For the beetle genus, see Ctesias. Ctesias known as Ctesias the Cnidian or Ctesias of Cnidus, was a Greek physician and historian from the town of Cnidus in Caria, when Caria was part of the Achaemenid Empire. Ctesias, who lived in the fifth century BC, was physician to the Achaemenid king Artaxerxes II, whom he accompanied in 401 BC on his expedition against his brother Cyrus the Younger. Ctesias was part of the entourage of King Artaxerxes at the Battle of Cunaxa against Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries called the Ten Thousand, brought medical assistance to the king by treating his flesh wound, he was involved in negotiations with the Greeks after the battle, helped their Spartan general Clearchus before his execution at the royal court at Babylon. Ctesias was the author of treatises on rivers, on the Persian revenues, of an account of India entitled Indica, of a history of Assyria and Persia in 23 books, called Persica, written in opposition to Herodotus in the Ionic dialect, professedly founded on the Persian Royal Archives.
The first six books covered the history of Assyria and Babylon to the foundation of the Persian empire. Of the two histories, abridgments by Photius and fragments are preserved in Athenaeus, Nicolaus of Damascus, Diodorus Siculus, whose second book is from Ctesias; as to the worth of the Persica, much controversy occurred, both in modern times. Although many ancient authorities valued it and used it to discredit Herodotus, a modern author writes, " unreliability makes Herodotus seem a model of accuracy." Ctesias's account of the Assyrian kings does not reconcile with the cuneiform evidence. The satirist Lucian thought so little of Ctesias' historical reliability that in his satirical True Story he places Ctesias on the island where the evil were punished. Lucian wrote, "The people who suffered the greatest torment were those who had told lies when they were alive and written mendacious histories. A record of the view that the Persians held of India, under the title Indica, it includes descriptions of god-like people, philosophers and unquantifiable gold, among other riches and wonders.
It is of value. The book only remains in fragments and in reports made about the book by authors. In the twenty-fourth and last episode of the first season of Space: 1999, "The Last War", the warship from the alien planet Betha is named Ctesias; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Ctesias". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7. Cambridge University Press. P. 594. Ed. trad. Et commentaire par Dominique Ctésias de Cnide. La Perse. L'Inde. Autres fragments, Collection Budé, Belles Lettres, Paris, 2004. Schmitt, Rüdiger. "CTESIAS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VI, Fasc. 4. Pp. 441–446. Jan P. Stronk: Ctesias' Persian History. Part I: Introduction and Translation, Wellem Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2010. Andrew G. Nichols, Ctesias: On India. Translation and Commentary, Duckworth, 2011, ISBN 1-85399-742-0 Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and James Robson, Ctesias' History of Persia: Tales of the Orient, Oxford, 2010. Ctesias of Cnidus Overview of all fragments of the Persica and Indica by Jona Lendering Photius' Excerpt of Ctesias' Persica translated by J. H. Freese Photius' Excerpt of Ctesias' Indica translated by J.
H. Freese Greek text Texts of Ctesias
"Stick It Out" is a song and single by the progressive rock band Rush from their 1993 album Counterparts. The song debuted at number one on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart, becoming the first in the chart's history to debut at the top, the band's only number one debut of their five chart-toppers. A music video was made for the song, it was featured on an episode of Beavis and Butt-Head. "Stick It Out" has been featured live on several of Rush's tours, including the Counterparts, Test for Echo, Time Machine Tours. Drummer and lyricist Neil Peart said of the song: It’s just a play on the words, really. "Stick It Out" meaning both a kind of arrogant display,'stick it out', but the endurance thing. It was the pun on both of those so again the duality in the song is a bit leaning both ways; the sense of forbearance, of holding back, the idea of fortitude: stick it out, you know, survive. But, more of a piece of fun; that song, I would say, both lyrically and musically, verges on parody, and, one I think we just had fun with, lyrically I did, too.'Stick it out' and'spit it out' and all, just a bit of word play.
