click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Country Club Plaza

The Country Club Plaza is a owned American shopping center in the Country Club District of Kansas City, Missouri. The center consists of 18 separate buildings representing 804,000 square feet of retail space and 468,000 square feet of office space. Designed in a Moorish architectural style, its buildings are arrayed along a collection of streets at the northern edge of the Country Club District, which leads the center to blend in with the apartment and office buildings and houses that surround it, it was the first shopping center in the world designed to accommodate shoppers arriving by automobile. The 55-acre site is about four miles south of downtown, between 46th Street and Brush Creek to the north and south and between J. C. Nichols Parkway and Madison Avenue to the east and west; the Kansas state line is one mile to the west. Established in 1922 by J. C. Nichols and designed architecturally after the city of Seville, the Plaza comprises high-end retail establishments and entertainment venues, as well as offices.

The neighborhoods surrounding the Plaza consist of upscale apartment buildings and mansions those of the Country Club District built along Ward Parkway on the Plaza's southern and southwestern side. The Country Club Plaza is named in the Project for Public Spaces' list 60 of the World's Great Places; the Country Club Plaza was named for the associated Country Club District, the neighborhood developed by J. C. Nichols which surrounded the Kansas City Country Club, it is situated at the northern terminus of Ward Parkway, a boulevard known for its wide, manicured median lined with fountains and statuary that traverses the Country Club District. Nichols selected the location to provide residents with a direct route to the Plaza along Ward Parkway. Nichols began acquiring the land for the Plaza in 1907, in an area of Kansas City, known as Brush Creek Valley; when his plans were first announced, the project was dubbed'Nichols' Folly' because of the seemingly undesirable location. Nichols employed architect Edward Buehler Delk to design the new shopping district.

The Plaza opened in 1923 to immediate success, has lasted with little interruption since that year. New Urbanist land developer Andres Duany noted in Community Builder: The Life & Legacy of J. C. Nichols that the Country Club Plaza has had the longest life of any planned shopping center in the history of the world. One of its oldest retailers is the Jack Henry Clothing company, founded in 1931. For its first four decades, the Plaza combined some higher-end shops, such as Harzfeld's, with a mix of more mid-level retailers such as Sears and Woolworth's, as well such quotidian enterprises as a bowling alley, movie theater, a grocery store to serve the daily needs of residents of the district.. From around 1970, competition from newer suburban shopping malls led management to reposition the Plaza with luxury hotels such as the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, higher-end restaurants, upscale retailers including Gucci, Polo Ralph Lauren, FAO Schwarz, Saks Fifth Avenue and Swanson's. Higher-end stores located on Country Club Plaza are Tiffany & Co.

St. John, Michael Kors, Kate Spade New York, Cole Haan and Eileen Fisher. On September 12, 1977, a major flood of Brush Creek caused severe damage to the Plaza and resulted in a number of deaths; the flood prompted a vast renovation and revitalization of the area that has allowed it not only to survive but to thrive. In 1998, the J. C. Nichols Company merged with Raleigh, North Carolina-based real-estate investment trust Highwoods Properties, who now runs the Country Club Plaza. On February 19, 2013, a large explosion destroyed JJ's Restaurant on the Plaza. Believed to be caused by a gas leak, the blast left at least one person sixteen injured. According to a statement from Missouri Gas Energy, a contractor doing underground work struck a gas line. Witnesses had reported a strong odor of natural gas in the area most of the afternoon; the initial explosion happened shortly after 6 p.m. and led to a four-alarm fire that caused the restaurant's complete destruction as well as damage to surrounding buildings.

JJ's returned in November 2014 to a new location, still in the Country Club Plaza area. In 2016 Highwoods announced plans to sell the retail complex for $660 million to a 50-50 joint venture of Taubman Centers and The Macerich Company. On February 2, 2018, Nordstrom announced it would be moving from Oak Park Mall in Overland Park, Kansas to a new space on the Country Club Plaza expected to open in 2021; the basic design of the Country Club Plaza reflects classic European influences those of Seville, yet it does not include a traditional open plaza. There are more than 30 statues and tile mosaics on display in the area, as well as major architectural reproductions, such as a half-sized Giralda Tower of Seville; the Plaza includes reproductions of San Francisco's Path of Gold streetlights. Other works of art celebrate the classics and historical American themes such as westward expansion, a magnificent fountain featuring four horses rearing up on their hind legs, designed by Henri-Léon Gréber.

