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Congo River

The Congo River known as the Zaire River under the Mobutu regime, is the second longest river in Africa, shorter only than the Nile, as well as the second largest river in the world by discharge volume, following only the Amazon. It is the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m; the Congo-Lualaba-Chambeshi River system has an overall length of 4,700 km, which makes it the world's ninth-longest river. The Chambeshi is a tributary of the Lualaba River, Lualaba is the name of the Congo River upstream of Boyoma Falls, extending for 1,800 km. Measured along with the Lualaba, the main tributary, the Congo River has a total length of 4,370 km, it is the only major river to cross the equator twice. The Congo Basin has a total area of 13 % of the entire African landmass; the name Congo/Kongo river originates from the Kingdom of Kongo once located on the southern bank of the river. The kingdom in turn was named for the indigenous Bantu Kongo people, known in the 17th century as "Esikongo".

South of the Kingdom of Kongo proper lay the named Kakongo kingdom, mentioned in 1535. Abraham Ortelius in his world map of 1564 labeled as "Manicongo" the city at the mouth of the river; the tribal names in Kongo derive from a word for a public gathering or tribal assembly. The modern name of the Kongo people or Bakongo was introduced in the early 20th century; the name Zaire is from a Portuguese adaptation of a Kikongo word, nzere, a truncation of nzadi o nzere. The river was known as Zaire during the 17th centuries; the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo are named after it, as was the previous Republic of the Congo which had gained independence in 1960 from the Belgian Congo. The Republic of Zaire during 1971–1997 was named after the river, after its name in French and Portuguese; the Congo's drainage basin covers an area larger than India. The Congo's discharge at its mouth ranges from 23,000 to 75,000 cubic metres per second, with an average of 41,000 cubic metres per second.

The river and its tributaries flow through the Congo Rainforest, the second largest rain forest area in the world, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in South America. The river has the second-largest flow in the world, behind the Amazon; because its drainage basin includes areas both north and south of the equator, its flow is stable, as there is always at least one part of the river experiencing a rainy season. The sources of the Congo are in the highlands and mountains of the East African Rift, as well as Lake Tanganyika and Lake Mweru, which feed the Lualaba River, which becomes the Congo below Boyoma Falls; the Chambeshi River in Zambia is taken as the source of the Congo in line with the accepted practice worldwide of using the longest tributary, as with the Nile River. The Congo flows toward the northwest from Kisangani just below the Boyoma falls gradually bends southwestwards, passing by Mbandaka, joining with the Ubangi River, running into the Pool Malebo. Kinshasa and Brazzaville are on opposite sides of the river at the Pool, where the river narrows and falls through a number of cataracts in deep canyons, running by Matadi and Boma, into the sea at the small town of Muanda.

The Congo River Basin is one of the distinct physiographic sections of the larger Mid-African province, which in turn is part of the larger African massive physiographic division. The river transports annually 86 million tonnes of suspended sediment to the Atlantic Ocean and an additional 6% of bedload. Lower Congo constitutes the'lower' parts of the great river. In this section of the river there are two significant tributaries to the great Congo River, both on the left or south side; the Kwilu River originates in the hills near the Angolan border and enters the Congo some 100 km upstream from Matadi. The other being the Inkisi River, that flows in a northerly direction from the Uíge Province in Angola to the confluence with the Congo at Zongo some 80 km downstream from the twin capitals. Due to the vast number of rapids, in particular the Livingstone Falls, this section of the river is not operated continuously by river boats; the drainage basin of the Congo River includes most of Central Africa.

