A condominium shortened to condo, in the United States of America and in most Canadian provinces, is a type of living space similar to an apartment but independently sellable and therefore regarded as real estate. The condominium building structure is divided into several units that are each separately owned, surrounded by common areas that are jointly owned. Similar concepts in other English-speaking countries include strata title in Australia, New Zealand, the Canadian province of British Columbia. Residential condominiums are constructed as apartment buildings, but there has been an increase in the number of "detached condominiums", which look like single-family homes but in which the yards, building exteriors, streets as well as any recreational facilities, are jointly owned and jointly maintained by a community association. Unlike apartments, which are leased by their tenants, condominium units are owned outright. Additionally, the owners of the individual units collectively own the common areas of the property, such as corridors\hallways, laundry rooms, etc. as well as common utilities and amenities, such as the HVAC system, so on.
Many shopping malls are industrial condominiums in which the individual retail and office spaces are owned by the businesses that occupy them while the common areas of the mall are collectively owned by all the business entities that own the individual spaces. The common areas and utilities are managed collectively by the owners through their association, such as a homeowner association. Scholars have traced the earliest known use of the condominium form of tenure to a document from first-century Babylon; the word condominium originated in Latin. Italy uses condominio, the modern Italian form of condominium. Both condo and condominium are used colloquially in the Canadian province of Quebec, where the official term is divided co-ownership. In France, the term is copropriété, the common areas of these properties are managed by a Syndicat de copropriété, or "co-property union". Latin American nations use the term propiedad horizontal meaning "horizontal property" but abstractly meaning that all owners of the property have equal interest.
The word condominio is used. In Spain, the legal term is comunidad the popular term is comunidad de vecinos. "Condominium" is a Latin word formed by adding the prefix con- to the word dominium. Its meaning is therefore "shared property". Condominia referred to territories over which two or more sovereign powers shared joint dominion; this technique was used to settle border disputes when multiple claimants could not agree on how to partition the disputed territory. For example, from 1818 to 1846, Oregon Country was a condominium over which both the United States of America and Great Britain shared joint sovereignty until the Oregon Treaty resolved the issue by splitting the territory along the 49th parallel and each country gaining sole sovereignty of one side; the difference between an "apartment" complex and condominium is purely legal. There is no way to differentiate a condominium from an apartment by looking at or visiting the building. What defines. A building developed as a condominium could be built at another location as an apartment building.
As a practical matter, builders tend to build condominiums to higher quality standards than apartment complexes because of the differences between the rental and sale markets. Technically, a condominium is a collection of individual home units and common areas along with the land upon which they sit. Individual home ownership within a condominium is construed as ownership of only the air space confining the boundaries of the home; the boundaries of that space are specified by a legal document known as a Declaration, filed on record with the local governing authority. These boundaries will include the wall surrounding a condo, allowing the homeowner to make some interior modifications without impacting the common area. Anything outside this boundary is held in an undivided ownership interest by a corporation established at the time of the condominium's creation; the corporation holds this property in trust on behalf of the homeowners as a group—it may not have ownership itself. Condominiums have conditions and restrictions, additional rules that govern how the individual unit owners are to share the space.
It is possible for a condominium to consist of single-family dwellings. There are "detached condominiums" where homeowners do not maintain the exteriors of the dwellings, etc. and "site condominiums" where the owner has more control and ownership over the exterior appearance. These structures are preferred by gated communities. A homeowners association, whose members are the unit owners, manages the condominium through a board of directors elected by the membership; this exists under various names depending on the jurisdiction, such as "unit title", "sectional title", "commonhold", "strata council", or "tenant-owner's association", "body corporate", "Owners Corporation", "condominium corporation" or "condominium association". Another variation of this concept is the "time share", alt
Cristina Yang, M. D. Ph. D. F. A. C. S. is a fictional character from the medical drama television series Grey's Anatomy, which has aired for over 14 years on the American Broadcasting Company in the United States. The character was created by series producer Shonda Rhimes, is portrayed by actress Sandra Oh. Introduced as a surgical intern at the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital, Yang worked her way up to resident level becoming a cardiothoracic surgical fellow, while her relationships with colleagues Meredith Grey, George O'Malley, Izzie Stevens, Alex Karev formed a focal point of the series. Yang earlier in the series got engaged to Preston Burke, in the past had a relationship with renowned surgeon and mentor Colin Marlow, wed but divorced Owen Hunt. Oh auditioned for the role of Miranda Bailey, although Chandra Wilson was cast in the part. Oh has received positive reviews for her portrayal, with Mark Perigard of the Boston Herald considering her friendship with Meredith to be "the secret core of Grey's".
Oh has garnered numerous awards and nominations for her role as Yang, including Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild Award wins in 2006. She was additionally nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series each year, from 2005 to 2009. Characterizing the character, ABC noted her competitiveness and intelligence as her main traits, while her aggressive, tactless attitude was highlighted as her main weakness. In May 2012, E! Online reported. Oh left the show after season 10, her character Cristina Yang was written out of the storyline as a main cast member. Cristina Yang is introduced as a graduate from Smith College and a fellow surgical intern to Meredith Grey, Izzie Stevens, George O'Malley, Alex Karev. An atheistic competitive intern of Korean-American ancestry, she first desired to become a doctor after a childhood car accident which killed her biological father. Yang has dyslexia, was raised in Beverly Hills, California by her mother and supportive Jewish stepfather.
