nevada foothills covering eastern Butte County, United States. Due to a decline in employment and repeated wildfires, over the past hundred years the population declined from several thousand to several dozen people. On November 8, 2018, a wildfire, the Camp Fire, cleared most of Concow and destroyed the adjacent municipality of Paradise; the CDP is named after the Native American tribe, indigenous to the area, the Concow Maidu. The original inhabitants ate salmon from the Feather River and pine nuts, venison, nō-kōm-hē-i'-nē, other sources of food which abounded in the California foothills. "In the beginning Wahno-no-pem, the Great Spirit, made all things. Before he came, everything on the earth and in the skies was hidden in darkness and in gloom, but where he appeared he was the light. From his essence, out of his breath, he made the sun, the moon, the countless stars, pinned them in the blue vault of the heavens."

There is no indication that there was external governance of the Concow region or the tribal peoples that inhabited the region during the 1697–1821 Spanish colonization or the 1821–1846 Mexican era, characterized by the spread of Californio slave ranchos. The Concow region is 20 miles north of the city of Oroville and about the same distance east of the town of Chico. Rancho Arroyo Chico was established through a land-grant from the Mexican authorities in 1844, two years before California was invaded by United States forces, an indication that there was some Mexican governance near the Concow region, but no indication of governance of the region. Aside from governance, starting in 1828, northern trappers including Jedediah Smith, Michel Laframboise, John Work first made contact with the Concow region Maidu. In 1851 the Beckwourth Trail established the first transportation route to the Concow region; the route did not pass directly through the present day Concow, the trail followed a series of ridgetops 10 miles to the East.

Soon began death from diseases, such as pneumonia and malaria, from which the Maidu have no natural immunity. In addition to disease, in 1853, under the leadership of Gov. Bigler, several municipalities within the State of California ordered all non-European people of California - including the Maidu - exterminated in return for a $5.00 cash bounty for each verified male killed and a lesser cash bounty for a dead woman or child. In addition to the municipal bounty system, through funding numerous militia attacks on the native people, the resulting debt became known as the "California War Debt" or "Army Appropriations Bill". In 1854 - though not clear why - Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote California that their'war' expenditures could not be authorized without the original bills of sale to verify the purpose was one intended by congress; the bill of sale for the bounty was the head. California was reimbursed $924,259.65 by the United States Federal Government and again reimbursed $229,981.67 in 1861 for the intervening years.

Sometimes children could be sold for more than the per claim amount allowed. To maximize profits, during'hunts' they tried to only kill children that were not old enough to work; the older children were instead enslaved as provided by the Act of 1850 for the Government and Protection of Indians. Assuming the $1.2M the State of California claimed in expenses for the'War' was used for $5 bounties this represents the death of 240,000 California natives. Their fictionalized but true in spirit story is told by the real person Ishi, who may have been part or full Maidu. Ishi was from the Concow region. Permanent settlements soon followed and by 1856 several were well established; the growth of these settlements increased after Charles Curtis constructed a toll bridge across the Feather River at Nelson's Bar and the next year an additional bridge was constructed by residents of Whiskey Town over the Feather River just North of the Concow region. There was a Northernly trail and bridge from present day Oroville, a Southernly trail and bridge from present day Magalia.

After a decade of genocide and forcible removals, in 1859 the last of the Kon Kow peoples were forcibly removed by Tehama County ranchers as part of a larger four county'roundup'. They were held at the Mendocino Reservation until the California Reservation Administration at the camp collapsed due to lack of funding due to the Civil War occurring on the East Coast; the Kon Kow were deported to the Nome Cult Farms at the Round Valley reservation. By 1862 the last of the native Concow inhabitants were starving on the cramped Round Valley with unrelated people relocated from surrounding regions; the damp coastal climate on the reservation contrasts with the dry climate of the California'Gold Country' they are accustomed to. It was the midst of the North American Civil War and federal funds for California Reservations were no longer arriving. In the cooling weather of late September, on September 24, 1862, a combination of the poor camp conditions, forced participation in a massacre of the local Wailaki peoples, warnings by local whites that they were planning to massacre the reservation inhabitants that winter, an imminent winter disaster under the supervision of indian agent James Short forced a group of over 400 men, women and elderly to set out with Tome-ya-nem, without provisions, for the 130 miles back t

