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Convenience store

A convenience store, convenience shop, or corner store is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as coffee, snack foods, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries and magazines. In some jurisdictions, convenience stores are licensed to sell alcohol, although many such jurisdictions limit such beverages to those with low alcoholic content such as beer and wine; such stores may offer money order and wire transfer services, along with the use of a fax machine or photocopier for a small per-copy cost. They differ from general stores and village shops in that they are not in a rural location and are used as a convenient supplement to larger stores. A convenience store may be part of a gas/petrol station, so customers can purchase goods conveniently while filling their vehicle with fuel, it may be located alongside a busy road, in an urban area, near a railway or railroad station, or at another transport hub. In some countries, convenience stores have long shopping hours, some remain open 24 hours.

Convenience stores charge higher prices than conventional grocery stores or supermarkets, as these stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers. However, convenience stores make up for this loss by having longer open hours, serving more locations, having shorter cashier lines. A convenience store may be called a c-store, cold store, party store, carry out, mini-market, mini-mart, corner shop, deli or milk bar, superette, depanneur or dep. Various types exist, for liquor stores, mini-markets, general stores or party stores. Confectionery, lottery tickets and magazines are sold although merchandise varies from store to store. Unless the outlet is a liquor store, the range of alcoholic beverages is to be limited or non-existent. Most stores sell other tobacco products. Varying degrees of food and grocery supplies are available, from household products to prepackaged foods like sandwiches and frozen burritos. Automobile-related items—such as motor oil and car kits—may be sold.

Toiletries and other hygiene products are stocked, as well as sanitary products and contraception. Stores may carry home furnishings, CDs and DVDs; some of these stores offer money orders and wire transfer services. Convenience stores may carry small appliances as well as other household items such as coolers and backpacks. Convenience stores have been known to carry candles, stationery and crockery. Many convenience shops offer food ready-to-eat, such as breakfast fry-ups. Throughout Europe, it is now common for convenience stores to sell fresh French bread. A process of freezing parbaked bread allows baking in-store; some shops have a delicatessen counter, offering custom-made baguettes. Others have racks offering fresh baked doughnuts from local doughnut shops; some shops have a self-service microwave oven for heating purchased food. In the United States and Canada, fast food items are available, with stores offering such food either under its owner banner or in partnership with a fast-food chain maintaining a counter in the store.

To save space, food is not prepared in the store. Instead these counters offer a limited menu of items delivered several times a day from a local branch of the restaurant, with items intended to be served hot either kept hot under a warming device or re-heated as ordered. Convenience stores may be combined with other services, such as general stores and pawn shops, a ticket counter for purchasing railway tickets, a post office counter, or gasoline pumps. In Asian countries, like Japan or Taiwan, convenience stores are more common because of the higher population density, they are found with gasoline and train stations, but can be stand-alone stores. Here, items like soft drinks or snacks are sold. Hot dogs, hard boiled tea eggs, fish cakes can be found in stores. Delicatessens are absent, pre-made sandwiches can be bought. Non-food products like magazines are sold but to a lower degree. Many convenience stores have a fountain that offers a variety of beverages such as coffee, soft drinks and frozen beverages.

The smaller convenience stores have few perishable items because it is not economically viable to rotate perishable items with such a low number of staff. Smaller convenience stores do not generate the business needed to sustain food spoilage rates typical of grocery stores or supermarkets; as such, products with a long shelf life are the rule unless a product is aimed at attracting customers on the chance they may buy something profitable too. Although larger, newer convenience stores may have quite a broad range of items, the selection is still limited compared to supermarkets, in many stores only one or two choices are available. Prices in a convenience store are higher than those at a supermarket, mass merchandise store, or auto supply store, as convenience stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers. However, there are some exceptions like milk and fuel which are priced similar to larger stores, as convenience stores traditionally do high volume in these goods and sometimes use them as loss leaders.

Product containers in a convenience stor

2015 Jerusalem bus attack

On 13 October 2015, two Palestinians, armed with a firearm and a knife boarded a bus in the Israeli settlement of East Talpiot in East Jerusalem, started attacking and stabbing the passengers. One of the assailants tried to take control on the bus and locked the bus door to prevent the passengers from escaping. Police killed one of the assailants and neutralized the other. Three civilians were killed and 15 wounded. One of the wounded succumbed to his wounds on 27 October 2015. Elian obtained a gun and a knife in preparation for the attack, in which Gaanam agreed to participate; the two rode a motorbike from Jabel Mukaber, where they lived, to nearby East Talpiot, where they boarded a bus with the weapons concealed in their clothing. They rode the bus until more passengers had boarded began the attack. Gaanam shot fellow passengers. After Gaanam ran out of bullets, he tried to strangle a passenger. Elian was killed by security personnel. According to Micah Lakin Avni, son of one of the murdered passengers, Richard Lakin, Bahas Alian posted a will on Facebook referring to martyrdom.