Lead singer and bassist Geddy Lee said: I love the riff. It’s a great riff song. I love playing it, it’s a bass-heavy song, which always makes me happy. Lyrically, it’s kind of so-so. I don’t know. I think the best thing about it is the vibe and that it’s stripped down to a trio, back to doing riff rock. Geddy Lee – bass guitar, synthesizer Alex Lifeson – guitars Neil Peart – drums, percussion List of Rush songs List of Billboard Mainstream Rock number-one songs of the 1990s
"Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z" known as Luv 4 Dem G'z, is a single by Eazy-E from the Beverly Hills Cop III soundtrack, the single was included on the Eazy-E's compilation, Featuring…Eazy-E. The song was released in 1994 and was written by Eazy-E, Kevyn "Ruthless Dirty Red" Carter and Doctor Jam and produced by Doctor Jam and Eazy-E; the guitar solo was performed by Slash. Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z is notable for being the only single by Eazy-E to not be released for his label, Ruthless Records, as it was released for MCA Records. Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z peaked at #1 on the Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles and #3 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles; the song was covered by the Insane Clown Posse with affiliate Cold 187um on The Mighty Death Pop!'s bonus album Smothered, Covered & Chunked. It was sampled in 2014 by Sander Van Doorn and Firebeatz for their song "Guitar Track." "Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z" - 4:34 "Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z" - 4:35 "Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z" - 4:34 "Luv 4 Dem Gangsta'z" - 4:28 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Devi Thant Sin is a Burmese environmentalist, writer and a senior member of the Royal House of Konbaung. She is the leader of the environmental movement in Myanmar and has been called a "green princess", she was opposed to the Myitsone Dam project slated for construction at the confluence of two rivers that gives rise to the Irrawaddy River. Devi is the founder of the environmental activist organizations Global Green Group and the Myanmar Green Network. Devi Thant Sin was born on 2 January 1947 in Yangon, British Burma to parents Prince Taw Phaya Galay and his wife Khin May, she is not only known for being a leading environmentalist, but as a Burmese princess and direct descendant of Myanmar's last monarch King Thibaw and Queen Supayalat. She started writing about environmental awareness in the early 2000s. In 2007, she launched her own, Myanmar's first and, still only Burmese-language environmental magazine Aung Pin Lae, the magazine inform the public of the global green movement and environmental degradation in the country.
She began travelling through the country to give talks to farmers about the risk of using chemical fertilizers, while she spoke with students to inform the younger generation of environmental concerns. She was to help unify Myanmar's burgeoning green movement. Devi was to help unify Burma's burgeoning green movement, founded the environmental activist organizations Global Green Group and the Myanmar Green Network, she gathered together the country's handful of environmental activists in 2006 to form the Global Green Group, followed by the Myanmar Green Network. The group is made up of shifting numbers of mining engineers, lawyers, civil engineers, activists and journalists. Devi was against the controversial dam project backed by China slated for construction at the confluence of two rivers that gives rise to the Irrawaddy River, the country's lifelong waterway, as he saw that any disruption to the water flow would, among other things, worsen the environmental damage being inflicted on the country.
She said "For the whole of Myanmar, the Irrawaddy is like the mother river, If there is dam construction that they shouldn't do, we point out that it's not the time to do it ". The environmental campaigns against the dam led to a nationwide public outcry, prompting President Thein Sein to suspend the project in 2011 until 2016, when his presidential term expires. In part thanks to Thant Sin and other protestors' efforts, the project is on hold, she is considered one of Myanmar's first environmentalists and works to fight deforestation and environmental degradation in the Southeast Asian nation. She is a leading light in Myanmar's fledgling green movements, she despite having lived the life of a commoner, she still considers it her duty to look after the interests of the Burmese people by fighting to protect the environment. In 2017, Devi and her uncle Taw Phaya, aunt Hteik Su Phaya Gyi, cousin Soe Win appeared as the main characters of We Were Kings, a documentary film by Alex Bescoby and Max Jones.
The film premiered in Mandalay on 4 November 2017 at the Irrawaddy Literary Festival and screened in Thailand at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Thailand. The film is about Myanmar's history, but about the descendants of the last kings of Burma who lived unassuming lives in modern Myanmar and unknown
The Race of Two Worlds known as the 500 Miglia di Monza, was an automobile race held at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Italy in 1957 and again in 1958. It was intended as an exhibition event, allowing American teams from the United States Auto Club National Championship to compete directly against teams from the Formula One World Championship based in Europe; the two types of cars competed on the banked oval at Monza, completed in 1955. Due to the similarity to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, where the USAC teams ran the Indianapolis 500, the event earned the nickname Monzanapolis. American drivers and teams won the event in both the years. Jimmy Bryan won the 1957 event. Although some Formula One teams did participate and built special cars for the event, several withdrew over safety concerns. Continued concern over the speeds on the track and the cost of the event led to the race being canceled after the 1958 running. In 1954, redevelopment of the Autodromo Nazionale Monza circuit began for the first time since 1948, concentrating on rebuilding the oval portion of the track, abandoned during World War II.