Although the Plaza was designed and built to accommodate visitors arriving by automobile, it is unlike modern shopping malls with sprawling parking lots: parking is concealed in multilevel parking garages beneath and behind the shops, or on the rooftops of buildings. The Plaza was the first shopping center to use the percentage lease, where rents are based on a percentage of the gross rece

Glucuronic acid

Glucuronic acid is a uronic acid, first isolated from urine. It is found in many gums such as gum arabic and Kombucha tea and is important for the metabolism of microorganisms and animals. Glucuronic acid is a sugar acid derived from glucose, with its sixth carbon atom oxidized to a carboxylic acid. In living beings, this primary oxidation occurs with UDP-α-D-glucose, not with the free sugar. Glucuronic acid, like its precursor glucose, can exist as a linear aldohexose, or as a cyclic hemiacetal. Aldohexoses such as D-glucose are capable of forming two pyranose forms. By the Fischer convention, glucuronic acid has two stereoisomers, D- and L-glucuronic acid, depending on its configuration at C-5. Most physiological sugars are of the D-configuration. Due to ring closure, cyclic sugars have another asymmetric carbon atom, resulting in two more stereoisomers, named anomers. Depending on the configuration at C-1, there are α - and β-form. In β-D-glucuronic acid the C-1 hydroxy group is on the same side of the pyranose ring as the carboxyl group.

In the free sugar acid, the β-form is prevalent, whereas in the organism, the α-form UDP-α-D-glucuronic acid predominates. Carbohydrate stereoisomers, which differ in configuration at only one asymmetric C-atom, are named epimers. For example, D-mannuronic, D-alluronic, D-galacturonic, L-iduronic acid are epimers of glucuronic acid; the nonplanar pyranose rings can assume either boat conformation. The preferred conformation depends on spatial interference or other interactions of the substituents; the pyranose form of D-glucose and its derivative D-glucuronic acid prefer the chair 4C1. Additional oxidation at C-1 to the carboxyl level yields the dicarboxylic glucaric acid. Glucuronolactone is the self-ester of glucuronic acid. Direct oxidation of an aldose affects the aldehyde group first. A laboratory synthesis of a uronic acid from an aldose requires protecting the aldehyde and hydroxy groups from oxidation, for example by conversion to cyclic acetals. Sodium glucuronate can be produced by the direct oxidation of starch with concentrated nitric acid.

In this preparation the low availability of water keeps the starch polymers from hydrolyzing and only oxidizes the free hydroxyls, in much the same way that nitrogen dioxide would oxidize the starch. Once this reaction is complete, the starch/nitric acid mix turns clear, the solution can be diluted, hydrolyzed with another mineral acid; the oxidation is quenched with sodium hydroxide, forming sodium glucuronate, which can be crystallized out of solution. Glucuronic acid is a common building block of proteoglycans and glycoglycerolipids: Heparin is an inhibitor of blood coagulation, occurs in mast cells and liver. Chondroitin sulfate is found in large quantities in cartilage, connective tissue and skin. Dermatan sulfate is a proteoglycan in skin and blood vessels. Keratan sulfate is found in the cornea and bone. Hyaluronic acid occurs in large quantities in connective tissues, skin and synovial fluid. Glycoglycerolipids of glucuronic or galacturonic acids form the cell walls of bacteria. UDP-α-D-glucuronic acid is involved in the phase II metabolism of lipophilic xeno- and endobiotics.

These linkages involve glycosidic bonds with thiol and hydroxy groups, or esterification with the carboxyl and hydroxyl groups. This linkage process is known as glucuronidation. Glucuronidation occurs in the liver, although the enzymes responsible for its catalysis, UDP-glucuronyltransferases, have been found in all major body organs, e.g. intestine, brain, adrenal gland and thymus. Analogous reactions occur with other UDP-uronic acids. Glycosides resulting from glucuronidation are named β-D-glucuronides, its salts and esters are named glucuronates; the human body uses glucuronidation to make alcohols, carboxylic acids, mercaptans and secondary aliphatic amines, carbamates more water-soluble, and, in this way, allows for their subsequent elimination from the body through urine or faeces at a increased rate. The carboxyl group is ionized at physiological pH. Compounds with molecular masses > 60,000 are too large for renal excretion and will be excreted with bile into the intestine. Neonates are deficient in this conjugating system, making them vulnerable to drugs such as chloramphenicol, inactivated by the addition of glucuronic acid, resulting in gray baby syndrome.

