The Controlled Substances Act is the statute establishing federal U. S. drug policy under which the manufacture, possession and distribution of certain substances is regulated. It was passed by the 91st United States Congress as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 and signed into law by President Richard Nixon; the Act served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The legislation created five schedules, with varying qualifications for a substance to be included in each. Two federal agencies, the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Food and Drug Administration, determine which substances are added to or removed from the various schedules, although the statute passed by Congress created the initial listing. Congress has sometimes scheduled other substances through legislation such as the Hillory J. Farias and Samantha Reid Date-Rape Prevention Act of 2000, which placed gamma hydroxybutyrate in Schedule I and sodium oxybate in Schedule III when used under an FDA NDA or IND.
Classification decisions are required to be made on criteria including potential for abuse accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, international treaties. The nation first outlawed addictive drugs in the early 1900s and the International Opium Convention helped lead international agreements regulating trade; the Food and Drugs Act of 1906 was the beginning of over 200 laws concerning public health and consumer protections. Others were the Federal Food and Cosmetic Act, the Kefauver Harris Amendment of 1962. In 1969, President Richard Nixon announced that the Attorney General, John N. Mitchell, was preparing a comprehensive new measure to more meet the narcotic and dangerous drug problems at the federal level by combining all existing federal laws into a single new statute. With the help of White House Counsel head, John Dean; the CSA not only combined existing federal drug laws and expanded their scope, but it changed the nature of federal drug law policies and expanded Federal law enforcement pertaining to controlled substances.
Title II, Part F of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 established the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse—known as the Shafer Commission after its chairman, Raymond P. Shafer—to study cannabis abuse in the United States. During his presentation of the commission's First Report to Congress and Shafer recommended the decriminalization of marijuana in small amounts, with Shafer stating, he criminal law is too harsh a tool to apply to personal possession in the effort to discourage use, it implies. The actual and potential harm of use of the drug is not great enough to justify intrusion by the criminal law into private behavior, a step which our society takes only with the greatest reluctance. Rufus King notes that this stratagem was similar to that used by Harry Anslinger when he consolidated the previous anti-drug treaties into the Single Convention and took the opportunity to add new provisions that otherwise might have been unpalatable to the international community.
According to David T. Courtwright, "the Act was part of an omnibus reform package designed to rationalize, in some respects to liberalize, American drug policy." It provided support for drug treatment and research. King notes that the rehabilitation clauses were added as a compromise to Senator Jim Hughes, who favored a moderate approach; the bill, as introduced by Senator Everett Dirksen, ran to 91 pages. While it was being drafted, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act, to be passed by state legislatures, was being drafted by the Department of Justice. Since its enactment in 1970, the Act has been amended numerous times: The 1976 Medical Device Regulation Act; the Psychotropic Substances Act of 1978 added provisions implementing the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The Controlled Substances Penalties Amendments Act of 1984; the 1986 Federal Analog Act for chemicals "substantially similar" in Schedule I and II to be listed The 1988 Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act added provisions implementing the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances that went into force on November 11, 1990.
1990 The Anabolic Steroids Act, passed as part of the Crime Control Act of 1990, which placed anabolic steroids into Schedule III The 1993 Domestic Chemical Diversion and Control Act in response to methamphetamine trafficking. The 2008 Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act The 2010 Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances; the 2010 Secure and Responsible Drug Disposal Act, to allow pharmacies to operate take-back programs for controlled substance medications in response to the US opioid epidemic. The 2017 Protecting Patient Access to Emergency Medications Act amended Section 33 of the CSA to include DEA registration for Emergency Medical Service agencies, approved uses of standing orders, requirements for the maintenance and administration of controlled substances used by EMS agencies; the Cont
George Golla AM is an Australian jazz guitarist. In 1959 he commenced a long-term working musical partnership with clarinetist/flautist/saxophonist Don Burrows that continued for forty years. On 10 June 1985, Golla was made a Member of the Order of Australia with the citation, For service to music. In 1987, The George Golla Orchestra won the inaugural ARIA Fine Arts Award category of'Best Jazz Album' for Lush Life, he has made hundreds of recordings, including The Don Burrows Quartet at the Sydney Opera House, Steph'n'Us with Stephane Grappelli during a tour with Grappelli and Burrows. George Golla was a teacher at the Academy of Guitar in Bondi alongside Don Andrews, specializing in Jazz and Classical guitar, he wrote several books on theory and the modes. Golla was born on 10 May 1935 in Poland, he emigrated to Australia in the 1950s and began working in Sydney from 1957. In 1959, he commenced a long-term working musical partnership with clarinetist/flautist/saxophonist Don Burrows that continued for forty years.