Avni found other Facebook pages exhorting users to kill Jews and showing a chart demonstrating where to stab victims. Following the attack, advocates of Palestinian terrorism posted reenactments of the attack on Facebook. Lakin's son, Micah Avni, a venture capitalist who invests in information technology companies, became an activist campaigning to persuade Facebook not to host pages that advocate terrorism. Balal Abu Gaanam of Jabel Mukaber, was convicted of murder, he had been a supporter of Hamas for several years. He was sentenced to three consecutive life sentences for murder, plus 70 years' imprisonment for seven convictions of attempted murder; the homes of Elian and Gaanam homes were razed, the sites sealed off by security forces. 15 civilians were wounded in the attack. Chaim Haviv, 78 and Alon Govberg, 51, were killed during the attack. Richard Lakin, 76, was shot in the head, stabbed in the chest, succumbed to his wounds on October 27. Lakin, who grew up in Newton, was a civil rights advocate and the principal of the Hopewell Elementary School in Glastonbury, Connecticut before moving to Israel in 1984 with his wife, Karen Gordon Lakin, their children.

Richard and Karen Lakin met as students at Boston University and were Freedom Riders who marched with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. After moving to Israel, Lakin taught English to mixed classes of Jews. Hopewell Elementary School erected a memorial plaque in Lakin's honor. While Lakin's family was in his hospital room hoping that Lakin would recover, they began to see images of the attack on social media posts urging viewers to carry out similar attacks, in the words of Lakin's son, Micah Avni, the posts included, “specific instructions on how to slice someone’s chest open and cut their intestines like what was done to my father.” Avni joined relatives of three other Americans who had lost relatives to terror attacks in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem or the West Bank from 2014 to 2016, to file suit in New York federal court on July 12 2016 accusing Facebook of knowingly providing "material support" to Hamas." The legal claim was rejected. MK Revital Swid, supported by the efforts of Lakin's son, Micah Lakin Avni, proposed the "Lakin bill" to require Facebook and other media companies to remove content that poses a danger to personal, public or state security.

Although the bill did not become law, according to Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked, by the summer of 2016, Facebook had voluntarily removed 95 percent of 158 inciting posts, while YouTube, was removing 80 percent of 13 videos the government requested that it remove. 2015–2016 wave of violence in Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Nao Higashihama

Nao Higashihama is a Japanese professional baseball pitcher for the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks of Nippon Professional Baseball. Higashihama pitched in the 3rd grade spring 80th Japanese High School Baseball Invitational Tournament as Okinawa Shogaku High School ace pitcher and won, he was selected as the Japan national baseball team in the 37th and 38th USA VS Japan Collegiate All-Star Series and 2009 Asian Baseball Championship while attending Asia University. On October 25, 2012, Higashihama was drafted by the Fukuoka Softbank Hawks first overall pick in the 2012 Nippon Professional Baseball draft. On April 11, 2013, Higashihama pitched his debut game as a starting pitcher against the Orix Buffaloes. On April 23, he won the game for the first time. In 2013 season, he finished the regular season with a 5 Games pitched, a 3–1 Win–loss record, a 2.83 ERA, a 25 strikeouts in 28 2/3 innings. In 2014 season, Higashihama finished the regular season with a 7 Games pitched, a 2–2 Win–loss record, a 3.82 ERA, a 30 strikeouts in 35 1/3 innings.

And he recorded a hold. In 2015 season, Higashihama finished the regular season with a 6 Games pitched, a 1–2 Win–loss record, a 4.82 ERA, a 23 strikeouts in 28 innings. And he was selected as the Japan Series roster in the 2015 Japan Series. In 2016 season, Higashihama finished the regular season with a 23 Games pitched, a 9–6 Win–loss record, a 3.00 ERA, a 100 strikeouts in 135 innings. In 2017 season, Higashihama finished the regular season with a 16–5 Win–loss record, a 2.64 ERA, a 139 strikeouts in 160 innings and he won the 2017 Pacific League the most wins Champion. And he pitched as a starting pitcher in the 2017 Japan Series. On May 26, 2018, Higashihama was diagnosed with right shoulder dysfunction and spent two months in rehabilitation. On August 7, he returned in the game against the Chiba Lotte Marines. In 2018 season, he finished the regular season with a 17 Games pitched, a 7–5 Win–loss record, a 3.32 ERA, a 83 strikeouts in 103 innings. On October 10, he was selected Japan national baseball team at the 2018 MLB Japan All-Star Series.

On October 31, Higashihama pitched as a starting pitcher and won the game for the first time in the Japan Series. On June 5, 2019, Higashihama had right elbow surgery and spent the rest of the season on rehabilitation. In 2019 season, he finished the regular season with a 7 Games pitched, a 2–2 Win–loss record, a 6.37 ERA, a 26 strikeouts in 35 1/3 innings. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference NPB.jp Nao Higashihama PLAYERS2020 - Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks Official site