Bilirubin is excreted in the bile as bilirubin diglucuronide, bilirubin monoglucuronide, unconjugated bilirubin. In the Crigler–Najjar syndrome and the Gilbert syndrome, UDPGT activity is reduced or nearly absent due to mutations, resulting in jaundice, it is possible to exhaust the bodies supply of glucuronic acid by combining multiple drugs/substances whose metabolism and excretion are or dependent on glucuronidation. Although most such substances have secondary metabolic routes which become prominent following GCA depletion, the rate of metabolism is reduced enough to produce a marked accumulation of all GCA substrates in the system. In the most severe cases permanent and debilitating organ damage (par

BISU Visual Identity

The BISU Visual Identity, or BISU Visual Identity System is a set of coherent graphic styles that underlines the visual recognisability of Beijing International Studies University, providing clarity for the University's graphic identity. The system was developed by the University Relations and was launched on 30 December 2003. In 2009, subtle improvements were made to the original design and guidelines to form the current visual system; the BISU Visual Identity details the use of official colors, visual elements and other design practices related to visual interaction with the University. BISU Maroon is the official color used in association with Beijing International Studies University, it is accompanied by BISU Silver. BISU Maroon is a CMYK color, the hexadecimal value of, A8392A. BISU Silver is described as a light grey and is used accompanied with BISU Maroon as the official color of Beijing International Studies University; the hexadecimal value of BISU Silver is DCDDDE. It is a CMYK color.

For qualitative visualisation on specific devices, it is possible to adapt the standard BISU Maroon and BISU Silver to specified alternative color spaces. In addition, it is notable that BISU Maroon and BISU Silver are formally used by the school's academic and administrative units, different from the red and grey adopted by BISU Athletics. There are two versions of BISU Athletics' uniforms, grey respectively. While the red color in use is standardised as True Red, grey variations are not fixed varying from a cadet grey to a Payne's grey. In addition to the two standard colors, the BISU Visual Identity specifies two complementary colors in silver and gold used on formal occasions. Silver Complementary and Gold Complementary are Pantone colors; the color codes are PMS 873-C respectively. List of colors BISU Intellectual Property Guidelines

Cồn Cỏ District

Cồn Cỏ is a rural district of Quảng Trị Province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. It is located 27 km to the east of Mũi Lay. Con Co Island has an area of the isometric form of hills, the highest peak of 63m; this is a young volcanic island, composed of basalt and basalt tuff stones of NeogeneQuaternary age. Before it became its own district, the island was in the commune of Vĩnh Quang, in Vĩnh Linh District of Quảng Trị Province; the island became a district through Decree 174/2004 NĐ-CP of October 1, 2004. Province officials held a ceremony to create the district on April 18, 2005; as of 2003 the district had a population of 400. The district covers an area of 2 km ²; the district capital lies at Dảo Cồn Cỏ. According to recent archaeological work, in the Bến Nghè area of the island, there are rock artefacts believed to date to the Stone Age, tens of thousands of years ago. In the first few centuries CE, Cham people inhabited the island. Excavations undertaken in 1994 show that during the 17th and 18th centuries, the island was a stopover point for Vietnamese sea merchants.

During the time of the Nguyễn Dynasty, the island was used to imprison convicts, some objects such as chains and metal clasps have been found there. Due to its proximity to the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone, during the Vietnam War, Tiger Island was used as a base for North Vietnamese military forces. On 14 March 1965 the island was attacked by Republic of Vietnam Air Force A-1 Skyraiders. On 27 June 1972, North Vietnamese coastal artillery on Tiger Island fired on US warships, including USS Blue Ridge, supporting a landing of South Vietnamese Marines near the Cửa Việt River

I've Never Been to Me

"I've Never Been to Me" is a ballad and composed by Ron Miller and Kenneth Hirsch and made popular via a recording by American singer Charlene. Although its original release in 1977 registered on the Billboard Hot 100, its re-release in 1982 hit number three in the US and earned her a Gold certification in Australia, where it held the number one spot for six weeks. In addition, the song topped the charts in Canada and the United Kingdom, it was a Top Ten triumph in Norway, New Zealand, the Netherlands, became Motown's first Top Ten hit by a white female solo singer. The song is best known as lyrically formatted for a female vocalist and as such is addressed to a desperate wife and mother who would like to trade her prosaic existence for the jet setting lifestyle the song's narrator has led; the narrator alludes to various hedonistic episodes in her life, concluding that while she's "been to paradise", she's failed to find self-fulfillment, expressing this with the line, "I've never been to me."