Carolina Mestrovic

Carolina Veronica Mestrovic Moroni is a Chilean singer, actress and TV host known for her role in TVN's Rojo fame contrafama, where she won the Singers category in 2008. Mestrovic first appeared on television in 2008 in the Chilean program Rojo fama contrafama, where she won in the Singers category and received a car as her reward, she subsequently joined Chilevisión's youth program Yingo, which showcased her singing talent. In 2010 she won second place, collecting a CL$1,000,000 prize. In December 2010 she participated in Yingo′s "great challenge" as a couple with Jaime Artus, but dropped out on December 22. Mestrovic was part of the second musical album of this program, called Yingo 2, debuted as an actor with the miniseries Amor Virtual and Don diablo, she participated in the casting for the Latin American version of High School Musical. On November 25, 2011, Mestrovic left Yingo to join the rival show Una nueva competencia por un Auto, she played Linda in the miniseries Gordis and participated in the fifth season of Fiebre de Baile: Famosos en peligro.

She went on to lead the backstage of El Rey del Show. She left to join the drama channel area to play Sofia in Telefe's TV series Graduotos, which became the most successful television series of 2012 in Argentina. In addition, she was chosen to handle the backstage of the Viña Festival. In 2003, Mestrovic was in a band called "duoYndigo" with Federico Henriquez. In 2009, she was part of the second Yingo soundtrack, called Yingo 2, she sang one a duet with Karen Paola. Mestrovic's mother, Veronica Moroni, is Argentinian, her father, Stanislav Mestrovic, is a Chilean national. Mestrovic was born in Arica, Chile but spent her childhood and part of her youth in Mendoza, Argentina. In December 2010 she confirmed that she was pregnant by former host of Yingo. Songs "No me hagas esperar" "Juntitos» "Así es el amor" "Vivo en rebeldía" "Quiero saber" "Mentiras y egos" "No puedo olvidarte" Carolina Mestrovic on IMDb

Unapproved aircraft part

Unapproved aircraft parts are aircraft parts not approved by national aviation authorities for installation on type certified aircraft. For example, the Federal Aviation Administration defines a "standard part" as a part produced in accordance with government regulations, it defines an "approved part" as a "standard part", in accordance with a specific set of criteria and specifications; the FAA standards for approved parts are in FAR 21.305. In the United States parts may be approved through a Parts Manufacturer Approval, with type certification procedures through approval from the agency's approval, through Technical Standard Orders, from conforming to recognized specifications from the aviation industry. Parts manufactured without an aviation authority's approval are described as "unapproved"; the parts are more profitable to sell than approved parts. Unapproved parts have been found on both civilian and military aircraft, faulty ones have caused hundreds of incidents and crashes, some fatal, with about 24 crashes between 2010 and 2016.

Most industries are plagued by counterfeit and bogus parts of inferior quality, but the potential consequences of failure are far less serious. "Counterfeit parts" are those not made by the manufacturer. They are made of inferior materials by inadequate processes and not tested, designed only to bear a close resemblance to genuine parts; the term "bogus parts" can loosely refer to various categories of unapproved parts. "Life-limited" and "time-expired" parts are legitimate parts that have been used beyond their design lifespan. Some parts which are life-limited or of unknown condition are taken from scrapyards, illegally installed on aircraft. A used part may be salvaged, but supporting information must be supplied; some unapproved parts come from genuine manufacturers' production lines. Boeing has stated that electronic parts and materials have been counterfeited. Physical parts include bolts and rivets. Electronic parts include resistors and integrated circuits. Materials include composite chemicals and titanium.

In 1996 unapproved parts were found to originate from sources such as counterfeiters, thieves, "strip and dip" operations which hide defects with metal plating, from production overruns. The crash of Partnair Flight 394 in 1989 resulted from the installation of counterfeit aircraft parts. Counterfeit bolts, attaching the vertical stabilizer of a Convair CV-580 to the fuselage, wore down excessively, allowing the tail to vibrate to the extent that it broke off. In 1990, US President George H. W. Bush appointed Mary Schiavo as the Inspector General of the U. S. Department of Transportation. Schiavo led subsequent investigations. By 1996, the investigations resulted in hundreds of criminal convictions, fines totalling about US$47 million, prison sentences of up to five years. In August 1993 a group of criminals stole a cockpit computer from a Carnival Airlines aircraft at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. During the day the criminals contacted "potential buyers" at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.