The 4.5 kilometres banked oval, which had last been used in 1933, was dismantled. The southern Sud Alta Velocita corner was relocated, moving it northward by several meters, shortening the lap distance length to 4.25 km. Both banked corners were rebuilt on a curving gradient which reached 80 degrees, replacing the flat banking, used; the reconstruction was completed in August 1955, in time for the Formula One Italian Grand Prix, which combined the new oval with the Monza road course for a full 9.8 km. The following year, Giuseppe Bacciagaluppi president of the Automobile Club of Milan and chairman of the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, invited Duane Carter, competition director of USAC, to attend the second running of the Italian Grand Prix on the new circuit; the two discussed the similarities between Monza's new oval and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, which held a round of the 1957 Formula One season, the Indianapolis 500. Although the 500 counted as part of the championship, only a few Europeans attempted to participate in the event since the formation of the World Championship.
Ferrari's Alberto Ascari in 1952 was the only European competitor to qualify for the race. Bacciagaluppi and Carter believed that an oval race held in Europe instead of the United States could attract Formula One teams, USAC and the Automobile Club of Italy began work on making such an event possible. A race was scheduled for June 1957. Volunteering USAC teams were to be transported from the United States, while Formula One teams were free to participate if they chose. In preparation, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company transported a USAC Kurtis Kraft–Chrysler to Monza in April 1957 in order to conduct tests on tyres made for the event. American driver Pat O'Connor completed 364 km on the oval, setting a best lap speed of 273 km/h, nearly 48 km/h faster than lap speeds reached at Indianapolis; the rules for the race were based on those used by USAC in North America. Engines were limited to 4,200 cubic centimetres in aspirated form, 2,800 cm3 for supercharged engines. A USAC rolling start was used, instead of Formula One's usual standing start.
The race was planned for a distance of 500 miles, similar to the Indianapolis 500. However, unlike Indianapolis, the 500 miles would not be run continuously. Instead, three separate 63-lap heats were planned, with an hour break for repairs and rest between each heat, for a total of 500 miles; the overall race winner would be determined by the driver which finished all three heats with the highest average speed. The circuit would be run in an anti-clockwise direction, the same used at Indianapolis, but opposite the direction used by Formula One at Monza; the inaugural running of the Race of Two Worlds was scheduled for Sunday, June 23, shortly after the running of the Indianapolis 500, a few weeks before the running of the French Grand Prix. USAC's entries in the event traveled from Indianapolis to New York City, whence they were shipped to Genoa; the drivers and personnel traveled separately from their cars. The teams and equipment were transported from Genoa to Monza, where teams began practice on Tuesday the 18th.
Fifteen cars were entered for the event. Ten cars traveled across the Atlantic from USAC, while only two teams arrived with Formula One equipment. Mario Bornigia used a privateer Ferrari; the rest of the Formula One teams however chose to boycott the event. The Union des Pilotes Professionnels Internationaux, formed only a few months prior, cited the dangers of the speeds able to be obtained on the Monza banking and the wear on tires posing threats to safety. A further three entries arrived from the World Sportscar Championship, thanks to the Scottish Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar team, who had just won the 24 Hours of Le Mans the weekend before. Although several American teams ran laps on Tuesday, official practice did not begin until Wednesday. All drivers were required to meet speed requirements to qualify: three laps at 185 km/h, three laps at 200 km/h, another three laps at 225 km/h. All drivers in attendance passed, began to set their cars for top speed. Eddie Sachs led the first day's practice with a lap time of 56.4 seconds, one of few drivers to lap under a minute.
On Thursday, Maserati arrived to ente
St. Mary's Church was a medieval church located in Oslo, Norway; the church ruins are located in Middelalderparken near the neighborhood of Sørenga in the borough of Gamlebyen. St. Mary's Church had been built of stone in stages with final additions made in the 14th century. A major remodeling in the 1200s gave the church a new Gothic choir. Major rebuild in the 1300s added two large towers to a new and large cruciform choir, it was the royal chapel and had an important political role, as its provost from 1314 was Chancellor of Norway. The church was set on fire in connection with the Swedish war of independence from the Kalmar union in 1523. In the aftermath of the Protestant Reformation, it was so dilapidated that it could not be repaired and was demolished in 1542. Excavations were first conducted in 1867 by Nicolay Nicolaysen under the direction of Gerhard Fischer and in the 1960s under the leadership of Håkon Christie. Traces of an older wooden structure were discovered which were dated by Håkon Christie to around the year 1050.
Remains of two people, deemed to be King Haakon V and his Queen consort Euphemia of Rügen, were discovered during excavations of the ruins of the church and re-interred in the Royal Mausoleum in Akershus Castle