There is an alternative set of lyrics for the song formatted for a male singer, in which the narrator is an elderly man, destined to die the next day, begging for a dime for a cup of coffee, addressing a younger man, "raising hell" the way the old man used to do. Charlene had recorded "I've Never Been to Me" in 1976 for her debut album, the self-titled Charlene, a Prodigal release, the ballad contained a controversial spoken section. Songs of Love came out six months in 1977 and was a re-issue of Charlene, having a different track listing but retaining "I've Never Been to Me" without the spoken bridge. In October 1977, "I've Never Been to Me" became Charlene's third consecutive single to stall in the lowest part of Billboard's Hot 100. From the Charlene LP, the first single, "It Ain't Easy Comin' Down", went to #97 in March 1977; the following single, "Freddie" from the Songs of Love album, made it to #96 on the Hot 100 in May 1977. The Hot 100 peak of "I've Never Been to Me" in its original formal release without the monologue was #97, while Charlene's precedent two singles had both reached Billboard's Easy Listening chart, "I've Never Been to Me" failed to appear on that chart.

The earliest version of "I've Never Been to Me" to be released was by Randy Crawford and appeared on her 1976 album release, Everything Must Change, Besides Charlene's version, 1977 saw the release of versions of the song by Nancy Wilson and Walter Jackson: Nancy Wilson's version served as the title track of her June 1977 album release and was the first version of the song to be released as a single, reaching #47 on the Billboard's R&B chart, while Walter Jackson's version - featuring the lyric formatted from a male perspective - was featured on his I Want to Come Back as a Song album released in the spring of 1977. In February 1978, a mid-tempo recording of "I've Never Been to Me" by Mary McGregor was released as the advance single from her In Your Eyes album: this single reached #29 on Billboard's Easy Listening and Canada's Adult Contemporary charts. A modified version of MacGregor's version was sent out to radio stations with the controversial line in the final chorus, "I spent my life exploring the subtle whoring that costs too much to be free", amended to "I thought my heart would wait but I learned too late that it costs too much to be free".

In 1978 Marti Caine recorded "I've Never Been to Me" for her album release Behind the Smile from which it was issued as a single, Mary Roos recorded the German rendering by lyricist Michael Kunze entitled "Doch mich selber kenn ich nicht" for her album Maryland. In 1982 Scott Shannon, a disc jockey at Tampa radio station WRBQ-FM, began playing the "I've Never Been to Me" track off the Charlene album, response from local listeners was such as to motivate Shannon, a former Motown employee, to alert Motown president Jay Lasker to the track's hit potential. Lasker located Charlene who, discouraged by the poor performance of her 1977 Motown releases and by the label's decision not to release a second album she had recorded, had left the music industry and met and married an Englishman, subsequently accompanying him to his native land and taking a job at a sweetshop in Ilford. Lasker telephoned her with the invitation to re-sign with Motown Records to facilitate the re-release of her "I've Never Been To Me" single, which occurred in February 1982.

The Billboard Hot 100 dated March 6, 1982, showed "I've Never Been to Me" by Charlene debuting at #84 – 13 places higher than its 1977 peak. It subsequently rose as high as #3 on the Hot 100, where it held for three weeks during May and June; the track had greater impact internationally, attaining #1 status in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. "I've Never Been to Me" afforded Charlene a Top Ten hit in Belgium, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway. In 1982, Charlene's "I've Never Been to Me" was a Top 10 hit on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart and a minor C&W chart crossover; when the song was revived in 1982, the version being played on radio was the take with the monologue, so it was the one Motown re-issued, not the Songs of Love single version from 1977. The song was never re-recorded by Charlene in 1982; as Charlene was unable to follow up the success of "I've Never Been to Me" – her only subsequent Hot 100 entry "Used to Be" got as high as #46 – she remains a high-profile one-hit wonder.

On the 2002 VH1 specia

Elizium

Elizium is the third studio album by English gothic rock band Fields of the Nephilim. It was released in September 1990 through record label Beggars Banquet. Using sensational spelling, the album was named after Elysium; the album was produced by Andy Jackson known for his work with Pink Floyd. The introduction for the third song of the album, "At the Gates of Silent Memory", features spoken lines by Aleister Crowley; the lines are excerpts from Crowley's poem "At Sea", recorded in 1920. Upon its release in late September 1990, Elizium peaked at number 22 in the UK albums chart, it was the last album Fields of the Nephilim recorded with what is regarded as their classic lineup of Carl McCoy, Tony Pettitt, Peter Yates, Paul and Alexander "Nod" Wright. AllMusic called Elizium "the band's best all-around album" and awarded the album 4-and-a-half stars out of five. All lyrics are written by Carl McCoy. Elizium at Discogs