The "buyers" were Federal Bureau of Investigation agents performing "Operation Skycrook," a sting operation to deter thieves of commercial aircraft parts. In 1995, after the crash of American Airlines Flight 965, scavengers took cockpit avionics, engine thrust reversers, other parts from the crash site by helicopter. Many of the stolen parts appeared for sale in the Greater Miami area. In response, American Airlines published a 14-page list of the parts missing from the crashed aircraft, including the serial numbers. An FAA study concluded that, from May 1973 to April 1996, unapproved parts contributed to 174 aircraft accidents and minor incidents, causing 39 injuries and 17 fatalities. None of the accidents and incidents in the study involved major commercial airlines; some critics, including William Cohen, a member of the U. S. Senate from Maine, argued that the FAA may have understated the role of unapproved parts of some accidents because the agency did not want to take the responsibility of regulating the aircraft parts industry.

James Frisbee, who retired in 1992 as the quality control head of Northwest Airlines, argued that unapproved parts may have been a factor in far more accidents than the numbers stated on U. S. federal accident and incident records. The United States Congress passed the Aircraft Safety Act of 2000, allowing the government to target the sale and use of unapproved parts. Around 2003, the U. S. state of Florida was an international center for the vending of unapproved aircraft parts. Old and faulty parts scavenged from scrapped aircraft were sold illegally as new parts in Italy from the late 1990s and were reported in 2002 to be linked to up to ten air crashes. Unapproved parts are considered to have played a rôle in about 24 crashes that killed seven people and injured 18 between 2010 and 2016. American Airlines Flight 965 Aviation safety Partnair Flight 394 Suspected Unapproved Parts Program - Federal Aviation Administration

Port Harcourt (local government area)

Port Harcourt Local Government Area is a local government area of Rivers State in southern Nigeria. It is one of the 23 local government areas created for the state, its administrative seat is located in Port Harcourt. Although the local government consists of two different ethnic groups the Okrika in the South and Ikwerre in the North, it has been advised that the local government be divided into two homogeneous local governments. Port Harcourt local government area is included in the Greater Port Harcourt region, it is situated about 40 kilometres northwest of Bori. It is bounded to the south by Okrika, to the east by Eleme, to the north by Obio-Akpor and to the west by Degema, it has a total size of 109 square kilometres. The total population in the area was last recorded at 638,360 people in 2011 from 538,558 in 2006; the local government area is part of the Rivers East Senatorial district consisting 20 electoral wards. The Mayor, the highest-ranking official in the Port Harcourt local government is elected by popular vote and presides as both head of wards and head of the local government council.

The following list shows the Mayors of Port Harcourt: Ezeonyekaibeya Orji Ogbu Richard Okwosha Nzimiro Ambrose Ezeolisa Allagoa Francis Umelo Ihekwaba David Nembe Ayaugbokor Nnamdi Wokekoro Azubuike Nmerukini Chimbiko Akarolo Charles Paul Ejekwu Soni Sam Ejekwu Philip Elemuwa Orlu Lawrence Ezebunwo Igwe Victor Ihunwo Nyeche Rivers State University has its main campus at Nkpolu Oroworukwo, although plans are in progress to relocate the institution to a new 524-acre site within the Greater Port Harcourt urban centre. Many private schools including some government schools are located around this area. Primary education in many cases starts at the age of 4 for majority of Riverians. Students spend six years in primary school and graduate with a school leaving certificate. At the secondary level, students spend six years, 3 years of JSS, 3 years of SSS; the following are primary and secondary schools operating within the Port Harcourt local government area: Baptist High School, Borokiri Bereton Montessori Nursery and Primary School, Old GRA Emarid College Faith Baptist College, Old GRA Government Comprehensive Secondary School, Borokiri Graceland International School, Elekahia Greenoak International School, New GRA Holy Rosary College, Old GRA Methodist Girls High School Norwegian International School Our Lady of Fatima College, Borokiri St. Mary's Catholic Model High School Starlets Academy, Old GRA Stella Maris College Stepping Stone Educational Centre Tantua International Group of Schools Doic Early Learning Centre, Elekahia Randolph Group of Schools, Diobu PHC Emmanuel C.