They recorded together and in quartets and other combinations. He toured throughout Australia and at times with international guest support artists such as vibraphonist Gary Burton in the early 1970s, he has had a long association with Brazilian musicians including Luis Bonfa and extensive performance of and many recordings of Latin American-/Brazilian- influenced jazz, including the acclaimed Bonfa Burrows Brazil. He appeared at both the Montreux Jazz Festival and Newport Jazz Festival in 1972, has performed at many Australian festivals, he is a frequent contributor at the annual Frankston International Guitar Festival. He has made hundreds of recordings, including The Don Burrows Quartet at the Sydney Opera House, Steph'n'Us with Stephane Grappelli during a tour with Grappelli and Burrows. Golla continues to perform in and around Sydney where he resides, touring interstate and internationally and recording, he has appeared at many workshops locally and overseas. Between 2005 and 2015 George performed in a duo with Australian jazz flugelhorn player and singer songwriter Elizabeth Geyer.
To celebrate his 80th birthday, Golla collaborated with Australian jazz singer, Jacki Cooper in 2015, to record a duo album called Tea for Two. On 10 June 1985, Golla was made a Member of the Order of Australia with the citation, For service to music. In 1987, The George Golla Orchestra won the inaugural ARIA Fine Arts Award category of'Best Jazz Album' for Lush Life
George Washington Jones was a Texas politician, a Lieutenant Governor of Texas and a Greenback member of the United States House of Representatives. George Washington Jones was born to William Dandridge Claiborne Jones and Rachel Burleson Jones on September 5, 1828, in Marion County, Alabama, he moved with his parents to Tipton County, to Bastrop, Texas. Jones studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1851, commenced practice in Bastrop. From 1858 until 1860 he served as Bastrop County Attorney. Although a supporter of the Union, Jones served in the Confederate States Army attaining the rank of colonel as commander of the 17th Texas Infantry, he was a delegate to the Texas state constitutional convention in 1866. Jones was elected lieutenant governor with James W. Throckmorton as governor. Both Jones and Throckmorton were removed from office in 1867 by General Philip Henry Sheridan for being obstructions to Reconstruction. In 1878 Jones was elected as United States Congressman for the Texas 5th Congressional District.
He was reelected in 1880 and served from March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1883. On August 1, 1855, he married Ledora Ann Mullins in Bastrop. Jones died on July 11, 1903. Ledora Jones died on August 31, 1903, they are both interred at Fairview Cemetery in Bastrop. United States Congress. "George Washington Jones". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Digital Retro is a coffee table book about the history of home computers and personal computers. It was written by Gordon Laing, a former editor of Personal Computer World magazine and covers the period from 1975 to 1988, its contents cover home computers, along with some business models and video game consoles, but hardware such as minicomputers and mainframes is excluded. In writing the book, the author's research included finding and interviewing some of those who worked on the featured hardware and founded the companies; such hardware was borrowed from private collections and computer museums, with more than thirty coming from the Museum of Computing in Swindon. Topics covered include choice of video chip and how designers of sound chips proceeded to make synthesisers. A number of British computers "that most Americans have never encountered in person" are included, such as the Acorn Atom, Dragon 32 and Grundy NewBrain. Forty computers are included in total, it has been described as a "beautifully illustrated" "well written" book which "drips detail", with the author being noted as a "perfectionist".