The main river and tributaries are:Sorted in order from the mouth heading upstream. Lower Congo Downstream of Kinshasa, from the river mouth at Banana, there are a few major tributaries, all on the left side. Mpozo Kwilu InkisiMiddle Congo Kwa-Kassai – 2150 km – 881,900 km2, 9,900 m3/s Fimi Lukenie Kwango Sankuru Lefini Sangha – 1,400 km, 213,400 km2, 750 m3/s Kadéï Ubangi/ – 2,270 km, 772,800 km2, 4,000 m3/s Mbomou Uele Tshuapa or Ruki River – 1,000 km Lomami River – 1,400 kmUpper Congo Upstream of Boyoma Falls near Kisangani, the river Congo is known as the Lualaba River. Luvua Luapula Chambeshi Al

Parti Québécois leadership elections

This page lists the results of leadership elections held by the Parti Québécois. From its formation in 1968 and until 2005 the party president served as party leader. Elections are by one vote. René Lévesque acclaimedLevesque resigned as party president on June 20, 1985. Nadia Assimopoulos becomes interim president. Levesque however is regarded as remaining PQ leader during this period. *: Data calculated from the available results without asterisks. Bernard Landry withdrew before voting. Johnson resigned on November 10, 1987. Nadia Assimopoulos onces again becomes interim president and Guy Chevrette becomes interim parliamentary leader. Chevrette is regarded as the interim leader during this period. Jacques Parizeau acclaimed Lucien Bouchard acclaimed Bernard Landry acclaimedBernard Landry resigned on June 6, 2005. Louise Harel was chosen interim parliamentary leader. Eligible voters: 137,238 Turnout: 76.69%*: Gilbert Paquette withdrew and asked his supporters to vote for Pauline Marois on November 10, 2005.

Boisclair resigned on May 8, 2007. François Gendron was chosen interim leader. Pauline Marois withdrew after 24 hours. Pierre Karl Péladeau 57.58% Alexandre Cloutier 29.21% Martine Ouellet 13.21% Eligible voters: 71,020 Turnout 79.9% First round: Jean-François Lisée: 25,936 Alexandre Cloutier: 16,357 Martine Ouellet: 9,077 Paul St-Pierre Plamondon: 3,772 Second round: Jean-François Lisée: 27,801 Alexandre Cloutier: 17,403 Martine Ouellet: 9,702 Total votes: 55,142 Turnout: 75.09 per cent Announced for 2020, date TBD http://www.assnat.qc.ca/en/patrimoine/chronologie/index.html leadership convention Parti Québécois

Liston Pope

Liston Corlando Pope was an American clergyman, theological educator, dean of Yale University Divinity School from 1949 to 1962. Pope was born in Thomasville, North Carolina, the son of Robie Lester Pope and his wife, née Dora Vivian Younts. Robie Pope was a banker, a city councilman andmayor of Thomasville, had served in the North Carolina House of Representatives. Liston Pope considered his father to be a "banker with a conscience" and an inspiration in his study of social problems from the Christian point of view. Pope graduated from Thomasville High School in 1925 and from Duke University, with a B. A. in 1929. He entered into the insurance business for fifteen months entered the School of Religion at Duke, obtaining a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1932, he became the associate minister of the Wesley Memorial Methodist Church in High Point for three years became pastor at the Humphrey Street Congregational Church in New Haven. He was ordained in 1935 and served as pastor until 1938, he enrolled at the Graduate School of Yale University, obtaining a Ph.

D. in 1940. His thesis, a study of the interrelationship of religion and economics was published in 1940 under the title Millhands and Preachers, won the John Addison Porter Prize, was used as a text in social ethics courses in many universities, he was active in the Congregational Christian Churches denomination and the ecumenical movement the World Council of Churches, in organizations involved in theological education. Pope became a lecturer at Yale in 1938, an assistant professor in 1939, an associate professor in 1944, he became the Gilbert L. Stark Professor of Social Ethics in 1947, was made dean of the Yale Divinity School in 1949, a position he served in until 1962, he retired from teaching in 1973, donated his extensive library of books on social ethics to Yale, along with an endowment to be used for keeping the collection current. Pope married Bennie Howell Purvis on 3 February 1934, she died on 13 November 1967. In 1972 Pope married Mrs. Gerd Synnove Thoreson, whom he had met while on sabbatical in Spain in 1971.

The couple retired to Trondheim, Norway in 1973, where Pope died the following year. Pope was interred at Thomasville. Religious Proposals for World Order - 1941 Mill Village Churches - 1941 Millhands & Preachers: a study of Gastonia - 1942 Labor's Relation to Church and Community - 1947 New Directions for the Ministry - 1954 Kingdom Beyond Caste - 1957 Beginning of Knowledge.