Aguma, Attorney General of Rivers State Chibuike Amaechi, Governor of Rivers State Worgu Boms, lawyer Agbani Darego and fashion designer Finidi George, soccer player Chinyere Igwe, political figure Patience Jonathan, former First Lady of Nigeria Austin Opara, former deputy speaker of the House of Representatives Joseph Yobo, soccer player Local government areas of Rivers State List of cities and towns in Rivers State List of people from Port Harcourt

Marsh Award for Children's Literature in Translation

The Marsh Award for Children's Literature in Translation was a literary prize awarded in the United Kingdom from 1996 until 2017 to the translator of an outstanding work of fiction for young readers translated into English. The award is sponsored by the Marsh Christian Trust; the award was administered from 1996 by the National Centre for Research in Children's Literature at Roehampton University, subsidised in its early years by the Arts Council of England. From 2008 the award was administered by the English-Speaking Union. 2017 - Helen Wang for Bronze and Sunflower, translated from the Chinese of Cao Wenxuan 2015 – Margaret Jull Costa for The Adventures of Shola, translated from Spanish. Sarah Ardizzone has won the Marsh Award twice. Anthea Bell and Patricia Crampton have both won the Mildred L. Batchelder Award, the American Library Association's a

K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 in Seoul Final 16

K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 in Seoul Final 16 was a martial arts event held by the K-1 on Saturday September 27, 2008 at the Olympic Gymnastics Arena in Seoul, Korea. It was the Final Elimination tournament for top sixteen fighters; the winners qualified for the K-1 World GP 2008 Final held on December 6, 2008 at Yokohama Arena, Japan. The eight finalists from K-1 World GP 2007 Final were automatically qualified four World GP 2008 tournament winners in Amsterdam, Fukuoka and Hawaii; the last four spots were selected by fan voting. The K-1 World GP 2008 Final 16 attracted a crowd of 15,769 to the Seoul Olympic Complex and was broadcast live across South Korea by CJ Media and in Japan on the Fuji TV Network; the winner was Ewerton Teixeira. For more information, see K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 in Fukuoka. * Reserve Fight winner Brian Douwes replaced Freddy Kemayo in the Semi Finals as Freddy Kemayo was unable to continue due to injury * Reserve Fight winner Vaughn Anderson replaced Makoto Uehara in the Semi Finals as Makoto Uehara was unable to continue due to injury * Reserve Fight winner Randy Kim replaced Mighty Mo in the Semi Finals as Mighty Mo could not continue due to injury Paul Slowinski earned a wild-card spot on the card through a fan poll on the K-1 website.

Ray Sefo of New Zealand and Chalid "Die Faust" Arrab from Germany were voted into the tournament. Opening Fights: K-1 Rules / 3Min. 3R Ext. 1RKeijiro Maeda vs Min Ho Song Maeda defeated Song by KO at 1:43 of the 3rd Round. Zabit Samedov vs Fabiano da Silva Samedov defeated da Silva by 3rd Round Unanimous Decision 3-0. Yong Soo Park vs Randy Kim Kim defeated Park by KO at 1:11 of the 2nd Round. Final 16: K-1 Rules / 3Min. 3R Ext. 2RRuslan Karaev vs Chalid Arrab Karaev defeated Arrab by KO at 2:30 of the 2nd Round. Jerome Le Banner vs Junichi Sawayashiki Le Banner defeated Sawayashiki by 3rd Round Unanimous Decision 3-0. Ray Sefo vs Gokhan Saki Saki defeated Sefo by Extra Round Unanimous Decision 3-0. After 3 rounds the judges had scored it Decision Draw 0-0. Glaube Feitosa vs Errol Zimmerman Zimmerman defeated Feitosa by 3rd Round Unanimous Decision 3-0. Remy Bonjasky vs Paul Slowinski Bonjasky defeated Slowinski by 3rd Round Majority Decision 2-0. Ewerton Teixeira vs Musashi Teixeira defeated Musashi by 3rd Round Unanimous Decision 3-0.

Badr Hari vs Choi Hong-man Hari defeated Hong-man by TKO at the beginning of the Extra Round. After 3 rounds the judges had scored it a Majority Draw 1-0 in favour of Hong-man. Semmy Schilt vs Peter Aerts Aerts defeated Schilt by 3rd Round Majority Decision 2-0. List of K-1 events List of K-1 champions List of male kickboxers K-1 Official Website - Your Source for Everything K-1