She has a B. A. from Smith College, an MD from Stanford University and a Ph. D. from University of California, making her a "double doctor". While her emotional pragmatism, competitive perfectionism, logical nature lead many to view her as a cutthroat "robot", Cristina hits it off with Meredith on their first day and the pair soon become best friends and each other's "person", sharing the same "dark and twisty" sense of humor. During her internship, Cristina has an on-off relationship with the chief of cardiothoracic surgery Preston Burke that leads to an accidental pregnancy. Yang schedules an abortion without telling him about the pregnancy due to Burke's behavior towards their lack of relationship status. However, Yang experiences an ectopic pregnancy and Burke discovers the pregnancy after Yang collapses from a burst fallopian tube while in the O. R. Burke and Yang resume their relationship in the aftermath of her miscarriage. Burke needs surgery. After Burke is shot in the arm and develops a hand tremor, Yang helps him cover it up by forming a covert partnership wherein she performs most of his surgeries.
Yang denies involvement during a confrontation, but confesses everything to Richard Webber, the chief of surgery. Yang's actions jeopardize Burke's chances of becoming chief. After a short breakup, Yang breaks the silence and Burke proposes marriage, which Yang accepts after eight days of hesitation; when the wedding day comes, Yang has a moment of panic before she is about to walk down the aisle but Burke leaves her because he wasn’t sure if she was ready to commit. Burke disappears and isn’t seen again until in the series. Yang proceeds to go on her honeymoon to Hawaii with Meredith to recover, returning to discover that Burke has disappeared from her life and transferred to a different hospital. Burke is replaced by Erica Hahn, who dislikes Yang for her trend of having affairs with famous surgeons, such as Burke, going so far as refusing to let her scrub in on cardiac surgeries. Callie Torres moves in with Yang, she still tries to earn Hahn's approval. Hahn reveals that she dislikes Yang because she reminds her of an early version of herself and continues to cut Yang out of cardio surgeries and neglects to teach her, before quitting the hospital and leaving Seattle Grace without a head of cardio.
Without a teacher, Yang begins to doubt the purpose of remaining in her place at Seattle Grace when the program falls to twelfth on a list of the best teaching hospitals and Burke wins the Harper-Avery award without mentioning her at all, despite her saving his career. Yang tells the Chief that her current existence in the hospital is "unbearable" and that she has turned into a ghost. Yang meets Owen Hunt, an army trauma surgeon when he patches her up from being stabbed in the stomach by a falling icicle outside the hospital; the pair are attracted to each other and share a brief kiss. Owen Hunt is honorably discharged, he is hired as Seattle Grace's chief of trauma surgery and he and Yang begin a flirtation. Yang grows when she decides to support Meredith in her relationship with Derek Shepherd, despite her logical misgivings about their
The 2017 Indiana Hoosiers football team represented Indiana University in the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Hoosiers played their home games at Memorial Stadium in Indiana. Indiana competed as a member of the East Division of the Big Ten Conference; the team was led by first-year head coach Tom Allen and finished 5–7 overall, 2–7 in Big Ten play to finish in a tie for sixth place in the East Division. The 2017 Spring Game took place in Bloomington, on April 13, at 7:00 PM; the Hoosiers finished the 2016 season 6–6, 4–5 in Big Ten play to finish in fourth place in the Eastern Division. The highlight of the season was beating No. 17-ranked Michigan State, as well as beating Purdue to become bowl eligible for the second year in a row. Following a loss to Utah in the Foster Farms Bowl, Indiana finished their season 6–7. Following the season, the Hoosiers would fire sixth year Offensive Coordinator Kevin Johns on January 2, 2017 and hire Tennessee Offensive Coordinator Mike DeBord two days later.
On January 4, 2017, Grant Heard joined the Hoosiers' coaching staff as the wide receivers coach. He coached at Ole Miss. On March 3, 2017, Mike Hart was hired to fill the vacant role of running backs' coach. Hart was a former running backs coach at Syracuse, Western Michigan and Eastern Michigan, as well as a former running back for the Indianapolis Colts. Notable departures from the 2016 squad included: Hoosiers who were picked in the 2017 NFL Draft: The Hoosiers signed a total of 23 recruits. Indiana had seven returning players on offense, nine on defense and two on special teams that started games in 2016; the Hoosiers' 2017 schedule consisted of 6 home games and 6 away games. The Hoosiers first non-conference game were away at Virginia of the Atlantic Coast Conference, before hosting the remaining two non-conference games; the Hoosiers played nine conference games. They traveled to Penn State, Michigan State, Maryland and Purdue. Sources: ^ ESPN's College GameDay was held in Bloomington for the first time in the show's broadcast history.^ The game between Florida International University and Indiana scheduled for 3:30 p.m. was cancelled due to Hurricane Irma.
The cancelled game scheduled for September 16 will serve as Indiana's bye week, with a replacement game added on October 7 against Charleston Southern University. Key: POS: Position, SOLO: Solo Tackles, AST: Assisted Tackles, TOT: Total Tackles, TFL: Tackles-for-loss, SACK: Quarterback Sacks, INT: Interceptions, BU: Passes Broken Up, PD: Passes Defended, QBH: Quarterback Hits, FF: Forced Fumbles, FR: Fumbles Recovered, BLK: Kicks or Punts Blocked, SAF: Safeties