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Cover art

Cover art is a type of artwork presented as an illustration or photograph on the outside of a published product such as a book, newspaper, comic book, video game, DVD, CD, videotape, or music album. The art has a commercial function, for instance to promote the product it is displayed on, but can have an aesthetic function, may be artistically connected to the product, such as with art by the creator of the product. Album cover art is artwork created for a music album. Notable album cover art includes Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon, King Crimson's In the Court of the Crimson King, the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Abbey Road and their "White Album" among others. Albums can have cover art created by the musician, as with Joni Mitchell's Clouds, or by an associated musician, such as Bob Dylan's artwork for the cover of Music From Big Pink, by the Band, Dylan's backup band's first album. Artists known for their album cover art include Alex Steinweiss, an early pioneer in album cover art, Roger Dean, the Hipgnosis studio.

Some album art may cause controversy because of nudity. There have been numerous books documenting album cover art rock and jazz album covers. Steinweiss was an art director and graphic designer who brought custom artwork to record album covers and invented the first packaging for long-playing records. Whether printed on the dust jacket of a hardcover book, or on the cover of a paperback, book cover art has had books written on the subject. Numerous artists have become noted for their book cover art, including Richard M. Powers and Chip Kidd. In one of the most recognizable book covers in American literature, two sad female eyes adrift in the deep blue of a night sky, hover ominously above a skyline that glows like a carnival. Evocative of sorrow and excess, the haunting image has become so inextricably linked to The Great Gatsby that it still adorns the cover of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s masterpiece 88 years after its debut; the iconic cover art was created by Spanish artist Francis Cugat. With the release of a big Hollywood movie, some printings of the book have abandoned the classic cover in favor of one that ties in more with the film.

A book cover is made up of images and text. It includes the book title and author and can include a book tagline or quote; the book cover design is designed by a graphic designer or book designer, working in-house at a publisher or freelance. Once the front cover art has been approved, they will continue to design the layout of the spine and the back cover. Books can be designed as an individual design; the same book will be designed with a different cover in different countries to suit the specific audience. For example, a cover designed for Australia may have a different design in the UK and again in the USA. Magazine cover artists include Art Spiegelman, who modernized the look of The New Yorker magazine, his predecessor Rea Irvin, who created the Eustace Tilly iconic character for the magazine. Today the word tabloid is used as a somewhat derogatory descriptor of a style of journalism, rather than its original intent as an indicator of half-broadsheet size; this tends to cloud the fact that the great tabloids were skilfully produced amalgams of intriguing human interest stories told with punchy brevity, a clarity drawn from the choice of simple but effective words and with a healthy dose of wit.

The gossipy tabloid scandal sheets, as we know them today, have been around since 1830. That's when Benjamin Day and James Gordon Bennett Sr. the respective publishers of The New York Sun and The New York Herald, launched what became known as the Penny Press. But some of the world's best journalism has been tabloid. From the days when John Pilger revealed the cold truth of Cambodia's Killing Fields in the Daily Mirror, to the stream of revelations that showed the hypocrisy of John Major's "back to basics" cabinet, award-winning writing in the tabloids is acknowledged every year at the National Press Awards. Good cover art can lead readers to this fact. So too does the News & Review, a free weekly published in Reno, Chico and Sacramento, California; the tabloid has thrived since the 1970s, uses cartoonish cover art. Tabloids have a modern role to play, along with good cover art they fill a niche. Sheet music cover artists include Frederick S. Manning, William Austin Starmer, Frederick Waite Starmer, all three of whom worked for Jerome H. Remick.

Other prolific artists included Albert Wilfred Barbelle, Andréa Stephen Chevalier de Takacs, Gene Buck. E. H. Pfeiffer did cover illustrations for Gotham-Attucks, Jerome H. Remick, F. B. Haviland Pub. Co. Jerome & Schwartz Publishing Company, Lew Berk Music Company, Berlin & Snyder, Inc. and others. Book cover History of graphic design List of controversial album art Video game packaging Media related to Cover art at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Comic book covers at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Book covers at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Magazines at Wikimedia Commons Media related to DVD covers at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Sheet music covers at Wikimedia Commons

Herb Voland

Herbert Maurice Voland was an American actor, best known for his various roles on the sitcom Bewitched, as General Crandell Clayton on the sitcom M*A*S*H during seasons one and two, the film Airplane!. Voland was born in New Rochelle, New York and started his professional acting career on the Broadway stage, where his credits include Farewell, Farewell Eugene and Someone Waiting, he became known for his prolific portrayal of characters on 1960s and 1970s television that were most gruff executives, huff-and-puff military brass, or policemen, either in light sitcoms or crime dramas. As a member of the cast of television programs, he played Neil Ogilvie on Arnie, Fred Hammond on Love on a Rooftop,:629 General Crandell Clayton on M*A*S*H,:663 Harry Masterson on Mr. Deeds Goes to Town,:700 and Dr. Butler on The Mothers-in-Law, he played Osborne on Sanford and Son as a con artist.:718 Voland was the father of television actor Mark Voland. Voland died of a stroke on April 26, 1981 in Riverside and his ashes were scattered at sea.

Herb Voland on IMDb Herb Voland at the Internet Broadway Database Herb Voland at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Herb Voland at Find a Grave

Umenomiya Shrine

Umenomiya Shrine is a Shinto shrine located in Ukyō-ku in Kyoto, Japan. The shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period. In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers were sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan; these heihaku were presented to 16 shrines. Three years in 994, Ichijō refined the scope of that composite list by adding Umenomiya Shrine and Gion Shrine, now known as Yasaka Jinja. From 1871 through 1946, the Umenomiya Shrine was designated one of the Kanpei-chūsha, meaning that it stood in the second rank of government supported shrines. List of Shinto shrines Twenty-Two Shrines Modern system of ranked Shinto Shrines Breen and Mark Teeuwen.. Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2363-4 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard.. Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 399449 ____________.. The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887 Umenomiya Shrine: Official web site