The photographs depict "external views of each machine from several angles". Omissions were noted by Mike Magee in The Inquirer. There are internal photographs in a few cases. Writing in The Register, Lance Davis commented on the importance of such books, stating "... history isn't just about dead people who wore crowns." Official website
Laure Savasta is a French professional basketball player. She plays both point shooting guard, she was, with Isabelle Fijalkowski, amongst the first French players to play in the WNBA. She was the captain and one of the key players of Tarbes GB, taking part to the French championship and European competitions. Now retired, she started a career of basketball coach and TV commentator, on Sport+, for women’s basketball games. Champion of Eurobasket Women in 2001 5th at the 2000 Summer Olympics of Sydney Runner-up of the European Cup Liliana Ronchetti in 1998 with Aix-en-Provence and 2002 with Tarbes. Official website Her player profile on TGBÉLITE.com
Zumanity is a resident cabaret-style show by Cirque du Soleil at the New York-New York Hotel & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip. The production was unveiled on September 20, 2003, it is the first "adult-themed" Cirque du Soleil show, billed as "the sensual side of Cirque du Soleil" or "another side of Cirque du Soleil". Created by René Richard Cyr and Dominic Champagne, Zumanity is a departure from the standard Cirque format. Intended to be for mature adult audiences only, this show is centered on erotic song, dance and comedy; the inspiration to create Zumanity came from multiple sources. Cirque du Soleil founder Guy Laliberté had been offered the chance to create two new shows in Las Vegas, wanted something new and original rather than multiple similar shows that would cannibalize off of each other's sales and audiences. Another reason was that the New York-New York Hotel and Casino wanted to make their entertainment appear more "trendy"; the hotel liked the concept of a more adult Cirque du Soleil performance.
Laliberté admits that the biggest reason to produce this show was the chance to create something with riskier subject matter. He was interested in the idea of creating a show that explored human sexuality, something, at complete odds with the other, more family-oriented Cirque du Soleil shows. "Our previous shows have all been family-oriented and politically correct, great," Laliberté said, "but we're human beings, we won't hide it. We're a bunch of happy campers. We like to live new experiences. Zumanity deals with some of those experiences." On January 20, 2015, a refresh of the show was introduced to the public in which 30% of the show was changed from its original concept. Certain acts, including hoops, dance on pompoms and aerial silks were retired. New acts included aerial chains, Aerial Dream, Perfect Jam. Aerial silks was changed into a solo act and the Rose Boy evolved into Magnum the same routine but the dancer became a secret agent. Yanis Marshall choreographed new dance segments throughout the show, there are multiple acts in which men dance in high heels.
The show features new and updated music, comedic acts and artists. Listed below are the characters in the show with known names. Further artists are listed in the Acts section. Additional hosts listed in the Vocalists section. Mistress of Sensuality: hostess Spirits of the Wind: dancers Dick and Izzy/The Sexperts: clowns Afrique: dancer Magnum: dancer Biker: aerial chains Fauna: character Athon and Arno Extravaganza: acrobatic dancers Molinier: character Botero Sisters: actors/clowns Casanova: actor/clown Miss Salsa: dancer Mec Branché: character/performer Mademoiselle Loup: aerial straps Dominatrix: dancer Ballerine: body2body 2.0 Romantique: dancer Scottish Fantasy: hand2hand Tissu Star: aerial dream Blue Blade: dancer La Catin: dancer The acts in Zumanity are a mélange of dance and acrobatic prowess. Included below are brief summaries of the acts Animation Pre-show comedy in which Dick teases the audience with sex toys, Izzy hits on other men, Casanova hits on women and the Botero Sisters feed the audience strawberries Warnings A song about what not to do during the show Welcome The audience is greeted and questioned/teased by Zumanity's hostess, Edie Wind The Spirits of the Wind dance passionately in falling rose petals Original performer: Marcela de la Vega Luna African Dance/Afrique An African queen offers a more fast-paced and tribal dance Original performer: Wassa Coulibaly Water Bowl Two women experience their love for one another for the first time while performing contortion in a large bowl of water Original performers: Gyulnara Karaeva and Bolormaa Zorigtkhuyag Chains The Biker swings through the air on a chain, quite holding onto the chain only by his feet Magnum A 007-esque special agent strip teases and dances erotically for the audience Original name: Castroses The Rose Boy Original performer: Alex Castro Scotch Baggies A comedic act in which Izzy shows the audience how to make fake breast implants using sandwich baggies filled with scotch, gets a man from the audience to help her put them on Hoops An erotic school girl performs a dance and contortion act with hula hoops Hand to Hand An intimate and acrobatic hand-balancing duet Original performers: Nicolas Alain Michel Besnard and Joanie Leroux-Côté Body2